Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 9, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
AuiuM 1973 THI IETHIRIDOI HCRALD g Watergate show holds TV audience By Michael London Observer commentator WASHINGTON It Is a con- versational dicta in Washing- ton these days that the Ameri- can people are getting bored with Watergate. It is also often said that public interest in' the Senate Watergate committee hearings declines with distance from Washington. Neither of these opinions is it seems. Every week- the entire hearings are televised by one or other of the three national television networks. Ninety-six per cent of all American homes contain television sets. When the hear- ings on 17 the net- works were apprehensive. They normally feed their daytime audiences an intellectually-un- csmanding diet of soap old and give-away shows on for newly- married couples answer fully embarrassing questions and are rewarded with suit- cases or encyclopedias. Water- the networks would prove too complex and serious for hundreds of thous- 1471 by The national mood is clear. People are weary of the crippled a sick stock market and TV ands of regular daytime view- ers. At the viewing figures did indeed decline. But lately the hearings have been attract- ing audiences that are only marginally smaller than the soap opera audiences. It is not judging by the latest fig- that voters in Oregon or New Mexico are less interested in Watergate than voters in New Jersey. The one place in the nation where the figures are substantially lower than the national average down by 30 per cent is New which is merely one more illustration of the old truth that New York is the least representative city in the United States. watching Water- gate on television has evidently become an addiction. A mother of three told me that she gets up at 6 cooks and and does- the housework by a.m. so that she can spend the day in un- interrupted viewing. I asked does the name Ed- ward Joseph Warren mean to She at once was the alias used by Howard the Watergate and it was supplied to him by the Central Intelligence Attendance al the Senate cau- cus room where the hearings are held in some less satisfactory than staying home and -watching television. You pick up the gossip in the cau- cus but you cannot al- ways hear what the and you rarely see his face. On you miss very the audience in the cau- cus room did not see the shak- ing hands of John the former as millions of viewers did. Some- the cameras look over the shoulders of the Senators and examine their notes. All the witnesses have their law- yers at hand of them look shiftier than their and from time to time the view- ers through the the lawyers' whis- pered advice. You don't hear that if you are in the caucus room. Senator Sam the com- mittee described Watergate the other day as the greatest tragedy in the- history of the United States. One of the many peculiarities of this trag- edy is that its full extent is being revealed to the entire na- tion 'simultaneously. Time and during the wit- nesses have averred that they learned some crucial Watergate event not from colleagues or fellow conspirators but from television. When Alexander a former White House revealed that the president had been taping all his own the watching millions were stunned by the news at exactly the same moment as some 400 peo- ple in the White House. The more you the more you want to watch. Few witnesses testify for less than four one or two have testified for four days. After an hour or you begin to feel that you know each witness ra- ther well. Witnesses often begin with a resume of their life stor- and sometimes the Sena- tors ask them questions about motives that mcst people would hesitate to put to close friends. Ous may or may not be getting a true impression of the diar- acters of the but one certainly gets a very strong impression. Part of the fascination arises from the fact that each fresh witness presents a problem to the viewer of to the Is the witness telling the whole truth he has sworn or part of the No witness so I think r 1973 car published a study on automobile gas It rates every 1973 in Here Datsun............... Honda Sedan............. BuickOnl............... Dodge Colt.............. Volkswagen Sedan Chevrolet Vega 2300...... Ford Pinto Wagon......... Fill Sedan............... MaidiSedln............ American MolOrt Gremlin.. Plymouth Valiant Duster.... Volvo 145................ Ford Maverick............ Mercedes-Benz 220....... American MutonJtvelm... Chevrolet Nova.......... Chevrolet Cheveile........ Dodge Dart.............. Ford Station Plymouth Fury............ Rolls-Royce Silver Shadow. Chrysler Imperial Cadillac Eldorado. Ferrari Gallon U S Gal. Imp Gat. 28 7 35 9 259 323 23 9 29 8 227 284 217 27 Z 21 S 269 212 208 238 IBS 248 180 228 224 177 222 183 30' 162 203 14.3 179 128 161 118 148 10 S 133 10.1 127 97 B2 118 8Z 118 9.1 162 7.9 They found that a Datsun 1200 goes further on a gallon of gas than any of the others. So if you drive a Datsun 1200 vault save money on and you'ft burn a lot less of the fuel that causes much of .our air pollution. If you're or if you're'ecotogy-mlrwJed... all you really need is a Datsun 1200 DATSUN This is ourmQefltoosflM.saving device DATSUN And hereto mm you to see. FOREIGN CAR LTD. apart from the man who re- vealed the existence of the president's secret has been universally believed. Some of the conflicts of testimony no be accounted for by what has become known as Ervin's which elates that even two well-intentioned men can differ in their recollection of past events. On the it is hard to avoid the conclusion that most of the differences in evidence are produced by deli- berate rather than by what Mr. Mitchell referred to as Behind every moment's viewing is a how do you tell the difference between a liar and an honest It used to be said hopefully that the glare of television automatically showed