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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 11, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta T SATURDAY, AUGUST 11, 1917 THE LETHBWDGE DAILY HERALD PAGE FIVE Practical Co-operation (By G. K. Mnrnoch). (An' addrosm delivered this wook at the Social Kervleo CongrosH nt 12d-, munton). " You have naked me to talk on Practical Co-operation. The construction of tlio word r.o-opcration neoins to Indicate that tlio Idea that It originally cxpresHctl was much moro general, meaning "working together," than the particular bc:iho in which It is mostly used now, that is, combining together for buying or Boiling. I am not a HpoclaliRt In this last phase and you �will not expect mo to Hay anything on that subject; but I will try to Hay something on practical co-oporatlon in the larRer and more ancient Honsc. Not ho very long ago in the running course of the passing years, living, moving anil having one's being was a very simple affair. In oil climates the peoples lived the simple family life; nature's Holds, tbo forests "and Streams, the lakes and the sea, the natural fruits and the wild animals provided the human family with all that won found necessary for the support of life. The cultivation of the noil and tlio raining of flockn and herd* came later, ami there was a slight change from tbo family and the imall clan methods of living; but even then the change was not marked; for when some of the men became warriors and went out to define the boundaries and to settle quarrels and generally to make trouble, they did not altogether forget the prnctleo of the oris of peace For many long years indeed niter the Pilgrim Fathers name over to this continent, they still lived the simple life. The enormous complexities of our modern life have all arisen within tlio last century; the steam boat, the locomotive engine and the railroad began their operations just about a hundred years ago; before that time as I have heard Dr. J. C. Rutherford put it, If a man wanted to communicate with another at a distance ho "sent a messenger" just as Abram, Isaac and Jacob used to, with horse and chariot; and his means of illumination after dark wore the same as Noah used in the ark when he went to milk the cow in the evening. So in that comparatively short time Skilled Sculptors Chisel the rough stones into artistic memorials here. They are more than mechanic, thoy are artists as well. If you have a design for a monument you wish carried out faithfully and artistically, you will find us ready and competent to fulfil your wishes. Lethbridge Monumental and Cut Stone Works R. Needs, Prop. 8th Street S. ready to enter Into Practical Co-operation with our fanners. The most recent effort we made in that direction-It was really the outcome, however, of several years of higUly interesting detailed work-was to hold a conference at Lethbrldge on .the 2l!mi of .Tunc on "Mors and^Bcttrtr \Vat*jr for our' Farmers." Until uc started (-'.he ball rolling in Lethbrldge In liiM, nobody had over thought of asking for Practical Co-operation by the Geological Survey in finding water tor the farmers of Southern Saskatchewan and Southern Alberta, although a number of people had not been at all bashful in asking them to do a whole lot of work in studying the rocks looking for oil; but In 1!M5 Dr. Dowl-liig and Mr. Slipper of the ecological Survey spent a month or two looking over the country south and oast of Lethbridge, with the very satisfactory result that they discovered that some threo to five hundred square miles of our farm lands arc underlaid with artesian water. Later on, we were able to persuade the Dominion Government to appropriate $15,-(100 to give actual proof of this. Inputting down some wells in parts of this district where water had not previously been found. Ono of these government wells is completed, and it flows at the rate of four thousand Magic BAKING POWIJEB 10 REGULATE THE our methods of living have changed gallons a day. The original and genuine treat, ment for chronic diseases of women and nervous compfalnts. Send for free copy of "Universal Guide to Health." MRS. WM. FRANCIS, c|o. Mrs. H. B. Wilson, 1C2 1st St. W., Calgary. from the use of homegrown food and homespun clothing, to this, that we oat things and we wear thingB from all over the world; and, in turn, things that wo produce and manufacture are spread all over the world. Whether wo might not be hotter off if we returned to the