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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 11, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, August 11, 1971 Morris C. Shumiatcher Khans further folly Many people throughout the world suspected that Shiek Mujibur Rah- man, liead oi' Ihe Avvdmi League that won such overwhelming electoral support by the people of East Pakis- tan, might already be dead at the hands "of the West Pakistan military regime led by President Agua Mo- hammed Yahya Khan. With the an- nouncement that lie is to be tried by a special military court for "waging war against it will be as- sumed that lie is as good as dead. Nolliing in the manner and utter- ances of President Yahya Khan, as witnessed in recent TV appearances, would suggest that he might take a conciliatory attitude toward Sheik Mujibur Rahman. The lack o[ such a spirit seems to have been the precipi- tating cause of the teirible upheav- al taking place in East Pakistan. It is highly improbable that the part played by President Yahya Khan will receive consideration in the spe- cial military court. Tlie civil disobed- ience action which brought in the army from West Pakistan was the result of President Yahya Khan's abrupt decision to postpone the Na- tional Assembly scheduled to consid- er the Awami League's six point program. This folly provoked the frustrated people of'East Pakistan to rebel. Should Sheik Mujibur Rahman be condemned to death as a traitor to the state of Pakistan, it is difficult to imagine that the chances of heal- ing the division will in any way be enhanced. The odds would seem to favor a renewed determination to pursue the goal of independence for Bengla Desh. The folly of engendering a further inflammation of that troubled part of the world is hard to comprehend. Al- most anything but a trial of this na- ture seems to have priority in the circumstances. Cruel hoax? A Canadian columnist has sug- gested that for those for whom it was supposed lo be especially designed, medicare is turning out to be a cruel hoax. Lou -income people in b o t h rural and urban areas in Canada are not receiving medical care in any way proportionate to the service en- joyed by the more affluent. People in rural areas are actually worse off today, in terms of medical care, than they were before the ad- vent of medicare and other third- party payment sources for health services. In 1958, throughout the country, rural counties with popula- tions of and more and without hospitals had five or six general practitioners. Now they have none the doctors have been drawn away. With more doctors congregated in urban areas it may come as a shock to learn that health conditions of Montreal children in low-income areas compares very unfavorably with those in other parts of the city. Actually, the shameful neglect found in Montreal is a phenomenon of most cities in North America. Governments have the responsibil- ity of seeing that all the people have access to health care services where medicare schemes have been insti- tuted. The failure lo have rural areas served has rightly concerned the government of British Columbia. That government has not tackled the problem in a way that is accept- able to the medical profession but it has forced concerned people to think about a solution. If the medical profession has no solution for overcoming the neglect in rural and urban low-income areas, then perhaps there is an answer in stepping outside the strictly profes- sional category and employing para- medical people much more widely than is now the case. Visitors to the People's Republic of China have been impressed by the extensive use of such personnel to supplement the services of the more highly trained people. There is no reason why our society should lag behind that of the Chinese in providing care for all the people. Mind your own business! Egyptian President Anwar Sadat has told the Soviet Union to stop meddling in the internal affairs of Arab nations. In other words com- munism as an ideology is anathema to all Arabs and any indication that tlie Kremlin is attempting to spread its conception as to what political principles should guide Egypt, and other nations of the Arab world, will be met with hositility. It is probably true that President Sadat did try to prevent the sum- mary executions of the suspected Communist leaders in the Sudan but without success. It is natural that the Kremlin should protest these executions. A good many unofficial protests from non Communist na- tions have appeared in the press con- cerning this kind of so-called jus- tice. The Kremlin is now taking the pragmatic approach and scaling down its denunciations. Strategic considerations, the preservation of Russian influence in the Middle East, have taken precedence over political standards. 