up the but this is not the case. You become aware that your judgments are often based on very flimsy grounds. You find your- self believing one then believing the next and then from the con- flict of that you can- not believe both. Even for a the cumulative effect of the daily parade of possible or probable can be deep- ly depressing. Senator George Mr. Nixon's Demo- cratic opponent in last year's says that the hearings become interesting every and more and he may be speaking for a lot of Americans. Whatever view one takes of President Nixon's complicity in the Watergate one cannot avoid the conclusion that there have been per- and criminals at the highest levels of his adminis- tration. If one thinks that Mr. Nixon and his two former lieu- H. R. Haldeman and John are telling the then one must con- cede that his friend tfie former John his former legal counsel in the White John and his former personal Herbert are perjiir- ers and guilty of obstruction of justice. There is much comment in Washington and opinion polls about the low standing that politicians have in the public because of Watergate. But the people that Americans are seeing at the witness some of whom will shortly be on are not elected politi- they are busi- ness advertising ex former members of the Federal Bu- reau of accoun- tants. The great majority of Ameri- cans are conventional and mid- dle-of-the-road. They are greatly shocked to learn about acts of polititial sabotage and Amer- icans have never had an ele- vated view of their politicians. It will perhaps not be too diffi- for them to find unalarming explanations for the behavior of the ambitious young men in the Nixon ad- ministration who were corrup- ted by power. But what are they collectively thinking about the middle-aged witnesses who attend the hearings in conser- vative looking like pillars of the chamber of and then describe the incredi- indefensible activities in while on public they became The complete range of scan- dal and criminality has not yet been fully exposed. For in- there are still af- fluent contributors to the presi- dent's million campaign fund who are to be investigated for possible violation of federal laws. How are the respectable millions who think of them- selves as the backbone of Am- erica going to accommodate to the undeniable which accumulates of the mor- al and technical corruption of so many of their own 1102 3rd Ave. South 328-9651 There tre more than 1300 Datsun dealers across Canada anu the United States. Lethbridge Alberta Book in brief Man Rides by H. Allen Smith 278 One might think that H. Allen Smith would run out of subjects about which to write this book includes 56 pieces and there have been 35 books ahead of this one. But Smith appears to have an inexhaustible supply of topics and an irrepressible enthusiasm for poking his pen. so to into whatever inter- ests him. Most of the contributions to this collection have appeared in an assortment prefers the word of mag- azines. They range from things that happen at home to liter- ary problems. The word that best describes the book en- tertaining. DOUG WALKER IlliliEillllliE Why did It By Terry Fleelwood School A recent news report said that an open area school was to be converted back to a conventional classroom school. There must have been many reasons for rebuilding the walls but a major complaint was the dis- traction caused by noise and confusion from other classes in the same area. Noise can be a serious problem. The Smithsonian Magazine and a National Re- search Council study have pinpointed some of the health hazards caused by noise. It seems reasonable that in any area where concentrated work is carried on there should be as little distraction as possible. Try disturbing a court a council or school board meeting and see how quickly you are thrown In our educational hierarchies there are those vho c'aim that noise is unimportant. One of the most fatuous remarks ever made only disturbs not the It's also interesting to note that many who dismiss noise as a problem do no teaching themselves. They hibernate in quiet offices in our schools and local high commands and shun the agony of teaching as much as possible. Those who are left to teach know that noise is bad for teachers and students. It's tough on students who want to work and an in- tolerable burden for teachers who are try- ing to give instruction. Perhaps enough thought was not given to the proD'ems of organizing an open area school. The open area concept is one of the few educational innovations that has some merit. Open plus team teach- plus a non-graded system could be a winning combination for any school. One would draw on the strengths of staff mem- bers to build UD a challenging curriculum that would be flexible enough to meet the needs of al' students. such a pro- gram demands ability in organization and planning plus academic assets not always noticeable in our educational Inno- vators. It's strange that school trustees are so generous in providing funds for innovative projects but are often reluctant to insist on some form of evaluation of what is sup- posed to have happened. It doesn't matter how impressive the physical plant or scheme if what is happening is no different from what goes on in other schools then our innovation is a sham. It might be a good idea to have a thorough check-up every years on all new projects just to ensure that satisfactory progress is being made. But perhaps it wasn't just noise and poor organization that caused the failure. It could have been the inevitable end of a fad or educational folly that should never have started in the first p'.ace. Our edu- cational empires are full of ambitious peo- ple who will jump on any innovative band- wagon. The fnnge benefits for the passen- gers can be very valuable. Teachers earn gel to attend conferences dur- ing school time and at school board ex- and receive other favors if they give allegiance