simple life-maybe the food controller is going to arrange that anyway-whether, although variety is the spice of life, we may bo paying too much attention to the spice and condiments and not enough to the solids, why, that's another story. Anyhow, with the advent of machinery and steady means of travel, we abandoned the simple life and hived off as tinkers, tailors, soldiers, sailors, pipers, hangmen, drummers and thieves; the broader lines of cleavage being city dwellers and tillers of the soil; with a few philosophers and amiable students like ourselves, observers of human life, and transmitters of wisdom. Now each of these classes is struggling to' get a due shure of the good things of this life; and their efforts are, after all, largely Individualistic. The question is, whether with all this splitting up into classes, each individual in getting as much as he might get out of the sum total of the work that is being done; whether in fact all of the work is really being applied in the best possible way to get - the most out of it; whether we may not "work together", to better ends; and, while giving just as much to each, I yet all of us get more. Now I have got back to the subject again-Practical Co-operation. You will remember that about the year 1913, a certain madness about � size and importance and industrial greatness had bitten the populations I of our western cities very, very hard. It so happened that one day in August of that year Dr. J. C. Rutherford was 4. .asHed, tp ^i\}\,some.tj[}i�g to .the .Board "of Trade of Lethbridge; "and bo talked to them about the Interdependence of the City and the Farm. I was not there at the time, but a'certain spirit and aroma from the reflections of the DIRECTOR* OF AUTO LIVERY AND DRAYING Hut we saw that there wore large areas in Saskatchewan and Alberta that will want a lot of guidance and help in finding water. So wo decided to nail a conference to go into the whole subject. That conference was very successful; it was ono of the best demonstrations of practical cooperation that I have ever had the pleasure to see. The men who wanted the water-and some of them want it pretty badly; one farmer salt! he would mortgage his homestead to anyone who would find him water- the farmers who wanted the water wero enabled to meet, by our calling them together, some other men whom they had never thought of being badly off for water; for this is quite a problem all through the prairies with the railroad people, and there were railway men there very anxious to find water for their thirsty locomotives. The farmers and the railway men discussed their problems together with the geologists who came up from Ottawa and in from their field work for the purpose; with the irrigation engineers, who told what might bo done by diverting waters fr;:m the* rivers; with public health men, who told us some very plain home truths about tbo amount of good water we let run off our roofs and go to waste; with expeits in drilling holes in the soil for discovery of water; with representatives from the Grazing Lands Branch of the Dominion Government, who aro now looking into the important question of keeping watering reserves along all river and other water fronts; with men from the Commission of Conservation who gave good advice about saving flowing well waters; and with other engineers about building dams across coulees to save and hold water. All of these men met together and ^rubbed noses with- ojie ..^ol -the Vice-Presidents and a Director of the United Farmers of Alberta, and with Ottawa, Aug. 10.--It Is the intention of the food controller that the. spread between the fishermen and the con- ! Hittnor that the price of fish shall, if necessary, be subject to regulation. It. was announced today that, all wholesale llsh dealers in Canada shall be required to register at the fund controller's olllrc, Ottawa. It Is the intention of the food controller to secure returns from all houses registered with a view to preventing cxcchhIv charges. Forma of registration will be supplied upon Application to the food controller's office. Ottawa. some of the practical co-operation on the outside In the yard they'd take notice of It all right; and we might in lime have the Tvlioio country peopled by a race of PRACTICAL CO-OI'LU-ATORS. Now. iis I sai,d, I am not. nn expert on co-operative buying and selling, though I would like to just drop the Farm at Lethbrldge the other day. A ihirit that some broader views in this farmer's