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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 8, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Thursday, August E LETHBRIDGE HERALD-17 Housing conditions resemble those of Pakistan Overcrowded shacks 'killing' Alberta's Metis families EDMONTON (CP) Families drawing drinking water from an open, slime-covered ditch, overcrowded tarpaper shacks housing families of six or more, primitive sanitary conditions and no electricity are housing con- ditions usually associated more with Paki- stan or Bolivia than with Canada. An estimated Metis in Alberta live in these conditions and the result is widespread disease, poor employment habits and pover- ty. "These shacks are killing our people, physically and said Stan Daniels, president of the Metis Association of Alberta "Between and families live in conditions like this in Alberta, one of Canada's wealthiest provinces." Mr. Daniels led an MAA delegation in meeting with Premier Peter Lougheed, himself one-eighth Indian, in meetings this summer in an attempt to win government support for a major housing program planned by the MAA. The program, outlined in a brief to the government April 1 and discussed in meetings during June and July with Mr. Lougheed and cabinet ministers, calls for construction of 500 new homes and the purchase and repair of more during the next five years. Already, using funds from Canada Man- power for labor and from Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation's winter warmth program for materials, the MAA has helped Metis families repair more than homes during the last three winters. Below standards A report compiled during 1971 by the MAA revealed housing conditions among the Metis were far below the standards accep- table anywhere else in Canada. Among the findings: third of the homes surveyed were smaller than 400 square feet; 45 per cent had three rooms or less. average family size was 5.58 persons. half the homes were in poor con- dition or were condemned outright when urban building standards were applied. More than half the homes outside Edmonton and Calgary failed to meet minimum standards. facilities in 19 per cent of the homes were poor or condemned; 43 per cent of the homes outside Edmonton and Calgary had no foundations; 24 per cent of the homes had "major fire hazards." third of the homes had no toilet facilities; 83 per cent outside the urban areas had no indoor bathroom facilities. per cent of the homes outside urban areas were heated by a kitchen stove or home-built or iron stove. than two-thirds had no running water; 23.5 per cent obtained water from riv- ers or lakes. half of the rural residents had no electricity. Health affected The MAA study showed that health con- ditions among residents of poor housing were far worse than those of other Albertans. "Rotten construction, inadequate and rotten sleeping facilities, stupefyingly bad bathroom facilities reduce to the vanishing point the chances of maintaining the family's said the study. Mr. Daniels said Metis people not only want better housing, but want to do the work of building and repairing the homes themselves, through native-controlled construction com- panies and service businesses such as elec- trical and plumbing contracting. The MAA proposes to form an Alberta Native Housing Corp.. and. through the cor- poration, electrical, plumbing, heating and carpentry companies in various regions of the province. In conjunction with the formation of the companies, native people, both treaty In- dians and Metis, would be trained to work in the trades and in a prefab home factory. Mr. Daniels, a former carpenter, said log homes may be best suited to house Metis peo- ple in Alberta. Cut down cost Pe-Ta-Pun Inc., a native housing company, now constructs log homes for Metis people in many areas of the province. The homes are fi- nanced through CMHC and are far less costly than conventional housing. The side benefits of better housing make the investment of time and money worth- while, said Mr. Daniels. "Right now. Metis men get some pretty good jobs but go home after a short while be- cause they are worried about their families, particularly in winter. "Because of the poor homes, many people cannot hold jobs. They become wards of welfare We estimate that about Metis people are living below the poverty line and can't get out because they are too sick or too uneducated or won't leave their families." The Metis housing program would bypass the Alberta Housing Corp. (AHC) to ensure that natives get the contracts to supply homes. "The AHC has to put jobs out to bid. so we don't have any promise that native people will be involved in the said Mr. Daniels. "Anyway, the provincial government gave us a million-dollar housing program 18 months ago to build 55 to 60 homes. Because of weather and bureaucracy, only two of those homes are occupied." He said the province has "dragged its feet" in housing, despite statements from the Western Economic Opportunities Conference that native housing would be given top priority. Study tour shows day care centres need improving BELLEVILLE. Ont (CP) A three-week study tour of day- care facilities