Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 6, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE IE7HBRIDGE HERAID Fridny, August 6, 197! Maurice Western Man must explore The wisdom of spending so much money on the moon journey, iit a limi- when there are so many press- humanitarian needs for more money, has been appropriately ques- tioned by many people. What value is space exploralion lo a destitute family, it is oflen asked. Where is the state's first obligation1.' What are proper priorities for the taxpayers' money? There are two answers. The first is that knowledge is never irrelevant. In material terms the world is infinitely better off today than ever before. More people than ever before are enjoying the fruits of civilization. This is countered, of course, by the uncontrolled popula- tion growth, producing vast numbers of deprived people, but the utiliza- tion of scientific research in popula- tion control would correct that. The abundant life, in physical terms, is due entirely lo scientific advance, most of it probably originally consid- ered as irrelevant as moon explora- tion. But more importantly, the justifi- cation for space expeditions given by Captain David Scott himself is en- tirely adequate. As IIP stepped out of his lunar ship last week he said "As I stand here in the wonders of the unknown at Hartley, I sort of real- ize there's a fundamental truth to nature. Alan must explore. This is exploration at its greatest." Man must explore. When he suc- ceeds in frustrating or squelching his curiosity he is no longer a man. Regardless of his destitution, his need for bread and a blanket, he must explore. Real and phony issues Doctor reactions in two provinces lo government actions illustrate the difference between real and phony issues. In Ontario Ihe medical associ- ation has called mi its members to boycott the government's new billing program. And in British Columbia there is outrage over an order-in- council giving the health minister power to determine where doctors may have hospital privileges. The Ontario issue is a phony one. Fears that doctors might lose some- thing precious to their professional- ism by accepting exclusive govern- ment payments seem excessive. A doctor's professionalism is defined in the public mind, at least in other terms than fees and accounting procedures. There is some threat to the auton- omy of t h e medical profession in. this, admittedly. Yet the defence of divine rights in most other areas of society has been a dead issue for a long time. As regulations have come to be accepted for one after another special interest group, the medical profession was bound to be included eventually. In British Columbia ilic govern- ment has gone farther than most other jurisdictions in the matter of regulations al'fecling the doctors. Its order-in-council raises the real issue of whether any group should be sub- ject to such potentially dictatorial power. Most people will shrink from backing Ihe government on assum- ing Hie right of decreeing whether or not a doctor may have hospital privi- leges especially when this car- ries suggestions of forcing doctors to move in order1 to get the necessary access lo Ireatment facilities. Even if the B.C. government has to back down, it has done a .service in forcing troubling questions into the public arena for discussion and a better solution if there is any. Equal access to medical care, which is fundamental to medicare schemes, is not possible if doctors will not choose to distribute themselves in rural and remote areas as well as in the cities. And doctors do not find inducement to serve outside the cities if they are denied hospital privileges even when their patients are ad- mitted. The problem of hospital privileges does not oflen come to public atten- tion. This does not mean that all is well everywhere except in British Columbia. The issue could boil up almost anywhere and it is therefore a matter of concern dial a solution should be found without resorting to giving too-wide powers lo ministers of health. Membership decline Declining membership is not the worry of orthodox churches alone. The London Observer reports that the British Humanist Association also has the problem of falling numbers. At their annual meeting in London recently, members of Hie association learned that membership has drop- ped from to in the past 18 months. Accompanying the decline in members is the increase in financial difficulties familiar to the churches. Casting about for an explanation of the drop-off in interest in the as- sociation, spokesmen have blamed administrative problems and confu- sion about fundamental aims. But the suspicion has always been strong that an association such as this de- rived its appeal from opposition to orthodoxy and authoritarianism in religion and this is now largely absent from the British scene. The Observer writer settles for Ibis explanation. ''Humanism is now the prevailing orthodoxy in Eng- land." he says. 