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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 11, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD TuesJuy, August II, 1970 Carl T. Rowan New Cloud Over Kennedy's Credibility ASHINfJ'mM _ Ui'hif Stop Making The Stuff. Tlicrc is only one sound solution for the problem recently encountered by the U.S. army in disposing of nerve gas: stop making the stuff! The solu- tion of burying gas in containers at sea is an unacceptable one. Apparently the danger of explosion or leakage was such that the gas missiles could no longer be safely stored on land. But dumping them in the ocean does not mean that safety lias been assured. What happens if they explode or leak in the ocean? Does the gas make its way to the surface and into the air currents to be wafted over in- habited areas? Or is it soluble and a threat to the food chain? No guarantee seems to exist that debris buried in the ocean will re- main in the supposedly safe spot to which it is consigned. Some steel drums containing laboratory junk clumped in the Atlantic by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission were later trawled up by fishermen off the coast of Oregon. Cement contain- ers may not move as easily as steel drums but neither are expected to leave their burial grounds. The double-crossing nature of poison gas has been sufficiently dem- onstrated in botli war and peace Even if it is true that there may be safe methods of decomposing poison gas developed in the future the risks involved in having it around are not tolerable. President Nixon bowed to public opinion in declaring a ban on the production of biological agents for warfare. He should take the next logical step and outlaw chemical agents as well. In the meantime the expressions of protest from other nations about the disposal of U.S. garbage in interna- tional waters is justified. Let the con- tainers be buried in the United States where the manufacturers are subject to whatever risks are involved. Then proper surveillance of the burial ground would likely be maintained. If the chosen site were to be in Georgia, Governor Lester Madclox, who volunteered to ride atop the train carrying the gas across his state might be willing to be a monitor. What this country needs is a presi- dent who can make the people believe that lie puts principle and tlie nation's welfare above politics. The people definitely did not believe that about Lyndon B. Johnson, a man they considered an "operator" who figured the political angles even when he brushed his hair. The public is coining less and less to believe principle comes before politics in the case of Richard M. Nixon, whose gyra- tions around a Southern strat- egy and fine circumlocutions regarding lire war in Southeast Asia have revived1 use of tha word "tricky." Now Kenneth .O'Donnell has told us that John F. Kennedy put Ills yearning for re-election ahead of the issue of war and peace and let the U.S. drift deeper into conflict in Indo- china although Kennedy had come to believe that tragedy might result. According to O'Donnell, who was Kennedy's chief of staff, the late president called in Sen- ator Mike Mansfield in the spring of 1963 and confided that lie had come to agree with Mansfield's view that a com- plete withdrawal from Vietnam was necessary. "But I can't do it until 1965 I'm O'Don- nell quotes Kennedy as saying. Perhaps O'Donnell wrote this thinking that he would compli- ment his martyred chief by por- traying him as wise enough to see impending tragedy long be- fore others did. Perhaps O'Don- nell's intent is to say to the nation: "The man who shot down JFK got the nation into this debacle, because If Ken- nedy had lived he would have gotten us out in 1965." But the whole thing comes off making Kennedy look not A Proper Limitation Snowmobiling has mushroomed into one of the most popular winter time activities. What at first appeared to be an innocent form of diversion has come to be recognized as fraught with unpleasant aspects requiring curtail- ment. One of the most despicable activi- ties carried out by some snow- mobilers has been the harassment of wildlife. Animals have not only been shot from these vehicles in situations that violate all concepts of sports- manship but they have sometimes been relentlessly chased until they drop from exhaustion. Some of the reported cruelties to animals vented by this new type of "sportsman" are simply revolting. Protests from those