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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 10, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta THE AUGUST 10 MR OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER Address by Motherwell at the Western Irrigation July Although not generally looked upon fta Dry Farming is the twin sist er of Half of tho worlds arable surface gets insufficient rain fall from the clouds during tho crop growing season This if sat isfactory yields are to be must be made up in one of two ways a Irrigation or b Dry The former simply means the utili artificial of our natural after it has first assembled In our by means of the ordinary run rthe latter means briefly the retention of our natural precipitation in the soil as It falls by means of proper tillage Methods performed at the proper Inasmuch as the time of doing this tillage is quite as important as the manner of doing it is obviously and highly Important not to undertake to till the1 whole face of the when one has only half the necessary power to do it And this latter point be comes all the more exacting and im perative when one remembers the very stiort growing season on the and the still shorter rainy even on the more dropping Need of Summerfallow Saskatchewan has an average pre cipitation rain and snow of about 17 inches per This is not sufficient to grow successful crops on consecutive years beyond a very few Hence the necessity of skip grass and prior to Drv by the above method rapid nulriflcatlon and equally menus rapid sail humus which should be restored by any and all means available if a soils relentivity and productivity Is to be The two greatest obstacles to suc cessful dry farming methods on the open prairie are the tempta tion to till and crop more than one has power todo properly and timely thereby losing moisture by evappia tion overmuch or thoughtless tillage especially in the there by losing land by Bushels Not The normal tendency of the west is towards too large farms for the power This has been greatl accentuated since the war by an India criminate campaign for greater pro duction through the medium of great er acreage regardless of its condition bv those who should know better With the natural result that drouth pervades the thousand and tens of thousands of acres tha should never have been sown take thecount on the first Snpei ficial advisers tell us Oh we are a war and every acre possible must b Surely conditions on th prairie this year must once more de monstrate the fallacy of such unfor tunate Just because we ar in dry land farming that de serve more than passing Tho prevalence of weeds and the am ount of seed sown per Weeds are sometimes referred to as tho far mers best and to tho extent Lhat they compel him to properly t II ils they may be ooked upon in hat Dut Just to the extent hey are permitted to occupy the soil tno aclvely compete with the crop for their share of the scanty moisture con tent of tho very much to the de triment of the crop and the owners bank In more humid coun tries the loss from weeds is usually not so But under our semi arid conditions the presence of weeds often means Quantity of The amount of seed sown per especially In west and southwest Sas on a very dry year fre quently determines the success or fail ure ofa Because of the variation few Hence IUB ucueaauj Blnga crop every three or four years at war our agriculture should b onethlrd of ones safer and surer than In normal times and say acreage each year to for the primary purpose of storing the rainfall in the soil and subsoil and the secondary purpose of killing which latter have proven such a terrible source of moisture leakage in times past and This stor ing process can best be performed by deeply plowing the fallow and may percolate freely into the soil in stead of running off or being used up PROBLEMS OF THE ORGANIZED FARMERS Some Nuts to Cradc by he by Ex as we certainly cannot afford to away good energy and time at This is a too frequent form of waste that must be eliminated it our dry farming practices are not to come into disrepute and our energies be partially dissipated during Let us not forget that it is bushels and not acres that and that in four i in our methods of and the kind of year ahead of no hard and fast quantity of seed per acre can be determined aow with respect to this very impor tant has taught us that thin sewing is best on dry poor soils and late or poorlytilled lands and in localities not predisposed to harvest On the other rich fat deeply and timely plowed on a dropping year willcarry a heavy crop and consequently should be sown comparatively especially if the district is predisposed to early Two bushels of wheat or oats pel acre are considered to be about the proper quantities for fallow land of the latter with a corres pondingly lesser amount for more in differently tilled On the lands of the former description that is lighter or in west and southwest