7s there a Red China? "JVTANY newspapermen will not fake credit (or il, bill Art Buchwald was the First lo break (he story lhat (he Peo- ple's Republic of China existal. This ivas several years ago when most people in the United States thought the world was flat, -V One of the mnst astounding discoveries in history was made the other day when a group of American State Department people found a new country named Red China. For years there had been rumors thai there was a country in the Far Easl wilh a population of 800 million people. Yel no one m the United Stales would believe it. But an expedition of senators led by Marco Fulbright canre across it accident- ally while looking for a new route lo North Vietnam. When the existence of Red China was reported, a meeting ot all the top policy people in the State Department was call- ed. "If this is saict OIK of the assis- tant secretaries, "that means the world is round." said another secretary. "We all know there is a country called China already, so how could there be another China? Look at our maps. China is right here in the Formosa Strait" "That's a secretary said. "And our maps arc all up lo "What's thai large land mass across Ihe. water from someone asked. "It's marked "Perhaps that's where fieri China is." "I'm an old China hand, and I say there is no place called Red China. The nnly China is liir.iled on the island of For- mosa." "What proof do we have that Ihero really is a country with 800 million people in it, except for the word of a few dis- gruntled an undersecretary de- manded. "They're only trying to discredit our foreign policy anyway." "There is no a Far East expert said, "excepl the West Germans have an- nounced they plan lo build a million steel mill there. J don't think they'd put in that kind of money if the country didn'L exist" The secretary of state spoke up. "That js a point The only thing I can't understand is how we could have missed it all these years." "Perhaps there is a cloud cover over il all the someone suggested." "Does the CIA have anything on "No Sir. They're as much in the dark as we are. The French, the British and the Canadians have all reported that they believe there is a Red China, but tire Rus- sians now claim it isn't there." The old China hand spoke up. "Mr. Sec- retary, f believe we're only looking for Irouble by following up Ihe rumor. We al- ready have a China. It's our kind of China. Another China would only mean trouble'" said one of the other men, "if the reports are true that, this land mass contains 800 million people, won't we have lo deal with il sooner or later? I Ihink we should announce that we don't believe there is a Red China but if there is, we intend lo contain il, bul nol isolate it." The secrelary of state said, "That's a good phrase, 'containmenl but not isolation.' 1 (hink I'll use it in my next press con- ference. Our only problem is lhat. if we admit there is such a place, we might be forced lo admit her into Die United Na- tions." "Precisely. a .soci'clary spoke mil. "Besides, we've, told the American pople for 17 years lhat I here is no Red China. If wo admit (here is n Ital China now, we would only confuse diem." One of the advisers said, "Seventeen years ago, (he American people didn't be- lieve in flying saucers cither. Perhaps we could announce Ilic existence of (tod China and Hying saucers al ll'.e siur.c lime." (Toronto Telegram, News Service) (Tliiril of n JJEGINA Since 1904, ne- gotiations over wages and working conditions in all indus- tries in Australia had as their I e r n i n a 1 point, compulsory conciliation and arbitration rather lhan strikes and lock- outs. This law is lound in the Conciliation and Arbilration Act. 1904, establishing a com- mission (hat, is "empowered to prevent or settle industrial dis- pute by conciliation or arbitra- tion." Its members are required lo keep themselves fully inform- ed of industrial affairs and con- ditions, and when a dispute in an industry occurs or seems imminent, the appropri- ate commsisionef intervenes to effect a settlement. He may do so by calling in the parties and suggesting Ihe terms of a mu- (ually acceptable solution. It agi cement cannot be reached, then Ihe conciliation procedure passes inlo a form of arbitra- tion. Thus, the terms and con- ditions of employment in an in- dustry are made Lhe subjecl of an adjudication as binding upon all of Ihe parlies as a judgment of a