who have been outraged by what has been happen- ing have finally been heeded. It will be with a great sense of relief and gratitude that conservationists and lovers of fair play greet the new reg- ulation that "no person shall chase, molest, injure or kill any wildlife with a snow vehicle." It would be naive to suppose that this will Immediately put a stop to the abuse. There are perverse people who will try to get away with engag- ing in such nefarious activity. But it will not be easy to evade the law be- cause there are enough people whose indignation is strong enough to lead them to report the violators. Those who know how the noise of snow machines is itself a harassment to wildlife will not rest until there are severe restrictions on the movement of them. There is, of course, no more reason why snow vehicles should be unregulated in their movements than other machines. As primarily play things in most regions they should perhaps be confined somewhat after the fashion of go-carts. "The way things are going down there, Gabriel, I think a bullhorn would _______________be more practical" one whit piu'cr than the Lyndon Johnson who said during the 1904 campaign against Sen. Barry Coldwater: "Some others are eager to enlarge the conflict. They" coll upon us to supply American boys to. do the job that Asian boys should do." Johnson went on, of course, to supply hah" a million Ameri- can boys. O'Donnel! makes Kennedy look not one iota more of a statesman than the Richard M. Nixon who had a plan to end the war (luring the 1968 cam- paign, but who widens it into all Indochina and is certain to keep hundreds of thousands of GIs involved until the 1972 elec- tions approach and some grand gesture seems advisable. O'D o n n e 11's "revelations" seem all the more odious when one observes that the full rec- ord just does not support any blunt assertion that Kennedy would have gotten out in .1965. When you recall that he lifted the number of "U.S. military advisers" in Vietnam from (iOO-plus to and when you remember the tough line lie took during the Cuban mis- siles crisis, you have to believe that his reaction to the Gulf of Tonkin incidents and the Com- munist attack on Pleiku in early would have been just as tough as Johnson's. There are other reasons for wondering whether Kennedy was just massaging Mansfield's ego and telling the public the truth, or whether hs really fore- saw calamity in Asia but wouldn't take the political risk of telling his countrymen. O'Donnell says Kennedy first began to have grave doubts in 1961 after General Douglas MacArlhur warned him not to get involved In a land war against Asian masses. We have been led to believe that Kennedy confided in his brother, Robert, more than in anyone else. If he told Bobby of his MacArlhur inspired doubls, why would the Presi- dent let Attorney General Ken- nedy go to Saigon in February of 1SG2 and say, "We are going to win in Vietnam. are going to stay tere until we If in the spring of 19C3 Presi- dent Kennedy had decided in favor of total withdrawal from Vietnam, why would he say on Sept. 2, 1903, "Withdrawal of United States troops would be a great Why, ten days later, would he say, "We want the war to be won, the Communists to be contained, our men to come home. We are not there to see a war There is simply no answer that adds to the credibility of President Kennedy or to public confidence in the office of the presidency. And that, alas, is why so many Americans drift in angry alienation and distrust. They have seen cynicism and politi- cal gamesmanship permeate the highest office in the land. Not only has it cost hundreds of thousands of young lives, but it has stifled the hopes of mil- lions of America's hungry and oppressed. For the future always seems bleak where the people have ceased to believe. (Field Enterprises Inc.) Dennis Bloodivorlh Britain's Defence Dilemma In The Far East It is simply too late in history to pursue a policy of total hostility for any nation or any people. We must set aside our glandular reactions and try to find agreement, even with those that consider themselves our personal Rusk, former secretary of state, in a speech to students in Valdosta, Ga. Mules Control The Purse Strings By John Mika, Herald Oflawa Bureau The U.S. male thumps his Let's look at the "professional" classes QTTAWA chest loudly in the hopes of drowning out the growing testimony that 'his is a rapidly developing matriarchcal society where "nromism" rules finances