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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 10, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERAID Monday, August 10, 1970 Dr. Arnold Toynbce Threats Without Teeth Incidents of Russian encroachment on fishing grounds off the B.C. coast, and resulting clashes between Cana- dian and Russian trawler owners have naturally aroused Canadian ire. Statements by individual fishermen who have been involved and whose boats have suffered damage are somewhat irresponsible but neverthe- less understandable under the cir- cumstances. But threats of retaliation by violence of any kind, guns, ram- ming the offending vessel or any other such means, will only damage the Canadian case. The most sensible statement comes from the president of the United Fishermen and Allied Workers' Union. Homer Stevens, who is calling on the federal government to take steps to negotiate a new treaty to re- place the present, one between Can- ada, the United States and Japan with one which would include the U.S.S.R. Threats will do little good, since as the Victoria Daily Colonist points out; "Ottawa is neither in a position to enforce any 200 mile sov- ereignty or to effectually police the banks. The Russian is the biggest boy on the street and he is not about to get off it as long as the law says he has equal rights there." Canadian fishermen arc asking for the extension of national sovereignty many miles beyond the 12 mile limit. Their demands are similar to those held by Hie South American republics who claim sovereignty 200 miles be- yond the 'shore line. Adding urgency to the need for solu- Reserve High Schools The move afoot by the Indian people to return education to the re- serves leaves the rest of Canadians with mixed feelings. They will be glad to see Indians asserting them- selves against whatever paternalism remains but they will be uneasy about having "separate yet equal" schools. As a result of the struggle to de- segregate society in the United States people in Canada cannot help being sensitive to the implications for themselves. In the U.S. "separ- ate yet equal" schools have been re- jected as a device for perpetuating segregation and the discrimination that goes with it. Canadians gener- ally, then, are likely to be reluctant about what is happening here even though it is something the Indians want and not something being forced on them. Nobody can really blame the In- dians for requesting their own schools. The evidence seems over- whelming that the experiment of busing children to schools off the re- serves isn't working. More students matriculated when high school was offered on the Blood Indian Reserve, for instance, than in the ten years since busing to Fort Macleod began. A major problem recognized by Indian spokesmen in haying suc- cessful reserve high schools is the staffing of them. The Indians look forward to the day when there will be enough of their own people quali- fied to do the teaching. That clay is still some distance away and mean- while there is the difficulty of at- tracting top-notch teachers to rural settings. The best aspect of the plan for re- serve high schools is the emphasis upon teaching the Indian heritage as part of the curriculum. There should have been more of thai all along in the schools where Indian children have been attending in appreciable numbers. It would have been to the benefit of all the students in those schools. Art Buchwa d WASHINGTON Many husbands don't realize it but their wives are suffer- ing from "household a state sim- ilar to the battle fatigue of the Second World War, only more difficult to rec- ognize. I probably would have never real- ized that my -wife was a victim of it if I hadn't decided to take her with me to Cincinnati, where I had to make a speech. She seemed quite normal preparing for the trip and even appeared to be excited about getting away from the house for a few days. But then when we arrived at the airport, I noticed her behavior had started to change. As I paid for our airline tickets, she said to the man behind the counter, "Just a minute. Where are our green "Madam, we don't give green stamps to our customers for using our airline." "Is that so? Well, we'll just use anoth- er airline that does." I said, "none of the airlines gives green stamps and besides, this is the only airline that goes to Cincinnati." I calmed her down and thought noth- ing more of it until we got on the plane. The first thing she did was start to dust the seats. "Mother, you don't have to do I said. "I'm not going lo have the neighbors think I keep a dirty plane." "But they have people to do Ibis sort of thing. Now sit by the window and fasten your safety belt." I got her to sit down quietiy and gave her a magazine to read. Soon as the plane was in the air she wns up. "I've got to prepare lunch." .she said. "They have stewardesses lo prepare lunch. Yon have to do anything." "Well, I have to get the meat oat of the freezer." "Xo, no. Thai's all done In airline personnel. You're on vacation Relax." She sat back for a few minutes, but then one of the stewardesses spilled a cup of coffee in the aisle. My wife jumped up and said, "Don't worry about a thing." She took a container of Mr. Clean from her make-up