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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 7, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 12 - THE LETHKUDGE HERALD - Friday, August 7, 1970 V Agro - Outlook By Steve Bareham TPMERE IS A GENERAL TREND towards increased beef production in Canada, the end results of which will not be fully realized for two or three years. No truly meaningful count can be given on beef numbers in the country this year, but a hold-back of young heifers and cows during the past spring clearly indicates the trend. Meanwhile the beef industry appears very promising in Canada, and particularly Western Canada, with feed abundant and local feeding more widespread. Shipments of beef from the west to Eastern Canada are down 30 per cent this year compared to last, an indication of the increasing number of cattle being fed in the west. This trend will continue as barley stocks increase. This action flashes big dollar signs for western cattlemen, as only about five per cent of the beef produced and processed in the west are also consumed here. This leaves 95 per cent to be exported. Although exports of live animals to the United States from the Lethbridge stockyards were down nearly 30 per cent for the seven-month period from Jan. 1 to July 31, (8,300 in 1970 compared to 12,200 in 1969), the export of dressed carcasses for all of Canada was up more than 50 per cent, (22 million pounds in 1969, 57 million pounds this year). The increase in Canada's exports is due largely to current high beef prices in the U.S. Oddly enough beef prices in Canada have not reflected the hold-on trend by any drastic fluctuations, and at the moment, no one seems too anxious to make hard and fast predictions of just what the industry is going to do. Cattlemen Persist In dtion Of Bill C-197 Opposi "The recent decision in Quebec Superior Court which upheld the authority the Quebec Egg Marketing Board may exercise over imported eggs is a matter of vital concern to beef producers" said C. A. Gracey, Manager of Canadian Cattlemen's Association, recently in Toronto. In his judgement, Judge Lamer upheld the Board's right to fix minimum prices also. The Board (FEDCO) was established as the sole marketing agent for eggs in Quebec and has the power to regulate the trade in eggs imported from other provinces. "This judgement has vital implications and is further cause for the alarm expressed by cattlemen in their opposition to marketing boards generally and to the proposed national Farm Products Marketing Agencies Act in particular" Mr. Gracey says. The same powers upheld by Judge Lamer are provided in Bill C-197 and the cattlemen say they do not want the kind of,chaos in the beef industry that has been created in the egg business by short sighted and protectionist policies. This is why they adamantly oppose the inclusion of beef in the bill. Referring to the Quebec Act and the 'importation of eggs, the CCA spokesman points out that the dictionaiy defines 'import' in respect of trade as "usually to bring in or introduce goods from a foreign country". "By this definition," says Gracey, "goods could not be imported from one province in Canada to another, unless our worst fears for Confederation have a real foundation. In a Confederation there can be no justification for applying restrictive trade regulations to the simple interprovincial movement of beef." "Surely there is irony here" Mr. Gracey concludes. "On one hand Canada proudly proclaims herself a world leader in urging reduction of tariffs of all kinds and promoting freer trade among the nations. On the other she tolerates arbitrary barriers between provinces. Truly it appears that the left hand does not know what the right hand is doing." Meat-Shoppers' Guide "MOTHER" AND BABIES - These three pi glets nuzzle close to the sow who is mother to them at the central veterinary laboratory in Weybridge, England, but their real parents were in Canada at the time of their birth. The piglets, born July 13, got their start in life at the federal research institute in Hull, Que., last March when fertilized eggs were removed from three Canadian sows and flown to England where they were transplanted in the foster mother. The successfull cross-ocean egg transfer marks the beginning of what could be an important international industry, the Canadian agricultural department says. By A. O. ASPESLET, Dairy Specialist, Animal Industry Division, Lethbridge. During recent years, the buying of meat in bulk, that is, by the side or quarter, having it cut, wrapped and frozen for storage in the home freezer has grown to large proportions. Today's housewife, both rural and urban, need only go to their favorite butcher where they can see and pick out beef, pork or lamb that suits their taste. The butcher will then cut the side or quarter into family size portions, wrap, label and sharp freeze it. Following this, the parcels are picked up by the housewife or delivered and placed in her home freezer. The family then has a choice of cuts at all times right in the home. As a result of this purchase of meat in bulk, there are a number of questions that are asked from time to time. What puzzles most housewives, is the fact that the poundage of meat taken home in the frozen package after the side or quarter has been cut is less than the amount purchased in the whole. This loss in weight, known in the trade as shrinkage, is not constant and varies considerably depending on the condition of the animal at slaughter. If, for instance, the carcass is fat, this will increase the shrinkage. If the housewife requests boneless cuts, this will also increase the shrinkage. Another complaint usually heard is that most of the meat is hamburger and stew. What then can one expect from a side of beef or a side of pork? From a 290 pcfnd side of beef, one could expejt it to yield the following: Porterhouse, T-bone and Club steaks...... 