Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 10, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Saturday, August LETHBRIDGE HERALD-27 Ask Andy BOOKS Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Mike Cioffi, age 11, of Williamsport, Pennsylvania, for his question When was the first book printed? Nobody can say exactly when the very first book was printed But we do know the age of the oldest surviving printed book At the time, the printer did not add a note that this was the first of its kind No doubt others much older were lost In any case, this oldest surviver was printed more than eleven centuries ago And, wouldn't you know, it was created by the Chinese All through the early and middle ages of human history writing was done by hand, letter by patient letter A scribe spent months and sometimes years to copy a single book, page by patient page So books were rare very precious and hard to come by And when books are scarce, people tend to be backward In ancient Egypt they wrote picture-letters on press- ed fibers of papyrus reeds Their handmade books were long rolls and scrolls Later the Romans did hand written scrolls on prepared skms call ed vellum Real paper was invented around 105 AD by a Chinese waterworks man named Ts ai Lun This inven- tion did not spread to Europe for several centuries And paper is needed to do printing Meantime the Chinese went ahead with the first stages of printing called block printing Blocks of carved or molded print were smeared with ink and pressed onto pages of paper at least 1 100 vears ago and one of those block printed books has survived It is tailed the Diamond Sutra printed in 868 D the oldest printed book we have Actually it does not look much like a modern book It is six pages of text and a picture page pasted together in a long roll It is thought that the blocks from which the were printed were made of baked clav In Chinese each written word is a different character There are no separate letters of an alphabet to arrange and rearrange No more book printing progress was made until the 1400 s in Europe where languages had alphabets By this time block printing was popular Many whole books and folios have survived printed trom whole pages of carved texts and pictures But block printing was very slow So several German inventors devised moveable type, separate letters that could be fitted together, used and taken apart to arrange new type, and also a press to print the pages The most famous inventor was Johann Gutenburg, of Germany His moveable type was cast in metal, the letters and lines could be broken apart and reused His printing press worked by hand and he invented an oil-based printing ink Most likely, he printed several trial booklets and such But in 1456, he printed the entire Bible on 1282 hand- some pages This is one of the oldest printed books that looks like a book to modern eyes About 50 copies still survive and if happen to own one, you tan name your price for it But the old, old Diamond Sutra is too valuable to have a price tag Questions asked by chil- dren of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntington Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Flashback B> THE CANADIAN PRESS Aug 10, 1974 The Canadian Bill of Rights guaranteeing human rights and fundamental freedoms in all iieids of federal govern- ment jurisdiction, became law 14 years ago today in I960 The bill s mam operative clauses require the court to interpret all present and tuture federal legislation in recognition of the basic human rights and ensure that no one be denied access to the tourts to protect them by reason of race religion, sex or tolor 1846 The Smithsonian In- stitution was founded 1943 _ Winston Churchill arrived in Quebec City for a tonference with President Franklin Roosevelt 1950 The Niagara River Pact was signed by Canada and the United States approv- ing an increase in power out- put 1954 Construction of the St Lawrence power project began at Cornwall Ont 1961 Britain formally applied for membership in the European Common Market Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN fi 1974, The ChiCJSO Tribune Q 1 Both vulnerable as South you hold K94.3 V KQJ53 52 The bidding has proceeded West North East