and fads. The Canadian male just thumps his women quietly. That's how it seems to add up in the federal "green book" the figure-filled annual edition of Taxation Statistics. It's an eye-tiring exercise reading'the 1970 edition (for 1968 tax year) and com- paring it with previous editions but read them, ladies, and you well may weep for another reason. They show that not only do the males where the work is almost entirely cere- bral. A little arithmetic applied to the pub- lished figures, to transform them into a person-for-person basis, shows the average professional male saw his income rise from three times that ol a woman p-o- fessional in 1963 to four times her re- turn in 1968. Yet the reverse is true for those occupa- tions largely manual in nature. For instance, the average woman farm- er or fisher in 1963 reported an income only two-thirds that of her average male in this he-man country control most of counterpart on a one-Ior-one basis increasing But her earnings had gINGAPORE Lord Carring- ton, Britain's new Defence Secretary, sidled through liis first press conferences in Singapore and Malaysia with a disarming throwaway poise and a certain sardonic humor turning questions as neatly as his Labor predecessor, Denis Healey, turned phrases to avoid spelling out Britain's fu- ture military commitment in the Far East. But some details of the bid- ding ;o date begin to emerge. Subject to further discussion, Britain's contribution to the five-Power Commonwealth de- fence of these two territories after 1971 will include one bat- talion of infantry stationed in Singapore and accompanied by wives and families, a Royal Navy flotilla of destroyers and frigates, a flight of helicopters for jungle warfare training and operations, and a squadron of long-range reconnaissance air- craft used for air-sea rescue operations (but also particular- ly suitable for following the antics of Soviet warships in the Indian Supersonic jets of the R.A.F., peripatetic Ma- rine Commandos living afloat, and two more battalions of troops rotated through the jungle warfare school in South Malaya every year will also be Letter To The Editor visiting the area for tropical training. Singaporeans are sorry that Britain will stop short of keep- ing even half a squadron ol Lightning jet fighters perma- nently based on the island and will in consequence only be "associated" with its co-ordin- ated air defence system, which is to be directed by an Aus- tralian. It is conceded, how- ever, that current proposals for a modest British military in- vestment do make effective five-Power Commonwealth co- .operation a practical possibil- ity and are a net improvement on the former Labor govern- ment's decision to pull out all forces by the end of 1971. Aus- tralia and New Zealand have already put in two battalions of infantry which are now on this island. 44 Mirage jets and a few frigates. Malaysia and Singapore havs there fore concurred in prin- ciple with the British proposal that a written five-Power, de- fence agreement be concluded by all the parties. Under this agreement the signatories would be equal partners and would consult on the joint ac- tion to be taken to meet any external attack or to defeat any internal insurgency nour- ished from abroad against Ciese two Asian territories, as the need arose. With a British presence on the ground as- sured, the more sanguine are meanwhile talking about the possible creation of a five-Pow- er fighting force of perhaps two-brigads strength to which each party would contribute at least one battalion of infantry and whose first commander should be a British officer. Nevertheless, although the buoyant Lord Carrington was metaphorically whistling when he went off to beguile the Aus- tralians in their turn, he may well have been metaphorically whistling in the dark. For he finds himself testing the ground at a time when it is be- coming increasingly difficult to defend one's friends. Tengku Abdul Rahman, the Malaysian Prime Minister, has said in his direct and discon- certing fashion that if Malaysia were attached by a strong Power his government would not fight at all but would cap- itulate in order to save the country from becoming a bloody battlefield. Some Mal- aysian ministerial o f f i cials were still objecting last week that a new, formal five-Power compact might drag them into risen to of' the income re- obscuring the pic- ported by her male counterpart" (Incidentally, there were women in 1963 and in 