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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 9, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THC IETHBRIDGE HERALD Augutt 1973 I'lHIOItlAI.S Nixon must find way to reconciliation A bad change at a bad time Canadians rarely get worked up ovjr immigration policy. People mut- ter a bit about immigrants when hous- ing or jobs are anJ or- ganized iabor has fussed at times over the bringing in of tradesmen who might compete for scarce or upset a carefully planned scar- city but generally im- migration is not a crucial considera- tion for the average Canadian. To some extent this is due to the fact that Canada has never been overwhelmed by hordes of immi- partly because the U.S. is so much better publicized as everyman's and one because a widely held suspicion that Canada is really part of the polar ice cap. But Canadian immigration practices have had a lot to do with too. For several decades before the Trudeau Canada fallowed the philosophical line laid down by MacKenzie King during his early days as Canada's labor which was that immigration must al- ways fit a country's social structure. Reasonable as King's so- cial dicta usually were. It was based on the proposition that so- cial relationship and the proportions of blue-collared to white-collared orientals to colored people to and so were generally the way people wanted them to or at the very least in a state the population would tolerate. It followed that any expansion must be managed so as to ensure no great change so Canada's immigration policy should be to maintain the status by whatever means were found to be ex- pedient. Such a policy was followed by Ca- nadian immigration authorities for many long enough to persuade the rest of the world that it was much easier to enter Canada from the British Isles or Europe than from the Levant or the and that any but the most highly trained or educated Asians and Africans need not apply. Unkind foreigners had an unfortunate way of calling this rac- ial discrimination. It is to the lasting credit of the Trudeau government that this policy has been officially discarded. But a recent remark by the -present minis- ter of Mr. Robert An- has a disturbing ring to it. Speaking on a TV panel he said going to have to face in this country the rather buried-under-the-rug aspect of creed and Perhaps just a political but coming from the man in charge of making immigration who had just mentioned working on a paper on the impact of increasing immigration from Asia and it sounded om- inously like a warning that his de- partment is finding the present path a thorny and may be wondering about changing it. It's too early to tell whether any change of direction is contemplated. One hopes not. It would be sadly ironical if racially motivated restric- tions on immigrations were being con- sidered in one corner of while the Commonwealth heads of govern- ment were meeting in another. It was the Commonwealth leaders who de- at an earlier conference Canada was of course that recognize racial prejudice as a dangerous sickness and who unanimously pledged each of us will vigorously combat this evil Another view There are usually two sides to a story. It would be odd if the story of French nuclear testing were an ex- ception. Several months ago France an- nounced plans for a further series of nuclear tests over the Pacific atoll of and a storm of protest arose. It was led by Austra- lia and New comparatively close neighbors of and na- and individuals all over the world joined in. The World Court and the United Nations Organization were asked to inter- vene. France didn't exactly ignore the protests but persisted in the test program nonetheless. The Canadian view of nuclear test- ing is well known. Canada officially believes all nations should subscribe to the 1963 partial test ban as an interim then go on to a total ban on any or all testing of nuclear devices. Naturally Canada formally protested the French tests. Part of the opposition to any one nation's nuclear or any form of weapon development for that is bound to be politically mo- tivated. Some governments and groups that expressed outrage at France's testing showed no similar concern over nuclear explosions in Russia. was set off near Sem- palatinsk the same day as the first device in the latest French and was at least a hundred times as powerful as any of the French Friends of the U.S. have had much less to say about American tests than about those conducted by Russia or China. But most opposition to nuclear test- ing has little to do with party or national it rests on a firm belief that weapons are made to be and a very real fear of poison- ous nuclear fall-out. How real is the danger of nuclear weapons being used is anybody's guess. Nations that have nuclear ar- France among argue that developing more sophisticated nu- clear weaponry will diminish rather than increase the likelihood