16 lbs. Sirloin steak .... 20 lbs. Round steak..... 31 lbs. Rib roasts ........... 22 lbs. Boneless rump Roasts ............... 10 lbs. Chuck roasts .... 52 lbs. Hamburger..... 55 lbs. Stew meat and miscellaneous cuts ...... 22 lbs. Bones, fat, waste and shrinkage ........ 62 lbs. Total......... 290 lbs Sailing meat ... 228 lbs. From a 75 pound of pork, we could expect the following: Ham - fresh or Cured ................ 14 lbs. Pork Loin Chops or Roasts ................ 10 lbs. Bacon .. ....... 11 lbs. Spare ribs....... 3 lbs. Boston butts .... 4 lbs. Picnic shoulders . . 5 lbs. Pork hocks...... 2 lbs. Head............ 4 lbs. Feet..... ...... 2 lbs. Lard, miscellaneous cuts and trimmings ... 20 lbs. Total.......... 75 lbs. The above charts are only averages and individual carcasses will vary depending on finish and its condition. Next week's article of this two-part series will deal with the questions of how long freezer meats may be stored and safety in refreezing. Morning After The Night Before It was the morning after a wild, wet night, and the convention delegate staggered down to the hotel restaurarit and asked for a bit of tomatoe juice. "May I fix you a Bromo-Seltzer?" asked the waitress, immediately diagnosing the greenness about the delegate's gills. 'Ye gads no," exploded the delegate, "I couldn't stand the noise!" Mouthful - Wifey: "This magazine says many accidents occur in the kitchen." Hubby: "I know - and I have to eat them and pretend I like them." High Yield Wheats On Way Canada To Be U.S. Market FARGO, N.D. (CP) - An arrangement under which high-yield hybrid wheats being developed in the U.S. will be marketed in Canada, subject to licensing regulations, was announced here. The hybrids have a yield potential of 25 per cent over st<.indard varieties. The arrangement is between DeKalb AgriResearch Inc. of North Dakota and United Grain Growers, a Winnipeg-based company. Mercury Chemical To Be Restricted Sales The Canada department of agriculture has notified the pesticides manufacturing industry that it intends to place restrictions on the sale of mercury next year. The pesticides unit of the CDA's plant products division, in a memorandum to the trade, says it does not intend to register seed treatment products containing mercury next year. Nor will it register other pesticides containing mercury if suitable alternatives are available. The pesticides unit has control over the registration of all pesticides manufactured, sold and used in Canada. There are several exceptions to the mercury restrictions. The exceptions apply if:  the use of tlie prduct will Irrigation 'Soilmeter' PERIOD: JULY 30 TO AUG. 5, 1970 A Thought: Profitable irrigation of any crop requires full knowledge of the moisture requirements of that crop from time of seeding until harvest. Present soil moisture conditions for: Hay Sugar Beet3 Grain s ::(1.25") . Irri gatelU $0% fatlon fnd iSQ&Jk lalril July 9 Hay. Sugar Beets G-raioa Last use (1.48" lOOfo predictions: gate Rainfall for the period 0.49 inches has been added to the soil moisture reserve. The daily transpiration use of potatoes is low compared with forage crops. Until the blossom stage is reached, water should be applied according to soil moisture requirements for a three to four foot root zone. Starting in the blossom stage, the tubers begin to form. From this stage until harvest, the moisture level control is changed to the first foot of soil depth. Moisture level in this zone should be maintained at about 60 per cent of available moisture-holding capacity. not result in mercurial residues in food or feed, or cause significant adverse effects on bird and animal life when used according to the label directions under practical conditions.  continued registration is required to clear stocks in order to avoid difficult disposal problems.  mercurial products are found to be necessary to control plant disease on essential crops. "No restrictions are contemplated for other uses of mercury, such as turf disease and apple scab control, but these uses are being re-assessed," the trade memorandum says. The restrictions follow discoveries that mercury can, under certain circumstances, accumulate in the food chains of some seed-eating and predatory birds "with potentially de-leterio.us effects on those species. "Further, misuse in the disposal of unwanted treated seed has resulted in concern that grain destined for human food may occasionally be contaminated." The extent of residues in the environment and in food or feed grain arising from the use of mercurial seed dressing depends upon the care taken in transporting, handling, planting and disposing of treated seed. "There are indications that improvements in practical handling of treated seed is necessary to reduce the hazard to birds in