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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 10, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI lITHMIDOt HMAID No one left to blame Political squabbling and manoeuv- ring continue in Northern as the Assembly recently elected under the Whitelaw formula tries to get itself sorted out. Extremists of var- ious stripes seem determined to grind their own even if it means wrecking whatever fragile hopes there may be of peace in their troub- led land. This kind of intransigence was more or less expected of hard-lining Pro- testants like Craig and who see any humane or even civil treat- ment of Catholics as indecent sub- servience to the Pope. What was not anticipated was something very much like truculence on the part of the Catholic who seem quite un- impressed with their first modest hopes of fair and more than witling to hazard them in politi- cal point-scoring. But it is early yet to try to assess the Assembly's even though some observers already despair of its becoming workable in time to fore- stall new blood-baths in Ulster. Noth- ing changes very quickly in it and the emergence of a new form of government isn't likely to be an exception. There are hopeful signs elsewhere. On express orders from the prime minister's the police in the Republic of Ireland are finally mounting a real campaign against the Provisional Wing of the the infamous Proves uho have operated so freely in the whenever pol- ice or troops made it hot for them in. the North. Raids on arms seizures of arrests of high-ranking officers like Eamonn Mac all testify that Mr. Cos- grave means to live up to his and and his public- ly proclaimed anti-IRA stand. Police raids are only part of it. Army and police patrolling along the border has been stepped up sharp- and reaction to cross-border inci- dents and complaints of IRA activity has become much more prompt and efficient. Two new army battalions are being recruited for border duty. The Irish government has also re- sponded positively to a Northern prcv posal that a wide buffer zone be es- tablished along the where pol- ice or troops of both countries would operate freely These and other measures by the Republic won't stop all IRA of nor wholly eliminate sanctu- ary in the south for fleeing Proves. But they will and help a great deal. The significance of this hardening Irish attitude goes far beyond the de- nial of refuge to terrorists. It means that the Republic's leaders are per- at least for the that peace in Northern Ireland is more important than political popularity at home. Along with the recent attitude of the government at this means that the only two external influences on the Ulster situation are benign and helpful So now there's nobody left to blame. Herr Walter Ulbricht When a well-known world states- man it is customary for news- papers to recognize his and usually to offer an editorial tribute of some kind. Walter virtu- al dictator of East Germany until his retirement m 1971. was well if not always favorably and his recent passing should not go un- even though few real trib- utes are likely to appear in the West- ern press. Walter Ulbricht was an old-fashion- hard-lining may have outlived his time His harsh authoritarianism at home and his iso- lationist view of foreign relations are hardly in tune with the present-day mood of detente and rapprochement as between Communism and the West. The creator of the Berlin Wall would not easily fit in with Willy Brandt's East German membership m the United Nations peaceful negotiations between Warsaw Pact and NATO countries. But this cold man may turn out to have a much more enduring monument than even the much pub- licized Berlin Wall. More than any- one he shaped the German Democra- tic a tough new no less German because it is Commun- and one that will be heard from m Europe and the world for years to come. It is something else that Walter Ulbricht built. However far it may be in the the day must eventually come when East-West differences are one way or another. The nature of that resolution will either number Walter Ulbricht with the architects of a new or relegate him to obscurity as another Soviet satrap. ERIC NICOL Top Person Although it is unlikely that the Queen will drop a thank-you note to President the Watergate Follies have done more to endear the monarchy to Canadians than any other single event since Edward Prince of Wales fell off Ms horse. The anti-monarchists have been present- ed with vivid proof of Lord Acton's dictum that power corrupts The Nixon team has displayed a power play that would be a credit to the Philadel- phia Flyers. Because the Queen of Canada has no power reigns but does not rule she plays an essential role in our system of government by denying a certain place the top to would-be super-Dicks. At tlis moment Nixon is challenging the legislative branch of American claiming executive privilege in withholding evidence from the Ervin committee. The