South Pass 9 6 12 points and a six-card suit What do vou bid' South vulnerable, you hold AQ10874 J982 The bidding has proceeded South West North East Pass Pass 14 Pass 24 Pass What do you bid now? Q vulnerable, as South you hold. A K72 V AQ10 AK6 KJ72 The bidding has proceeded South West North East Pass Pass 2 A What action do you take9 South, vulnerable, you hold A AQ8 V 6 AQ52 A KQ943 The bidding has proceeded North East South West Pass Pass Pass 1A Pass 9 What do you bid now' Q South, vulnerable you hold A2 J652 QJ1053 The bidding has proceeded North East South West Pass 1A 3 Pass What ao you bid now9 Q vulnerable, as South you hold AJ54 4J10982 The bidding has proceeded South West North East Pass Pass Pass What do you respond9 Q vulnerable, as South you hold A AJ Q7 QJ765 The bidding has proceeded- North East South West Pass Pass What do you bid now9 South, vulnerable, you hold A J1086 V 32 Q76 K1095 The bidding has proceeded South West North East Pass Pass 1 1 NT Pass Pass Dble. Pass What action do you take' for ansuers Monday) Your horoscope By Jeane Dixon SUNDAY, AUGUST 11 Your birthday today: Opens a round of general expansion in most areas of personal experience, at the expense of leisure time The goal is to keep all activities in balance Relationships with you thrive, but don't assume individuals like each other In maturity, today's natives tend to reject existing conditions, work out alternatives ARIES (March 21-April You can afford to invest in home and family doings Those eligible for your time are off on a whirl of romance Sharing pastimes attracts more people, future happenings TAURUS (April 20-May Check up on friends you haven't seen for a while, make a round of visits Recalling old times can be pleasant planning for the future, exciting Enjoy yourself GEMINI (May 21-June See what you can do to keep this Sunday quiet and uneventful Romance is alive needs no boosting Travels should be brief and short range CANCER (June 21-July Let yesterday and its pressure be past post mortems don't really help Your community expects you to participate in local weekend customs LEO (July 23-Aug 22) Be prompt and graceful in your Sunday activities then get out beyond usual limits Introductions open door to future co-operation VIRGO (Aug 23-Sept 22) Make this a Sunday of personal liberation spirtual growth Let go of long term bad habits Social activities thrive, particularly if you let others plan freely LIBRA (Sept 23-Oct You're in for some necessary but worthwhile expense Happier times are ahead long standing tensions ease Sentimental journeys romance are favored SCORPIO (Oct 23-Nov Make the most of a long Sunday Get extra rest, put time and energy into favored hobbies solve a puzzle dig into serious study Attending neglected work is less urgent SAGITTARIUS (Nov 22-Dec You can talk nearly everybody into useful agreements once you fully contribute to family and community activities Keep busy to keep happy1 CAPRICORN (Dec 22-Jan Put material concerns out of sight and mind, have fun with those you care about perhaps outside your usual Sunday spots Romance thrives has a moment of promise AQUARIUS (Jan 20-Feb Be mild and generous, seek a reasonable simple path Make amends where appropriate, accept the achievement of others Share entertainment, diversions PISCES (Feb 19-March Start early there are many pleasant things to do before the end of a long paced day You re apt to prolong idling with a few friends MONDAY, AUGUST 12 Your birthday today: Finds you in transition toward a more diversified life style, added responsibilities and special ways of carrying them This year, you learn to cope with obstacles you can do something about, work around those you can't Relationships are heavy-going, deserve tenderest care Today's natives have a natural talent for entertainment, are happy- go-lucky ARIES (March 21-April Select work on available infor- mation, requiring no co- operation That way you carry more responsibility with less error Great care with less error Great care with anything mechanical TAURUS (April 20-May Financial moves are at best precarious, facts, incomplete If you are selling, ask a stiff price Seek advice, make re- quests late in day A new contact is important GEMINI (May 