'The churches, so dominant and apparently invincible when tlir. movement began a century ago, now seem to be the heretics, courageously proclaiming unfashion- able beliefs." CRTC's strange rules Canadian Radio and Television Commission is making noises that to some people sound like the overture to a retreat from Ihe Canadian content ruling. Tne BO por cent Canadian content ruling has not loo well with private broad- casters, who yield lo none in their love of country, so long as it doesn't interfere with their progress to Ihe hank According lo those who profess intimacy with the CHTC'.s mechanical facully for going inuj reverse, the ruling will Iw changed so that Canadian content will be met by adding one more Canadian football game lo Ihe schedule, or two panorama o[ Pierre Bcrtoi1., whichever is the shorter There has never been any question about Canadian fool ball qualifying as Canadian content, even though the broadcasts of CFL panics involve players who talk like Gomcr Pyle. Pro football games qualify as Canadian content because the teams repre- sent Canadian cities, even though most of the players arc Americans. Pro hockey qualifies as Canadian conlcnl because the loams represent American cities, but most of Ihe players arn Canadians. This works out very well, since the only a''cn game is cricket. II h< Conies obvious why there ahvnys I'..< I" I.'- a Canadian football players about there on Ihe field. It is not n: i't.' palnnlisin. II is a ease of mcct- [he rule about Canadian content for b oadcasling and Ihe Queen's lolly it brings in. One private broadcaster lold me that he has hopes, of liming the Itlin of Mexican bullfights accredited as Canadian content, by dubbing in a crowd singing "0 Canada" before they bring oiil the first hull. "All we have to do is get their lips into he said. "The bull has agreed to say he's from Alberla." Private broadcasters arc also dickering with some far eastern countries for several hundred miles of cheap footage of ping pong matches held in lhal part of the world. The Canadian conlenl ruling will he met, it is hoped, by having Ihe umpire announce that the ping pong I able is made of B.C. ply- wood. Despilu these efforts lo ensure the sur- vival of Canadiana, some Canadian actors, writers and olhrr performers believe that the private broadcasters arc pressuring the CRTC into relaxing ils regulation about Canadian content because it costs money to hire Canadian talent. A fantastic notion, true, but it dies hard amongst us children of the world of entcrlainmcnl. We would bale lo soc the CRTC back- track lo Ihe bad old dais when Canadian culture on TV was identified by Ihe grin from which the front leolb missing. Home of us have sprul a lol of money having partial plalcs made, on the under- standing lhal having a full scl of choppers no longer jeopardized omploymenl. It may not sot the world on fire, but Canadian Lilcnl docs hcve caloric ambi- tion beyond warming the bench. Please sliifly your play book, CHTC, lo make sure you don't got sucked in by the old Statue, of Libcrly pl.ij. (Vancouver Province features) Government Santa hard on taxpayers rjTTAWA: In tlie modern subsidy slalc, Ihe govern- ment works lirclesslv lo perfect the image of Sanla Claus on ils political coinage. Bui the one- sided coin has yet lo he in- vented and Uie image which keeps asserting itself on the other side suggests lo the un- subsidized Ihe features of Ebe- nezer Scrooge. Consider, for example, the case of Jean-Luc Pepin who recently won the acclaim of shipbuilders (although perhaps not of taxpayers) by his gener- ous program of aid to the yards. According lo reports, es- pecially those of the minister, everything has been going swimmingly. The orders have come in; the men are at work; the companies, fresh from earl- ier triumphs on jobs like the Bonavcnlurc, are happily pre- paring lo pick up their 17 per cent subsidies. The candles, twinkling in the offices of the shipbuilders, arc burning in honor of Mr. Pepin, It is the more disconcerting lo read in the Montreal news- paper The Gazette, which keeps Musical Chairs an attentive eye on tile imlus- Iry. lhal numbers of ill-disposed j.i'r.sons are mccnscil with Hie minister. The problem, as they sec it, is lhal there are insuffi- cient places at the public trough and that Mr. Pepin has shut Ihcin oul, although permitting across bv other unworthy peo- ple1 foreigners, Lo boot. The difficnlly