presidency is revealed as having a top- secret closet in which hang the powdered the silk britches and the silver- buckled ready for when the in- cumbent wishes to stand before the mir- pinching and c'est The prime minister of Canada may be as potentially corruptible as a U.S. presi- in lusting for but'with the Queen's portrait gazing down at him serene- ly from the office he can never feel altogether comfortable taking practice swings with sceptre and orb. That Canada's monarch is a charming and gracious person is merely a bonus. Were he a fat old party with revolting table manners and a weakness for subdividing his he would still be a useful insti- tution 90 long as he didn't meddle m politics. Those who resent the Queen as a mere figurehead are forgetting in its liberal the decorative figure at the bow of the ship of state occupies a place that might otherwise be armed with a sharp object and its legal advisors. When we cheer the Queen m her pres- we express not only our admiration for a Top Person whose code of behavior is we are also applauding the wisdom of constitutional toe triumph of a parliamentary evolution that has retained the sovereign shorn of power yet supreme in station. Buckingham Palace is a costly lump of D.G. but today it looks like a real bargain compared to what the White House is costing the American people in terms of not only the debilitated U.S. dollar but also the yet to be fully as- caused by moral rot in the presi- dent's palace. No need to be mind you. is what Canadians ought to show their American friends. The Americans are preparing to celebrate the two hundredth anniversary of the Declaration of Indepen- dence. It couldn't have come at a worse time. Our neighbors need no reminder that they may have got a bum deal when they traded George m for Richard I. The battered trio of The Spirit of '76 Ss overshadowed by the veterans of Water- gate whole regiments holding their head- and somebody has put his foot through the drum. No wonder that Prime Minister Tru- deau has shown fresh enthusiasm for Can- ada's monarchy. Servant's quarters never looked better. Dumping designs By Donf Walker Anne McCracken was visiting with Els- pcth one day and remarked that she and Jack were planning to celebrate their wed- ding anniversary by going to the dump. It was a remark that Paul prick up his ears. Paul apparently discussed the matter with Jim McCracken. He reported that Jim wondered if I was going to write up his mother's odd notion of an appropriate wedding anniversary celebration. I suspect Anne was toying with a notion that is tempting to all at times. She was probably designing to deposit son Jim in the dump. I wonder she would like to take Paul The real inflation culprit in Canada By Bnice syndicated cwnnwntaWr Even though k is widely mimed to be the current inflationary spiral in North America cannot be blamed on the actions of big companies or big unions. It may be argued that the labor unions by demanding and getting large catch-up wage increases and coat of living escalation clauses have been sustaining the inflationary trend that is underway. But there is also much to be said for the proposition that many unions are merely trying to catch up or keep up with the parade. Because of their high visibil- ity and because popular writers have capitalized on their con- large unions and big corporations are consider- ed the culprits in the push for higher wages and prices. But the notion that they are pri- marily responsible for the re- cent as proponents of wages and prices control im- would be bard to prove. In- the statistics on wages and prices suggest that the' theory of pric- that big corpora- tions and unions have been the main culprits in ballooning simply is not true. In the past decade in Cana- the biggest increase in hour- ly earnings occurred in the con- struction among ser- vices and in govern- ment pay. The steep increases in con- are not the result of nation-wide bargain- ing by a single union but a ser- ies of local and regional wage settlements won by various building trades unions as plasterers in from groups of relatively small con- tracting firms. There were no them eat er let me see now Did Nixon consider oil By William V. Ne w York Times commentator WASHINGTON In the Atlantic Richfield Com- pany discovered a major oil field on Alaska's north slope area. When President elect Nixon was forming his administra- tion in im- portant oil men stressed to him the importance of appointing as secretary of the interior someone who would be sym- pathetic to the prompt develop- ment of the Alaskan oil field. One of their spokesmen was Robert 0. chairman of Atlantic Richfield and Re- publican national committee- man for New Mexico. Who better to be secretary of the interior than Anderson's longtime friend and Alaska's own Walter J. Hick- a development minded millionaire Hickel proved a better sec- retary than conservationists in- itially but he was and remains an ardent advocate of an Alaskan oil