the affected food chain s," the memorandum says. "Experience also demonstrates that some farm practices respecting treated seed have been incompatible with the care necessary to prevent the contamination of grain destined for human or animal food." Mercurial compounds are recognized as effective and easy to apply seed dressings, but there has been a tendency to use them when a real need for disease protection has not been determined. "This practice results in casual and excessive use which, in the light of current information, is unwise since it increases the hazard of mercury poisoning without a compensating benefit." Navy and Boston College have scheduled football meetings through 1972. UGG president A. M. Runci-man told prairie scientists and Canadian government officials at a crop tour that DeKalb has decided to market its hybrids in Canada through UGG rather than set up its own marketing organization. Mr. Runciman said that international competition forces Canadian farmers to use any means possible to cut costs of production per bushel and other countries, particularly the U.S. and Australia, already have pilot production of hybrids. Extensive testing of hybrid winter wheats will be started this fall with testing of spring wheats in western Canada beginning as soon as they are developed. Mr. Runciman said there will be definite problems with licensing procedures, especially keeping indistinguishable inbred lines out of commercial channels, "But when you're dealing with a yield potential of 25 per* cent over standard varieties, I'm confident we can work out regulations that will allow hybrid wheats to be grown in Canada." Q LETHBRIDGE RESEARCH STATION Fallow Favors Root Rot DR. J. S. HORRICKS, Plant Pathologist Browning root rot is primarily a disease of wheat but it also affects other cereals and grasses. It can cause yield reductions in wheat of up to ten bushels per acre and delay maturity for one to two weeks. The disease is conspicuous only in the seedling stages, usually in June. At this time the lower leaves turn brown and die. The infection is entirely in the root system and is difficult to see unless the roots are washed. The fungi that cause browning root rot remain in the soil indefinitely. They develop well anily when moisture is adequate late in the spring. Browning root rot is the only cereal disease that may increase severity as the amount of summer fallow increases. FaiMowing leads to a decrease in the organic matter content of the soil and an increase in the nitrogen content Conse- q u e n 11 y, an imbalance is created between nitrogen ami phosphorus in the soil. Conditions of tow or imbaianced fertility combined with adequate soil moisture aire ideal for the development of browning root rot. In the past few years an increasing number of occurrences cf browning root rot have been reported to the Research Station at Lethbridge. In each case the crop was grown on summer fallow. Browning root rot may be avoided by applying phosphate fertilizer in an amount indicated by an analysis of the. soil and, if practical, by work-ir" straw and manure into the soil. ART DIETRICH DENTURE CLINIC Certified Dental Mechanic Metropolitan Bldg. 328-4093 Before you spend over $4500 on a car Beef To Bison Switch Possible Prairie Bison could conceiv-bly replace some of Canada's beef numbers, according to a Montana rancher. Apparently buffalo meat is equal in quality and taste to beef when the animal is grain fed, and carcasses would likely yield higher dressed weights on a meat-fat basis. Comments on the idea are not forthcoming, and no one seems too anxious to try the first "buffalo burger." Store For Rent Corner 4th Avenue and 5th St� S. In Odd Fellows Building AVAILABLE AUG. 1, 1970 WRITE P.O. BOX 116, lETHBRIDGE OR CONTACT BURNS LITTLE 529 14th ST. S Calendar Of Farm Events August August August August August August August August August 8 - Brooks - European Tractor Demonstrations (Provincial Horticulture Station) 12 - Vauxhall - Agricultural Fair 12 - Nanton - Special Crops Tour 14-15 - Brooks - Fresh Vegetable Tour 15 - Taber - Agricultural Fair 20-21 - Red Deer - Provincial Horticultural Show 21-22 - Lethbridge - Horticultural Society Show 22 - Claresholm - Agricultural Fair 26 - Brooks - Horticultural Station Field Day think twice Datsun 1600 isn't long like a big car, but it's big inside where it counts. It doesn't have all sorts of optional extras, because everything on it but a 3-speed automatic transmission and a radio is standard equipment. Like carpet, flow-through ventilation, fronl disc brakes, bucket seats, whitewalls and textured vinyl upholstery. More important, a Datsun 1600 will go anywhere a big car will go and a lot of places a big car can't. And on the way there, it will give you up to thirty-five miles for a gallon of gas and around 100,000 miles between major overhauls. For around $4500 you get twin 2-door 1600's. Or a wagon and a 2-door. Or two 4-doors. Or just one Datsun and a bundle for your bank. No matter which way you do it you win, when you think about it. the more-for-your-money car DATSUN 1600 from*2!85 LOCAL FKCICHr AND HANDLING, LICENCE, PROVINCIAL TAX IF APPLICABLE. There are more than 1000 Datsun dealers across Canada and the U.S.A. FOREIGN CAR (LETHBRIDGE) LTD. Corn.. 1 J A ...t. IFOHMEPtY MECHANIC S�5) fc � Corner 3rd Ave. � l,h Stree. S. phone m ;