that they be used. Opponents of testing em- phatically deny asserting that the very opposite Is true. Neither claim can be except by risking racial suicide. The threat of atmospheric poison- ing is more amenable to and this has been done recently by a blue ribbon committee of Australian and French scientists. Contrary to popular the evidence clearly supports the French claim that their tests pose little or no danger to any- one. The committee examined the cum- ulative effects of French testing in the and also studied data on all nuclear testing to date throughout the world. It has concluded that the total radiation of all 29 French tests in the Pacific area is roughly one tenth as dangerous as that which na- turally and regularly impinges on the earth and its inhabitants through cos- mic rays from and that 10 or a dozen longish trips by commercial airliner expose a traveller to about as great an increase in radiation as the French tests will cause in Australia and New Zealand during the next 30 years. The report includes a tabulation of all nuclear tests carried out any- where in the world since the first one in and of the consequent fall-out. This shows 1962 to have been the worst year on with 334 tests and a corresponding high of close to 3.0 megacuries on the fall- out scale. The partial test ban was concluded in and that year the number of tests dropped to 27 and the fall-out to 2.2. Atmospheric test- ing then except for the com- paratively small programs of China and and the fall-out index has fallen steadily ever for the past seven years it has hovered between 0.2 and 0.3 megacuries. To put things further in perspec- over the years only of the world total of 783 nuclear explosions have been French. Russia's total is five times that that of the U.S. 10 times France's most active year was with 6 in 1962 Russia had the U.S. all in the atmosphere. As the French point with im- peccable Gallic if the world survived it will probably survive the Fiench test program of 1973. The casserole Lethbridge's airport problems could worse. Consider Osaka. Land is so scarce and expensive in and pollution so serious. Yet Osaka needs a new airport. With 500 landings a the present fa- cility is full to capacity. So the authorities are looking to the water. Using earth or rock building up from the sea bottom would cost too much and interfere with ocean currents. A airfield fi miles off shore is now being considered. A float- ing anchored to the would be the equivalent of building a 50-raillion ton ship. Cheaper and it is would be one built on 300-foot piles. It would take as much steel as ISO 36-storejr buildings would cost billion. Part of the cost would be offset by anti-pollution sav- ings. The International Air Transport Associ- ation plans to add another five per cent to the cost of transatlantic air fares but insists it isn't a fare increase. IATA reasoning is that even when prices go if it's due to rising costs or declining value of they're entitled to claim that basic price structure is One that try- ing the same gambit with wages might mean just a spot of trouble with the tax people. By James New York Times commentator WASHINGTON The big question here now is how Presi- dent Nixon can govern the country until and much depends on how he approaches this critical task of reconcilia- tion in the next few months. The plan now is for him to make a major speech to the na- tion probably between the 12th and 15th of this and shortly after he will prob- ably have to respond to a de- cision by the Supreme Court on whether to hand over relevant parts of his Watergate if so ordered by the highest judi- cial body in the land. Right now the outlook for re- conciliation is not good. The Congress is on the hunt not only for facts about the. Water- but about the president's and the president is not in a compromising mood. He has avoided a constitutional crisis by agreeing to obey the will of the Congress in ending the bombing of but in doing he has sought to make Congress responsible for whatever happens in the future not only in Cambodia but the rest of Indochina. His view of the Watergate hearings was expressed not only in his refusal to hand over the tapes dealing with criminal but in his toast to Pre- mier Tanaka of Japan the other evening in the White House. He and he were friends and co-operators for and then he let others spend their time on murky unim- portant little This was not the first time he complained about those in tri- and of course the same attitude has been dramatized in the Watergate .testimony of Haldeman and who seem even now to think they did nothing wrong and even insist on reading moral lectures to the Congress. This is obviously not the way to reconciliation. The current White House line is that the Ervin committee and the press are out to the presi- and that the president is just biding his time until the Watergate committee breaks for the summer recess when his will