court of law. Tlie commission, of course, has broad powers of investiga- tion. Us awai'ds deal wilh wages, and a number of prin- ciples have guided the deci- sions it has come to. Originally, a minimum or basic wage was established according to "the Labor legislation in other places normal needs of the average employee, regarded as a hu- man being and living in a civil- ized society." More recently, (he basic wage has come lo reflect not merely Ihe worker's but the highest wage level that the economy can af- ford to pay him. To this basic wage has teen added a further "m a r g i n" representing com- pensation for extra skills or for some of the special charac- teristics of the work. Changes in the purchasing power oj money have also been taken into account. Such fringe benefits as union security, vacations, hours of work and other conditions have appeared more often in the leg- islation passed by the Parlia- ment of tlie Commonwealth rather than in the awards of the commission. These already play so prominent a role in Ca- nadian labor economics, that it is n o I unlikely that a labor court award in this country would also tend to skirt the fringe benefits and leave these for legislation to settle. The Australian system thus seeks to replace economic power with a reasoned adjudi- cation. Instead of allowing the stronger party to impose its will upon the weaker, the pro- cedure is designed to seek for an economically and socially just result. In 1956, the Privy Council held that the enforcement pro- visions of the Australian Con- ciliation and Arbitration A c t were unconstitutional. Accord- ingly, in that year, there was established a court, as dis- tinguished from iho commis- sion, for the purpose of enforc- ing the terms of an award. There has been some crit- icism of the Australian system since many have claimed that the strike is an integral part of the bargaining process and once if is abolished, the pro- cess of bargaining disappears with it. On the other hand, there are similarities between the Australian practice and those followed today in this country. In both systems, the process begins with negotiation and ends with an agreement. Trade unions speak collective- ly for their membership. Man- agement speaks for the com- pany or for a group of compa- nies involved. The protaganisls deal at arm's length and it is only if an agreement cannot be secured that, as a last resort, the matter is referred for ad- judication to the commission for settlement and to the court for enforcement. Even if strikes are not to be generally forbidden, a strong case can be made out for out- lawing strikes and lockouts in those disputes which seriously affect the public interest. Some take the view that ev- ery labor dispute ultimately af- Iccls the public and should therefore be prohibited. This is the basis upon which Hie Aus- tralian system works. Others take tile view that there ought to be no interference witli pri- vate collective bargaining and that the public ought never to intrude. This view is expressed by those who claim complete freedom of economic action in a democratic community. Between these views, there appears to be the majority opinion of persons who believe that the public docs have a right, and that governments have an obligation to prevent work stoppages that will en- danger life or health, and that shutdowns in any essential community service such as p u b lie utilities, transportation or communications should be prescribed. Some also believe that the right to prevent stop- pages properly relates lo the maintenance of dock facilities and even to newspapers. Unquestionably, in wartime, every aspect of the economy is essential to the public interest, and the limitation upon strikes and lockouts is almost univer- sal. In peacetime, different con- siderations apply. In Canada, the pol'ceman and fireman have almost uni- ver.ally been treated in a spe- cial way. In most provinces special arrangements to pre- Joseph Kraft Mid-East begins second year of peace WASHINGTON The sec- ond year of all quiet on the Suez front begins this week, and it represents a consider- able triumph for American diplomacy. Inrjced. the ceasefire bc- lucen Israel and Egypt is probably I he mosl significant foreign policy achievement of the NbiOn administration to date. And a full measure ol credit has to go to two figures not always lauded in this space of Slate William Rogers and Assistant Secre- tary Joseph Sisco. Exactly what has been gain- ed by the ceasefire is not easy lo assess. The lalk of the Near East as crucible for a third World War has ahiays been heavy rhetoric not in frequently set in motion by Vietnam war-lovers to draw at- lention away from their special eyesore. Neither has Ihe year nf grace been obtained without cost. The Russians have deep- ened t.heir penetration of the Near East in two ways. Mill- larily, (hey have increased I heir role in [he air defence of Kfiypl. Politically, they have assured r continuing rob by virtue of Ihe hVy-ar Ircaly of co-opriviliftn ami rwiMillaiion .signed in Cairn on May 27. 