is that the gov- ernment pays on the package basis. Naval architects fre- quently specify components which are made abroad. These BO into the package for which Ihe builders claim their 17 per cent hand outs and subsidized loans. Component makers argue that the taxpay- er, who sustains Santa Clause, is helping to pay for imports. Tho manufacturer should have Ihe business, to the exclu- sion of outsiders, and Ihe lax- should, support him. Coupled with 'his theme is argument, now becoming a trifle shopworn, that ih.e gov- ernment is passing up an op- porlunily lo develop design and technological abilities vital lo our cc [Anemic fi lure. This cirilicism is less than just lo Mr. Pepin. When one is comnii'lod lo a wrong-headed policy, there is no sense in mak- ing it worse. The situation in the Canadian yards is by no means unusual. An incredible number of com- ponents go into any sizeable ship, as into any aircraft. 11 is the common praclice of suc- cessful builders to profit from international specialization. Not very lung ago, for example, the Swedes were building engines for Japanese lankers. The cer- tain result of a made-in-CanaHa policy would be higher costs. With taxpayers in Iheir present mood, .Mi. Pepin did very well hv Inn industry in persuading Ihe cabinet lhat it ought to pour oul subsidies approaching S300 million in Ihe next two y.ears. According to (he wisdom of the East ('here is a last straw even for a camel. In any case the minister nas an even better reason for re- sisting this pressure. The ar- gument ignores the nature of his program. Canadian shipyards, in Ihe or- dinary way are simply not competitive with those of the major building nations. Costs in this counlry are too high for unsubsidized business. Mr. Pepin has been able, however, lo extract advantage from a temporary situation and to cre- ate employment iri the yards by a transitional subsidy pro- gram. The opportunity arose be- cause foreign yards at the mo- ment are plugged with orders. Customers are willing to pay premiums up tj Icn per cent in order to ensure delivery. In this situation Ihe Pepin subsidies arc enough lo bring business to Quebec and other builders. But there is no guarantee whatever lhal this situation will continue for long. The likelihood is that it will not for the obvious rea- son lhal builders elsewhere dis- like turning away business. If demand seems likely to he sus- tained, Ihey will expand lo meet il. They have good reason lo do so, for over Ihe years, Ihey have been competitive and we have not. Concern over secondary in- dustry is understandable but the taxpayer is unlikely to grasp the logic of building through subsidies firms geared1 (o an industry which is thor- oughly unstable. In r e c e n I years the argument about pools of lecbnological skills has sus- tained one venture after anoth- er the Bras d'Or hydrofoil seems to be Ihe latest wliich have been carried forward at great cost only to he written off in the end because prices were out of line or (he polential cus- tomers simply not interested. Not another. Surely by now Ihe lax-payer has been stung enough. (Herald Oltawa Bureau) Carl Roivan Lockheed widens threat of state capitalism WASHINGTON It is no mere accident that the Administration's proposal Lo giant massive financial aid lo Lockheed Aircraft Corp. and other ailing firms has split lib- erals, divided eonservatives, and cracked the business com- munity into querulous factions. Sensitive Americans, what- ever their ideology, have be- come acutely aware of the growing, sometimes overween- ing, power of the federal bur- eaucracy. They sec a ubiqui- tous, omnipotent Uncle Sam pushing an already mixed economy toward stale social- ism and" imposing controls that, taken together, throw off a to- talitarian odor. All the economic implications aside, the Lockheed aid plan worries a lot of people simply for what it symbolizes in terms of further needless encroach- ments of federal power. Letters to the editor More than 100 federal agen- cies arc now controlling or in- fluencing business activities in a wide variety of areas. Wheth- er i', is the price of an airline ticket, the content of a tooth- paste ad, Ihe marketability of antibiotic or the desire of two tirms to merge and enhance Ihe chance of survival, the fed- eral government has the last v.ord. One need not be an arch-con- servative, harping psycholical- against ''big business." to de- velop uneasiness about the per- suasive influence of the bureau- cracy. Power lends to corrupt government officials in ways Liial have nothing to do with stealing: [he exercise of power successfully in one area crealcs a seemingly insatiable appetite to exercise control in other areas. