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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 11, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE TWELVE . THE LETHBRIDGE DAILY HERALD SATURDAY, AUGUST 11, 1917 Waterton 0 The Beauty Spot of the Lethbridge District . Jsl THE CABINS AND TENTS HARRY C. LEE PROP. , Well Furnished Cabins and Tents. Day, Week or Month. Iioats for Hire. Also Unfurnished Ten** Get Provisions, Bread. Fishing Tackle, etc., at our Store. '" A'JTO IN CONNECTION MEETS CARDSTON TRAINS BY APPOINTMENT. Write II. C. LEE CARDSTON OR WATERTON LAKES Prohibition and WomaB|jttffrtge LARGER YIELD IN UNITED STjATES NEXT SEASON Government to Stimulate Vast Wheat Production as War Measure. WashinRton, Aug. 11.-Foreseeing that demands for wheat may exceed the supply next year, the government today announced a war agricultural program calling for production of Important to You! We have on hand,'prior to advance in prices, a large assorted stock of funeral goods, which enables us to sell at lowest prices. MacKay & MacKay Wodern Undertakers Cor. 8th St. and 3rt! Ave. S., Lethbridge Country Orders Are Given Prompt Attention Phone 1802 Open Day and Night The St. Lawrence Route Canadian Service to and from Scot land. "When sending for relatives or friends book them ANCHOR-DONALDSON LINE Full information from an* R.R. or S.S. Agent, or H. E. LIDMAN, Gc eral Agent. 449 Main St., Winnipeg, Man., Phone M. 5312. 470 Granville St., Vancouver. Phone Sey. 3199 VANCOUVER, B. C. Residential and Day School lot (iirls WILL RE-OPEX SEPT. 5, 1017 For calendar and full information, address-- MARGARET ROSS, Principal Braemar School for Girls VANCOUVER, B. C. more than i.'nod.nno.nfio bushels of wheat and a crop of rye in excess of S.'i.POO.OUO bushels ne:� year. This vast wheat production will be absolutely esseaitial government experts believe, to prevent a serious shortage of bread stuffs next summer should the corn crop, now behind the season, be much damaged by early-frosts. It Is the first time in history the government has taken a hand in directing the planting of definite areas to crop. The program was adopted purely as a war measure. Planting of 47,3M7,000 acres to winter wheat this autumn, more than 2,000,000 acres more" than ever planted to that crop before, is a requirement of the program. Each state is asked to plant as large an acreage in wheat and rye as can be sown without upsetting proper farm practice. Increase of almost a million acres in the rye acreage is called for with a total of 5.131,000 acres. The experts drafting the program foresee a possible shortage of fertilizer, but say there will be no general shortage of seed or farm niachin-j ery, and that transportation facilities I will be ample. A fair price for wheat will be established under the food i legislation. The assistance of suc-' cessful growers of wheat and rye, the j government believes to be already as-i sured. The increased winter wheat acreage should produce l.000,000 bushels and with conditions equal to that of the record spring wheat year, 1015, it would reach 350,000,000 bii3hels if an acreage equal to this year's is planted. Effort has been made to recommend in each state as large an acreage in wheat and rye as can be sown without upsetting proper farm practice. Following is a summary of the department's recommendations regarding winter wheat and rye: The planting of approximately 47,-337,000 acres to winter wheat indicates a total production of 072,000,000 bushels. If the favorable conditions under which the winter wheat crop of Mil4 was grown are experienced, the yield of winter wheat next year will be 800,000,00(1 bushels. Idaho and California are asked to increase their winter wheat acreage 30 per cent.; Utah, Nevada and Washington, 11 to 15 per. cent., and Texas, New Mexico and Wyoming, 6 to 10 per cent. Fail sown rye should supplement spring wheat. Montana is asked to increase its acreage to rye 17:i per cent.; Washington "f,7, and , Oregon 41 per cent. KEFP YOUR SHOES NEAT Wi.lt , L ike lO, Whiw 1 u|i.m< to M Y IMS WOMI'NS CHll DKF.NS snot s WHITE SHOE DRESSING i I ) A t ! I 1 l I 1 1)1 C A N M ll A II l ' HUMILIUN, ( f\ N The following paper wns written by Mrs. W. L. Hamilton, Lethbridge, tor the district convention of the W. C. T. t'.. held in Mncleod. Mny. 1917: This seems at first sound like n strange coupling of two very large and unrelated subjects, but a moment's consideration shows us this is not so. Prohibition is like n great conquering giant, brought into existence by woman's misery, fed by woman's prayers, watered by woman's tears and supported by woman's courage and devotion. Only when tho sway of prohibition in universal will the prayers and tears cease and womanhood rest from her victories. Canada has had a succession of victories and now we are attacking tho government fort at Ottawa for Dominion-wide prohibition. Already many social and church organizations havo sent in petitions asking for it and it has already been discussed in the house. They realize the enemy Is strong and wily and votes are at stake. We. who look on, realize the Lord Is on our side and iio is strong and mighty and the lives and souls of our people are at stake. Let us pray that our statesmen may have courage to do the right. Let us follow up our victories with watchful courage for there are other trenches to take. The liquor traffic is like a deadly cancer whose roots ramify in all directions ever reaching to the sources of life. The