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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 10, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETHIilUDGE, ALBERTA. SA'IIJUDAY, AUC.I'S'I' 10 HJIS NUMBER 204 400B FROM HUNS MONT DIDIER IS RETAKEN-PRISONERS TOTAL NOW 24,000 British Agent at Moscow Arrested Together With Other British Officers. REPRISAL TAKEN BY PLACING GUARD ON RUSS. AGENT, LONDON London, Aug. 10.-British flov-ernment advices through Swedish channels say that the reason given for the arrest of British consuls at Moscow Is that mem-bere of the Soviet, v/ere said to have been ahot at Archangel. The British government has demanded the release of Robert H. ' B. Lookhart, attached to the British embassy in Russia, but no immediate threatening steps will be taken. Canadians Sweep Into Battle With Irresistibie Eagerness; Take Towns Canadians, Fr^sh From Long Rest, Eager for Battle-Take All First Objectives and are Continuing Advance-Losses Are Comparatively Light-Canadian Tanks Operate. London, Aug. 10.-In reprisal for the arrest at Moscow of Robert H. Lockhart, British consular agent at Moscow, and other British officials by the Bolsheviki, M. Litvinoff, the Bolsheviki emissary in London, has been placed under police supervision, The Daily Mall states. CANADIAN CAPTURES  London, Aug. 10.-Canadian and Australian forces capUired Bouchoir, Meharicourt and Lihons, and have entered Rainecou.rt and Provart. The French forces captured Le Tronquoy, Lefretoy and Assainvillers. (Ky tondon. Aug. 10.-Roljort if. I,oclv Jiart. acting consul general in Moscow ami six Britlshens attachotl to lii.s staff and spvor.il French diplomatic aKent.�! liuve booii arrested in Mo.scow hy tho UolsUovikl, says the llnily Mail. Tlie newspaper attributea to the for olgn. office a statement lliat tltoro is 'no reason to believe it is true that tho British Archangel allot reprc sojitaUvos of Uie Soviet and lulds: "There -was some shooting l)ctoro Archangel incidental to the landing but this could only liavo lioou in reply to shots Cirod at, our forces hy the Uol-Bheviki forces. Tho arrest lU Moscow of Ijocldiart is of course an act of hostility Iti intornatfonnl law and will bo Ko regardoil hy us." Mr. Lockhart Is a Britlsli consular agent who was sent to Moscow some time ago to maintain unoillolal rola--tlons with tho Bolslvevlkl. There have , boon no reports that any of those under arrest wore harmed. I/ord Hobert Cecil, under secretary of state for foreign affairs, commenting on tho situation, said; "It there was an organized govorn-jnont in Moscow, of course it would influn war. But as there Is no real gov-erumont, no inimodiato steps will ho talten affecting the Bolsheviki." British Consul Arrested. l.iondon, Aug. 9.-fDelnyud.)-Tho 30vonlns No^yB says that .1. 0. Ward-rop, tho British consul at .Moscow, was arrosted along witii 11. llii i^ockhart. Messrs. Lockhart and \\'ardrop re-malnod in Moscow when the diplomatic staff Avent to Arcliangel. J. F. B. Llvesay, Canadian Press Correspondent in Franco.) Witli the Canadian Forces, Aur. 10.-Although the full fruits of the great victory on the Sonirai! are not yet garnered, enough is known at this time to place it among the imporlshaljlo deeds of arms of this war. Tho Canadian forces hold an honorable position. In the Allied armies which attacked the enemy lines on a twenty mile front. The Canadians went: over the fop at 4:20 on August 8 and sixteen minutes later the first prisoners began to corao in. By eight o'clock a large part of the initial objective had been captured. Canadians Used Tanks. The victory has been notable for a number of things. For the first time tho Canadian cavalry found itself on the ."amo battle-Held with tli� infantry. For the first time, too. tho Canadian forces employed tanks in large numbers, both of the heavy and "whippet" varieties. Also it wan tho first time that Canadians had fought side by side wltli their brethren from Australia. Tho victory, however, Is notable chiefly for tho wonderful staff work that alone made it possible. There was no artillery preparation in tho Allied Airplanes y\ie Co-operating in Great Drive, and Cause Much Darnaiie. MIAN AEROS OS Rome, Aug. 10.-The feat of dropping manlfestoB on Vienna Friday evening wa� accomplished by a patrol of eight Italian, machine* and all returned safely except one. The airplanes were commanded by Captain Gabriel D'Annunzio. The patrol Was comprised of one biplane and seven monoplanes. The total flight was about one thouiand kilometres of which 800 wai over enemy territory. M NEW DRIVE Surprised at Manner in Wliich Offensive is Being Kepi Up. I.,ondon, Aug. 10.