in East Germany has three community college teachers convinced that child care facilities in their own com- munity can be vastly improved. Some German communities of about 15.000 population have between 20 and 30 day-care centres each. Ontario, on the other hand, has a total of licensed nurseries, run by municipalities and private institutions and partially funded by the province. While the Germans are trying to reduce the current day-care worker-to-child ratio of one to 20, Social Services Secretary- Margaret Birch's proposal to raise the Ontario ratio to one to 14 Irom one to 10 is disappointing, said Betty Exelby. head of the early childhood education department at Loyalist College. Mrs. Exelby, with Annita Storms, who teaches counselling of the mentally retarded, and Erla Komar. who teaches early childhood education, visited East Germany as guests of that country's teachers" trade union. They paid their own travel ex- penses. Centres everywhere "There, when you go to work, you take your child, when you go to school, you take your said Mrs. Exelby. Virtually every industry and profession had a day-care centre attached to it." In East Germany, the women discovered day-care facilities known as creches which accommodate children from six weeks to three years of age. Preschool day-care centres look after older children and schoolage children can be cared for before and after school hours. "The whole system seems geared to family said Mrs. Exelby. In the day-care centres as well as in schools and offices, people take their main meal of the day at lunchtime, and have a light evening meal. Meals and day care cost about a day for each child. Most women take a paid eight-weeks leave of absence from work prior to their child's birth and then another three-months leave at regular salary. In case of illness there are sick rooms in each centre How- ever, a parent deciding to stay home with a sick child is paid for the dav off. JACKPOT BINGO This Thursday Evening, August 8th Sponsored by Ladies' Aid of St. Peter and St. Paul's Church STARTS P.M. HALL Corner 12th Street B and 7th Avenue North Jackpot starts at and is won every Thursday 2nd Jackpot in 50 Numbers 5th, 7 Numbers Jackpot Pot of Gold Per Card or 5 for Also Free Cards, Free Games And A Door Prize PERSONS UNDER 16 YEARS NOT ALLOWED. BINGO SCANDINAVIAN HALL 22912th St. 'C' N. FRIDAY, AUGUST p.m. DOORS OPEN AT 7 P.M. New Game in 50 numbers 4th-12th numbers or less 5 CARDS FOR Pot of Gold Single Winner First 12 Games Neighbors Receive SOe GOLD CARDS PAY DOUBLE EACH DOOR PRIZES 36 FREE CARDS 5 DRAWS FOR NEXT WEEK Sorry one under 16 years ot age after you see your doctor bring your prescription to THE BETTER HALF By Barnes Slims fade out of fall fashion picture 'Stanley never forgets our anniversary, although he DOES have trouble with the exact month, day and week Ann Landers Dear Ann Landers: My hus- band spends money like it was going out of style. He buys anything he wants, no matter what the cost. If it's another gun lor fine and dandy. A third camera for is O.K., too. He thinks nothing of pay- ing for a pair of shoes. I won't tell you what his suits cost. You'd get sick. His closets are jammed, yet he keeps buying, buying. This man makes a year and he's no kid. He's 52 years old. When I ask him why he con- tinues this mindless buying, he says, "Because I never had anything when I was a kid and now I can have whatever I want." We are always broke and the bills are stacked all over the place. The doctor says that's why I have week-long headaches and high blood pressure. Do you think I can change him or should I just give up? We've been married five years. Busted In Illinois Dear Busted: You say he's no kid. Well, I have news for you. He IS a kid. Forget about changing him. No way. Now that you have an opi- nion from your doctor, I suggest you get one from your lawyer. Your letter contains too many unanswered ques- tions, such as do you work? Do you have money from a previous Do you get an allowance? This I can tell you, no man is worth week-long headaches and high blood pressure. Dear Ann Landers: I read somewhere that a tattoo can be removed by rubbing salt on it. but it rhould be done under a doctor's supervision I had some tattoo work done on my arms when I was young and foolish and now I want to get rid of it. Please tell me if common table salt is used and what kind of doctor should do it. Dumb Past Dear D. P.: A tattoo can be removed by applying table salt to that area (it should be done by a but the more modern approach, dermabrasion a fast- rotating sandpaper wheel produces neater results. UNITY IN CHURCH About 96 per cent of all Nor- wegians are members of the State Lutheran Church. Club corner The Lethbridge Christian Business and Professional Women's Council invites all women to a dinner Monday at p.m. at Sven Ericksen's Family Restaurant. Featured will be Variety Fabrics by Linda Toth. The Berg Sisters will provide the music. Guest speaker will be Donna Anderson of Swift Current. Sask. For reser- vations please call 345-4695. The Minus One Club will hold a family picnic on Sunday at Little Bow Park. Please meet at the Civic Centre park- ing lot at 10 a.m. Bring