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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 8, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI LETHMIDGE HERALD August 1973 EDITOIIIALS Something new and hopeful is happening By Jimes York Times commentator Tell us another do... A Toronto newspaper has caught two major grocery chains switching prices of course by slapping new stickers over prices on packages already on meat The particular case in point is on which they were found raising the price by 30 cents a pound in this way. This disclosure has caused a bit of a not because anyone is so terribly surprised at prices being altered in this but because only a day or two earlier many east- ern papers carried an ad by one of the companies prominently display- ing a signed by the company that its stores not increase the everyday price of any existing shelf The minister in charge of con- sumer affairs is a bit put some months ago he received the written promises of these compan- among that they would not engage in ''inventory profiteer- as the practice is called. Consumers have long suspected that most price changes have little more substance than that store managers arbitrarily set prices at whatever they think the traffic will and that the notion of there being a calculated mark-up over the wholesale with labor and other retail costs figured in is just so much talk. And Southern Al- bertans don't have to go down east to prove il. Last week a Calgary new spapcr had one of its reporters compare prices charged for exactly the item by two large supermarket a warehouse-type and another chain that specializes in 24-hour ser- vice. All the prices were but as the last-named chain charges on a much different basis than the it will be ignored here. There are quite enough variances among the anyway. For some items all three regular outlets charged the but- Heinz Ketchup and Campbell's tomato soup are examples. For a fair number of other such as Kellogg's corn frozen bread Catelli Alpha honey and the price differences were negligible. But for a large propor- tion of the items there were remarkably large differences. To One supermarket charged for 10 pounds of the other supermarket charged same same grade. The 8-oz. package of Ritz biscuits cost 41 cents at one chain 49 cents at the and 39 cents at the warehouse. A 48-oz. tin of peanut butter sold for or depend- ing on the outlet offering it. warehouse asked for a 6-oz. bottle of Nescafe instant one of the supermarkets charged and the other Clover Leaf pink salmon cost 59 cents at the warehouse and at one of the chain but 75 cents at the other. Delta white rice was priced from 31 cents to 45 a difference of 45 per cent. Meats reflected similar with turkeys selling for either 58 cents or 79 cents a pound grade and pot roast from 89 cents to and bacon from and per pound. And so on and so through scores of items. The chains would have us believe that they are in a fiercely competitive characterized by niiniscule mark-ups and razor- thin profit margins. They would have us believe also that they have no con- trol over the factors that determine that like all the rest of us they are helpless in the grip of inexor- able economic forces that drive prices up and in spite of their most devoted and sacrificial efforts. Hogwash. RUSSELL BAKER Nothing beats bigotry America has had a bigotry revolution. Practically everybody it was all right to bate 30 years ago has been taken off the for kicking and a new set of victim groups joke people to be blamed for whatever goes and for sorrow and mortality if nothing does go wrong a new set of minorities O.K for abus-. ing has been created. For the upper middle class. The upper middle class is almost the ideal minority for people angry about the political and social scene and too im- patient to think about it serenely. It is relatively well highly visible and ostentatiously tasteless. In easy to dislike. Since practically no- body who belongs to the upper middle class whatever that may if anything has a sense of there is no angry group defence when you attack it. Here is Herman a professional telling The Washington Post that the upper middle class is a bunch of stu- pidos who don't understand the first thing about America. What's he knows what he is talking about. Some of his best friends are upper-middle-class. He says so right in the interview. Will the upper middle class picket Kahn's 'Will there he a letter to the editor of the The Post from the secretary of the upper middle class civil rights defence lea- Will balling bullhorns denounce Kahn as a classist pig seeking to keep the upper middle class enslaved to the demeaning stereotypes of a disgraceful and no. This is the new bigotry. It is chic to abuse the upper middle class. Even the upper middle ciass enjoys it. It x one of the easiest ways of identifying the upper middle class. One of the most upper-middle-class things it is possible to in is to launch a conversation la- menting the upper middle class's ignor- ance of The Real America. Kahn quite upper-middle-dass- The big minority for discriminating these days is old people. Old peo- ple are the last group whom U is legally respectable lo push around. Government Btitt legalizes discrimination against oM as it did against black school children before tolerating the com- mon business practice of throwing them out of work on account of oldness and cut- ting their social security if they persist in working anyhow. The' media dwell heavily on the import- ance of looking young there- presumably the horror of looking old people. When somebody is caught be- ing it is often deportation. Off to Flor- out of our although of pretends to be very nice about it. The new approved minority joke butt is the liberal. Making fun of liberals is like making jokes about bad crudity and but the height of fashion. Liberals often show signs of self- making cruel jokes about them- selves and sending their children to ex- pensive private schools in hopes they may succaed in crossing over and becoming lit- tle conservatives. it all right to dislike someone will ask. but only if you call them or This shows that you hate them for the O.K. reason that they think they are smart but which you are smart enough to grasp. This makes in a true intellectual a perhaps and justifies your distaste for your by basing it