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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 10, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta PACK EIGHT T11E LETHBRIDGE DAILY HERALD OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER Address by Hon. W. R. Molhenvell at the Western Irrigation Congress, Nelson, B. C., July 27, 1918. Mthougb noi generally looked uuoa such. Dry 1-armtoB U the Elsl' er of irrlgatioji. Half ol tho world's1 arable surface sets Insufficient ram- fall from Ihc clouds during Itio crop growing season. This shortage, if sat- isfactory yields'' are to he obtained. mast be mads up in one of two ways: (a) Irrigation or (b) Dry farming. The former simply means the utili- by artificial of our natural preclpation aCter 11 has lirsl assembled lu our rivers, lakes, etc.. by means of the ordinary "run off." The latter means briefly the retention of our natural precipitation in the soil as It-falls by means of proper tillage methods performed at the proper iiuie Inasmuch as the time of doing this tillage is quite as Important as the 'manner of doing it. it is obviously and highly important not to undertake to till tho- whole face of tie earth, ivhei one has only half the necessary to do it with. And this latter point lie- comes all the more exacting and iru perative when one remembers the tens short growing season on the prairie and tbe still shorter rainy one. even growing weeds, grass and rubbish on th'e more "dropping" years. :Nesd of Summerfaliow i Saskatchewan hai an avera e pr i cipitation (rain anil snow L-ombincd; of about 17 Inches per, annum. This 1 not sufficient to grow successful- crop on irons ecutire years beyond a ver few years. Hence tho necessity of skip- rior to rlowlus- Drv farming, by tho above njeiliod, Mans rapid nulrlficatlon asd emujly old sail humus which sbou.d restored by aw and all means available if a soil's and productivity is to be preserved. Tae Iwo greatest obstacles lo suc- cesslul dry farming methods on the > vrairie are: First, the teauita Ion to 1111 and crop more than one 3is rower properly and limely thereby losing moisture by ovapora Ion Second, overmuch or thoughtless tillaze Ibe there by losing land by drifting. Bushels Not Acres. The normal tendency ot Ibe west towards too large farms for the power available. This lias been accentuated since war by an Indis- criminate- campaign for greater pro- duction through the medium ol great- er acreage regardless of Its condition, bv (hose who should know better. Wilh the natural result that .when drouth pervades ihe lind, thousands oud tens of thousands ot acres that should never have been.sown lake the" count on the tirst round. Super- ficial advisers tell us "Oh! we are at war and every acre possible must be Surely conditions on Ihe prairie tills year must once more de- monstrate- the fallacy of such unfor- tunate teaching. Just because we are faclors In dry land farming that de- serve more than passing attention. The prevalence of weeds aud ihe am- ount of seed sown ver acre, are sometimes referred to as the far- mers best frteud. aud to Ibe eiteul that they compel him to r.roiwii> Ills land, they may be boked upon In thai light. But Just to Ihe cxtenl they are pennilled to occupy Ihe soil thr-y acively compete with the crop for heir share of the scauty moisture con- tent of tho soli, very much to the dp- Irimeut ol Ihe croi> and the owners sank accoiml. in more humid coun- tries ihe loss from weeds Is usually not so noticeable. But under our semi- arid conditions tho presence ol weeds otlen means ruiu. Quantity of Seed. The amount of seed sown iier acre, especially In west and south-west Sas- katchewan, on a very dry year fre- quently determines Ihe success or lall- lire of a crop. Ilecause ot the variation in our soil, methods of tillage, and the kind ol year ahead ol us. no hard and last quanlity of seed per acre can be determined upon. Eipcrleuce. how- PROBLEMS OF THE ORGANIZED FARMERS (Some Nuts to Crack by [lie U. P. A., by S. S. Duubam. Ex Vicc-Pres.) ever. with respec t to this very Impor- raav percolate freely into tbe soil in- stead of running off or being used up LEMON JUICE TAKES OFF TAN Girls! Make bleaching lotion if skin' is sunburned. tanned or freckled Squeeze tho juice of two lemons int i bottle containing three ounces o Orchard White, shake yo nave a quarter pint of the best freckle sunburn and tan lotion, and complex ion beautlfier, at cos Your grocer has the lemons and an drug atore or toilet counter will sup ply three ounces ol Orchard While to u few cents. Massage this sweetly fra grant lotion Into the face, neck, arm and hands each day and see ho freckles, sunDura. windburn and ta lisappear and how clear, soft an LWhite the skin becomes. Yesj It harmless. Ladies! Keep It on The Dresser Few 'drapy endeavoring in some way to ami- ale It wilU ihe farmers organizations of Iho different