1968 who reported tax- able incomes from fishing or farming.) As a matter of interest, the income of men investors on a one-for-one basis- was 50 per cent higher for men than wom- en and this was the only category in which women outnumbered men. It sug- gests that .while men may be penny- foolish they are pound-wise compared with women and that, perhaps, shatters anoth- er common assumption. Lllvp iCLUliJ., SnUWea q y mil- On a similar basis, over the five-year lion men reported incomes totalling Period tlle income from pensions remain- billion while 2.2 million women had only ed a steaa> 25 per cent higher for the billion to show for their labors or investments-or an average of for Agree With Jim Wilson's Vieivs undnrsipnprl u-ich in _ tax year and the 1968 tax year.' In 1963 some 3.5 million Canadian males reported taxable incomes totalling approxi- mately S18.1 billion when some 1.4 mil- lion women reported income of S4.2 billion is, an average of about for each man End for each woman. By the totals had risen to 4 mil- lion men with billion and 1.7 million women with hillion-or an average of for the boys and for the girls _ And in 1968 the returns showed 4.8 mil- the stronger and for the 'weaker sex. In other words, after discounting infla- tion, men increased their taxable income by something in the neighborhood of 15 per cent during that five-year stretch Women were lucky if they enhanced advantage" average man than the average woman, reflecting the headstart men have in a higher base pay on which pensions are built up. Because there were only about half as many women pensioners as men m each of the compared years, the parity factor of government old-age pensions was enough to overcome the male We, the undersigned, wish S'anta extend congratulations for, and whole or at least partial agreement with Jim Wilson's column in the Lethbridge Herald You Ask Me Saturday, July 25, Lament Nielson Linda Gibbonee Susan Asplund Bob Johnson Barry Hegland Laurie Schullz Fred Sonoda Lyle Miller Christina Dubetz Lauretta Skakum Mike Robinson Eleanor Craik Marg Clarke W. Sopow Melvin Thurlow Susan Gogo Allan Wilson Jamie Little Tim Oland Barry Davenport S. Kounosu Robin Dann Leszek Forczek Brian Brindley C. F. Kee Paul D. Lewis Ron McRae Brian Shaw William Teshry Francine Paquet Julia Gardener Rick Skakum Tim McHugh Robert Hunt Laura Story D. p_ gey[ Axel Biehl Deanne Seyl Brenda McReary their income by a purchasing power gain Ah pbe c" u f mc riod ,r no uiu, JGII say, bociety is becoming terms. ferent physical stagU s to wSI assessing productivity Well, you'd have an awfully hard time proving that by the bald fig L It's true tint Language Measure The tax returns show that women fcr not only in reiath'c By Don Oakley, NEA Scr incomes over re were only women do- ing the same, out of approximately 1.4 million women with taxable returns By 1968, the figures had reached 53.869 category perform co ual and mental labor. ra i LOT OF wrenching adjust- ments will have to be made when, as it eventually must, the United States adopls the metric system of measure- ment. But one that has seldom been mentioned involves the very way we talk. Consider these "metric equi- valents" of some common ex- pressions, as noted by World Week magazine: "A miss is as good as 1.61 kilometers." "There isn't 0.06 gram of truth m il." "He fell meters tall." "First down and 9.14 meters lo go.1' "Don't hide you light under 35.25 liters." These adages arc so much a part of the language, however, ;hat possibly they may remain as archaic hangovers. We still say "Penny wise and pound fpohsh." and it has been a long time since the pound was a unit of money in this country. A'o They Say Anybody can estimate 'em We count 'cm. A United Slates census official, replying criticism by officials of some cities which lost population. Anne pstrholk Philip Peard Lila Blakley H. .A. Hall Waldy Braun M. A. Oordt Candy Weil- Jeff Olson Susan Read Etnil Johnson Glenn Diener Doug Fox Jim Bell Jean Cummins Arland Ogden B. Szietoiski .Garry Baceda Wendy Osecki Don Lieshman Don Cohen Phil Nicas J. A. M. McReary John Ikeda Norman C. Conrad Kathy Nylam Edna B. Dew R. M. Yoshida .Michael Kubara T. Schuitz Dan Cote Don Read Pat Servant Kathy BOyle Don Gosstck Tom Paterson Frank Cummins George Demeur Jill Culley Terry Roth Colleen Duffy Mel S'akatch Rick Lonsdnle Chari Cohen Judy MacFarland Mark B. Lewis Charlene Gooderer Peggy Rodzinyak Bob Drcaver Don Cowcv Uitira LcfhbridRc, compromising