wife came up to me after- co-operation. Certainly there has been wards and said, "The woman should ! regard might really get nearer true AUCTION SALE On Tuesday, Aug. 14th COMMENCING AT 2 P. M. M Wilson's Auction (Jalleries. Dominion IJIk. Including rongnlcum rugs In various sizes and tapestry squares; several small mats and rugs; plain ami stencilled Japanese mats and square;; quantity of linoleum in good condition; 1 massive finned oak davenport (upholstered); 1 music cabinet in mahoguny; 1 Singer sewing machine; quantity of drawn work; linen table squares and runners; infants dresses and cashmere coats; ladies' corsets; men's dress shirts; quantity of small wares; fancy china cups and saucers, 2 gramophones; hooks; hammocks; baby hammocks, etc. THE AUCTIONEER REQUESTS A PROMPT ATTENDANCE. \Y. L. WILSON, Auctioneer. TERMS CASH. PHONE 1023. not bo discouraged, 1 got eaves troughs and a cistern this year after fifteen years' agitation." Just as a contrary example to that I will quote an instance of too much co-operntion. The people in one of the prosperous towns on the new lino south -east of Lethbrldge have n system of carrying water by wagon from the nearest slough. They share the cost, which is sixty cents a tank. There arc about a hundred houses In the town. Two of these buildings have eaves troughs. During the water conference I read this quotation (rom u little booklet called "Farm Efficiency" which contains about as much common sense in small bulk as I have ever seen. The booklet is by Xenophon Cavernn of the Keewanee Public. Utilities Company of Kewanee, Illinois. "President Joe Cook of the .Mississippi Normal College in a bulletin of the United States Bureau of Education makes the rather startling statement that the average farmer's wife has" to lift a ton of water a day. Here is how he figures It: " 'The getting of the water from the source of supply to the point of application requires more manual labor than any other Item of housekeeping. The water for the kitchen has to be lifted from the well, carried to the kitchen, poured into a kettle, poured on the part of Individuals, wholesalers a very great deal of shortsightedness and retailers as to their functions in our business life; certainly there has been an extraordinary lack of vision on the part of Canadian manufacturers as to the proper fulfilment of their function; but the big question is whether a duplication of all their buildings and machinery and organization will he good'economics. The original conception of the Farmers Elevators for instance was that thoy should take care of grain business at, points where there wore not proper facilities; they extended beyond that, of course; maybe in some places they are committing that very error that | wholesalers retailers and elevator ! men and even bankers fell into, of erecting additional" "{acllitie:-;. where those ^already existing were more sufficient to take cure of the business; and undoubtedly it will become apparent later on that the Interest on the capital expenditure for these, and the running expenses year after year, have'to be paid out of revenues collected, at places where the service is really fully wanted and fully utilised. We amiable students and transmitters of wisdom who do so much that we recoive no reward for in the shape of filthy lucre aro apt to forget that the men who build and who run the farmers' companies and elevators have, to be paid, ust the same as the out of the kettle into the dishpan.and men who work for private concerns from the dishpan. out of doors. This makes six times the water is handled; and a bucket of water containing 2 gallons, with the containing vessel, will weigh 20 pounds. When this is handled six times the total lifting is 120 pounds. The cooking of . three meals a day on a meagreAaJloVajlce of ,-watorwwill wecessitato ,t�Ji>n'cl*ts, which will make for coo^mfr aToSe, 1200 pounds of Jit'ting per flay. 'When we are going to see much water flow-body politic on his remarks was very I j,g fr0ln m:my Wells as a result of The Deputy Ministers of Agriculture j to this is added the" water'>�ecessary and Public Works of Alberta. I think] for bathing scrubbing, .ana'{%' weekly wash, it will easily bring'the�iift per Boul ton's Auto Livery ..WE KNOW THE COUNTRY THOROUGHLY. PHONE US AT ANY HOUR OF THE DAY OR NIGHT. Phone 1206 IT COST8 NO MORE TO RIDE IN A "'Comfortable Car ' We use a 7-passenger Hudson in care of an experienced aiid careful driver. Tlio Hudson Auto Livery Phones: Day 668 Night 1269 J. PAPPAS, Owner 7 v AUTO LIVERY Day phorte, 1546" Night Phone 787 DRAYING Phones 1345 or 13S6 Turner & Witchell Office at Kennedy's 410 13th St DRAYING Of AH Kinds WesternTransferCo. Limited . Office-P. P. R. Freight Sited* PHONES Office ........... 