upon superior brain power rather than big- otry. There are many curious examples of in- ter-regional bigotry. In the for ex- it is O.K. to be bigoted about Cali- and in rural small towns and small-to-large sized it is O.K. to be bigoted about New York city. The biggest minority whom it is O.K. to dislike is but you have to be in the more militant reach of the feminist move- ment to find this very satisfying. After practically all the ills of the world are caused by excepting those caused by women. When you start blaming men for all the you are so close to being half-right that you are almost out of the realm of bigotry altogether and mov- ing down the road to truth. Who wants Who wants to when everything has just gone that it is people who are to That it is every- and all that has ever been and all that will ever that is to With finger swelling as a re- sult of ill-aimed who wants What is wanted is somebody to pay for this agony. Some member of that rot- ten bunch whose fault it all is. It those stupidos of the upper middle class. It is they who have corrupted a de- cent society with their permissive ham- is it Truth shows well beside the family Bible in the but for satisfying simplifica- tion the intolerably noth- ing beats bigotry. WASHINGTON President Nixon made good progress in his meetings here with Prem- ier Tanaka of Japan in remov- ing the serious misunderstand-' ings of the last couple of years in the relations between Wash- ington and Tokyo. The communique published at the end of their talks here seemed a little thin and and Tanaka's visit was over- whelmed by the Watergate but it dealt with fun- damental principles in the re- lations between the United States and and in the these will probably endure long after Nixon and Tanaka have retiied and the Watergate is forgotten. In his efforts to find ac- commodations with the Soviet Union and China and his equal- ly urgent problem of dealing with America's trade and mon- etary Nixon made bold and dramatic moves that troub- led and even startled Japan. His trip to his con- concentration on new arrange- ments with his protec- tionist moves to defend the dol- lar and American his re- strictions on exports of soy- beans to and Henry Kis- singer's speech on the priority of U S. relations with Europe all created a fundamental prob- lem in this nation's relations with the Japanese. the meeting here between Nixon and though very little was made of il in the helped remove these and this is an achievement that should not be underestimated. The major nations of the world are now on the verge of an extraordinary and even his- toric experiment. They are still acting on their nationalistic in- economic and military. They are still suspicious of one another. they are still spending far more than they can afford on military arms the world cost of arm- ies and arms is now running at the record rate of over billion a year but at the same time they are now talk- ing for the first time of a co- operative world economic and monetary system and the con- trol of military arms. They are just at the be- ginning of it. They art con- fronted by major disagree- mutual fears and dis- tracting domestic political prob- lems. But almost for the first they beginning to realize that no nation can solve the problems of safe international or national defence without some understanding of common ac- tion to deal with common world problems. our financial worries are finally over we're out of Shallow to write off Calgary conference By Arihony Toronto Star commentator does the West The emphasis is on the word with a note of exas- peration. And you are going to hear the question asked a good many times in the next few until you are sick and tired of the as you were once sick and tired of arguing about what Quebec wanted. The question is harlly a new one. It was almost certainly asked by our first Prime Minis- John A. as he peered moodily into the bottom. of a whisky failed to find the answer. In his Western alein- ation took the form of armed rebellion against the authority of Ottawa. He sent troops to crush the rebels and hang their Louis thereby alienating the French Canadian from the Conservative Party for a century or so. Probably that was when poli- ticians began shaking their heads and saying Canada was a difficult country to govern. Deal with one end and you upset the other. few federal govern- ments have managed to satisfy the West for any period of time. In about two-thirds of the gen- eral elections since Con- the West has elected most of its members to the Op- position side of the House of Common remarkable record of perversity. The West over the years had also thrown up most of the parties of pro- t e s Social Co-operative Com- monwealth and now the New Democratic Party which is in power in three West- ern but nowhere in the East. John Diefenbaker was a Prime Minister from the West enthusiastically endorsed by Westerners and still a bit of a legend on the But few people now remember that the Prairie wheat farmers turned Letter More on movies Any business naturally wants the best return from its invest- ment. Broadcasters find that if they shorten the television sea- son and show reruns in the they can make more money. Movies operate on a similar basis. If the business is in a small town or owns all the it can further maxi- mize profit. results are not al- ways gratifying. Sometimes a movie is brought back once too oflen. When people have a choice between seeing a movie for the tenth time or a TV re- run for the they'll pick the TV rerun. At least it's Other times theatre operators can't make a movie pay be- by the time they order everyone's seen it in another centre. A reason why pic- tures are unprofitable is the failure of those the business to select stories that are origin- al. Who needs to watch when the book's been out for Disney has a new movie out about an athlete which is mak- ing more money than his of If it hasn't appeared in it cer- tainly could have. Moviegoers can see decent movies and indecent movies. Bui there are few movies that can be called family. Science fiction and monster movies don't appeal to grandma. The is a good choice for the very young. But what about the Surely it's time to get back to movies that people can watch as a fam- ily. OBSERVER Bow Island on and staged a pro- test on Parliament Hill. He was saved mostly by