Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 8, 1911, Lethbridge, Alberta
IHY MANY PROMINENT CANADIAN PUBLIC MEN PAVOR RECIPROCITY A BUSINESS BARGAIN THAT WILL HELP BOTH PRODUCER AND CONSUMER HELPS THE CONSUMERS i, I Ralph Smith (ays PUcjprMlty.. la Bound to Assist Them "The argument has been put up by a fev. people How are you going to Increase the price to the farmer and reduee the coil to the consumer" said Ralph Smith MP, weaMng at Montreal. "I have no objection to that queatlon You must iemembe.r that 'u Canada treat agri cultural country, that We rail llona, of acree of the richest land In Uhe' ThV opponents of this say that If the United States Jfalies our natural products It is going create a strong demand for these Icomroodltiei and the -eaull '111 bo that these natural products nill be I dear That It the argument But you mast rente that simultaneously the finding of the market for our agricultural products in the United States ywi wiUJiave the greatest de velopment of agricultural production In tnla Dominion that has ever taken place The very fact that jou have 'millloni of acres of land the verv i fact that you create a market in the United States and "onsequently KALPH.SMITH, M P an extraorninarj demand, ulll brmf about an enormous! j increased investment oi Capita! in agricultural land anQ an anormousH increased production of agricultural commodl ties will operate in favor of the consumers of this countrj You can rmsJaVe In. hen !tne exchange of natural products be tween' country ,the United States Is made the roan v, ho filing! Is going to benefit 1 by it that th? consumers of thjs cour try are going to set plenty of these products it Plices as com pared with vvhat the} are at the pre .senutime, and that the producers who are on tne ire not going to have aiTy "reduction In the prices at which they Ifljlr commodities fret countries will develop this 'business enormoush 1 11 ill IncreawTWrielv the aiea of agrl 'cultural land 'qnBer cultivation more pople wfll on the land and seek to the great demand that nil) be created by thll exchange of commodi Hlea (rule natural products is bound to assist the consumer REDUCTIONS ISraater In Many Cans Than Those ky Canada "At present wheat dutiable in the United States at IB cents a bushel and 'ID Canada cents a bushel said 'Hon W S Welding We make frw In both countries The reduction in Canada Is 13 cents a bushel wherMB the United States re ductlon ia IE cents a bushel I give liat as an illastretlon of the fact that the tariff of the United States being imneh higher thin ours in order to meet a common rate they have had to make very njqch larger reductions than -we have Barley is now made free, reduction is 15 cents per bushel and the United States re auction it 80 pe- bushel Pota toes are" now made free Canada s 1 reduction is ID cents per bushel and 'tiA, 25 cents Date are made free Canada s reduction is 10 .cenii bushel the United States IE cents per bushel Flour ia now to be dutiable at the common rate of 50 keenti per barrel, Canada reduction par-barrel, the United Slates reduction is about equal to TO cmts per barrel, FAVOR.THE AGREEMENT Centre Orey Da not Think It WIN (.end Political Union The following resolution waa led by Centre Grey Liberals That ourselves on record Hn of tu reciprocity agrwinant, believing that in enlarged market means mott eroaperlty to everybody riftnt the .untrue and unpatriotic larfument Opposition press and isiwakert that Improved trade rela tionf Will to political union, and Kilt them to the history of the treaty ol 1154 where Republican Senators opposed the tieat) on the ground that Canada would aeek annexation If the United States market could not be otherwise :ohtalned, while the repre- 6f the southern States (who 'were opposed to enlarging the north itrn fecuiHUry) favored reciprocity us of keeping Canada out of the Union NOT A PARTY QUESTION Should Have Got Into Bolltlei i W. H. Johnson, President of the ,3randon Grain Growers' Association, 'laid It wae regrettable that'the 'racl- jroclty quesUon had been lakcn Into party politics When 'the farmers nere at tho Conservative leaders had not been antagonistic to the farmers' denxa'nds When the farmers overflewe'd the treasury benches on that occasion Mr Borden hail said he had never seen those benches occupied by