1161 Stables .......... 1064 evident some months afterwards when I returned to Lethbrldge. During the early days-, of 1!)14 the Lethbrldge Board of Trade set about the businoss of recognizing this interdependence. Our farming community was not by any meauB as prosperous then as it is now after two miraculous crops of grain; and there was a crying need for cows and cattle from a good many, of the farmers who had plenty of feed and shelter but little or no credit. So some sixty of our business men got together and arranged with the Bank of Commerce that they would accept our guarantee of $150 each to provide credit for enabling deserving farmers to get little lots of livestock, costing not more than $400 for each farmer. Four of us acted as Trustees and examined each farmer's application, and If we wero satisfied, he made his purchase, and signed a note giving us security in the cows, etc. We did not want to have the plan come tc nn untimely end, as It might have done if we had hit up against a loss in the parly days of Its operations; so If the farmer bought a cow'for $80 say, he signed his note for $84-five par cent, being added to provide a reserve fund. None of them objected to this, because they would have had to pay at least $90 for such a cow if they had been lucky enough tp find anyone Who would sell on time. These, however, are unimportant -details now; .because i the nood for farmers to be able to got 1 livestock by giving security over them was so clearly demonstrated by the success that attended >the . operation of this and similar plans, that, in 1915 the Bank Act of Canada was amended to enable; the Chartered Banks to do this -class of busin�Hf and to take security, -which they %U& %ot been able to do before. "Cheat "oajts' from little acorns grow." .What was designed Himply as a line of practical co-opera-t.ion between city people and farmers, to the end that the general welfare should be improved, actually has resulted in widening the effective operations of many it 7 farmer throughout Western Canada.; Such men now are enabled to borrow froin a Bank at the goings rate .of interest,, if they can satisfy the hnnk .that they; are trustworthy. As ybii know,' too," groups' of five Alberta farmers, if each one is willing to stand surety for the group, can now borrow for this purpose under the Hon. Duncan Marshall's Cow QUI at C% interest.'. The clirect results from our plan, in increasngv the holdings of livestock, in the Lethbridgo district were,not enormous; but 20 of the 28 farmers who got credit liuve repaid all that they borrowed, and all of the 23 have quite a little herd each, from tbo few cows thoy got to start with; and their success linn encouraged their neighbors to increase their holdings, or make a start In keeping livestock. The whole disjlict was benefitted; business in Lethbrldge'ViH be just a little better as the years go on for this oncouragorueht to'the farmers; ami it cost nothing but a little public spirit by combined effort. Practical Co-operation, In fact. In other ways, too, we hove been and .that if their services are not fully utilized at all points a loss is incurred which has to be iiald for somewhere, sohiewhen, somehow.!. . I know very well that, someone is ready now - to jump up and; say ycu have no quarrel as to paying the workmen who build ami run tU^ielevators, warehouses mid stoffes; it iiMfnrcapitalist^-ou nrc.af: ter-^Tvelf, don't repeat 'some of the errors that the capitalists and the country storekeepers have committed, in providing too many expensive establishments for .1 limited .amount of and other countries--all to the end that we may make the best, possible use of all that is available for use, so that all effort may bring forth useful results, and so that the greatest possible number from the humbles! endeavors of each one of us. To have talked on the subject of practical co-operation, and especially in this strain, a year or two ago. would have been to invite the criticism that the subject should have been named rather Impractical Idealism; but the world has been travelling in seven league boots since then, ( and maybe practical co-operation ill big and comprehensive ways is not new so far off being