Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 11, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
Auguit 11, 1971 THE LITH5RIDGE HCTAID COOLING OFF Cooling off is something everybody is concerned with these summer days and when liffla sister found it a little difficult to get a refreshing drink, her older sister did the honors. Chou prepared for discussion NEW YORK f AP) Premier Chou En-lai says Communist China will not mediate the Viet- nam war "in any way" and will continue to support the forces opposed to the United Stales pending complete US. witli- drawal, the New York Times says. Chou made his comments to James Reston. vice-president and columnist of The Times, in a lengthy, recorded interview held in the vast Fukien Room of the Great Hall of the People in Peking last week, Ihe news- paper says. stressed that no pri- vate deals were made during Ihe recent visit of Henry A. Kis- singer, the president's adviser on national security affairs. Chinese are preparing lor the possibility of a Soviet nuclear attack by digging un- derground tunnels in "the great majority" of its big and me- dium cities. Chou said China is "not a nuclear power." "We are only in the experi- mental stage." He rejected a Soviet proposal for a conference of the five nu- clear powers, calling instead for Reston says Cliou is prepared I a conference' of "all the coun- for broad discussions of world trie., ule world" lo eliminate problems when President Nixon visits Peking some lime before next May. Chou stressed that he wants lo talk about the changing roles of the Uniled States, Japan and the S'jviet Union in Asia and the Pacific, and is not solely preoc- cupied with the problems of the Vietnam war or the two-Chinas nuclear weapons. proposed that "a way should be found to bring about a rapproachement between the Iwo sides in Korea and to move toward a peaceful unification of Korea." DESIRE TO LOOK OK Chou said: "Now since there j is a desire to come and look at I controversy, Rcslon says. China, it's all right." PRAISES 'DOLDNF.RS' "And s'nce there is a desire Chou praised the boldness of to are also ready lo Nixon's initiative in seeking the meeting, noting that the move had been praised by some of the president's political opponents, Reston says. He reports Chou also made these points: voiced some concern "We do not expect a settle- ment of all questions at one Chou said. "That is not possible." Chou expressed misgivings about Nixon's doctrine of en- over what he termed the bud-1 couraging other countries to as- ding revival of Japanese milita-! sume more of (he military bur- rism and ambitions in Taiwan I den in Ihe Pacific, saying that it only encourages the militarists and Korea. position on United Nations membership is that it will be in alone or out, thai the new US. "two-Chinas" formula is "not a step forward On the question ot Taiwan, he said, "we ;sre willing to sit down and enlor into negotiations with the t'.S. Rovernmenl for a ment." Montana bridge nears completion LIBBY, Mont. The longest and highest bridge in Montana, part of the Tjbby project on the Koolenay River, is Hearing completion. The StO million Koocanusa Reservoir bridge is half a mile Icng and 300 feet above the wa- ter of the lake formed by the Libby dam. The reservoir al ll-o bridfjc will be 21S feel deep. The bridge, .1-1 miles upslrcnin from Libby, is M miles doiin- slifnm from the Canadian bor- der. The bridge has six spans. Nine-lonlbs of Ihe pier con- will be lost to view fcrcvoi' when Ihe lake starts lo fill r.rxl spring. AllbnnRh Ibo I -id'So is cmnpldc now. except shir.ild it when ii is iiauiiK. i( "ill mil ho only budding." Chr.n s.-iid. "Only in Japan. "We oppose the Japanese re- Chou said. "It is not thai we have any hatred for Ihe Japanese people. WARNS OF JAPAN" But he said the United bVales is promoting Japanese militaiy and economic power and' warned (hat Japan will move into Taiwan and Korea ns (he Uniled Sialcs withdraws unless j Washington handles its moves carefully. Asked why. if liic Cliinsse aie I so concerned about Japan, j China is anxious to get rid of I the restraining U.S.-Japancsc I security treaty, Chou said that was a "forced argument." "Despite this treaty, Japan with her present industrial cap- abilities is fully able to produce, all the means of delivery, she is able lo manufacture ground-to- j air, ground-to-ground missiles I sca-lo-groimd missiles "As for bombers, she is all the more capable of mnnufac- luring them. The only thing lacking is the nuclear warhead. "Japan's oulpul of nuclear pimcr is increasing Chou said. "The Uniled Slates supply of enriched uranium lo Japan is not enough for her re- quirement, but she is now im- porting enriched uranium from other countries. "And so her miclenr weapons can be produced readily." you oppo.so n d.inqcr. Inferiority complex nags and throbs Healthy, wealthy Texas has troublesome lly KOI) CUIilllE JIOUSTON (CP) Dig, barrel-chested Texas, boister- ous and lusty, healthy and wealthy, suffers a trouble- some malady: an inferiority complex that nags and throbs within like a king size hang- over. It's retribution for too long imbibing a heady brew of its own concoction, the legend that everything Texan is b.'g- gest and best. Texans, for some reason, long seem to have had an in- satiable need for the whole world to stand up and cheer them. It's a preoccupation that inspired the snide de- scription of Texas as ''n state of mind." But Texas these days is fast recovering, the ill effects of unbridled self-in- dulgence gradually wearing