men In whom ho had more confidence Hr Borden seemed now. to have lost that confi- dence. For apine ,'time there had been no antagonism .to 'reciprocity, but immediately the'Government .took up the question in t practical way the Opposition had become antago- nistic. It looked to as If it were a order: to jet Into pouei He was glad that their own Western friend Mr Haiiltaln had taken a different stand upon tlis mat- ter. The Saskatchewan Conservatives were to be congratulated upon-having kept reciprocity out of party.politics. He was sorry to note that the eastern capitalists had out so strongly in opposition to reciprocltj The eastern farmers had stood shoulder to shoulder with the Western farmers In making their demands upon the Gov- ernment. They had'been agreed that what was good for "one was good for both. He appreciated :the fact that the Government would i have, io- tight a combination of parties and Interests money at speaker said he wap aware that a lot of people could be bought by five dollar bills. That .was.where the trouble vv as going to come If bribery could be prevented the Government nould be all right He (hat a number of Conservatives were trying to nhip him into line against reel-, pioclty He stand bj those who had dealt falrlj with him It was all rot to say that pruunt prosperity of Canada was due'to! the'National Poliej The price o raihvave coming In This would mean competition Competition, means loner rates lover rates means dollar: In the pockets 1 H H MILLIR, M P South Grey, who' at Hanover In Reciprocity. PASS THr Brandan Liberals julopt unaAnous- ly the following resolution: "That' ihis meeting en- dorces the rectprbclty..'agreement be- tween Canada and the Unltsd Slabs now before the parliament of Canada for ratification, expresses Its regret at the opposition to'the agreement pass- ing the House, and urges the Govern- ment to do everything possible I'o have 't aprerfl in." No Legislation Can Turn Trade Out Of Its Natural Channels Let.Nature Alone, Says Sir Wilfrid laurler and Trade Go to Canadian llnes-A Comparison By figures of the Various Atlantic Routes Repljlng to tha charge procity .siroold divert Canadian trade into Sir Wilfrid Laurler aajd attempt, to pre- vent the people from trading In ural channels no amount of legttja tlon will aceompliah that object, bat let nature alone and then the will be carried on on Canadian Why7 Because have the interior and the shorter and better llnei Take the condition of things today' Winnipeg can trade with Europe by wav of the United States, it can trade with Europe by wav of Canada line of railway from to Montreal mllrs and from Montreal to Liverpool 760 miles a total of '4 174 miles. From Winnipeg to New York by way of Chicago and the American lines distance is miles, and from New York to Montreal 3 026 miles a totml AFTER AMERICAN CASH Mr Fisher Canada te Lot of It _ n We htve been able to ittract American capital over to said Hon-Mr Fisher ipeaklnt; at Montreal and 1 hope to annei" a very large portion of it which I suppose, HON W L. MACKENZIE KINS !s just as dlsloval as it is to sell then an ox or a horse Of gasoline tnglnw we purchased one million worth, tobacco three: million dollars worth and wood ten million (lollara Our evports to the United Statea are at follows Animal Crafn Grain Products Coal' Druvs, Fiah Spirits Lumber Manufactured 32 A AshesToH, Nickel, etc. 6 Copper Ore Gold and Silver But our metal worfcirs, wood druggists coal and are to daj telling over eighty (Billion dollars worth of Canadian it the .United States THE FURNITURE TRADE Rwiprocuy Weuld Oue turars a Qreater MarkM: Hon W L Mackenile King speak ing at Hanover referred to him! .ure trade and its relation to wclpro city, half a fur- ilture factories He pointed out thai .he greiter the Wirtteni er had the greater would the migration there and the more none) there would be. The would get us share, and he believed that tinder reciprocity the output of local factories would he doublid In a fev.- years. The Oovernment bad: not touched the protection on furniture nor did H intend to. The only manu- factured articles affected .ultural implements the of which could stand the redaction." 