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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 10, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDGE August Trudeau's cabinet changes significant President Gerald Ford It says a great deal about Gerald Ford that he could have served in the U.S. House of Representatives for 25 years, rising to the position of Minority Leader, and still be relatively unknown beyond Capitol Hill. He is an organization man and not a seeker after personal political power. If little is known about his private life the reason is also simple. It has been too ordinary and too conventional to have attracted attention. In manner and style he is the complete antithesis of the man he replaces. He is not a poseur. He has had no private demons to exorcise. His strength has come from honesty, openness and common sense. This is the best prescription lor a troubled nation. The jokes about Ford's stolid nature should not be misleading. He is a man of convictions and they are genuinely- conservative. More than that, he is a man of action and after a quarter of a century in Washington he knows how to get things done there. It must be a relief to his countrymen to know that his actions will be based on the needs of the country and the real issues and not on personal political con- siderations and that he will act openly and with full respect for the opposition. While he may not offer instant dynamic leadership possibly this is for the best. His integrity alone should go a long way toward restoring. American self- confidence. And he may yet become a world statesman. It is worth noting that he comes from the same middlewestern city as another illustrious Republican, Senator Arthur Vandenberg. Vandenberg was an isolationist, a conservative and an opponent of the Roosevelt administra- tion throughout the depression years. The Second World War and a seat on the powerful Senate foreign relations com- mittee wrought a metamorphosis in the Michigan senator. He became an inter- nationalist, convinced that the U.S. should offer world leadership. He was one of the architects of the United Nations and the leading Republican spokesman on world affairs until his death in 1951. Ford comes from the same background. So convervative was the at- mosphere when he first entered politics that a parochial high school would not even allow a picture of its basketball team to appear in the Sunday paper. The story is not apocryphal. However, only time will tell whether the analogy to Vandenberg is a sound one. It is an American tradition that men thrust into the presidency by forces beyond their control have grown in stature in office. Gerald Ford has the capacity to do this. And if his brief, mov- ing inaugural address is any guide, he will. He showed himself to be suitably humble but not helpless. The world wishes him well. End of colonialism in sight The events which have recently been taking place in Washington and Geneva have tended to obscure another impor- tant development in Lisbon. This is the unequivocal decision of the Portuguese government to grant the African colonies of Angola. Guinea Bissau and Mozambi- que their independence. A sharp change in Portugal's course from hanging on to its African empire at any cost was indicated when the coup took place in April. But the promise of independence was delayed while the new g o v e r n m e n t toyed with other possibilities such as federation. Now the machinery is in motion to bring the promise to reality. Certain major decisions relative to freeing the colonies have been an- nounced First, there is the readiness to recognize the PA1GC as the legitimate government of Guinea Bissau. Secondly. Frelimo has been singled out as the party to negotiate with for the independence of Mozambique. Thirdly, negotiations in Angola will be with the recently formed united front made up of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and the National Liberation Front of Angola Fourthly, Portugal will work with the United Nations committee on decolonization to determine the future of the Cape Verde islands. With the exception of Guinea Bissau, which already has a government, it will take some time before full independence can be achieved for the colonies. An abrupt withdrawal by Portugal could result in chaos for Mozambique and Angola. The danger of internecine strife will not be absent from these territories for some time even after Portugal has done its best to prepare against the possibility. New fears must now be abroad in the two remaining white dominated states in Africa: Rhodesia and South Africa. In fact. South Africa has already demonstrated this by increased military preparations. And Rhodesia will soon feel the impact of the sanctions Frelimo will impose, plugging the principal routes for sanction breaking operations. So Eluropean domination of Africa has nearly come to an end and the position of white settlers has taken on new uncer- tainty. What the future holds for Africa nobody knows but that a momentous step has been taken is indubitable. THE CASSEROLE Students who complain about tuition fees should thank their lucky stars they're not tak- ing one of the courses offered by J. Walter Thompson, a Madison Avenue (New York) advertising and public relations firm. It is a two-day course in how to deal with the news media, is restricted to eight pupils, and the fee is WEEKEND MEDITATION The Financial Times News Service says, Canadian Executives do not foresee any quick end to the shortage of commodities that has been plaguing the economy." That seems reasonable enough. Shortages, genuine or contrived, are a key factor in pushing prices