-Surprise is notably mingled with gratification iq the comment of tho morning nowspaper-s on tho continued advance of tho Anglo-French forces in tho Sonime region. No offonpjvc in which the British army han participated, it is remarked, ovpr made so tnuch progress on thci opening day and although the advance was slower on Friday this, itrt is contended, wan only to be expected. The full story of Friday's operations apparently has not yet boon told, us bad visibility made it rttftlcnlt to obtain news from tlio t'lghtlng front. Tho employment of a,largo number of light, fast tanks-"the whippets"- with strong forces of cavalry. Is regarded OH giving entry to a now feature of tho buttle. 'I'Uo military corroapoiulent of the Tlnies, ]"Rferring to the romarkablo speed dovoloped by tlio .whippets In keeping pace with tho cavalry foro-8oea a futuro when every heavy artilleryman win have a small, light tank, Avhilo sv.'arms of airmen will take the place of tlie heavy and light infantry. Tho extraordinary development of aircraft in pursuit of the onemy is also remarked. The sorvlcos they,rendered obviously wore of tho utmost military value, which it is hoped is not out of proportion to the losses. The number of airmen officially not returned reach the high figure of fifty. This was mostly duo to fire from tho ground uiu\ Is.cumprohQnslble.in view of the fact that they flew at a height of only a few liundrod faet, bombing tho U'uins standing at tho junctions, ufjual sense of the word. Tlie men went in immediately behind the biirrago and kept up with it as i! advanced. The Bochi.^ was taken completely by surprise and prisoners were astounded to find they wore stirreuderlng to tho Canadians. Were Irrepressible. The Canadian soldiers went over into action with more irrepressible eagerness and deter-niination .not. toyhp, refused - thiuj,. they did Thursday.. Behind the rampart of vtilor they had built at Vimy .and Arras they have lain all 1111.1 spring and summer chafing that they were denied their opportunity of taking ))art alongside their cavalry and machine gun brigade in stemming the tide of tlio llun invasion. On Thursday though tired from a march that iKirniitled little re.st before the battle, they went over the top with tho unbeatable spirit of the men who fought and died at Ypres, on tho Sonime and in a dozen glorious fields. It was a clear, starry night with the faint light of dawn touching tho eastern sky. Of a sudden, with one deafening pulse the roar of guns broke out. Far to the right was the flicker of tho French Tij's and of the AmGrican field guns and heavies. Immediately on the Canadian flank the Australians i)ut up a groat .show in a sector wiuuo tliey had fought for several days past. Beyond � them the Imperial troops went Into action. A Dense Fog. Unfortuiiatel.v, on tho firs: day's fighting, as tho dawn increased tho visibility became poor. A dense fog swept down into the valleys. While this was protection against machine gunners, it greatly increased the difliculty of the troops finding their way over un-Icnown ground. In the first day's lighting tho Canadian losses were riot unduly heavy. One unit had rather heavy caa-ualtlea in its first .attack, but succeeded in taking its objective aftor the tanks had come to its rolnforcement. Owing to the poor viaibllity. there was litllo fighting in the air on Thursday over tho Canadian sector. Many PrlsoVrers. Ottawa, Aug. 10.-Definite eonflr-mation of the reports that the Canadian losses In yesterday's fighting on thn Sommo front wore light and thoy captured a large nunibor of prisonors, was received this morning from Sir Robort Borden. BROUGHT DOWN 62 HUN MACHINES IN THE FIRST DAY COMMANDER OF .SUB WHICH SANK LUSITANIA. IS DEAD London, Aug. 10.-Lieut.-Col. Mander Schweiger, who commanded the submarine which sank the Lusitania, is dead. His death occurred in September, 1917, but it has only been admitted by the German admiralty according to reports received here. Last September Schweiger, in command of the U-88 was in the Bight of Heligoland with another submarine. Both boats submerg-and. the other commander felt a chain sweeping along the side of his boat and believed he had run into an unknoivn British mine field. A terrific explosion under water followed. The second boat rose rapidly and signalled for the other. There was no reply. A vain watch was kept for the U-88 and she has not been heard from since. There is little doubt, the report says, that she sank. French in New Attack Carry Advance Beyond Mont Didier and Penetrate Hun Lines Four Miles-Total Advance is Now Thirteen Miles-Chaulnes is Surrounded, and Peronne May Soon be Threatened. London, Aug. 9.