'He jlso reminded them 'hat the' nanu facturers had been aaslsted reduction in the duty on soft coal. "'What are the of here ind on the.other askea an in- terrupter Mr King had not (he fig ures. hut he aaked the audience If It was. not true thft Can- ada was to-day exporting caiiie. to the United Slates. There were cries of Vet and Mr King said Well 1 leave It to your common sense' If Can- adian farmers find it to ex- port cattle now with a high oh, will It not be easier under reciprocity and mean a greater net price to the farmer' diat'anee' of m.let. The Amerl- ca'n 'line f the Canadian mileV In favor or the Canadian 'line of .652 miles. Do you require any legislation to compel irade'to chooee the'Canadian chsnnal? Ii for very self- respect, trade will alvayi the Canadlip line, because It IB the shorter That We have.had :ai to what naa happened, and our experience'has been that our qyer nas ncreaeed -'by leaps and bounds as "thV-trade 'by( the American channtli.'.'In 1900. amount of Cinkdlan wheit-exported in 1910 it sad- increased from'four million bush- els' to'1 Of Ameri- can the total number of'bush- els Montreal in 1900 wti bushels, and in 1911 that had increased bushels. So, therefore, if no doubt on this the Canadian line must reference because the Cana- dian line is'the boat and the'ihortest. "the Greatest Bishop Mills Mills In his chaise to the Ontarlo'Synod at Kingston said some frere going about singing a song ing blue ruin was com Ing: to" our countrj through reciprocity. withVthii United States. "Whether re- ciprocity would he in the general In- of the countrj he said is a queat'log lor debate and about which different opinions may be held. But have not devoted their at- tention, fo much to the of this question as In ringing changes on cry that If reclproc'tv adopt- ed it weuld be the first step towards that United States irouM he huylng us and ve ould be selling 'omelyes I think that is the nonnenpe came from the months of supppsedlv sane "nen as Canadian It 1 think little of my loyalty. to the Brttl'h Crovin if it depended on tariff schedules Those viho think thi> ua tjonal iplrit of Canada i ter cheese fish (salted or lard.' tallow, meats (fresh, salted or Inmbfir, may be import- ed into free of duty, or at a leaf rate of duty than Is prm ided bj this Act. upon proclamation of the Qovernor coiinril, which mav be iteued whenever it apiifara to" bis aat iafactioi similar articles from Canada niay be imported; into the United States free of duty.' A BENEFIT TO ALL The Agreement Favorable to Both producers and Consumer! Thf at HumboMt, Saskat- chewan, adopted: the following retplu- tion in the opinion of this meeting the pjDpoeed reciprocity agreement betwMn Canada', and the when'brought Into effect, be of great benefit to the producers and "consumer! of Canada, and we re- urge upon the Dominion GoTf.niinent to paaa the agreement at aft early a date BB posiible H. H. Miller, M.P., speaking at Han- over, declared (hat reciprocity fn natural products would be one of the greatest factors In the breaking of the fruit-canning and other WHY NOT TAKE THE CHANCE fhouflht Leit at a peftklng at Winghnm Hon A G ckiy'aftid (hit iffhe Coneervatives BO sure reciprocity %ould a bid 'things why did they not go on record against it', let it pass, and, after trial, have the dissatisfied HON A G MacKAY people turn fhp Ljb-ials out' During the .first five-montbs year 625 cars of hay had.Keen exported to the United Stales from Ontario north of Stratford. At-twenty tons to the car aiid.lf a ton duty, that was lost In dutj He closed with reply to the annexation beget, and urged the eUctorc to vote against the Conserva- tive candidate; who had forgotten theni when he against reci- procity. FARMERS 10 BENEFIT ;__i____ i The Agrsement of Great Advantage to 'Canadian Agriculture, Sayi Dr. Dr Neelj MP a Sas- katchewan mass meeting declared that the proposed trade agreement offered great advantages to the Cana- dian farmer: It was In the cities ot the United -States that the mass of consumers'of'farm products were to be found; and-Canada is primarily an agricultural country. With adverse tariffs Canada did of busi ness with th.e United States, and everybody wanted -sto do more husi nen, not The1 Government got credit for the result of thf British preference in extending trade. "Why should we not seek better in the United States, immediately at out- door "Our ultimate" future market for the of Canada must