off. As well it should. For Texas today has much to be envied, and it isn't only he things Texans have long hallyhooed: its size, the tow- e r i n g magnificence of its buildings, t h e ostentatious jewelry and other trappings of the super-wealthy flaunted by the so-called vulgar rich of Texas. The new generation, more sophisticated, better educated, that much farther removed in time from the rough-and- ready frontier days that moulded the thinking of many of ciders, have their en- thusiasm channelled in new directions. LEAHN FROM MISTAKES Their lay in tfic state's solid economy, nur- tured first on cotlon and the longhorn, Ihen oil and now booming in petrochemicals; the slate's duly ments in (lie arts, in culiuie; and the potential ol a stale big enough to accommodate vast development and still green enough to learn from the mistakes of the now-trou- bled eastern United States. That's not to suggest there are no warts on he face of Texas. Pollution is booming with the petroleum industry, and many in positions of influence seem slow to awaken to the threat. The blight of poverty exists in pockets as it does else- where; for instance Laredo, about 9U-per-cent Mexican- American, is said to have the lowest per-capita income o[ any comparable city in the U.S., one of the highest tuber- culosis rates. The racial problem itself is bad and heavy with the threat of troubles ahead. Here in Houston more than 25 per cent of the population is black and although unemployment is extremely low many are sullen and forlorn in ghettos that lie far beyond the gleam- ing downtown temples housing the oil executives and the bankers. BKOWN POWER Now, with Mexican-Ameri- cans or Chicanes on the march for Brown Power, and the so-far insignificant degree of Indian clamor for Red Power, the potential for diffi- culties grows. Den Barnes, vigorous young lieutenant-governor who will run for' governor in 1972, con- cedes the state has dragged its feet on such problems. With reference to the Mexi- can-Americans, he says, "we are doing things now that we should have done 20 years ago." Whether it will be enough, soon light of the mood of exasperation among young to be seen. There are more than 1.5-million people with Span- ish surnames among the state's Jl-3 million population. For now the range from near pure-bred Spanish through the spectrum I o full-Wooded desperately fi'actionalized with no hint of cohesive move- ment uniting the older genera- tion with the younger activists and militajitly "anti-Anglo" firebrands. Much turns on success in sucli places as Crystal City in central Texas, where La liaza Um'da (The United an anti-Anglo, anti-establishment party, gained unanimous con- trol of city hall and the school board in April elections. There's been a sweeping dis- missal of Anglo-Americans, replaced by Mexican-Ameri- cans in many city and school posts. LAND OK PROMISE Yet great, sprawling Texas gives the appearance of hav- ing lots of room, and work, for everyone on its square miles. The land exudes a promise of being everlastingly bounti- ful. Particularly in the region running north from San Anto- nio to the Red Kiver, Texas grows cotton in greater vol- ume than any other state. It's the main of the coun- try's beef. Toward the south watermelon pile mountain- high along the dusty roadside. Elsswhere, vegetables, honey, pecans, peanuts, citrus and other fruits abound, flooding across the country to feed an eager market. Still, the main source of dol- lars to line the Texan's pock- ets comes from the petroleum and natural gas industries. In the Texan caste system the old rich (callle and cotlon) lend to look down on the new, oil-rich crowd whose off to Norway to shoot polar bear; down to Mexico City for a weekend fit the stereotype of the loud Texan. Tlie outsider's amused in- dulgence over the years of the Texan's almost childlike preoccupation with biggest and best has left the more sophisticated Texan of today with a difficult reputation to live down. But many seem de- termined to do so. And the results have been spectacular. Houston is a good example of the new mood. ENDOW ARTS Seventh largest in the U.S., it already is one of the coun- try's most beautiful cities and js bidding to become one of the world's great cities. It is not an impossible dream. It has become fashionable for the rich to endow the arts and with virtual blank- cheques offers some of the best architects have come here to ply their trade. The Houston Symphony has at- malady traded to its podium ijeopold Stokowski, Andre Previn and others. On the minus side is a sum- mer climate in which the combination of heat Sud hu- midity sometimes hits a 90-90 balance to terrorize the citi- zens. Air conditioning is big business and Houston boasts there are enough units to cool hell. In fact, they can hardly cope with Houston. But there's more to Houston than its show-place downtown. As it fans out to the polluted ship canal, the waterfront and the southside ghettos all the ills of urban disease there. POUCE ON THE SPOT In the face of Wack and CM- cano unrest, the local Ku Klux Klan has flourished anew of late and police say its mem- bership of maybe 200 makes it one of the largest in the U.S. Houston police are caught in the middle. For years Hous- ton, Dallas, Tex., and New Orleans have juggled back and forth the title "Murder Capital of the United the per-capita rate in the Iliree cities being up to four times that of other metropoli- tan areas. MORE LIKE FRESH ORANGE JUKE THAN EVER! c? 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