-Sixty Ceniian air-))lanes were destroyoil by British aviators or driven down out of control in the fighting of August S when the Allied offensive in I'icurdy opened, to-night's oflicial statement on avia-i lion operations showed. Fifty British machines are mlsslug, tho British losses being due ciriefly to fire from the ground. The statement says: "On August S our airplane squadrons co-operated with other arms on the battlefront throughout the day. Tho line reached by our attacking infantry was reported liy our contact airplanes. Tho positions of the hostile artillery in action and columns of German infantry and transport on the march were signalled to our guns by our artillery nuuliinos. Otlior ma-chinos supplied niir advanced troops with ammunition from tho air. Co-operate With Tanks. "Co-operation with the tanks was carried out .systcuiatically. Our machines assisted the tank crews with information, attacked strong points and others witli bombs and machine gun fire and dropping ^smoko bombs aljng tho line of advance, assisted the approach of tho tanks. "Our contact machines working with tho cavalry rendered valuable assistance. Flying low in front of our advancing lino our fighting squadrons shot at and bombiHl the enemy in his retreat, causing liavoo among the masses of hostile troops and transports congested with trafllc. "Our bombing ^.{luadrons flying a few huiulr.;d feet from the ground, attacked trains, railway junctions and bridges. 'Forty eight liostilo machines are re-porto(l as destroyed by our airplanes and seventeen others were driven down out of control. Five hostile balloons were shot down in finmes, Il'lfty of our machines are missing, most of these casualties being due to fire from the gfouud. One of our night flying machines also tailed to return. Hope For Victory in 18 Months Canadian Editor Says Allies Have Planned To Crush Huns In That Time. ^ THE WEATHER High ... Low ... Forecast- -Fair and coot. 69 46 ? o c> o � ? ? a it With the British Army in' Franco, Aug. 10-(10.45 a.m.)-(Associated Press.)-^Tho enemy seems to bo retreating all along tho battle line, especially in tho centre where he la being heavily attacked, by the British, In their advance tho British have captureil WarvlUera, Vroly, Folios, Rosleros and .VauvUlora. In tho course of the fighting a German divisional houdquur-ters and atal'f wore captured. � DURING THE IIS Serious Charge May Be Laid in Connection with Toronto Riots. London, Aug. 10.-(By F. D. L. Smith, editor Toronto Daily News to Canadian Press.)-"Some days ago I cabled that fresh events of unusual importance were pending on the western front and that Canadian troops would have an important part therein. I knew then, but was unable to say that Canadian forces which I visited two weeks ago in the Arras sectoV had been moved south to the Amiens region. ��'According to Chancellor Bonar Law they now form a part of the fourth British army and have had a part in that army's latest successful attack under tho leadership of Field Marshal Haig. "Canadian infantry, cavalry and artillery were In splendid fighting form when we inspected theni and nobody need be surprised if they maintain the glorious traditions established at Vpres, Vimy Ridge and a dozen other historic battles. The whole outlook of the war has been materially altered for the better in the last month. The German retirement should, however, not bo accepted as indicating an early termination of the war. Qyeat Britain an'd her allies have matured such preparations for concerted action on land and sea and In the air as it is hoped will end in crushing and final defeat for the enemy during the next sixteen or eighteen months." BATTLE LINE IS NOW SWEEPING AS FAR AS ARRAS-GENERAL RETIREMENT OF GERMANS FROM MONT DIDIER LINE NOW, London, Aug. lO.-The important town of Mont .Didier which was approxiately at the apex, of the German salient south of the Somme has been captured by the allies. A NEW ATTACK London, Aug. 10.-French troops attacked at four Toronto, .Aug. 10.-In connection with tho looting of tlio restaurants and cafes destroyed during tho recent rioting considerable information regarding the disposition of the goods has been coming into iioiice'headquarters. While no ono lia.s yot boon arrested on the charge of tlioft there are several persona now in custody on whom the more serious charge mivy bo laid. It is understood timt the police are, recovering liiuch of tho stolen goods. Latest yeporis show that tho total damage will amount to about ?7ri,000, William C. Miller, sopvetary of the Re-tall Merchants' Association, is still busy on tho'osllniutcB and states that moat of the damage was iipon coffee urns, marble tables and mirrors. UN RETIRE U I DROP MANIFESTOS OVER VIENNA Rome, Aug. 9.