strange thing is that our government physicians Instead of laying it on the dissecting table and cutting out the loathsome growth have been content with cutting out nn artery here and there. This cancer has an enormous appetite. In England in 1916 there were K,066,4iiS bushels of grain used by the brewers and distillers who made large profits Tho government preached economy and production to the people while openly the traffic was guilty of appalling consumption and extravagance. In the first 20 mouths of the 1 war Britain spent �300,000,000 in drink. In 20 months the traffic consumed 2.500,000 tons of food and sugar enough to last the nation 80 days. It uses up more sugar than the British army. The British government knowing this monster has been continually destroying the food of several millions of her people has by slow degrees been trying to restrain and to tie up some of the feeders of the cancer they fear to cut. Jlay they have the courage tc kill outright rather than shut the creature up in a government corral where he will have to be fed just the same. Apart from its enormous appetite for wheat, barley, maize, rye, rice and sugar we have other charges against it. It hinders the army by causing delay in munitions. U hampers the navy. During the war it has taken fiO to 70 million cubic feet of space in our merchant ships that should have geen given to foods and necessities. It employs one-half million workers, many of whom should be at the front, one million acres of land, one and a half millions tons of coal yearly, and in 20 months of war it has caused the lifting and handling on road and rail of a weight equal to 50 million tons.^ But this material loss is the least we suffer. The disease, suffering and death, the curse to wifehood and child-life, the moral degradation and despair, these can never be weighed nor measured nor counted. Britain and Canada have not been slow to act because they did not see the long trail of waste and pain and death the traffic leaves behind, but because they feared the monied monster whose fangs sinking deeper and deeper drain the nation's life blood. Shall the fear of famine force these governments to listen to the voice of God imploring them to put away the accursed thing. This is why we say prohibition and woman's suffrage are related. Women have stood and always will stand for prohibition. She has said like Abraham Lincoln said of the slave trade. "If ever I get a chance I will strike this thing such a blow as will kill ft dead." He got the chance and women will too. Proving women's claim to equal suffrage is to me like proving an axiom. It should require no proof, being self-evident. What are the arguments against it? None. Just a few poor excuses such as these. Woman's place is in the home. Certainly it is if she has one; and women who have the ballot and are thus encouraged to understand public questions will make a happier home, a more companionable wife, a more helpful and intelligent mother than the woman who has not. Her children will be brainier, and her husband a broader-minded citizen. In Ontario alone there are 185,000 women earning their own living. We who have happy homes should desire the ballot for them even it we did not wish it for ourselves. Some say, no use giving women the vote-they would not use it anyway. Anyone who thinks that should look up a few facts. In Chicago one quarter of a million women voted for all the city officers including the mayor, and their interest in thiselection arrested the attention of the whole American people. � Tho women of . Saskatchewan rushed to the polls when they got a chance to wipe out the government dispensaries. Of. course some in their enthusiasm made a mistake. A few dames who resented being deprived of their medicinal morning glass hurried forth with wrathful stride to mark an emphatic "No" and found to their horror they meant to nay "Yes," while some sweet-faced .mothers who had worked and prayed for temperance for years felt all was lost when they came home and found they had marked down an unmistakable "Yes" to have tho dispensaries retained. But nevertheless the vote carried with majorities ranging from 2 to 1 to 10 to 1, and the women caused the overwhelming majority. Oh yes, the women want the vote. They want the vote to make the homo what it should be. There may be some women who look with longing eyes on the ladder of fame and who attempt the climb, but the majority of us think the rungs of the ladder, look far apart and the elevated chair on the platform does not look nearly so attractive as a cosy kitchen with a �hln-ing range, and to most.women the ioft piuk grip of baby lingers briugi more thrill* ttf happiness than all the plaudit* of IhV crbid. But it is amusing to hear opponents of woman suffrage say that women are ton frail to face tho cold wind and the 111-hcated hall nt,_elert,ion time, especially when the objection comes from men whose mothers and grandmothers were pioncera in. this stern new bind nnd linH to bnkeV-lnllk, scrub, help In the field, and In the garden, niciut and sew and darn. The chilly halls will not frighten the woman who. hangs out clothes when.it is thirtv lirlow or rises . at. midnight .to light the fire in the cold \ vot. 8he ,a ruled kitchen 'to'warm the. food for a frotful baby.. Womnn'H life has, never been very easy in this hew land nnd she is embarrassed by this show of sympathy.