be to the he said.' "However much the British people may love Canada, they cannot enlarge their stomachs to con- our growing production of wheat. If-we do not secure all avail- able markets, Canada must again en- ter unnn such a period of decline as prevailed from 1S90 to "Became the United States as well aa Canada exports wheat, the question IE put, 'How is the Western grain fhro- ducer of this country going, to be The American farmer., have been getting 10 cents per bushel more- (hnn their Canadian neighbors for wheat t'nit was destined for Llvor- liool. The answer is, that when the riuty is abolished the Canadian com- bine of wheat exporters will Ire broken ind the American buyers in to help to ralie the price of wheat tc farmer." Wilfrid LaurUr Canada to IMhe.Tnde of "At the northern extremity of p the temperate says 6jr Wilfrid "our ceresJs have more strength, our fruit tins better flavor, our vegetables have more delicacy than similar productions fromi other parts of the and under free competition, not barred, in any way by tariff legislation, they will displace all other products on the tables of the wealthy. Our object to-day ;s to open the door of the American market, to open'the door of a nation of which has been closed to us for-the last 50 years, and when vve are now1 on the eve of reaching that goal.we are deluged by a plethora of sophis- try. v.Ve are told'that if such an. ar- rangement Is to go into effect and Canadian vegetables. ip, cereals and fruifs can cross the boundary line aijd be eaten free or duty by the American people it will he all.over with.the Can- adian confederation, and -even the British Empire will reel and rock upon Us foundations. Let us discard these freaks of unreasoning panic and Jet us approach this question' from point of view of common.sense. All that vve ask under theae Resolutions Is to obtain for the man who works In the fields the best possible remun- eration for his labor." ENDORSED IN 1893 Mm to Consider In tht. Rttlpiw city Discussion Hon. Frank Oliver toM" Bi electors that the farmers, wtoen asked last DMntbar lad little Idea of (ho magnitude he" question would toon JJo onger was the question confltwi to Canada Stales United Kingdom wero now energetically It. cepteij as first mlcs that taxation should be heajy'on luxuries and light on food stuffs initial producer had the iifht to ill pose of his product to the belt advan- tage. His being, perinittedftoydo >o, and being facilitated in doluc wai Resolution Adopted in-Thit Year by the Liberal! Ron W B Fielding In one of his speeches quoted the following reiolu tion of. 4he Liberal -party in That a fair and liberal reclprqcity. treaty would develop the great na tural resource! of Canda, 'enormously increase trade and com merce b-tueen the two countries 'aould tend to encourage friendly relations beUeen tht peoples, uould remove many camel which have in the past provoked irrltajlon and trouble to the Governments pf 'both countries and would promote 'those kindly relations'; between 'Empire and the Republic vihicli at ford the belt guarantee for peace and 'prosperity.' SIR JOHN A. WANTED IT The Late Conservative.Chieftain ,Had Gone on Record on Reciprocity So strong'b had Sir John A Mac- donald telt upon the question of reel procitj said S H speaking at Bisndon, that he had left'It on statutorj record that az soon as ,the United States was willing, to into a reclpiocal agreement Canada would he prepared to do i or several years Canadian had :en: jojed bonding privileges in United states and reciprocltj was after all onl} an evtenslon of that pjmciple Then opponents claimed that the iaurler Government had received no mandate to; :ratlfy Suielj the Canadian deiaga tlon to Ottawa formed t mandate- But apsit from that mandate, reclpro citj had been so thoroughly endorsed by both parties that no further man date was necessary- SCANDAL AND SHAME Mr. Fielding Thus About Annexation paid Hon W, S, fielding Is it not a scandal snd a name that our should talk annexation' I would n_pt do not know whether jou do or not know where to look in the whole Dominion'of Canada for a man who would call himself an annexation 1st Wcat can sou saj If our Amen can filends receive an erroneous Im pression when they rear) that the men who are supporting 'his Reciprocity agreement In Canada are advocating anneyation in disguise, and when lhej know that thousands aod hundreds of thousands of people in Canada are s_pporting this Reciprocity agree mcnt? Can you be surprised'.if our American friends taught to be heve that thero is disloyalty in Can ada? .