Sas katchewan half these bushel per acre of both wheat and often be sufficient for best In our real dry hind area southwest and on second crop after three pecks of either wheat or oats one year with another will give better results than heavier This to of absurdly thin sowing especially for biit let them try it and the har vest on the average year will show better results than the orthodox am LEMON JUICE By lOsVlce i The has recently returned from the Western Canada Irrigation Convention held at where he attended as n delegate of the OoaldaleLethbrldRO Water Users From the name of this one wdfcld judge that It was confined to problems of irriga but as we have attended these conventions from time to time we Have noted nn Inclination to broaden the scope of the convention iiattl It P peals to almost all phases of the Ag ricultural progress of Western Can For Instance we will note two examples as Illustration of what we Honorable minister of agriculture oC Saskatch who might be well The Sage of Dry Farming In Western Can delivered a most comprehensive and practical address on subject Dry Vanning Practices and their We doubt if a more valuable address on this subject has been delivered in and com ing as it does from Motherwel whose long not only as a but as an able otlicial devot ing a great ralnd to this great question it comes as an authority and should be read by farmers The other address was that of Hon orable Duncan on the ques tion of Live Stock which in its line was quite the equal Motherwells We mention these two addresses as typical and as showing the wide range of the matters dealt with by the con Indeed this convention would be better named by calling it The Western Canada Scientific Farming It is true that many of the papers and discussions would be criticised as being too out this criticism is often preferable to the criticism of being too comprehen sive and too At the convention one could not keep from being Impressed with Its wonderful educational and the importance of It being attended by the and at Its close wo sug gested that the new board of directors endeavor to get a larger attendance by endeavoring In some way to ami late It with the farmers organizations of the different Indeed ev ery local Is now entitled to send and If the locals ef the different provinces will adopt the practise of being represented at the they will have no diffi culty in determining its In this way this convenUon might be come the technical convention of tne farmers of the and by the ap plication of the principles that could thus become more widely would immensely Increase tho pros perity of the and the satisfac tion to obtained by the methods of farming thus For throughout the greater portion of Western Canada there can be no doubt that the limiting factor of pro duction on the generally speak is the amount of moisture avail How to conserve and distrib ute in the most practical manner the available moisture is the great prob lem that confronts the His in the great majority of is not that of but the solution of the problem whether It bo to avoid to water for domestic and stock or the solution of the grazing the subject is none the less acute and difficult of It behooves the farmers to obtain all Information available on this great and could this convention have been at tended by a thousand or fifteen hun dred farmers instead of by less than two Its usefulness would un doubtedly have been Increased In the same The next convention will bo held at the city of Medicine a point easily accessible by our prairie farm and we make this tisggestlon to the members of the local If the thought Is worthy of con sideration it can easily be put Into practise by seeing that your local is represented In the future sessions of tfie TREACHBKOU8 f On the FrMeh f Brltlih wouhdtd un der left shoulder eild Ger man wearing a Red Crow bras sard had shot him as he turned hie back and went Into a A British soldier seeing what shot the German I kept his pistol for a souvenir because It nearly got eald the TAKES OFF TAN 1 Make bleaching lotion j if skin is tanned or freckled t t T Squeeze the juice of two lemons into bottle containing three ounces of Orchard shake and you have a quarter pint of the best sunburn and tan and complex ion at very small Your grocer has the lemons and any drug store or toilet counter will sup ply three ounces of Orchard White tot a few Massage this sweetly fra grant lotion into the arms and hands each day and see how windburn and tan disappear and how soft and white the skin Yes It is sow land that is not in proper condi Years like 1901 and 1SS7 come like the coveted nugget to the gold at long and should be forgotten rather than that our farming operations be shaped shoddied to suit such excepional Keep Farm at The second great obstacle to suc cessful dry farming practices soil Nearly even spring we have more or less ot this scourge in Sas on both the very light and in the very heavy after being there