Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 6, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
The Lethbtidae Herald VOL. LXVII-199 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, AUGUST 6,1974 15 Cents Nixon memory-splayed tricks^ WASHINGTON (AP) -Newly released Watergate transcripts conflict with some of Nixon's denials of involvement in the affair. The president, in releasing the three new transcripts Monday, conceded that two of his earlier statements were wrong. He said that in one case his memory played tricks on him. In another case he missed the importance of transcripts that show he tried to keep the FBI from investigating an important aspect of the Watergate break-in. Here are the major conflicts: MAY 21 STATEMENT The president issued a lengthy written statement May 22,1973, denying personal involvement in the Watergate cover-up. He conceded he had tried to limit the scope of the FBI's investigation, but said he had instructed his aides-H.R. Haldeman and ,lohn Ehrlichman-only to tell the FBI and Central Intelligence Agency to ensure that no secret CIA operation was uncovered. 'Ottawa, Alberta tensions easing^ OTTAWA (CP)-Tensionis easing between Ottawa and the oil producing provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan because both sides are once "again talking about ways to share revenue from natural resources, T.K. Shoyama, the new number two man in the federal energy department, said today. Mr. Shoyama^ who takes over as deputy minister of energy, mines and resources Sept. 1, said in an interview that discussions on resource revenue sharing among officials from Ottawa and the two oil provinces have resumed following a two-month interruption for the federal election campaign. He said "now that we are talking again I cannot help but get the irnpression that there is a lessening of tension." He said the continuing informal sessions are focussing on Alberta's opposition to a proposal in the defeated May 6 budget of Finance Minister John Turner. The proposal was to bar oil and mining companies from deducting provincial royalty payments in calculating federal taxes. Seen and heard About town Grandmother Eileen Cain of Edmonton telling relatives here how "Cup of Youth" cold cream helped her skin break out in adolescent acne . . . Seventeen-year-old Jeff Peterson hitting the 3,000-mark in his ant-killing campaign. Last support drains away "It was certainly riot my intent, nor my wish, that the investigation of the Watergate break-in or of related acts be impeded in any way," the president said. He said then that some others later undertook "wide-ranging efforts to limit the investigation," but added, "I was not aware of any such efforts at the time." The tapes show otherwise. Six days after the Watergate break-in, the president was told that the FBI investigation was threatening to uncover a financial link between the burglars .and his own reelection campaign committee, and that this would involve his chief fund raiser Maurice Stans, and possibly his campaign director, John Mitchell. He approved a plan to have the CIA tell the FBI to "stay the hell out of this." The only discussion, of possible national-security implications was a suggestion by Nixon that Haldeman and Ehrlichman tell the CIA that a full FBI investigation might embarrass the CIA because it had employed Howard Hunt, one of the burglars. ' In a statement Monday, the president said the May 22 statement was wrong. "That statement was based on my recollection at the time- some 11 months later-plus documentary materials and relevant public testimony of those involved," he said. AUGUST 15 STATEMENT On Aug. 15, 1973, the president said he didn't know about the cover-up until White House counsel John Dean told him about it on March 21,1973. "Not only was I unaware of any cover-up, but... I was unaware there was anything to cover up," Nixon said. Actually, Nixon had been told more than a year earlier, within a week of the Watergate break-in itself, that Mitchell might have had some prior knowledge of the wiretapping, and that two former White House aides, Hunt and Gordon Liddy, were involved. Haldeman told him that Mitchell didn't know details, but said Mitchell probably pressed Liddy into committing the burglary by demanding more intelligence information about the Democrats. APRIL 29 STATEMENT When President Nixon released the first batch of edited .transcripts a little more than three months ago, on April 29, he said: "These actions will at last, once and for all, show that what I knew and what I did with regard to the Watergate break-in and cover-up were just as I have described them to you from the very beginning." Actually, the facts were somewhat different from what Nixon had stated publicly, as he admitted Monday. He said April 29: "The full resources of the FBI and the justice department.were used to investigate the (Watergate) incident thoroughly. I instructed my staff and campaign aides to co-operate fully with the investigation." The new transcript says, Nixon instructed his aides to tell the FBI, "Don't go any further into this case, period!" Nixon defiant:^! won't resign' Nixon meets with cabinet . . . president, second from right, sits beside Kissinger; Gerald Ford is second from left. More battles erupt in Cyprus NICOSIA (CP) - Fighting between the Turkish army and Greek-Cypriot troops erupted again today around the western edge of the Kyrenia mountain range. At the same time a tense situation developed in the east coast port of Famagusta where an armed clash between Greek and Turkish-Cypriot fighters led to the intervention of the United Nations peace force on the island. The fighting in the Kyrenia mountains centred just west of the town of Lapithos on the seaward side of the range, and at Larnaca on the