pipline. So is his former Republi- can national chairman Rogers Morton. Letters Inadequate policing It is obvious that this com- munity lacks adequate policing. This city has a motor noise nuisance. One of our major parks is practically useless be- cause of illegal behavior on a large scale. Merchants exper- ience far too many break-ins. And there are other areas not so obvious where a lack of po- licing is indicated. A law enforcement depart- ment that is understaffed suf- fers from undue and in- dicates an administration that can't or won't provide for ade- quate staff. An administration that per- mits such a situation to contin- ue is causing a disintegrating effect on a main community as policing and law enforcement are vitally impor- tant in an era of immoral pres- sure such as we have now. If the problem is I suggest that further spending to gratify the youth of this city be and serious atten- tion given to upgrading the quality of policing. It would be a lie to say that' Lethbridge is an altogether fine and gracious place until these vlnpleasant features are re- moved. I must that most home owners and others have done their part to make tile city attractive by the appearance of their properties. Failure to act on this mat- ter would suggest either an apathy and imprudence not appropriate to responsible civic or an inability to find men capable of bringing of- fenders to justice. LLOYD R. WEIG-HTMAN Lethbndge. Export the bums I read in Hansard that we had to import men into Canada in order to get the work done. I also read in Hansard we have unemployed in our Country. Mr. Munro must be proud of his department. Every year he spends million on our long-haired pop- so to to keep them from work. Too bad he hasn't got the guts to order them to work. The govern- ment would rather tax those that work so heavy that they are tempted to go on welfare also. Recently we drove through B.C. in the Qkanagon Valley they were picking cher- ries and berries. Practically every orchard farm had a sign or your Many of our long- haired citizens who fcy along the roadside in the no doubt saw die signs our students can't but apparently ignored the invita- tion to be useful We noticed also the cafes along the road art getting peeved with our useless lot. We read signs on tbe doors no no This privileged lot sit in cafes and glare at decent-clad no decency left in them. Why doesn't Mr. Munro con- tact Cuba and see if they need cane cutters and export several hundred thousand of our use- less Too bad youth is wasted on the tot. AN AGGRAVATED OBSERVER Lethbridge In the state of Alaska auctioned off the oil most of them going to Atlantic Richfield and two partners Tfcsse firms then formed a pipeline company to build an 800-mile pipeline across Alaska to the port of Valdez from whence the oil would be transported in tank- ers to the American west coast. There however an alterna- tive route. It would run south- eastward through Canada and connect with existing pipelines to Chicago and the middle west. There are advantages and disadvantages to both routes. My own and that of most is that the Canadian route would be preferable because it would eliminate the possibility of tanker accidents in the waters of Puget Sound and California. Even a few tanker mishaps each year the interior department spill 000 or more barrels into the Pacific. Since the world's oceans are already gravely menaced by oil this addi- tional pollution is an ecological risk to be avoided if at all pos- sible. The oil companies naturally prefer the Alaska route be- cause it means they would have to deal with only one gov- ernment instead of two. Why should the industry mess around with Ottawa when it has a friend like Richard Nixon in the White House9 The Nixon administration has worked unceasingly to smooth the way for the Alas- kan route and choke off the environmentalist pressure for consideration of the Canadian alternative The big obstacle has been the national environ- mental policy act which re- quired the interior department to prepare a statement show- ing that it had considered every alternative and chosen the one with the least environ- mentally impact. Political appointees in in- terior made no secret of the fact that their task was to draw up an impact statement that supported the Alaskan route but was plausible enough to stand up in court. When the conservationists the court ruled in their favor on the narrow issue of the width of the pipeline's right-of-way. It reserved decision on the Ca- nadian alternative. Senator Henry D- then introduced a bill to permit a wider right-of-way. It he purely techni- cal legislation and not a vehi- cle for a substantive discus- sion of the Alaskan or Cana- dian routes. But this proved only a ruse to obfuscate the real purpose. Once this bill reached the the two Alas- kan senators offered the cru- cial amendment to forbid judi- cial examination of the impact statement. The Nixon crippled though it is by Water- rallied itself for a