-A squadron of Italian airplanes commanded by Captain D'Annunzio, has flown over Vienna and dropped manifestos. Tho nirplanes were not mo-leattd. E PROM FRENCH FORCE Turis, Aug. 10.-Tilt Oernian retire-' mont is under heavy pressure from the French armies. Behind Von Hutior is a country that was completely devastated during tlio Gorntan evacuation in tho spring of lfll7 and which was again over run during I lie Gorman offensive In March of this year. Tho territory offers lUtlo opportunity for the formation of a defensive line for an artny in full rfetrcat. It was in this region that virtually every tree was felled by the Germans last Jfarch so aa to take from the British and French armies any cover that might be afforded. Between the lines now being evacuated by Von Hutler and the Hindonburg lino, eastward of Noslo and Ham, are old trench systems running from Noyon tvestward through LaBsiiniy and thence northward to Hoyo.f These trenches n.*e now somewhat dilapidated. Further eastward before tho iUn-denburg line is reached are several streams and tho northern canal where delaylhi; actions might bo foughU o'clock the line between Mont Didier and the Oise River on a front of approximately sixteen miles and at 10 a.m. hc-.d pred an acivai.ce of four miles, occording to news received shortly after noon tod-y. The French line at that hour ran through Favorelles, Pienne, Rollot, Cuvilly, Rossons-Sur-Matz and Vignemont. This line puts Mont Didier behind the French line. TOTAL OF 24,000 PRISONERS London, Aug. 10.-The number of prisoners taken from the Germans in the fighting in Picardy has increased to 24,000 today's war office statement announces. American troops delivered an attack in the angle between the Somme and the Ancre and achieved a considerable success. British and American troops captured the town of Morlancourt between the Somme and the Ancre. RETREAT FROM NOYON LINE Paris, Aug. 10.-The German army of General Von Hutier is retreating from the Mont Didier-Noyon line. ADVANCE OF THIRTEEN MILES London, Aug. 10.-When the French captured Beaufort Friday they had made an advance of 13 miles eastward from Castel. This is the maximum infantry advance of the present offensive thus far reported. ALLIED LOSSES ARE LIGHT London, Aug. 10.-(4.40 p.m.)-(Associated Press.)-The guns captured by the allies are now nearly 400 in number. No further count of prisoners had come in at this hour, but the-total is probably mounting rap-' idly because of the disorganization of the Germans. The allied casualties, including aliahe killed, wounded and missing are less than 6,000, or not more than one-fourth of the number of prisoners counted. On the otKv* hand, the German casualties are terribly heavy. CAUGHT COLONELS PUTTING ON LEGGINQ8 ' With the French Army in France, Aug. 9.-(Associated Press.)-The French contlnued-their progress northwest of Mont Dlddler today reaatv ing the line of Courtemanche-P(errepont-HangeBt and increasing the number of prisoners to four thousand, Including three eolonels with Uielf complete staffs. So quick did the infantry'pUsh en with the supporting tanks that *�ve colonels were caught while putting on their.leggings. The soldiena captured manifested Joy that the war was' over for them and pounced upon, the provisions given them like famished men. The officers showed Ml-humor and grumbled because they had to walk to the rear and could not ride. V SPREADING SOUTH OF ARRAS London, Aug. 10.-The Picardy battle is spreading to the south of Arras, the Pall Mall Gazette says this afternoon. Heavy fighting occurred this morning In the battle area, with tho allies making satisfactory progress and taking targe numbers of prisonem. CL0.8E IN ON CHAULNES London, Aug. 10.-Canadian cavafry which is operating ^ close to ' Chaulnes report that the enemy is fighting strong rearguard' actions, !� order to enable the stores of ammunition and guns to be removed fraS that town. FAVORABLE PROGRESS Paris, Aug. 10.-The retrograde movement of the Germans is'beino : accelerated by the favorable progress of the new attack south of MQnt Didier, The retreat of Von Hutier's army Is showing traces of utmost haste. Much war material Is being left behind. Von Hutler'9 retreat from Mont Didier was cut off when the Fr^^nett captured Favorelles. The German positions along the Mont Dldler-R^^e :'] Road Is precarious. The German rear guards are fighting desperately;- ',V ICONTINUEO ON PAGE FOUU) 1.1 8300?8 317299 07885985 ;