landward side. The sound of artillery and machine-gun fire shattered the lull which had taken hold' in the area Monday for the first time since the ceasefire agreement was signed in Geneva July 30. The Cyprus National Guard said the fighting began when the Turkish invading force attempted to improve its positions by advancing west of Lapithos, nine miles west of the district capital, Kyrenia. Ankara radio said in a broadcast that it was the Greeks who launched an attack. The Famagusta situation followed an outbreak of firing in the area during the night and what UN sources described as an attempt by the Turkish-Cypriots to infiltrate into Famagusta port, the largest on the island. UN reinforcements, including armored cars, rushed to the area at dawn today, and, said a peace force spokesman, "requested the Turkish-Cypriots to withdraw" from positions they had taken up in the port area. The new fighting today endangered the ceasefire talks, informed sources said. The Greek military representative did not turn up for this morning's session, saying he was consulting Athens about the Turkish action in which the Turks were reported to be using heavy mortars and artillery. The other. representative.s, from Britain, Turkey and the United Nation, waited in the tin-roofed meeting hut at Nicosia airport for their Greek colleague to join them. The talks, beihg held under last week's Geneva agreement on Cyprus, are aimed at establishing a demilitarized buffer zone between Turkish and Greek-Cypriot forces to consolidate the ceasefire. Classified .. Comics .... Comment .. District.... Family____ Local News Markets ,.. Sports..... Theatres ... TV........ Weather ... .18-22 :v ....6 ?5 ....4 ... 15 S .16,17 .13,14 w ... 23 ?S ..8-10 ....7 Si ....3 S 'Which of the new leaders like us?' LOW TONIGHT 50; HIGH WED. 85; MOSTLY SUNNY. Kidnapping conspirators seeking asylum in France PARIS (CP) - Police said today that a Canadian couple, allowed into France despite their involvement in a Quebec kidnapping four years ago, have expressed hope of returning to Montreal eventually, "when the whole affair Texas prison standoff ends in bloody battle HUNTSVILLE, Tex. (AP) - The Roman Catholic prison chaplain wounded in the Texas state prison shootout says that of all their hostages his convict captors trusted him the least. "So I had two pairs of handcuffs," Rev. Joseph O'Brien told reporters from his hospital bed Monday. Father O'Brien refused to say who fired the shots which killed two women hostages and wounded him in the chest during the bloody gunbattle in the main prison yard Saturday night. Two of the three convicts who held 16 hostages after an armed takeover of the prison library July 24 also died as they tried to escape, including ringleader Fred Gomez Carrasco. Authorities said Carrasco, serving a life sentence for assault to murder a San Antonio police officer, and Rodolfo Dominguez committed suicide. See more on Page 2. dies down." Jacques and Louise Cossette-Trudel, who arrived from Cuba via Prague last Thursday, also assured police they have no intention of trying to communicate with other Front de Liberation du ' Quebec (FLQ) kidnappers who slipped into France last June and are still being sought by police. The Cossette-'Trudels, and their 18-month-old son, Alexis, have been allowed to remain in France on a one-month visa Police quoted the Canadian couple as saying they were unhappy in Cuba and that life was not easy in the socialist state. Cossette-Trudel hopes to find a teaching job in the Paris area. They have been taken to Creteil, a "new town" just outside Paris where they will live until their legal status in France is clarified. Minute campaign details concerned Nixon WASHINGTON (AP) - The latest Watergate tape transcripts depict President Nixon as a candidate concerned with the minute details of his re-election campaign, not so much with the affairs of state. Contrary to his public statements that he was too busy running the country to run his campaign, Nixon expressed concern on a number of political topics in his June 23, 1972, conversations with H. R. Haldeman made public Monday. -On politics and the arts: "For example now, the worst thing (unintelligible) is to go to anything that has to do with the arts. ... The arts, you know, they're Jews, they're left-wing. In other words, stay away. ... Let's do Middle America." -On his wife's convention hairdo: "Pat raised the point last night that possibly she and the girls ought to stay in a hotel on Miami Beach. First she says the moment they get the helicopter and get off and so forth, it destroys their hair and so forth. And of course, that is true-even though you turn them off and turn them on and so on. ..." Haldeman: ."Could drive over -" Nixon: "Well, the point is, I want to check with Dean to be sure what the driving time is." -On Six Crises, Nixon's book about his pre-presidential political life: "Warm up to it, and it makes, ah, fascinating reading. ... I want you to reread it, and I want Colson to read it, and anybody else." Haldeman: "OK. " Nixon: "And anybody else in the campaign. Get copies of the book, and give it to each of them. Say I want them to read it and have it in mind. Give it to whoever you can, OK?" Haldeman: "Sure will." -On the international monetary crisis: Haldeman asked whether Nixon received a report that the British floated the pound. Nixon: "No, I don't think so." Haldeman: "They did." Nixon: ."That's devaluation?" Haldeman: ."Yeah. Flanigan's got a report on it here." Nixon: "I don't care about it. Nothing we can do about it." Haldeman: ."You want a run-down? ' Nixon: "No, I don't. ... It's too complicated for me to get into." Haldeman went on to say Federal Reserve Board Chairman Arthur Burns was concerned about the effect of speculation on the