kit and on her hands and knees, worked on getting out the spot. she said after 15 minutes, "Mr. Clean does everything." Everybody looked away in embar- rassment. An hour later, luncheon was served. There were two children sitting across the aisle from us, but they didn't seem to be eating their vegetables. My wife looked over and shouted at them, "If I've told you kids once, I've told you a hundred times. You don't eat your vegetables, you don't get dessert." "Mother, I said gently, "those arc not our children." "1 don't she said, 'Tilt sick and tired of preparing meals on this plane that nobody wants to cat." "But maybe their parents don't want them to eat vegetables." "You're always defending she said angrily. "No wonder they have such bad table manners. Sit she shouted at the little boy, "or you can go to bed right now." Fortunately the parents of the children were preoccupied, and my wife decided to go back aid help the stewardesses with the dishes. By the time we reached Cin- cinnati, six; bad cleaned all the windows, washed the ash trays, laundered the nap- kins and changed the curtains in the bar. By the timn we arrived in Cincinnati the plane neat as 3 pin. Happily, after a few days her house- hold fatigue has started to leave her. She hasn't yelled at anybody else's kids in 24 hours and just ibis morning she let the chambermaid make up our bed. In anoth- er day or two she may even .stop clear- ing the di.slic.s in Ihc hotel dining rwui. At ieast ;iie promised me siie'd try. (Toronto Telegram News Service) Man's Persistent Vein Of Violence tion by treaty, a treaty which goes far beyond the one now in force, is the report by Roderick Haig-Brown, leading Canadian expert, who says that the greatest threat to the B.C. salmon fishing industry comes, not from Russia, or Japan, but from South Korea. He reports in the Chris- tian Science Monitor that though the South Koreans are forbidden to do so by the North Pacific Treaty, their fishermen are now taking 90 tons of salmon daily east of the 175th degree of longitude. Since South Korea is not a signatory of the treaty, they are not fishing illegally, but, says Haig- Brown, if they are allowed to con- tinue taking excessive catches the whole coastal salmon fishing industry will be imperilled. If other nations were to follow South Korea's exam- ple the salmon supply would be doomed." .Nations must act together to pre- serve and protect this renewable re- source, which second to agriculture is the world's greatest source of food. National rights must be protected, depletion of the species prevented. It won't be easy. But if the recent in- cidents in British Columbia waters brings the situation into perspective, focuses on the danger to all the na- tions, something will have been ac- complished. Canada could well lead the way to a sensible rational solu- tion if it lays the groundwork for negotiation of a new treaty one that will work to the benefit not only of Canadians but of all those na'tions threatened by depletion of the re- sources of the sea. may throw out nature with a pitchfork, but she keeps on coming back." This is the verdict of a Latin poet who had been born into the last generation of the hundred- years-long Roman Revolution. Horace was speaking from first-hand experience, and his words ar'e terribly relevant to our own experience in our time. There is a persistent vein of violence and cruelty in human nature. Man has often striven to rid himself of what he rec- ognizes as being a hideous moral blemish, unworthy of human nature's better side. Sometimes Man has fancied that lie has succeeded in civili- zing himself. The Romans fancied this when, in the fourth century B.C., they substituted constitutional government for class-war. After that, Roman political life was unstained by bloodshed for nearly a quarter of a millennium. But the spell was broken when, in the fateful year 133 B.C., Tiberius Grac- chus was senators, of all people. The Romans were horrified at what they had done. They had violated a taboo against violence liiat had come to seem to be quite se- curely established; but their horror did not bring the Romans to their senses. Dur- ing the next 100 years, violence in the Roman World went from bad to worse: violence commit- ted by Right against Left; by masters against slaves; by citi- zens against subjects. At last, Society was saved, when it was on the brink of dissolution, at the price of submitting to a despotic World Government. In our day, the Western World has given itself a similar disillusioning shock. In Britain, for instance, we believed, down to 1914, that, for us, i688 had been an epoch-making date. We had recently put the controver- sial King Charles I to death. In 1688 we took pains to let his son James II get away, un- harmed, into exile. We came to believe that, since then, we ami all our fellow Westerners had left behind us, once for all, the era of political death-sentences and religious persecutions. In Britain, in this year 1970, we have not yet lynched a Grac- chus; yet, in our generation, we have seen nature re- turn, with a vengeance, in the world around us and, to an alarming degree, in oir: own country too. The domestic shock, fcr us in Britain has been the discovery that we are subject to the same