membership of a joint force whose Anglo- Saxon element might at any time be thrown into some dis- creditable anti-Communist ad- venture on behalf of the South- East Asia Treaty Organization It could destroy Ma- laysia's new position as an un- committed state which had been invited to send a delega- tion to the conference of non- aligned nations in Lusaka in September. However, the hesitations are not all Asian. Lord Carrington went to Australia and New Zealand wiUi the delicate task of persuading Canberra in par- ticular to commit the Aus- tralians, formally and for the first time on paper to an agree- ment covering these countries. Despite some very solid Aus- tralian military flesh here, Canberra's Asian partners are dubious of the spirit behind it. Malaysia and Singapore have 'been unhappily reminded of the mortality of ministries by the visit recently of Mr Gough Whitlam, the Australian Opposition leader, who wants to withdraw the Austrab'an troops and instead provide equipment and technical as- sistance to enable Uiese states to expand their own forces. The flexible and consultative nature of the agreement is a must, for it is impossible to define the precise degree of foreign support for a native in- surgency which would auto- matically justify a five-Power riposte. How many terrorists must be trained and armed clan- destinely in jungle camps across the Thai border and filtered back into Malaysia be- fore everyone agrees that there is a case for joint ac- tion? Since there is no school solution to problems like this, each government will be free to respond to the less blatant threats in accordance with Us own subjective wishes and poli- tical calculations. Furthermore, it is to be stip- ulated that the Commonwealth forces will not intervene to sup- press inter-racial strife. But in May 1969 bloody communal rioting broke out in Malaysia, where the native Malays are numerically balanced by Chi. nese and Indians of immigrant slock, and it was a matter for surprised thanksgiving that the whole savage and terrifying theme was not then transposed into a higher key of hostility between two members of the proposed five-Power partner- ship, the predominantly Malay Federation of Malaysia and the predominantly Chinese Repub- lic of Singapore, just yat'ds away across the Straits of Johore. Racial hatred can become a powerful weapon in competent Communist hands and white troops of a Common- wealth government that begin by helping Malyasia to defend herself against a foreign-in- spired insurrection may willy- nilly end up trying to hold the inflamed multi colored citi- zenry apart. In Singapore the British Con- servative government's prom- ise to maintain a presence here is welcomed just because it is expected to stimulate a new sense of commitment that may persuade the reluctant Aus- tralians to stand firm. Consciously or unconsciously paraphrasing the ancient Chi- strategist Sun Tsu, Lord Carrington has his own ques- tion-begging answer for all doubts and fears: "Defence forces are only successful if they are never used." The Brit- ish, it is hoped, will enjoy all the advantages of potential combat strength and local log- isticai weakness. Their en- emies Mill not dare to attack them; their friends will not dare to abandon them. (Written for The Herald and Tlic Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD M20 Bassoff, the third bandit in the Crow's Nest train robbery is in the area. He is known to have obtained food at the Holloway ranch and is badly wounded in the leg 1930 Percy Williams broke the world's record for the 100- nietres in 10 3-10 seconds at Toronto. ISIO Nobody of 16 years or over having failed to register during national registration may hold a job in Canada. A fine has beqn set for any employer who employs or con- tinues to employ any person re- quired to register who has failed to do so. 1950 More than men have volunteered for Canada's new fighting brigade and have been accepted it was an- nounced from Ottawa. I960 High-flying jet air- craft have been definitely es- tablished as the cause of the explosion over southern Alberta recently. The jets were from Malmstrom Air Base in Mon- tana. d Publishers Published 1903 1934, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Mail Registration No. 0012 ruoHsncrs association and the Audit Bureau ol circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA wn i IAII UAV Managing Editor Associate "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;