to what turns out to be the right project. For those who have already escaped from the support for the latest fad offers proof that educationally they are it' and justifies that lucrative position that they hold. The ones who gain nothing are the the most impor- tant people in our schools and the innocent vie'ims of all fads thst become failures. There is an urgent need for school trus- tees to be more vigilant about special pro- jects and innovations that are often foisted upon cyr schoo's. It will be difficult to dis- tinguish the worthwhile from the well dis- guished phoney and ell we can do is to wish our dedicated trustees lots of luck. They may need it. ANDY RUSSELL Canada's national parks policy WATERTON LAKES PARK Recent voiced by various business owners in Waterton Lakes Park over al- leged mismanagement by park authority of the campground overcrowding points ta some pertinent facts universal to many other national parks. If business op- erators in these parks insist on having their cake and eating it with no limits on growth and they must in- evitably plan what they are going to do when people can no longer find a place to pitch a tent with any degree of privacy or chance of enjoying a healthy outdoor experience. There is nothing more dismal than a piece of ground that is overused for any reason and certainly nothing more dis- couraging to those saddled with the respon- sibility of keeping a mountain park in some reasonable state of natural beauty in the face of overcrowding. An overflow camp- ground is strictly an emergency measure at best. The continued use of such a place is not only destructive to but Also poses some insurmountable problems of management. The overflow campgrounds in Waterton have proved this beyond a doubt. The ground employed took on all the worn-out aspects of a hard-used stock cor- ral. Tliis writer personally observed camp- ers dumping chemical toilets in the Water- ton and how often this occurred is anybody's guess. And while it is granted that the Canadian government has been remiss in its treatment of virtual- ly dumped raw into the lakes and certainly this additional pollution is neith- er desirable nor acceptable. One source is just as bad as the and where de- cent principle is it is inconsis- tent to clean up one source without clean- ing up the other. Mistakes have been made by park au- thorities and more will undoubtedly be made as inevitably happens when people ere working to improve something under pressure and limited but at least the officials are trying. the bus- iness people privileged to make their living in the parks are also trying not only to improve their services and their profits but to understand that overcrowding can be extremely detrimental to their futures. Tourists will not put up with being jam- med into limited areas. Building more ac- cess roads and more campgrounds is not the for it only provides temporary relief as has been proved over and over again in other places. Even campgrounds built on the parks' perimeters do nothing to lift pressure on what are now over- crowded facilities within the parks. Con- tinued advertising of the parks on an inter- national scale only aggravates the problem end is no longer needed or desirable. A mountain park is more than Just a spectacular wood- ed a street full of shops and various tourist it is beautiful clean air and water and teeming life not excluding man but of neces- sity controlling him because of his sheer weight of numbers. Sometimes this has no bearing on short-term but is merely a matter of how best to preserve a nificent area. We have no right to destroy something precious for the simple reason we want to use it to the ultimate now with- out some generous thought to those who will want to use it when we are gone. The challenge lies in using it now in the best possible way with the least possible dam- age. I speak as one not only interested in preserving the natural beauty of the parks to the highest possible but also as one who operated a reasonably profitable business for many years within the parks' system. Dissatisfied members of chambers of commerce need only to look if they want to draw comparisons by which to realize how lucky they are to be tolerated in the national parks at all. For Canada's na- tional parks are the only ones in the entire world allowing competitive private business within the'r boundaries. The U S. parks are serviced by business run on a concession basis and only one business firm is allow- ed in any park. This holds true in many other Indeed in many particularly no business other than transport and temporary camping facilities are allowed inside the parks. All park sys- tems are looking at means of limiting visi- tation. Mount McKinley National Park in Alaska only allows visitors with trucks and campers on its access road. No private cars or trailers are allowed and all other visitors must use the bus service to var- ious points of interest or must hike. Other parks in the U.S. are studying visitor limita- tion regulations. In where the square miles of national parks vastly exceeds ours Ghana has nine per cent of its total area set aside for visitor pressure is held down by admittance fees that run as high as S7 per day per car. Compare this to Canada's generous S2 annual ticket allow- ing visitation to every park in the country. In Russia the national parks are state owned and operated and when some part of these parks shows signs of wear through t o o many it is closed indefinitely to preserve its natural beauty and wildlife and patrolled by armed army personnel. Some national parks allow access to spe- cially constructed viewpoints only and iground travel is prohibited except for special permits granted for scientific study. Maybe it is time Canadian business peo- ple enjoying privileges of operation within our national parks took a look past their cash registers and counted their blessings.