provinces. Indeed ev- ery local U. r'. A. Is now elitilkHl to delegaies, and it Hie locals of Ihe different provinces will adoiit the jractiso of being represented at the convention, they will have no dlltl- ciiliy in determining Us policy, lu Ilils way tills convention might be- come the technical convention of lae tanners of the west, and by the au- pllcalion of the principles lhat could thus become more widely known, would immensely increase tha pros- perity of the farmers, and the lion to bo obtained by (he better methods of farming thus discussed. For throughout the greater portion of Western Canada there can bo no doubt that tho limiting factor ot pro- duction on the farms, generally suci'.k- .ng, is tlio amount ot moisture avail- able. How lo conserve and distrib- ute in the most practical manner the available moisture is tlio great prob- lem that confronts the farmer. Tils remedy, in tho great majority cf cases, is not that of Irrigation, hut two hundred, its usetulucss woull un- doubtedly huvc been increased in the same proportion. Tho next couveutlon will bo held ul the city of Medicine Hat, a point easily accessible by our prairie farm- erg, and we make'this to Ihe members of the local U. F. A.'s, ami, it the thought is worthy ot con- sideration it can easily be put into practise by seeing lhat your local is tho future sessions [he convent to u. SATUHDAY. AUGUST, 10 1918 TREACHEROUS HUN, On the French front, Auj. One British captain, vnoundtd urv der the left shoulder a Ocr. man wearing a Red Cross bras, ssrd hid him at he turned hli back and went inlo a dlljout. A British soldier nearby, seeing what happened, shot the German dead. "I kept Ws pistol for a njuvenir because it nearly got said the officer. BANK OF MONTREAL ESTABLISHED OVtK 119 YLAUS Safety Deposit Boxes 'It is unwise to keep Bonds, Securities, Insurance Papers and other valuables in a house or office. Safety Deposit Boxes in the vaults of this Bank may be rented at a moderate charge. HEAD OrFICC.MCMTHr.AL. the solution-of the problelri whether It be" lo avoid drought, to supply, water for domestic and stock purposes, or the solution of tho grazing problem. Hie subject Is none the less acute'and Jililcult of solution. It behooves the farmers to obtain all tiilormilion available on (his great and could Shi's convention have been at- tended by a1 thousand or fifteen Vuu- dred tanners instead of by less thftn ears out of-five it does noi pay to I o[ a bag ot oats lo the acre, ow land that is not in proper ,hnt SD manf Mindly follow. U is mpossibte. however, 'to prescribe much on. Years-like 1915, 1901 and 1SS7 ome like the coveted nugget to Ibe old diseer.'at-lqng intervals, and hould be forgotten rather than lhat ur fanning operations be shaped aoi noddled lo suit such escepional years. Ket'j.'.Farm at Home. The second; great obstacle to suc- essful dry farming practices is. soil rilling Nearly e'very spring we have more or less ol this scourge ir, Sas- katchewan, on'both the very light and n the 'very heavy soils, alter being allowed: Fortunately, however, there >re a number ol effective cures lor this plague! that far, too few people many-sre aware o them. 01 course it goes without say ing that the very best remedy is seed ins down, 'thereby restoring Ihe rop fibre which acts as a .binder to the shilling soil. But this, at presenl, is both expensive and impractical in many districts so some other remedy must be employed (in the meantime. Sowing fallow land with winter ry n August ol the same year in which it Is failower] is an absolutely sur cure for drifting soil. But many 61'u are so stiff-necked .in our farmin methods and so wedded to wheat tha Ihls dead sure remedy is not nearly a generally and profitably employed as it should be. The man on clay land who grows wheat on his fallow and to whose mind nothing'else will do has still a chance to keep his farm at home, by duck-tooling or discing" It early in the ust how much should ,be used n every instance.'as farms and even elds diifer so much and then the nnual rainfail differs also. Take Ihc pring of '191S for instance; following he drv year ot last season, all lands hould have been sown thinner than normally, as there was so little erve In the ground that the cloud moisture had in many dislricls lo be relied upon from day lo day and week to week the keep the crop growing. But even wilh the two dry years in succession, which we. never had be- fore over such a large are farms hero and there try, where a fallow on clay land has been plowed early and deep last seas on and kept at home this spring ant then not overloaded with seed, which give promise 'of satisfactory returns amidst tho desert-like prevail immediately adjoining, "where wrong methods were followed. Avoid Foolish Advice. It is surely high time in the West to cut out this '.'sowing every acre" stunt regardless ot Us condition or likelihood