irrational feelings of racial animosity as our fellow-whiles iii South Africa and Rhodesia and the Old South of the Uni- ted Stales. In Britain, as in oth- er Western countries and in the world as a whole, our fancied civilization is proving to have been only skin-deep. Today, from all quarters of the globe, we are receiving well-authenticated reports of cold-blooded torture. We had tried to explain away, tho Nazis' cold-blooded atrocities as an aberration. The Nazis had been put d o w n by the Allies; they had been repudi- ate! by (he German people; and we had persuaded our- selves that the temporarily ar- rested march of civilization was being resumed. Yet, tor- ture was soon used by the French army in its attempt to suppress the Algerian resis- tance movement, and now, a quarter of a century after the suppression of the Nazis at the end of the Second World War, there come reports of Nazi- like atrocities in Greece, Bra- zil, Israel, and Vietnam to name only four particularly conspicuous cases. We realize now that Hitler- ism was not .Just an isolated abberation. It was an ominous sign of the times. It portended the present resurgence of the savage human nature that is breaking out, through the ve- neer of civilization, all over the world today. Our savagery has commandeered our technology "See, we MUST be in Canadian waters Letters To The Editor "Hire A Student" Program: A Complete Fiasco? For some time now I have been tempted to write your editorial page regarding the appalling situation in respect to student summer employ- ment in this city. The feature on two young Americans a t present employed by the city Cultural Department and seek- ing further employment was the last straw. No doubt the local Manpower office will do all in its power to accommo- date these worthy visitors. Let us not forget they are visitors and Canadians also require aid to secure employment. A great number cf students have been unable to secure employment of any kind this year and I think it is high time Lelhbridge took a page of Mayor Rod Sykes' book and became a little more con- cerned over local residents. After all, the parents of local students subscribe lo the city's welfare in the form of taxes. I have a student sen who has been registered with the local LOOKING THROUGH THE HlillALD The fourth victim of the train robbery in the 'Pass was George Akroff. one of the robbers. The third robljer, Tom Bassoff, is still at large but over 300 mounted and provin- cial police are now in Ihc area. 1930 _ A "Tom Thumb" golf course has been started in the city by two local men. The course is located at 3rd. ave- nue and nth St. and has 18 holes. I9in Three .shifts will go lo at the Magrath Woollen Mills to fill orders for blankets Manpower office for three years and has not been offered one employment opportunity yet. Because of this he has lost precious time due to the fact that he requires summer employment to finance his studies. The present "Hire A Stu- dent" program (in my opinion) is a csmplete fiasco and should be written off entirely, since only the chosen few are even con- sidered by the students privi- leged to have .employment with Canada Manpower for the sum- mer months. It would be inter- esting to find out the qualifica- tions necessary for these posi- tions, whether they were ad- vertised, and whether any ex- aminations were written. Some students have been lucky enough lo be given one job and when something with more remuneration came along, given a second chance. Choice summer employment has also been given lo oul-of- Province students as .veil as BACKWARD for the army. The mill will be kept busy to the end of Ihc year filling present orders. Southern Alberta's third sugar beet factory at Taber is expected lo start oper- ating next monUi. isxitl The second case of leprosy in Lcthbridgc history (the second within a year) has been reported by Ihe city health unit. The first case reported was a Chinese woman, who was found to be infected. The sec- ond case is a man, an immi- grant, who was said lo have contracted the disease in an- other country. lo some from out of the coun- try. I know this because I have been asked by students for maps to find their way around. I understood it was City Hall practice to give city residents preferance in the matter o f employment. Surely this should also apply to summer employ- meat. Not that the City Person- nel office can be held respon-' sible at this time since Canada Manpower is handling summer employment. Perhaps summer employment should be handled directly by City Hall. As a tax- payer I certainly feel my son should be able to obtain em- ployment before out-of-t h e- province people. F. M. H. Lethbridge. University Tuition Fees I realize that prices are sky- high these days because of var- rious reasons, however, wouldn't you agree that fcr a fifteen minute lecture is a bit steep, perhaps even ab- surd? I found thai I was expected lo pay this outrageous amount at the beginning of the second term of summer courses. I had registered ill an English and an art class. After the first day I decided that in order lo do justice to Ihe English class, it would be test to drop the art class. After inquiring about it I found I was expected to pay half the tuition for that fifteen minute introduction lecture. Of course it's nol that the profs don't deserve or aren't worth SI30 an hour. I just object to paying Ihe whole bill myself. Now 1 am taking a subject that I really do not want. I fee! overloaded but there is nothing I can do about it unless I pay for that fifteen minute class. The rule seems lo be inflexible (a Divine Com- mandment I would request that this rule be looked into and perhaps even revised sometime in the future. 