* - � Others say public questions should be left wilh the- superior sex.jnlell-cetuallj\ We never were as proud of our women as we are today. Her work, her devotion, her courage, and her adaptability in this war has been superb. A .study of the reports of our Public and High!.schools, will convince anyone that men will have to hustle to retain their self-given place of superiority. Girls lend In most of tho classes and excel in every subject and a bigger percentage of girls than boys enter the High schools and colleges. But we do not want rivalry between the sexes. We want mutual co-operation and respect and equal rights. Why not let man and woman, sido by side, discuss, plan, legislate, on all our complex problems. They, are human interests and belong to both alike. Are women making any progress in obtaining equal rights? In St. John a married woman has the municipal vote. In Nova Scotia a married woman has the municipal vote if she supports her husband, and a bill for equal suffrage has passed its second reading. (This was afterward thrown out). In Nova Scotia. New Brunswick, P. E. Island, Ontario, and Quebec spiustors and widows have the federal vote In Manitoba, and B. C women have the municipal, provincial, and Federal vote with the right to otlice. In Al berta and Saskatchewan women have the municipal and the provincial vote with tho right to hold office. The word "male" in the Dominion Election Act debars them from the Federal vote. We feel glad that old Ontario has given her women equal suffrage. Ontario Is in the decorous east where the women think much and say little. Our sisters there have not forgotten the injustice born of the: old Saxon tradition-the superiority of | the male and the first born. I I havo known Ontario girls who worked on the farm indoor and out, early and late until they married. Those who got a feather bed, two feather pillows, and a cow were envied by all the neighboring girls, for most of them got a new hat and dress and a $3.00 set of odd dishes, while tho boys got 50 or 1Q0 acres of land, horses and machinery. Those fathers loved their family but acted as was the custom and it was only when the last 1 bird had left the home nest and an arbitrary housekeeper or expensive hired girl had to be installed that the old man really appreciated the unpaid services of Martha and Mary Jane. I have known women who had reared 9 or 10 children left a widow with an allowance of $11)0 a year and her keep with the son who got the homestead. When the son brought home a brand new bride the old mistress for 40 years found it hard to sit back in a corner. She felt unhappy and soon left the home she had helped to make and where her babies were born and where she had come a bride and struck west to the home of her daughter. Back in Old Ontario I knew a couple who began life on a 50-acre farm. The husband belonged to a rakish family and after four children were born he took the California gold fever and left home. Year after year passed and he never returned. The mother said nothing, solicited neither help nor sympathy but worked harder than ever. As the children grew up they slaved like she did. They cleared the little swampy farm and bought the adjoining swampy fifty and that meant more hard work. After twenty years the husband suddenly returned, sold the farm, pocketed the money and sneaked off to his old haunts. Why did she permit it? The place was in his name and, she said she was so afraid of the brute she was glad to see his back. Oh yes! old respectable Ontario has had skeletons in her cupboard but woman's suffrage .will clear them out and bury them. What are the arguments in favor of Woman's Suffrage? We, Canadians, believe in government by the people. In theory women are people and should help govern. In practice we set aside this half as unlit and let the other halt rule them. The conclusion is that either women are not people or we deny the first principlo of democracy of which Canada is Justly proud. Certain classes In our country are tor evident reasons unfit to decide public questions,-criminals, idiots, lunatics, aliens, Indians, children and women. Criminals have broken our laws and must be shut up to safeguard society. Idiots and lunatics are mentally unbalanced, aliens and Indians have not as yet sufficient knowledge of public questions, and children are too immature, but what of women? Indians for overseas service were given the franchise, women who enlisted as nurses were forgotten. . The working women want protection against tho greed of capital which underpays women instead of giving equal pay for equal vwork. Low wages to women ia a cause of immorality. Even in Winnipeg there are hundreds of girls working for ' 5 a week and less and a recent investigation proved that these girls after paying rent and clothes often went supperless to bed after a hard day's work of nine or ten hours. Some of them herded together and paid for floor space Instead of a decent bed and room. This system makes plutocrats and paupers and is a. breeding place for socialists and anarchists. We expect the working girl to live right. Let;, us give her a chance. In Denmark .where they have equal suffrage, the plutocrat and pauper are unknown. ,,The woman wage earner should be represented by one who understands the situation. Women are not forgotten on the tax-roll but "Taxation without Representa- tion is Tyranny." Forgetting this principle England under the stubborn King Ocorge 111. tost the American colonies. We do not believe our Dominion government, can afford to lose the sympathy andmfralaupportof the