and profits to record levels. Why would any executives want to see that changed? Very difficult advice In some ways the seventh beatitude, "Blessed are the is the most difficult. Did not Jesus say that he came not to bring peace, but a sword, and to set son against father and brother against brother? Did not men who are generally regarded as great Christians stir up rows? St. Paul and the disciples were accused of creating com- motions wherever they went. So they did. Martin Luther and John and Charles Wesley fought some hard battles. Bunyan thought of life as a Holy war. One Christian, asked if he had found peace since he became a Christian, replied, "No, I have found war. "Could a good man live in Latin America today without be- ing involved in the struggle for social jus- tice? The man who is detached from issues, who evades problems, and accepts things as they are. is surely not a good man. God is described as "a God of peace" and so the beatitude says that the peacemaker is a child of God. So the children of God are not troublemakers, but bring men into right relationships with themselves, with others and with God. It should be said first with God, because no man has right relationships with others and in himself, who is not right with God. Jesus commanded men to be so united in themselves that they were completely devoted to God. "You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength." Note that word Jesus also urged men to look to the present, not the past. "No man, having put his hand to the plough and looking back is fit for the Kingdom of God." "Let the dead bury their dead." Similarly he warned against looking into the future. "Take no thought for the morrow, for the morrow shall take thought for the things of itself; sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof." St. Paul said that peace could only come when the warfare between the flesh and the spirit ceased. As long as the animal had control over us, peace was impossible. Fran- ris Thompson in "The Hound Of Heaven" has also given a classic description of this struggle of the soul. Serenity only comes when the inner conflict is resolved. Paul says that only wjien the mind is concentrated on "whatsoever things are true, honest, just, pure, lovely and of good report" will "the God of peace be with you." In Hebrew the word for peace carries the connotation of go- ing somewhere wholeheartedly. Shalom does not mean detachment, but the fulfilment of the heart's desire. A peacemaker then is a person who has es- tablished a serenity in his own spirit. A peacemaker also is a person who unites men rather than dividing them. In the Proberbs one of the most hateful of men was the one who carried tales. The peacemaker has a work of reconciliation. He is not a person in- different to moral issues, too cowardly or lazy to expose evil and oppose it, but he "speaks the truth in love." He is not im- prisoned by prejudices. He does not seek strife for its own sake (a surprising number He appreciates the work of others. He finds things to praise. He accents the positive in life. He is open-minded rather than narrow- minded. Blessed is the man who creates conditions of fellowship. Man was made for fellowship and without it he goes mad. Often it seems easier to stir up strife, to organize "anti" meetings, than to generate goodwill. Mary Slessor tells how the African tribes would work themselves into a frenzy of hatred. She would angrily rebuke them and urge them "to behave like men, not fools." It is a pity that at the United Nations there are not more people like her to exhort the national leaders "to behave like men, not fools." That is, to behave like children of God. PRAYER: Grant, 0 God, that in passing through life I may have sweetened some of its bitternesses, built some bridges across its gulfs, brought some understanding into its problems, and shed some light on its darkness. F.S.M. By W. A. Wilson, Montreal Star commentator OTTAWA No prime minister can be accused of an insignificant cabinet shuffle when men us senior as C. M. Drury and Mitchell Sharp leave prestige portfolios and several of the government's less impressive members are dropped from office altogether. Several of the changes are genuinely imaginative. One to ponder thoughtfully is the prime minister's action in turning the department of public works as well as science and technology over to Drury Public works is always one of the murkiest areas of government, operating under the cloud of its reputation as a patronage department, the place through which a certain sort of campaign contribution is rewarded. Drury has had two main strengths during his period as a powerful and senior minister. A man of substantial means, he is not a careerist and he enjoys a reputation for great personal integrity. It is difficult to imagine him crowning a distinguished career by presiding over dubious patronage operations. Intentionally or otherwise, the prime minister has introduced an interesting ele- ment into a critical area. The fact that the Election Ex- penses Act has now come into effect eliminates any justification that may once have existed for some of the traditional fund-raising ac- tivities of the Liberal and Conservative parties. It has been a matter of intense interest to see what sort of relationship would develop now between the Liberals, their contributors and bagmen on one side and the works department on the other. Old habits die hard and mere acts of Parliament do not always affect them. Whatever his intention may have been, the prime minister has presented the former president of Treasury Board with as interesting and sen- sitive a challenge as any that