major lobbying effort in behalf of the amendment. the au- thor of the environmental pol- icy voted against but did not work against the amend- ment. The White House and the oil lobbyists brought intense pres- sure. No one knows how many campaign contributions and other favors were but the Senate cloakrooms were awash with rumors. Doubtful senators like Brooke of Massa- chusetts switched their position to the pro-amendment side. Vice-president to bor- row Max Beerbohm's made one of rather awful to the Senate chamber and cast the vote that broke the be and carried the amendment. The as one of them expressed then a blow- to House Speaker Carl Albert of oil-rich Oklahoma. Under Speaker Albert's prod- the house interior com- mittee rushed the bill to the floor. The house approved the amendment 221 to and the bill earned As the vote neared on the a letter from Nixon was read in the House. Pleading unique circum- stances surrounding this is- the president wrote this action cannot properly be construed as a precedent for other exemptions from full ju- dicial reviews under the na- tional environmental policy T Perhaps the circumstances are Perhaps only big oil could mass the political strength to tear this gaping hole in the environmental law and block court review. But as the Charles Colson memorandum has shown how the Nixon administration set- tled the ITT antitrust case on political a full judicial inquiry into the conversations and internal documents of the state interior de- and the White House might well find that the ad- ministration never considered the Alaskan pipeline issue on its merits. Now we may never know. administered prices by any giant organizations. It is not surprising that em- ployees of government are re- ceiving close to the top in- creases in pay. Governments give only lip service adherence to but they usual- ly only act when they are com- pelled to do so. gov- ernments will never restrain their with other people's money. Governments apply quite different standards when spending impersonal mon- that is when the govern- ment officials personally do not have to pay the bills. Govern- ment payrolls in Canada in the latter part of the 1960s re- flected only a small increase -in the number of persons em- yet during the latter part of the decade salaries were increasing more than 20 per cent per year. In three large and Important sectors of the Canadian econ- _ and where the membership of the larger un- ions is largely wage increases tended to lag behind the average increases in otner parts of the economy. contrary to popular im- the big unions do not seem to have been primarily re- sponsible for the inflation of the past several years. they have had the bad luck of falling somewhat behind earl- ier increases m pay and then trying to make up for their lag with big increases which have received a great deal of pub- licity. ho less important Is the fact that the gaffls in hourly earn- ings in the and financial fields have matched or exceeded those in manufac- turing or transportation. Even the fact that hourly earn- ings in these non-organized in- dustries have more than kept pace with the unionized sector suggest that the si'mificance of the union wage push is exag- gerated. others have decried the price increases in major in. dustries that have a big impact on the economy but most of the items that have gone up in price do not involve major m- dustries. it Is not surprising that the rate of price increases lias been highest in the service and government sectors of the economy. Costs and prices in these sectors have risen sharp- in part because productiv- ity growth tends to lag in such lines. Those who suggest that a price and income board grant increases only commensurate with productivity gains tend to ignore these facts and conven- iently overlook the difficulty measuring productivity in many such as repairs. How can we regulate how long a re- pair should for For this and other reasons as price controls as applied to industry and unions tend to break down. The main justification for wage and price controls simply is not that key indus- such as steel and are no longer com- peting by price and that large unions usually operating in these industries go along with this because they are getting the lion's share of wage in- creases and are pace setters for wages in general. Prices and wages have gene up fast- est in those lines where size was relatively insignificant. Unpopular as it may be to large firms and big unions have not been the main culprits in the recent in- flationary trend. This suggests that the main premises of those who advocate a price and wage control program are incorrect. 'Crazy Capers' Papering a room is easy just that damned Tbc Lethbridge Herald _____ Ttb ft. Afeerta UETHBRIDOE HERALb 00. Proprietors and Pu by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN CPMv MMI RCQHWnfMfl Tht CMMM mm tut tht CinMXn Oilly Anectattan tnt Audit Btirtw tf WILLIAM HAY Editor BOVOLAi K Kdlterttl UK tamr ;