21-June Take another's vantage point Let others lead, see where they head You gain in the long run by sacrificing now for group welfare CANCER (June 21-July 22) Check information openly and without fuss News from distant people is indirectly pertinent to your next move Make a strong sales pitch for what you want LEO (July 23-Aug Mix- ed influences prevail Success in work depends more on quality than quantity Be conservative with money Communications open late in the dav make notes as you go VIRGO (Aug 23-Sept The week begins heavily Buckle down to serious effort at once tolerate the slow pace of those with whom you share burdens Cultivate a sense of humor LIBRA (Sept 23-Oct Deal with theoretical or technical rather than per- sonal matters Don't let im- patience stir up trouble Conserve energy, pause for rest instead of slowing down SCORPIO (Oct 23-Nov Anything you do is apt to result in argument Use your head' You can manage to sidestep any issue Evening moood is ripe for a rash move OK as long as no money is involved SAGITTARIUS (Nov 22- Dec. You are misunder- stood all around Partners won t go along with your schemes without considerable discussion Marital, romantic expression calls for exceptional tact CAPRICORN (Dec 22-Jan 19) A day for staying at home or nearby rather than traveling Electrical and mechanical equipment needs care perhaps maintenance Locate yourself in your work, and work moderately AQUARIUS (Jan 20-Feb Teaming up for joint purchases or other shared ventures get you into a dif- ficult spot Technical matters require sound advisors rather than trying to do it all yourself PISCES Feb 19-March Everybody at work is spoiling for a squabble today Put off your own pet proposals, do what you can to keep peace You are due for recognition, praise in later hours Lawrence Lamb M.D. Dear Dr. Lamb I ve heard that gall stones cannot pass but kidney stones can Is this true or false7 Dear Reader FALSE' It depends entirely on the size of the stone You can have small gall stones and they will pass sometimes with difficulty Or, you can have a big stone far too large to ever get out of the gall bladder Likewise you can have a small kidney stone, and it will pass and can be very pain- ful But you can have a big stone develop in the kidney and not cause any symptoms When it fills the tubes in the kidney that collect the urine it forms a cast of the tubules It is shaped much like a set of deer horns and it is often call- ed a stag horn calculus Send your questions to Dr. Lamb, in care of this new- spaper, P.O. Box 155, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10019. For a copy of Dr. Lamb's booklet on cholesterol, send 50 cents to the same address and ask for "Cholesterol" booklet. LI'LABNER PERHAPS A HARMLESS SPORTING EVENT WILL SOOTHE NERVES? 15 ROUNDS FOR TME FEATHERWEIGHT TITLE v_ FISTIC PROBLEM A STRANGER LEPT INTO THE RING LAST NIGHT AT MADISON SQUARE GARDEN, AND POUNDED THE LIVING DAYLIGHTS OUT OF BOTH CHALLENGER AND CHAMPION AND THEN BEAT A BLOODY PATH THROUGH A CROWD OF TERRIFIED SPECTATORS FISTIC AUTHORITIES NOW INSIST THE STRANGER NOW LEGALLY HOLDS THE FEATHERWEIGHT TITLE HAPPENS IF NOT MORE I'M THE APViCE Of THWWffE WERE TO THINK LIKE THAT ANP CARRV A VEP NO PEACE CRAZ> HORSE WMAT ON THE MUST BE A THOUSAND INJUNJS OUT THERE KICKED THE WARPATH 7 u I a HI AND LOIS IT SURE I BET COFFEE ANP BACON ANP EGGS WOULP WAkE YOU BUT I HAVE IT SURE IS N S0 MUCH TO HARD TO WAKE pO TOPAY UPON SATURPAY BUGS BUNNY I'M WAITING FDR PETUNIA TO FINISH HER- BEAUTY SWOP APPOINTMENT' WHAT'S WITH TH' STR.ING ON YER WELL HEH-HEH YOU KNOW HOW AE-SENT- M1NDEO I AM' THIS IS TO REMIND ME TO TEUU HER. SHE LOOKS BLONDIE YOU RE NOT LATE DEAR GREAT SCOTT, I OVERSL.EPT A HAUF I SET THE CLOCK AHEAD A HAUP HOUR WHAT ARE -C( IM GOING YOU DOING BACK TO Si_EEP I I WAS LATE I MfGHT AS WELL 3E ARCHIE OLD (PUFF) t ...CHINESE EXERCISE ARE YOU TRYING TO BE-----A SAMURAI GREAT FOR THE BODY COORDINATION, BALANCE, f POISE WELL, DO IT IN THE BACKYARD! MOM, YOU'RE NOT GOING TO LI IT IN THE BACKYARD EITHER I DON'T LIKE HAGAft THE HORRIBLE IF THAT'S FASTEST YOU CAM CrloP DOWN A TREE, I SAP NEWS FOR A LIKE BEETLE BAILEY DON'T WANT Fitte AT BLUFF, DO YOJ? 3OOM( TUMBIEWEEDS WHATS ON THE SCH0PULE TOPAY, L015A LUCK?