are a number of effective cures for this that too few people although many are aware of Of course it goes without say ing that the very best remedy is seed ing thereby restoring the root fibre which acts as a binder to the shifting But at is both expensive and impractical in many districts so some other remedy must be employed in the Sowing fallow land with winter rye in August of the same year in which it is fallowed is an absolutely sure cure for drifting But many are so stiffnecked in our farming methods and so wedded to wheat that this dead sure remedy is not nearly as ount of that so Ladies Keep It on The Dresser en corn er callus then they lift a bag many of oats to the blindly It is to prescribe lust how much seed should be used in every as farms and even fields differ so much and then the annual rainfall differs Take the spring of 1918 for Instance following the dry year of last all lands should have been sown thinner than as there was so little re serve in the ground that the cloud moisture had in many districts to be relied upon from day to day and week to week the keep the crop But even with the two dry years in which we never had be fore over such a large areavthere are farms here and there over the coun where a fallow on clay land has been plowed early and deep last seas on and kept at home this spring and then not overloaded with which give promise of satisfactory returns amidst the desertlike conditionsthat prevail immediately where wrong methods Avoid Foolish It is surely high time in the West to cut out this sowing every acre stunt regardless of its condition or likelihood of growing a crop on an average This is largely what necessitates this frequent government HOG PRODUCTION It is a matter of the greatest importance that Canada should increase her produc tion of BACON HOGS and other live stock as there is at present a worldwide short age of Good markets for some time to come are THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE will gladly make loans to assist farmers in good standing to acquire live Mt i Lcthbridge generally and profitably employed as seert which in if it should practiced too frequently and indiscri The man on clay land who grows tends to pauperize some wheat on his fallow and to whose peOple and convert them into remit Yowl high fceels have put corns on your toes and calluses on your but why care now This tiny holds an magic A genius in Cincinnati dis covered thiai ether com pound and named it freez Small bottles freez cue can be had at any drug store for a few Never limp or twist your face in pain but get j a bottle of freezone and apply a few dsops on your aching corn or cal Instantly the soreness disappears and shortly you will find the corn or callus so shriveled and loose that you lift it off with the Just think You get rid of a hard soft corn or a corn between the as well as hardened cal without suffering one without tho slightest irritation of the surrounding Just a touch of freezone on a uore corn gives instant Food Will Win the War Serve your country and yourself by raising FOOD an the fertile plains of Western Tlic Canadian Pacific Railway makes it easy for you to Lands 111 to an acre irrigated land up to S50 20 years to Loan to assist settlers onirriga ted Get full particulars and free illus treted literature from UUN 90S IK CALGARY mind nothing else will do has still a chance to keep his farm at by duckfooting or discing it early in the spring hefore about three inches making sure to omit the use of the drag This form of cultivation largely covers up the fine powdery top soil and replaces it with wet soil from which quickly dries into hard chunky much less liable to This is not reck oned in itself good dry farming prac as a certain amount of moisture is lost by the but our soil must be kept at home at all as one years drifting like the pres ent not only destroys that particular but impairs the equal to eight or ten years In short this practice means spending the fal low year in conserving moisture and the spring following in losing part of that moisture in order to conserve the soil from Drifting Can be For years past many farmers have been practicing this preseeding form of tillage as above with marked with the result that such farmers amidst the de sertlike windswept conditions of many districts have prospects ot a fair crop of from 12 to 20 bushels per acre and even more in some Other farmers are getting good re sults iu the prevention of soil drift by thinly spreading with a man ure spreader six or eight loads of wcllrottod manure to the on the top of their freshlyplowed summer This manure being short and wellrotted does not interfere with subsequent to tillage for the killing of but it does constitute a very good binder in the ordinary for the shifting soil that has become such a terror to the owners of ourvery best worked Tlieae three most practical methods of combatting the drifting of summer fallowed the sowing winter rye in