be- and that even if the Su- preme Court orders him to hand over testimony from his White House he will not obey such an order. other voices in the administration are express- ing more moderate themes. In a speech here the other 'I never thought I'd see this many athletes without a single a year contract in the U.S. bombing for the sake of bombing By Anthony New York Times Commentator WASHINGTON Why is the United States bombing Cam- That is the question we ought to be asking in these last days before the Aug. 15 bomb- ing cutoff fixed by Congress. attention has been distracted from the real question by an unseemly flurry in the Supreme Court. Justice William 0. in his attempt to bring the bombing to an immediate has provided a sharp remind- er that there is more to the judicial process than desired results. For even those who have yearned for judicial re- straint on illegal presidential war-making ought to be able to see that this way of going about it was counter-produc- tive. On July 25 Orrin Judd of the federal district court in Brook- lyn held the bombing unconsti- tutional. He found that Con- gress had never authorized any form of war on Cambodia and that President Nixon was there- fore acting without authority. In fact and in the judge's conclusions seem to me cor- rect. But trial judges do not have the last least of all on such large matters. A court of appeals panel thereupon stayed Judd's decision until it could review the case. Douglas removed that thus putting into immediate ef- fect an injunction against the bombing until his colleagues in turn overruled him. He said he was not deciding the merits of the matter. Just as any judge hold lip a prisoner's execution to hear the Letter to the editor National parks policy We have been following with interest the recent develop- ments at Waterton Lakes Na- tional Park arising from the use of overflow campground areas. It is our understanding that the implicit ex- plicit policy of Parks Canada concerning overflow camp- grounds states that they should not be established and and that they should be phased out as suitable campground space becomes available out- side but in proximity to the en- trance of any national park. This policy we support. There- fore we support its implementa- tion by the administration of Waterton Lakes National Park and urge the continuing imple- mentation of this policy. We are concerned' that this policy be effective since it seems to arise naturally from and be consistent with at least three recent and specific consid- erations in the planning and op- erating of national parks and for which Parks Canada is to be commended. The specific considerations to which we re- fer 1. The need for closer feder- al-provincial co-operation in the provision of tourist and rec- reational facih'ties and in the apportionment of federal and pro- vincial land uses In any given region. This principle was firm- ly and publicly enunciated dur- ing the hearings on the Village Lake Louise proposals. 2. The long-term environ- mental damage which occurs through even the short-term use of overflow areas for campers. Such areas by ad hoc areas and thus cannot be expected to incorporate in their planning development and operation the same kinds of environmental concerns as do some of the more recently established permanent camp- grounds. It is common know- ledge to all but the most ill- informed park user that the soil and vegetation in mountain regions is extremely that sub-surface coarse glacial ma- terials can be easily exposed through heavy surface useage and degradation of stabilizing vegetation and that vegetative regeneration occurs only very slowly. 3. The to vary- ing of decision-mak- ing and policy implementation increasing in a co-ordinated fashion at the level of the in- dividual park. Such a develop- ment seems to be fully consis- tent with the prune niinister's recent statements concerning the desirability of decentraliz- ing the public service in order to permit a greater degree of articulation between national and local interests. In conclusion we reaffirm our support of the policy to phase out overflow campgrounds and to give encouragement to the development of campgrounds outside of but near to national parks. DR. R. P. Edmonton National and Provincial Parks Association of Canada he he would act to pre- vent the deaths of Cambodian peasants or American flyers. But the analogy fails. Doug- las was not just preserving the status as in the ordinary capital case. He was effective- ly deciding the merits of great constitutional issues the pres- ident's war-making power and the authority of- the courts to regulate it. However much one credits him for courage and sincerity of his opinion was utterly unpersuasive. There are several unhappy results. The spectacle of justices overruling each other in quick succession can hardly enhance the public's respect for the Su- preme Court. Bringing the whole court in