exists in politics at the moment. Mitchell Sharp's new post, government leader in the House of Commons, is as im- portant as the one he is leav- ing although it may not carry quite as much prestige. But a man who has had Sharp's career Can afford to concern himself with the value of the work to be done and forget some of the questions of rank- ing that inevitably pre-occupy men still on their way up. He has already been minister of trade and minister of finance as well as the country's foreign minister for a long run. He possesses firmness and tact, the two qualities needed in the post of govern- ment House leader, that try- ing spot whose incumbent plays so large a role in deter- mining whether the day to day "Looks like the work of 'Stupid Louis' he took the cash instead of the groceries" Washington hopeful after resignation By James Reston, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON The capital took the news with remarkable serenity, almost as if it had lost a president but found itself. The fears of an uncertain result, of division, bitterness and recrimination, and of a long trial of a paralyzed president, so menacing only a few short days ago, had been avoided. And the nation's political institutions, so long under skeptical attack, had held together and come out with a clear decision and a fairly united people. In the end, Mr. Nixon did, as he had done so many times before, what he said he would not do. As he had switched on China, the Soviet Union, on economic policy, executive privilege, and many other things, he abandoned his threat to fight both impeach- ment and conviction. The outlook is that Ford will have the greatest support and sympathy, even if not elected by popular ballot, of any presi- dent since Lyndon Johnson took over the White House after the assassination of President Kennedy. In Washington, there is already a marked change. Nixon was a secretive, fur- tive, and fundamentally intricate man, who regarded the Congress and the press as his enemies. Ford is just the opposite; open, uncomplicated, and modest. He is conservative and partisan, but he has spent most of his mature life in the give-and-take of the House, and regards the majority democratic leaders not only as powers that have to be dealt with, but as his personal friends. His tastes are simple, his ambitions limited, his method open and trustful. He regards this whole drama as an ac- cident, in which he now has to play a role far beyond his ambitions or desires, and in the life of his family, this astonishing turn of events has come at the wrong time. At 61, he has got beyond all ambition, in fact has achieved far beyond his dreams. He was to retire to private life, on a promise to his wife, even before Nixon picked him as vice-president. There are even reasons for believing now, though he would never admit them, that he will regard himself as an interim president, who would try to bring about the recon- ciliation of the country in the next two years, and then retire. In the nation, the spirit of LETTER Anti-abortion viewpoint It is unfortunate The Lethbridge Herald has taken up the cause of abortion for in so doing it has placed itself in opposition to God. Jesus came into this world for one purpose to save life. The writer of the editorial, "Catalytic abor- tion case" (The Herald Aug. 6) has come to destroy. He advises Christians (a Christian is one who shares Christ's values) that having Parliament review the abor- tion issue would not be in their best interests. The truth is the pro-abortion groups would be the ones hurt by such a move. The laws are so liberal now the only change there can be is one of tightening. Dr. Muir has a very reveal- ing article in the August issue of Plain Truth. He is talking about Britain but his article applies equally well to Canada. In 1967 the abortion law was repealed there so that doctors could end a pregnancy in cases where continuation might injure the physical or mental health of the mother. In theory this was to be abor- tion in special cases. In prac- tice it turned out to be abor- tion on demand. .Says Dr. Muir, getting an abortion is merely a matter of finding two doctors who endorse that having the baby would cause more stress or illness than having an abor- tion In effect then, we have abortion on demand in Britain. And this is precisely what the liberalizing cam- paigners always intended. The Lethbridge Herald works closely with the medical profession and men- tal health association in presenting arguments for abortion. It fills its paper with news items saying there is over-population and gives abortion as the solution in its editorials. Volunteers for the mental health association systematically attack all anti- abortion letters to the editor. Those that cannot be attacked are either not printed or edited with the purpose of destroying the sense and removing damaging parts. If any part of this letter is tampered with it will be this paragraph or the following. One of The Herald's arguments for legal abortion is that it prevents women from going to back street butchers. That it does. Women now take their babies to front street butchers and have them slaughtered there. Says Dr. Muir, "There are many in the medical profession receiving up to (about or more for a ten minute opera- tion A leisurely schedule of say 10 or more operations a day could net the doctor as much as (about per week in cash." Abortion is where the money is! The Lethbridge Herald is being utterly ridiculous in suggesting that those who recognize life before concep- tion believe all sperm and ovum produced should be un- ited either in the womb or a test tube. Taking into account all