food for your own crowd. Coffee, pop, plates and cups will be supplied by the club. Trim.Compact Zenith Eyeglass Hearing Aid Make the right decision now and try this reliable Zenith Carlyle aid at no obligation. And if within 10 days after purchase you aren't completely satis- fied, you may return the aid and your money, except for the cost of a custom earmold, will be refunded- Batteries for all makes of hearing aids. The quality gees in before the nama goes on LEISTER'S MUSIC LTD. "Helping the hard of hearing since 1943" Paramount Theatre Bldg. Phone 328-4080 715-4th Avenue S. 327-2272 Coat and pant styles recycling PARIS (AP) In a couple of years or maybe even sooner, pants and slim fitted coats will be back, and fashion-plates will cry with joy. That's because for the mo- ment there are few of either around. Fashion is said to move in cycles, and at the fall couture shows, pants seem to have cycled their way out of the picture. What's new these days is merely something people haven't seen recently This season, newness means colored velvet for artists' smocks; black velvet for dinner suits and Victorian ball gowns; men's wear tweed and checks for tailored suits and coats with big fur collars; the duffel coat with hood and frog closings: the ski parka used by Courreges as the shape for suit jackets and evening blouses: the crocheted shawl; fringe: and. best of all. Saint Laurent's great discovery, the chemise. Newness is also a matter of nuance. The few pants shown are different from those shown before. Dior's satin crepe evening jumpsuits are thin-legged and don't even cover the ankle. Scherrer's evening pyjamas are so wide that each leg could make a skirt. Cardin likes pleated knickers, because knickers weren't pleated the last time they were in fashion. Four years ago, women were wearing wide circular capes Now. it's the coachman's cape instead, ex- cept at Cardin, who shows mohair capes gathered at the shoulder. Boots are wider than last time. In the good old days, cleav- age meant a dress that show- ed a slit in front. This season, there are several dresses with a daring cleavage. The slit shown, however, is in back. The flower-printed dress has been a big couture sell for some time. Now. instead of shirt dresses with tie-belts at the waist and a soft bow at the neck, the idea is to be waist- less, in a flower-printed chem- ise with a shirt collar or matching muffler. Saint Laurent, who showed more chemises than anyone else, likes them gathered at the yoke and hanging limply to the knee, at which point they flare out in a little flounce to mid- calf Beading is something that's never completely in or out of tashion. It's one of those things designers do to evening dresses. Givenchy's narrow evening suits are glistening with beads in all colors. Scherrer's long sheaths are covered with bugle beads, while Angelo Tarlazzi at Patou uses beads to reproduce paisley motifs. Saint Laurent puts big pink bead roses on a fringed velvet evening cardi- gan. Anyway, it's a good idea to follow fashion If women didn't, they wouldn't wear skirts for fall and. instead of shelving their pants for a while, they might really get tired of them and throw them out The Lcthbridgc Herald think PART IV PICTURE QUIZ 5 POINTS He reported on the state of the economy at the Liberals' first post-election caucus. Who is he? HOW DO YOU RATE? 71 to 80 points Good. 91 to 100 points TOP SCORE! 61 to 70 points Fair. to 90 Excellent. 60 or Under? H'mm! FAMILY DISCUSSION QUESTION Should sanctions be imposed against nations that conduct nuclear tests in the atmosphere? STUDENTS YOUR NEWS QUIZ PART I NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL Give yourself 10 points for each correct answer. 1 External Affairs Minister announced the cabinet agreed to double the size of Canada's contingent to the United Nations peace force on Cyprus. 2 received its first civilian government in 7 years after the resignation of the military junta that had been in power. a-Chile b- Uganda c-Greece 3 If the U.S. House of Representatives votes to im- peach President Richard Nixon, he will then.. a-face a trial in the Senate b-be forced to resign immediately c-be forced to call a new election 4 President Antonio de Spinola of (CHOOSE ONE: Spain, Portugal) said his nation would imme- diately begin the process of handing over power to its African colonies of Guinea, Angola, and Mozambique. 5 (CHOOSE ONE: Lee Trevino, Bobby Nichols) won the Canadian Open golf championship. PART II WORDS IN THE NEWS Take 4 points for each word that you can match with its correct meaning. 1.....pillory 2.....infer 3.....impede 4.....interrogate 5.....flagrant a-conclude from evi- dence b-ask questions of c-expose to public ridi- cule d-hinder e-outrageous; delib- erately conspicuous PART III NAMES IN THE NEWS Take 5 points for names that you can correctly match with the clues. 1.....Mikhail Bary- shnikov 2.....Andre Ouellet 3.....Mikis Theodorakis 4.....Jacob Malik 5.....Constantine Cara- manlis 85-74 a-Postmaster General b-Greek Premier c-ballet dancer d-Greek composer e-Soviet UN Ambassa- dor VEC, Inc. Practice Examination! Valuable Reference Material for Exams. ANSWERS ON REVERSE PAGE ;