'Hie Unilod i.s al.s'o more heavily involved. Ameri- can mililary support for Israel has been stepped up. This country has also been exposed diplO'Tialically as the sole mover for peace in the area. Bui the area il.self is far more safe. Thousands of lives which would otherwise h.ivc been consumed in figlilinp aloni; Ihe canal have been saved. And tho saving of life bas bad. political impact bolb in Israel and the Arab world. In Israel the anxiety that caused people in the streets to (urn on portable radios every hour for casualty reports has died down. While there is still strong reaction against any pressures that would force a disgorging of occupied terri- tories without political safe- guards, peace has become popular. Letter to the editor Disappointing It was very disappointing to see one of our government's new tourist information bu- reaus recently. These shelters arc a poor copy of the basic North Ameri- can Indian teepee, completely covered with shingles, and an frame over the entrance. The equally worked-over, ce- dar shake-mansard roof on the adjoining mobile trailer further adds to the incongruity of these shelters. How this design concept was allowed to be brought to fruition should be investigated. The basic idea for them ori- ginated with a senior official in Ihe department of tourism and was relentlessly pursued through lo the final drawing stage. They finally cost expensive slicker for a building of less than six hundred square feet floor area. Multiply Iliis by the number shelters thai have been ten? twenty? Certainly it is mailing lo Ixi proud about. They probably arc not even portable, so will be around for years, polluting (ho landscape. Wo can do better in this grc.it piovince of ours. CONCKIINED AUilCHTAN. Utlibridic. In Egypt the climate of war emergency sustained by Presi- dent Nasser until his death last fall has been virtually elimin- ated by President Anwar Sadat. The internal emphasis now is on improving the wel- fare of ordinary for Ihe Egyptians. Though still determined In regain Ihe terri- tories cocupicd by Israel, and by force if necessary. Presi- dent Sadat keeps pushing Ihe date ahead Moreover, a relatively pas- sive Egyptian role has made it mucj easier for King Hussein of -lordan to squash the Pale- stine commandos who threat- ened lo set the Near East afire. In the Sudan, Egyptian sup- port has helped President Gaafar al-Nimeiry crush Ihe pro-Co'imunisl faction which would have pushed the whole Arab world a step further lo- wnrcl confrontation with Israel had its plot io lake power in Khartoum succeeded. Sec relary Roger's contribu- tion lo all this has been un- flagging persistence in Ihe face of difficult circumstances and not a lilllc personal criticism. He persevered despite Ihe ehcaling by Russians and Egyptians which led to a mas- sive violation of (.he ceasefire in iU first days. He withstood the skepticism of his own Arabisls who his trip In Ihe Near East in May. lie braved tho personal jibes siimmari7.cd in Sen. Stuart Symington's unfor- lunatc remark Ihn secre- tary had 'iceomc a "laughing- stock." Assistant Secretary Sisco has eonlribuled a ferlilc invenlive- ncss rare in the annals nf dip- lomacy, lie has rcpcnlrdly come up with new suggcslion.s, proposals, mlcrprctaUons, mis- sions and conferences to over- come what seemed to be insu- perable difficulties. When the United Nations mediation ef- forts for a package settlement ran aground, he moved nimbly lo a proposal for an inlerim settlement based on opening the Suez Canal. Only Ihe other day Die Egyptian foreign ministry seemed to put a stopper on fur- ther negotiations for the in- terim selllemenl by leaking lo Ibis cc'umnist a memorandum submilted by the chief Ameri- can representative in Cairo wilhoul the formal backing o[ the s I a I c deparlmenl or ad- vance consultation with the Is- raelis. Mr. Sisco, unshaken, used that "phantom memoran- dum" as a way of surfacing a plan for Israeli withdrawal lhat he could have raised by himself only with grcal diffi- culty. How far Uie present ing can reach remains open to question. But al the very least there i-, a realistic chance for cxtcnd'ng tho