vast army of -Canadian Women whose loyalty, devotion, and self-sacrifice dur -Ing this wafMime has won the admiration of\ho"world. We entrust the teaching of our children largely to tho women and yot wo withhold from them tho privilege wo grant to any foreigner however Ignorant,'who takes out naturalization pap-era. The percentage of girls who pass through the High schools la greater than boys. Therefore women are becoming better educated as a class and by tho iin-cditcntcd male voter. Up tho Puss a teacher taught a night school of foreigners. In tho class were Slavs, Jews, Bohemians, Italians and Poles. These pupils only learning tho A. B. C. or English had votes while this girl, a cultured Canadian, who could talk Intelligently on any subject had no voice iu the government of her country. Women need the ballot for many things. Men are admirably adapted for the larger questions but women are adapted for the details. Men can levy-taxes nnd build beautiful schools. Women would bo interested in the water supply, tho heating, light and ventilation. Men would form an elaborate curriculum - women's sympathies would go out to the enro of the teeth, eyes, hearing, tho delicate child, the mentally defective, the feeble-minded. Men would build great elevators-women would think more of tho prico of food, its quality and cleanliness. She would fight exorbitant prices so that j all may have the necassities instead of a few having luxuries. She needs tho ballot to glvn her greater power in upholding an equal standard of right and wrong for men and women. Heretofore the woman has been ostracised and condemned while the man's offence has been condoned and his place retained in society. There never was a divorce without a man in the case nor a Red Light district among the Amazons. She needs tho ballot to give her greater power to drive out tho liquor traffic and the social evil. She asks for the ballot that she may become a citizen of Canada instead of a ward. She needs the ballot that she may help to legislate to prevent disease and crime. Upwards of 100,000 children under five years of age die every year in England. There is some compen satlon for our enormous losses in war but what can we say about the death of iunocent children. An epidemic of disease in stock causes public alarm. Are not children a greater asset? Any one who opposes woman's suffrage is either selfish or narrow minded. The best interests of a democratic country will suffer if Its fundamental principles of liberty and Justice are ignored in relation to its most patriotic and unselfish inhabitants-tho women of Canada. AN IDEAL PLACE TO SPEND YOUR VACATION THE HOTEL JNO. HAZZARD, PROP. All Furnished Rooms and Meals. Lunches at Hours. Roats for Hire. STAGE LEAVES PINCHER CREEK, 36 MILES AWAY, EACH FRIDAY MORNING, $7.00 ROUND TRIP. Visitors can be more sure of accommodation at the beginning or in the middle of the week. Write J. HAZZARD ADDRESS, WATERTON LAKES P.O. GOVT. INSURANCE Washington, Aug. 10.-Authority to make effective the government's program of insuring the armed forces of the nation was sought of congress today in both houses'by Senator Simmons and Representative Alexander. Tho proposed legislation was framed to follow plans already announced in general outline and will provide insurance, at minimum cost, for American soldiers, sailors and marines, the insured men paying the premiums; family allowances to dependents of men in tho nation's military or naval Guaranteed To Satisfy The " Sunshine ** Furnace gives healthful, warn air heat-and plenty of it. When ' installed, according to plans furnished by our heating engineers, it is guaranteed to give absolute satisfaction. Write for free illustrated booklet. ' fTOaryfc SUNSHINE FURNACE IONDON TORONTO MONTREAL WINNIPEG VANCOUVER ST. JOHN, N.B. HAMILTON CALGARY 1 - SASKATOON EDMONTON I For Sale by The DIXON SHEET METAL CO. service, indemnification.for disabilities and the-Jie-education and rehabilita-. tion, at government expense- of injur ed men. Enlist ISwir Kitckeii! in The kitchen mu� help i trend Mr. Lloyd George has said il I What doet he mean ? He meant yea muft know and practice real thrift-make every dollar you spend on food serve your family and your country. Banish those things which are wakeful and substitute real foods. Lovers of tea and coffee muft realize that these beverages are in no sense of the word food, but merely pleasant, slightly stimulating drinks, which, by the way. are soaring in price I Thrift Suggests Serving Cocoa It is  scientific fact thnt  cup of Cownn's Perfection Brand Cocoa contains more actual food value than a cup of beef extract, bouillon, or chicken soup. Economies lika Cowan's Cocoa render the diet more delightful, while saving money. And tho saving effected in household expenses will enable you to help win the war another way-by Purchasing war Certificates 1 For $21.SO you can buy at your neareft bank or Poft office a War Savings Certificate for which In 3 years' time the Government will refund $25.00.- Remember every food economy you practice helps to defend the brave boys at the front. Cowan's Perfection Brand Cocoa can be purchased from all good dealers throughout Canada, Economy also suggests your choice of Cowan'a Maple, Buds, Queen'* Dessert, or Milk Chocolate Bars as the ever welcome confections. Aik for Cowan'* ACTIVE SERVICE Chocolate ; Jmt what our eoldiert In Ihm trenehee appreciate. Specially manufactured to meet their needs. . Cowan's QdGQA MADE IN CANADA V 1 ;