a crop failure in China which enabled him to make big grain sales before the next election. It used to be quite un- of Lester Pearson that he was Prime Minister of Can- ada from the Atlantic to the La- kehead. For the Toronto Liberal Party Canada was all the territory that could be seen from the top of the Royal York Hotel on a clear day. Pierre Trudeau made a deep dent in that image of the Lib- eral Party in 1968. Nowhere was Trudeaumania stronger than in British and the charismatic PM was popu- lar on the Prairies also. Some cynics say that the West voted for Trudeau because they ex- pected him to put Quebec in its place. If that's true there prob- ably is no hope for Canada un- der any circumstances. But it never seemed that way to us in 1968. I thought Westerners liked Trudeau because he promised to meet French Canada's dis- contents and preserve national unity. No sooner was he than the destructive forces of our political system went to work to weaken pri- ority. The Opposition in the Commons in alliance with the media established the myth that the government was run for French Canadians and by French with no re- gard for the West. In no Prime Minister tried harder to understand the that is not to say he succeeded. Trudeau set up a Western re- gkmal desk in his office and travelled extensively in the West to talk to farmers and community leaders. Married to a Western he presumably learned something about the Western spirit at home. All in vain. In the election last his Liberal party won only seven of 68 seals in the four western provinces. But after listening to speakers at a conference of Western Lib- erals a couple of weeks Trudeau have come to the conclusion that if we lost votes on Oct. it wasn't because the man in the street and the average voter was vot- ing against us because he didn't like our tariff structure or be- cause he didn't like our trans- portation system. It was some- thing much something more pervasive and more profound than a particular Any group of fed- eral he said could find solutions to specific problems. And he would pro- duce some solutions at his meeting with the Western Pre- miers in all the but some. What would be more said would be finding the answer to cultural alienation expressed in terms such as don't feel part of the power we feel removed from the decision- making we find that orientations are taken and the destiny of our country is de- cided without the West really participating in He went to the Calgary con- ference in that knowing there were no easy answers. That's why he was able to ac- cept it philosophically when the Premiers said they were dis- appointed with the specific fed- eral proposals. And that's why it is shallow to write off the Calgary confer- ence as a failure because it did not produce instant solutions to ancient problems about rail- ways and terms of trade and fi- nancial institutions. Those is- sues aren't really at the roots of says and he's probably right. If what the West wants is A share in the power a voice in it got a taste of it recently at the Calgary Conference. The entire West could watch on color TV while the Western Premiers de- bated with the Prime Minister and the federal Cabinet about what is good for Canada. If the therapy does not Tcudeau will be no worse tHan all the other Prime Ministers who have failed to understand the West. All tliis has been obvious to thoughtful people for a very long time but the problems of and military arms have recently been left mainly to the who have been negotiating in the past without any clear politi- cal agreement by the leaders of governments about their common goals or common po- litical objectives. This is why the visits with Nixon recently of Brezhnev of the Soviet Tanaka of Heath of Pom- pidou of Brandt of West the Shah of and Prime Minister Whitlam of Australia are so important. These visits don't decide but at last the leaders of gov- ernements are talking about the coining shape of the and they are talking about revolu- tionary new ideas. For the agenda of the world leaders now includes the possibility of between the United States and Japan on sharing the oil re- sources of the Middle the possibility of developing the oil and gas resources of Siberia by the United Japan and the Western European nations for distribution to the contin- ental United States and indus- trial Western lie pro- duction of nuclear energy for Japanese electrical power in the United and the lim- itation of resources for military arms to raise the standard of living not only in the advanced nations but to help the hungry and overpppulated nations of and Latin Amer- ica. What is remarkable about all this is that the political leaders of all the major nations seem to be in trouble at but at the same time they seem to sense that this is one of those moments in history when there is at least a chance to achieve a better life for their peo- pies and even a new and more sensible order in the world. Nixon is overwhelmed by and rising prices. Pompidou of France is troubled by the rise of the left and he is apparently in ill health. Brezhnev is in trouble with Russia's endemic agricultural problem and what he regards as the tyranny of Ta- naka is just beginning to dis- cover that the problems of pros- perity in Japan are even more complicated than the problems of and China is in a race with time and the leader- ship of passing generation. despite all these personal and national problems in the world of poli- something new and hope- ful is happening in the or at least is being discussed in these meetings between the leaders of the major nations. almost all of them are in deep trouble polit- ically or and yet their consolation seems to be that they may just have a chance on the world scene to overcome their disappointments and failures at home. In his toast to Tanaka In the White Nixon said that he and the premier were tal friends and co-operators in working for And then he not being able to for- get let others spend their time on vi- unimportant lit- tle things. We will spend our time building a better It was an awk- and unnecessary compar- but Nixon sounds home- less and almost friendless and the world is obviously his consolation. 'Crazy Capers' Do you always wear your head upside The LethWdge Herald _____ M 7th 8L AlMrta HERALD CO. Prcariaton and Pa by Bte. W. A. BUCHANAN WILLIAM MAY ;