recognized as common horse sense. Practical co-operation should start in the homo, the schoolhouse and the village community, ami extend to the city and country; and. if the principal proves out to be right there, wider advantages will become apparent. There are trade advantages a-plenty to be got if we will only search them out and put them to use by practical cooperation. Lot's look wound for some of these, and let's see If we can Interest some of our hnrd-headed business men in the search. The mercantile world used to say "competition is the life of trade;" from that, they swing to the combine; maybe all the time they have been unconsciously coming nearer to commonsenso and practical co-operation. cemetery, the remains being conveyed there Immediately at the close o� th(! service by auto. Deceased was well known in the Iron Springs district and was highly respected, lie leaves to mourn  hU loss, a wife and five children. RECEIVES PROMOTION. London. Aug. 10-Lleut,-Col. C. S. MaoLaren has been gazetted a brigadier-general in the Royal Artillery. this practical co-operation. Everybody who has any sense of his or her responsibilities at all is anxious just now to do whatever he or she can to promote the welfare of our country. Some of these scientific men bad never met a body of farmers before, and they were very glad to mix with them, and to tell them anything they could or to do anything they could to help them. > For instance the government irrigation man mentioned that they had a machine which could bore small boles quickly to depths of two or three hundred feet, at very small cost. It was suggested that this machine might be used to make discoveries for water; It would, as It wero, send an eye down into the earth and bring up actual evidence either that there was water at a particular spot, or that there was not. That method will beat the water witch. When you think of how many dry holes have been bored In S/Jtiiern Saskatchewan and Southern Alberta, at a total expense that must ruti into hundreds of thousands of dollars, you can imagine how anxious our farmers became to see that machine set to work. ' The farmers in northern parts of, our province have a different problem. They need help from engineers In studying the drainage question. Wo asked Dean Howes of the University here to speak at tbo conference generally about the- touching of rural engineering. Wo all want guidance about the making of good roads; a good deal of money that wo spend on roads is not wisely spent. Sometimes a road can serve a useful purpose as a da in to hold water; we wantguid-anco there. After hearing Dean Howes the Conference passed a resolution asking that attention should be given at the University to education in rural engineering; as we may presently have expert engineers  of our own here to show us the best foundations for more practical cooperation in improving our farms by drainage and by irrigation, and we shall be able to improve our marketing facilities by better attention to the good roads. Yoii know the road to tho whole outside world goes past each farmer's own door. Co-operation, like patriotism, should begin at home. I called in at a farm house near Lethbrldge the other day. Tho farmer's wife was working near the pump, and she said that the water, .though good, was hard. I looked at the roof of tho house and suw that there wore 110 eaves troughs to help the weather clerk put the rain water in a barrel on Into a cistern in the cellar; 1 asked the good wife why they didn't catch the fine so?* rain water for washing? She said, "O, HE has biBen talking about doing that for the last four or1'five years"; and-she said it in such a dead matter of fact way as to indicate that MB might get around to it within the next four-or five years. I related this incident at a gathering oj farmers and .their day ti) a ton; and the lifting of a ton j business. You know the mess we are a day will take the "elasticity out. of |in from duplicated and triplicated a woman's step, the J>lQom but of her cheeks, and tho enjoyment from her soul.' ,.. railroads; you know also that the. sum total of this world's',-assets in men and material has suffered most Imagine an average farm home \ grievous loss during the last three without modern improvements and (years; you know also that-wo need conveniences. Picture to yourself an I many facilitfes in this country for the average farmer's *Jte .as she gets I development of our national business through her daily  