or disc ing in early all be used with the first on the parts which moat need the sec ond on any kind of land except low lying wot and the third on the A great advantage of com tance with the government play ing the part of the beneficent and in dulgent old The war is liable to be with us for years and we either in own or the na tions afford to farm any thing but our By all means let us prepare all the acres we have equipment to do right and at the right but to expand upon to any appreciable is contrary to the dry farming experience ot hundreds and thousands of our best and will tend Jo reduce rather than augment our aggregate Held I cannot conclude this talk better than by reading a copy of the Ten Dry Farming gotten out by the speaker in when con ditions in Saskatchewan were much the same as they are Fires and thieves break Dont risk the or invite the by keeping money in the Put it in The Merchants where it will be safe from always earn interest at highest current MCRCHANTS DANK Head Office OF CANADA Established LE1HBRIDGB MONARCH Acting NOBLBFORD Acting T THE Limited connection with the visit of the Canadian newspapermen visiting tho Clyde of the Citlgary Herald says We gazed on 25 miles of yard en gaged in the work of shipbuilding Imrderlng the Clyde on either side aintil the mind refused to register further Thousands upon thousands of busy workmen were re placing the devastation of Germanys submarine These were a part of what the Canadian press party In the Clyde shipyards they taw the development of Britains war work and they realized as never he tore itswonderful HAD A Matt former wel known resident of Moose Is in Josephs hospital nere suffering from the ef fects of a fall which occurred on 1B71 STANDARD BANK OF CANADA HEAD OFFICE TORONTO Money Orders and Drafts are issued by this Bank payable in all parts of the 234 13th 4th Avenue fc window at Ills while be was repairing vantages will occur on a moments re If at all possible that portion of the sumnierfalow to be town with i winter rye should be plowed the prei vious fall in order to provide u longer period to store up especially in dry seasons such us this and last There ure two other very important RESUME LIBERTY OF August Britain has given six months notice to the signatories of the Brussels sugar con vention i hut HUB intends to resuinu complete liberty of action in respect to her policy regarding OP CANADA A Valuable Feature ola Joint Account opened with the Union Bank of Canada in the names of two is that if one dies the family funds are not tied upx just when they are likely to be most The survivor can withdraw the money wlthom delay or Think it ojfen a Joint Account LETHBRIDQE Manauer BRANCH Manager BARONS BRANCH Manajer BANK Or MOM I ESTABLISHED OVER YEARS Safety Deposit Boxes It is unwise to keep Insurance Papers and other valuables in a house or Safety Deposit Boxes in the vaults ol this Bank may be rented at a moderate MCAD AUCTION SALE ON AUGUST 13th AT THE LETHBRIDGE SALE AND FEED BARN STARTING AT TWO OCLOCK SHARP CATTLE WAGONS HORSES AND HARNESS 2 bay 3 years 2400 and broke to work 2 bay 5 years 1600 and broke to work 2 bay 4 years 2600 and broke to work 2 brown 6 and 7 2800 broke to work 2 chestnut 3 years 1100 halter broke 2 bay 9 years 2400 2 black 5 years 2500 and broke to work 2 bay 8 years 3200 1 bay 5 years 1200 1 buckskin 8 years 1100 1 brown u saddle 4 years 1100 1 grey mare 2 years old 1 roan S years 1100 1 Welsh pony 8 years 700 1 saddle 5 years 1100 3 regist red Shorthorn Durham 2 years 3 to 7 years old 5 to 7 years due to be fresh shortly 1 due to be fresh January 1 heavy lumber arm and grain tank 1 heavy lum ber 3 with water tank to hold ten barrels of water 1 single buggy 1 single set of harness 2 double sets of heavy team harness 2 double sets of heavy driving team harness 1 set of double team light driving harness 1 set of plow NO RESERVE TERMS CASH SMITH AUCTIONEER A Prosperous City worth of Grain and other field pro ducts pass annually through the City of are you putting aside a little for the lean years which will come Buy a Victory Bond or two and see that your Will is properly The British Canadian Trust HEAD 315 FIFTH STREET ALBERTA PHONE 1843 For Many Reasons Trust Companies are preferred as EXECUTORS AND TRUSTEES UNDER Their fees are never more than is allowed to private Consult us about YOUR WILL FULLEST INFORMATION FREELY GIVEN WITHOUT EXPENSE OR OBLIGATION TO The Trusts and Guarantee limited CALGARY AND ALBERTA LETHERIDGE OFFICE BANK OF CpMMERCE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATOR AND OFFICIAL ASSIGNEE FOR THE JUDICIAL DISTRICTS OF MEDICINE LUND SON Wholesale and Retail Dealers in LUMBER Mouldings and Finishing Lumber Builders Supplies of All Kinds CONSULT US REGARDING WE BUILD HOUSES TO ORDER HEAD OFFICE AND DISTRIBUTING CORNER THIRD AVENUE AND SEVENTEENTH BRANCH YARDS AT CHIN AND BARN AT THESE POINTS WE HANDLE FENCING MATER HARDWARE AND FARM BOX OR PHONE LETHBRIDGE ;