stillness at Suez through rexl year. And il is in Ihis way by growing slowly accuslomed to fact of no war lhat Hie Near East cnn be eventually prepared for set- ller'enl and peace. (Field Kntcrpriscs, Inc.) vent the inlernipfion of public ulilily services has been the subject of legislation. More re- cently, labor disputes in hospi- tals have been Ihe subjecl oC special Jcgiblalion, as have strikes involving railways, shipping and fciry services. There has been some legisla- tive intervention in the leach- ing profession and in relation to government employees. Some comparisons with re- cent legislation passed in oth- er provinces of Canada is per- tinenL The Alberta Labor Act provides that al any lime lhat the lieutenant gover- nor in Council is of opinion thai a slate of emergency ex- ists in the province, under such circumstances lhat life or properly might be in serious jeopardy by reason of a break- down or stoppage of any sys- tem, plant or equipment for furnishing or supplying water, heal, electricity or gas to the public, or where a stoppage or impending stoppage of hospital services arises, there may be created procedures whereby normal collective bargaining for the settlement of disputes will be replaced by such mea- sures as may be established by the No specific procedures arc outlined in the statute but compulsory arbitra- tion is contemplated, and with il, a prohibition against strikes, Tne British Columbia Media- tion Commission Act of 1968 es- tablishes a permanent media- tion commission having wide powers. When a dispute arises which, in the opinion of Ihe 1 i e u I e n a n I gover- nor in council affects "the public interest and the matter may be referred to the commission for a decision. When this happens, strikes and lockouts may not be carried on and Ihe parties are bound by the decision given by Ihe com- mission. Such decision musl be preceded by an investigation of the Jacts, anri the award is to be one thai is "fair and rea- sonable" as between the parlies. Following a Royal Commis- sion which sal in 1964, the Prov- ince of Ontario enacted the Hospilal Labor Disputes Arbi- tration Act. Tliis provides for compulsory arbitration to invoked at the discrelion of the lieutenant-g o v e r n o r iu-coun- cil, the arbitration tribunal lo be in the f o r m of a tri-parlile hoard consisling of an indepen- dent chairman and nominees or managagemeut and labor un- der Uie adminislralive direc- tion of the.minister of labor. When invoked, such arbitration renders strikes and lockouts il- legal. The manner in which Uie commission is expected to op- erate is illustrated by the first decision made under the On- tario legislation. A dispute arose between the Building Service Employees Local 204 and the Weiland County Gen- eral Hospilal. The board con- sidered a number of matters, and those to which it gave grealesl weight in determining the wages to be paid were the following; 1. Tlie wages paid in "com- parable that is to say, those of a similar type in communities enjoying a simi- lar cost of living and average wage level. 2. Trends in cosl of living and average wages in Ihe locality where the hospital is located. 3. Trends in comparable hos- ilals. Other factors considered relevant were these: 1. Difficulties encountered by the hospital in recruiting and holding statf. 2. Trends in non-comparable hospitals and in non-hospital occupations, where deserving of special consideration. 3. Trends in hospital wages generally. Lillle weighl was accord- ed Ihe following factors- 1. Wage levels in non-com- parable hospitals. 2. Wage levels in non-hospi- lal occupations where there is no subslanlial identity of work- ing conditions. 3. Abstract appeals to "jus- lice." Despite all of Ihe criticisms snrl !bc shortcomings of any scheme of compulsory arbitra- tion or adjudication, the pro- cedures adopted in Ontario were generally welcomed bo- cause il was felt thai the awai'ds could be looked to as providing a measure of secur- ity by way of just and reason- able wage sctllemonls in the hospitals. Tlie Lethbridge Herald 504 7Lli St. S., LoLlibriclgc, Alberta LETHBHIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1005 -1954, by lion, W. A. BUCHANAN Sprnnrt Class Mnll Registration No 0013 Member nf Tho Cnnatllnn Press ond tho Canadian Dally Newspnrxr Putolfshors' Association and the Aodli Quronu of ClrculaNoni CLEO W. MOWERS, fidlior nnd Publisher THOMAS H, ADAMS, General AAnnnnrr JOE I1ALI.A WILLIAM HAY Mnnnrilnfl Eclllor A-soci.ilc Editor ROY P AAILGf> DOUGLAS l< WAI KER Advertising Manager tidilorin Pane Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;