Italian lira. "Well, I don't give a (expletive deleted) about the lira," the president replied. -On the election: "We gotta win. ' WASHINGTON (AP) - Facing the gravest crisis of his presidency. Richard Ni.xon told his cabinet today he will not resign voluntarily. Cabinet members who emerged from the urgent, 90-mlnute session quoted the president as saying he "intends to slay on and allow the constitution to be the overriding factor." "We have laws in this land and he is sworn to uphold the laws," Treasury Secretary William Simon told reporters as he left the White House. Demands for Nixon's resignation mounted swiftly after his disclosure Monday that he tried within a week of the Watergate burglary to thwart a crucial phase of the FBI's investigation of the political espionage case. Some of the strongest pressure for Nixon's removal from office came from his staunchest supporters in the past. All 10 of the Republicans on the House of Representatives judiciary committee who voted against all three articles of impeachment approved by the committee said Monday's disclosures had caused them to reassess their positions. Many of them said flatly they would vote foi: impeachment if Nixon does not resign. Cabinet backing Nixon got solid backing from the cabinet members. Participants in the meeting said Nixon stressed that he would not resign. "The president sincerely believes he has not committed an impeachable offence," Simon said. "He also believes the constitution provides for a process that should indeed be overriding." Simon said there was no dis-cussion of the 25th amendment, a constitutional provision under which a president can temporarily step down and allow his vice-president to become acting president. White House officials have confirmed that both resignation and 25th amendment op-i tions have been considered by the president and firmly rejected. Simon said while Nixon did not ask for expressions of support from his cabinet "of course he got it." "We've got a country to run," Simon said. "Let's not have this tragedy obscure the fact that we have a lot of determined people at work" on such problerns as the economy. State Secretary Henry Kissinger emerged to tell reporters U.S. foreign policy traditionally has been bipartisan and that "no foreign government should assume" any alteration in this because of Watergate. Kissinger ignored repeated questions about whether he personally would favor a Nixon resignation. Labor Secretary Peter Brennan was asked whether any cabinet members indicated they wanted out of the administration. "Everybody's staying on," he responded. "They've got a job to do." .jhe stock market surged aliead today, rallying around wh-.-!: brokers described as he for an early resolution of ;ie impeachment issue. The Dow Jones average of 30 industrials jumped 22.09 points in the first hour of trading. Summoned on short Tiotice, every member of Nixon's cabinet came to the White House for the late-morning meeting which followed Nixon's admission Monday that he tried two years ago' to thwart a crucial phase of the FBI's investigation of the Watergate scandal. Situation 'bad' As the meeting ivas convened, one White House official summed up reaction to .Monday's disclosure in two ^ words: "It's bad." A White House spokesman said "all items" would be open for discussion at the meeting, but another official said: "It's not a strategy meeting." About three hours earlier, Nixon's top White House aides gathered in the office of staff chief Alexander Haig to assess reaction to Nixon's admission that he tried to block a portion of the FBI investigation and that he withheld evidence from Congress, the public and his own lawyers. Two sources indicated that James St. Clair had made a veiled threat to resign as the president's Watergate lawyer unless Nixon made clear that St. Clair was not informed of the content of the transcripts until last week. Another s.ource said St. Clair had, in effect, told Nixon: "You make a statement or I will." H. R. Haldeman, Nixon's former chief of staff, declined comment on the new transcripts which depict the president and him devising a way to divert the FBI's Watergate investigation. On Capitol Hill here, more of Nixon's once-staunch defenders called for his resignation or impeachment. But White House spokesmen again denied Nixon would step down, saying instead he plans "to fight on." Representative Edward Hutchinson of Michigan, the ranking Republican on the House judiciary committee, said he feels he has been deceived. "It is clear to me the evidence is there to support article one, the obstruction-of-justice charge," Hutchinson said in a statement. Changes mind Another committee member who voted against all impeachment articles, Henry Smith of New York', said: "In view of this new evidence, I must vote for impeachment on the grounds of obstruction of justice." Representative Charles Sandman of New. Jersey, a stalwart defender of the president during the judiciary com-mittee's impeachment hearings, said that if Nixon does not resign, he will vote for impeachment. Sandman said there is no question in his mind but that the transcript establishes an impeachable offence under the first article of impeachment voted by the com- Cojnplete text of Nixon's statement Page 22; commentary on Page 2. mittee-the one charging obstruction of justice in the cover-up of the Watergate break-in. "I sincerely hope the president will act with dispatch," Sandman said. "My view now is the vote will be practically unanimous." Asked whether he thinks the Senate would convict Nixon if the House votes impeachment, Sandman replied: "I can't see hov/ they could do otherwise." "He's gone," said Representative Joel Broyhill (Rep.Va.), of Nixon. "This is the end," said Representative Harold Froehlich (Rep.Wis.).