1 am withholding tuition for both courses until I receive some re- sponse. KATHY BERGEN. CKtldale. Editor's Note: The Herald looked into this matter and was told that (lie policy gov- erning such cases is clearly printed in the university cai- emlar. If (lie registration is withdrawn prior to slal t of flic ilirec-week course, n o luilion is charged. But if it is not withdrawn, Hie univer- sity has to hire staff, etc., based on Ihc actual registra- tion, niul these costs have to ue met whether the student attends the class or nol. to serve ils atrocious purposes. We have learnt how to fly and how lo splil Ihe atom, and how hove we used these technologi- cal achievements? Tho answer is given by the names of live cilies. Ci u e r n i c a, Coventry, Dresden, Hiroshima, Nagasaki. The torture that is being pcrpretralcd by an increasing number of the world's present 140 local sovereign govern- ments is a particularly replu- sivc recrudescence of barbar- ism because Ihis is barbarism practised in cold blood; but our atrccilies committed in hot blood arc no less horrifying, and we have lived lo see these being committed by American troops against Vietnamese civ- ilians, by the Vietnamese against each other, and by both sides in the current war in the Middle East and in the recent civil war in Nigeria. Even more disquieting is the increas- ing brutality of domestic strife. In the United Slates and in France, the riol in the United States, the National Guardsmen as well have been repressing the students' demonstrations and disorders with a ferocity that indicates positive hatred. In the United States, the "blue-collar" white workers are showing a com- parable hostility towards the students and the blacks. In- deed, in the United States a lit- eral class-war and race-war are now almost wi'.hin sight. The shooting of the four stu- dents at Kent State University may prove lo have been as tragic a turning-point in Am- erica's history as the lynching of Tiberia Gracchus was in tile history of Rome. People now still alive who were born and brought up in the West before 1914 have lived to see the world turn a differ- ent color from what they had expected. By the time they were born, civilization had been gaining ground against barbarism for two centuries. Our forefathers had abolished the slave-trade and then slav- ery itself. They had banned the baiting of lunatics, bulls, and bears. They had abrogated capital punishment for minor offences. They had tried to re- duce war to a contest between uniformed soldiers, and they had gone far towards succeed- ing in exempting civilians from being fobbed and being killed or being evicted from their homes. They had established the International Hed Cross. On the strength of these par- tial victories for civilization, we had come to believe that barbarism was fighting its last rearguard action, and that it was now doomed to be driven off the field. We expected that par liamentary representative constitutional government and the rule of law were going to spread from the Western coun- tries that had first achieved them to all Ihe rest of the world. Today we are wondering whether these achievements of our civilizalon are going lo survive even on their own na- tive ground. What is the lesson of our un- foreseen and disillusioning ex- perience? It has taught us that, though progress may be cumu- lative in the fields of science and technology, there is no such thing as cumulative pro- gress towar'ds an ever greater humanity in our treatment of each o'her. In the social and spiritual fields, the battle for humanity against the innate savagery of human nature has to be fought by every human being, in his own soul, from his awakening to consciousness till he is overtaken by death or by senility. Self-mastery, love, and forgiveness ar'e (lie first and last demands that Man -is call- ed upon to make on his sinful nature. This is the unanimous teaching of all the historic reli- gions and philosophies. When Coventry Cathedral was bombed in the Second World War, the Provost of the Cathedral responded promptly to Hie challenge of the disaster. He improvised a cross out of two pieces of charred timber, and behind this cross, on the burn t-out building's ruffled wall, he engraved the Iwo words: "Father These two words were enough, be- cause forgiveness is needed by us all. All human beings ar'e responsible for man's inhuman- ly! to man, and we all need forgiveness because we know that we are sinning against Hie light. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1934, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily NewsDaoer Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H.1 ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Edilor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" Edilor FJOY'P. MILFS Advertising Manager ;