the media's, the medical profession's, and the mental health association's efforts to prevent democratic repeal of the abortion law it is little wonder Christians have resorted to violence. Pro- abortion people have created hell on earth for the unborn. Now they must face judgment! EX-UNITED CHURCH OF CANADA MEMBER Bow Island Editor's note: The statements regarding The Herald's handl- ing of letters are not true. Libelous material must be deleted and long letters may be shortened but such editing is never done for the purpose of "destroying the sense." the people may very well be going with Ford at least for the time being. It has gone through a long period of divi- sion over Vietnam and Watergate, and is tired of contention, and is longing for a little peace and quiet. There is a strong feeling here that Ford could be an ideal president in such a time. Just as Coolidge took over after the scandals on the Harding administration, and quietly calmed things down and created an atmosphere that kept the Republicans in power for another nine years, Ford has a chance to revive the fortunes of the Republicans in the election years of 1974 and 1976. Meanwhile, Watergate has had its effects on the country as a whole, and Ford, with his simple moral approach to the presidency, may be very much in touch with the mood of the country. Though he is a party man, he is likely to support reform in campaign financing, preservation of personal privacy, and strict control over the integrity of the inter- nal revenue service, the FBI, and the CIA. One of the interesting things about Ford, though he is no intellectual, is that, unlike Johnson and Nixon, he does not feel uncomfortable or threatened by exceptional talent. In this, he is more like President Truman, who could trust the sophisticated minds of Acheson and Lovett and bring into the Cabinet strong men like General Marshall. Even the thought of a Ford presidency has changed the mood here, and increased the hope for a more open, candid, and co-operative presidency. business of the House of Com- mons goes with reasonable smoothness or is a source of steady friction and difficulty. In giving Bryce Mackasey the postmaster general's port- folio, the prime minister has picked for the job the man with the best chance of clear- ing up the bad industrial relations that have plagued the mail service for years. Even Mackasey's critics would not deny the genuine success he had as minister of labor, making a major con- tribution to the broad area of industrial relations in this country. If he can eliminate the bad relationships that plague the mail service he will be a hero. If Mackasey can't, probably no one else around can either. If that happens we probably should all view letters as a relic of the past. The whole country will fervently wish him well. A bit of restructuring that may not be as obvious to the public as some of the rest in- volves the department of energy, mines and resources. Don MacDonald stays on as minister and probably deserves to in spite of the speed with which he can get into squabbles with provincial governments. Although some people cer- tainly find him abrasive, he is an able man. highly intelligent. Much of the battering he took in the House of Commons last year was inevitable in a minority Parliament but much of it was unjustified because funda- mentally he did a good job. It seemed to some of those who watched his operations with sympathy last year, both among people in government and out of it, that he and his deputy. Jack Austin, had such similar qualities that they compounded rather than com- plemented each other. Austin later went to the prime minister's office as principal secretary. Last week, the prime minister replaced him in his old spot with an appointment that had a touch of genius about it. He sent in Tommy Shoyama. one of the stars of the finance department, a Westerner, cool, moderate and able. Shoyama is so low key that un- less you keep quiet yourself you may miss what he is saying, but he enjoys the reputation of being very good indeed. This time minister and deputy minister are such opposite types that they should complement each other very well. Jean Chretien should make an interesting president of Treasury Board. As the man charged with responsibility for improving the state of relations between this country and its Indian population, he spent years in a no-win situation. Politics had nothing to offer that so guaranteed a minister headaches without the possibility of fully resolv- ing their cause. He bore a lot of criticism, some of it fierce, but he won widespread respect and a good deal of ad- miration. Few men in the net had quite as good claim to a change of jobs. As president of Treasury Board at a time when fiscal restraint is going to be needed, Chretien ob- viously has still to be tested. You would not expect him, however, to be a push-over for every minister wanting to empty the treasury for his pet project. In keeping John Turner at the finance ministry, the prime minister has avoided a change of direction there at a time when there is more than enough economic uncertainty facing the country, inside its borders and beyond them. It seems to me that this is one of his wisest decisions. Cabinet changes do not change the world. The same problems go on. They are nec- essary, however, partly for the sake of freshness in port- folios, partly to prevent per- sonal power from becoming too entrenched and partly to drop men who, although possibly able in other ways, prove not to be well cast as cabinet ministers. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS, Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;