on the question of a stay may cloud the au- thority of Judd's thoughtful opinion on the constitutional which is still to be re- viewed in the court of appeals. But worst of all is the likeli- hood that the attention to ques- tions of judicial procedure will reduce concern for the mean- ingful questions moral and political about the bombing of Cambodia. Why does the United States government want to bomb right up to the Congressional dead- President Nixon and Henry Kissinger said originally that the bombing was essential be- cause delicate contacts looking to a Cambodian settlement were and bombing kept the pressure on for agreement. So far as we can that was simply deception or wishful thinking. Neither side in Cam- bodia has shown any interest in talking to the other. Prince Sihanouk made his feelings in- sultingly clear by arranging to be in North Korea dur- ing a planned Kissinger visit to Peking. The other day the in an attempt to blame Con- gress for whatever may happen in attacked the Aug. 15 bombing cutoff as onment of a He as- sured brave and beleaguer ed Cambodian that he would to work for a durable the poor people of Cam- bodia have had a fair taste of Richard Nixon's enough for a lifetime. He bomb- ed their country for 14 months in secret. He gave quick support to the coup that deposed Sihan- ouk and shattered Cambodia's relatively peaceful neutrality if indeed American agents did not assist in the coup. He has bombed it again now for in gross violation of law. Because bombing is all Richard Nixon and Henry Kis- singer can think to do in their frustration. It may not have any significant political effect in Cambodia. It evidently cannot preserve the Lon Nol govern- ment. At this point it cannot produce any effects except use- less death and destruction. But it feeds the emotions of power in Nixon and Kissinger. The truth they have not yet recognized is that in Cambodia and else- where in Indochina can come only when the United States gives up its fateful pretensions to power there. The cruelty and the absurdity of American poli- cy will only be dramatized by 10 last days of bombing for sake of bombing. BEITS IDRUI Henry the national security marked that foreign policy was expression of the collective spirit and common aspirations of the entire nation foreign policy and must be the ex- pression of a national and not partisan purpose consensus that sustained our international Kissinger in dan- ger of being exhausted. It must be restored. We are tired of tur- moil and exhausted by effort there can be no morator- ium in the quest for a peaceful world. And as we pursue that we will need to draw upon the country's best no matter what their partisan political persuasion not on a bipartisan but on a nonparti- san basis Here are two quite different approaches to the present crisis and it is fairly obvious that there is little chance of restor- ing a nonpartisan foreign pol- icy if the president is going to try to blame the Congress for whatever happens in Indo- follows the Buchanan lead in mounting a counter-of- fensive against the Ervin com- and defies any order of the Supreme Court about any criminal evidence in the White House tapes. For the the president and the secretary of state al- most seem to be in hiding. The president's response to the charges about the Watergate and about the financing and gov- ernment supported on private residences has been a series of official often in contradiction of one another. And Secretary who isn't under such hasn't ev- en had a news conference since mid-February. In this it Is even hard to imagine how Kissinger can help achieve the nonpar- tisan foreign policy the presi- dent favors so long as he is not permitted to give testimony to the Congress on what that policy is or should be. There of been a spate of rumors that he will replace but the president has never discussed such a move with him. How then U the president to govern effectively in the face-of these Foreign gov- ernments have to know who they are dealing with in Wash- and have some cofidence that the president's decisions are going to be supported on Capitol and this confidence is not likely to be available in the foreseeable future. For the present investigations and court cases have to go much as they irritate the presi- and he can only make a bad situation intolerable by re- acting in anger to the Ervin committee and the court deci- sions on the tapes. Mel Laird and some of the other aides are urg- ing caution on him before ha has to make his speech and re- act to the Supreme Court's de- but the root of the trou- ble is still like Haldeman and he thinks he has done nothing and tends to regard any concession to the Congress as a confession of guilt. you were at your I decided to on electricity by not using the The Lethbridgc Herald _____ fcrt 7th SL Alberta UCTHBR1DGE HERALD CO. and Pittttm Pttliafaed by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN No. Mil ;