routine. Follow �f agriculture, that we have not got. every step from the,time she starts I1' 'las. been painfully necessary to the fire in the frigid kitchen till she lays wearily down the last pair of mended stockings at night. J\o,v by magic transfer her in' her sleep into a house with just the plain conveniences; a heating system; running water, hot and cold; a bathroom with lavatory, closet, and bath."'tub; a sanitary system of sewage disposal; a power plant that not only pumps water but runs an electric lighting plant with storage battery, a power washing machine and wringer, a power separator and churn, a vacuum cleaner, and perhaps an electric flat iron and a little motor to run the sewing machine. Give her an extra hour to sleep. Tho kitchen is warm, the water is hot, and she can get breakfast in a Jiffy on the oil stove. Now picture to yourself her day's work and Iter day's uplift to body, mind and soul. Jt is the difference between losing and winning, between conquering and being conquered. Look at these pictures from tho standpoint of efficiency, of humanity, of romance. No magic of Aladdin's lamp could work a greator transformation or bring greater joy and comfort. And what would be the cost?  The wnges of a hired girl or two weeks it n nurse and doctor would much more than carry tho interest on tho investment; so would the price of a fair cow or a poor horse. A long spell of j sickness and first-class funeral would buy the whole plant. . Thftre is.lots more to be done yet in countless direction In tho way of practical co-operation. You remember Mr. ,T. S. Woodsworth's story about the two churches in the small village with tho long stable behind; and that the Mothodists wont into ono church and the Presbyterians into the other; but all the horses went into the one long stable. There's one indica-� ion. Here's another. I have often suggested to our farmers ' down in tho treeless plains of the South that they should co-oporate in planting trees around the school houses; one farmer to break the ground; one to "backset in the full; one to get tho trees from the Mitchell Nursery near Loth-bridge; and heel them In to keop them through tho winter; another to prepare the ground in the spring; another to dig the holes and set out the trees. 1 think after that Uje tkacher and tho school children wctjMd gladly attend to tho cultivating and weeding. 1 got Tots of promises tj||t nil this would be done, but the trees dou't grow on promises. ; All tho education that the children get is not what is given them make practical demonstrations against established 'business in; manufacture and "-distribution to show > that these ought to.be conducted on better lines. But transmitters of wisdom like us do well, once in a while, to lift our eyes up, and-to look over the general situation: Particularly in times like these we do-well to-consider the need for economy, not only in the slice of bread and the meatless day and in other such obvious ways, but in the need for economy, by practical cooperation between fanner and merchant, retailer and wholesaler, distributor and manufacturer, borrower and lender, east and west, Canada ., The deatli occurred yesterday of .lohn Thompson Jones, 1515 5th Ave. N., age OS years. The remains are being held at McKay & McKay's undertaking parlors until tomorrow morning when the funeral service will bo held at the Pentecostni yi~-<---i 5th Ave. N. at 10.30 Interment will be made in the family plot ut Iron Springs LAST TIMES TONIGHT PALLAS PARAMOUNT PICTURES House Peters and Louise Huff IN "The Lonesome Chaii" 5 ACTS. "A DELICATESSEN MYSTERY" FULL OF 8MILES. MONDAY AND TUESDAY J. L. LASKY PRESENTS VIVIAN MARTIN AND JACK PICKFORD IN "THE GIRL AT HOME" The first time these two stars have appeared together. The combination is unsurpassable. BINDER TWINE FOR SALE Between three or four thousand pounds of Plymouth Diamond -N Binder Twine. 1H*� Soiling at, per lb........luC R. j. BALDRY & CO. COALDALE. PHONE ft 205. 205-2 wives at the Dominion Experiment*! loiide the school house; if they saw FOR HARVEST HELP Call Up ( J. Harris & Co. Phone 141 a Reiidence Phone 14 2 7 ORPHEUM--^r;uT.g. 13 Ihl* Musical Comedy Co. MONDAY, TUESDAY AND WEDNESDAY _"OFF TO THE RACES/'__ THURSDAY, FRIDAY AND SATURDAY _"NEARLY A HERO/*__ MATINEE PRICES 10c AND 35c. EVENING PRICES 25c AND 50c MATINEE DAILY 2.15. TWO COMPLETE SHOWS NIGHTLY AT. 7.15 AND 9.30. FEATURE FILMS AT EACH PERFORMANCE. , TONIGHT LAST TIME-"IN PANAMA." C.1+:A ;