-Who teaches ORGANIZtD TO DEFEAT Western Farmers View' vyjth Alarm the Source of the Opposition The farmers of Portage la Prairie rfcenth presented sn address to Hon Prank Oliver in which Ihe proposed reciprocity agreement war described as covering >erj vlrie rsr.se and being a long step In the direction In a Men the gram growers wished to go The address stated that It viewed with alarm the source from which the opposition to pact" emanated and the detei mined efforts of capital anri special Interests to defeat the agreement. 4 CAT GATHERS EGGS There is rat at Ditching, in Ju Bex that very in gathering her mistress. the hens you Me, lay all yard, and It IB often difficult to'.find iticii eggs Hut 'his pussj nivia manages to hunt. them somehow' She. lakes (he hei teeth, carries H to the -back door places it on the step, and fatties Ihe door handle vvith her paws until her 'r.lEtreEG conies and takes the HON FRANK OLIVER necesserily and unquestionably In interest of every legitimate, industry Iq the eountrj For every Industry of every kind and description In Canada lived moved and had its being, absp- lutelv and entirely upon the work of the fnttlal producer in developing raw material of the country -Any Ini- tial producer who opposed tha reci- procity agreement was opposing thing whlcli was In his own He repeated that every legitimate In- terest in Canada depended oa con- tinued expansion of the initial pro-j ducing industries, notablj and above all others that of agriculture The expansion of the farming pended upon the profit the farmer could make and, In turn, the profit he could make depended upon the market he could get Upon prra clple tie Dominion Government taken its Jife Ju ill hands -It had.m. tioducsd the reciprocity agreement into Parliament and wcs prepared to press Ihe question to a concluaion be- fore the cquntrj' Jlr Oliver said he did not believe that men from the broad prairies of tha West would ever make a demand upon the Government for a policy of sectional Interett, EQUALIZATJONJf TRADti That Will Not Hurt Capjida, Hon Mr Flaher In tho last CanaH haJ imported from the United north of goons, and. has exported to United Inj these same three years north of goods the bejflg ia! round figures more thai; two to one of Imports against exports Hon Sydney Fisher NOW, what is, going to coire from this Reciprocity arrange- reent' The result will be a largely increased export of Canadian products to the United States and an effort to reveise the alleged evil ot balance of trade, And there will be- an opportunltv for Canadians to iell> more'to the United States and to try to bilng about a greater equalization of trade between the two countries. ft this going to an is this to be an evil' Those who prate aialnn the evils of the adverse bal- ance of trade must reconcile their Iwo posuiona and try "i' "here] they are at this point A great trade, with the United Slates will comej about largel) bv 'the export of Ctna- agricultural products At pre- sent we import from the United largely raiv material, and we export !o Ihe United States some manufac- tured articles, a good deal of'ores, a good deal of minerals, a good deal of fish a good deal of lumber, by, ihis arrangement we have tunity of eiportjng more ot these aitleles to the United Statep that] going to hurt us' When your food, it costs so much to tne farmer sets so much for It, tbeu it mucn to handle It and bring it to you, and the sum of amount! is the cost to you, and H in1 addition to these amounts sou have three and a halt million In duties, you have Just so much to added to the of this food to you.) And if the duties are removed from these foods on both sides of the line, they will come Irony the ducer on the farm to the eventual consumer In the cily just so much more cheaply by the removal of these duties, and it will be a relief from taxation to, that extent. Coronation Cake oronaon ae Weighing COO pounds. Hid Coioliation Cake cnnt lined amongjl olhci Ingrcdlcrls 190 pounds' of but-f I tcr sugar ami flour, 700 200 pounds of n-.ixcil fruit.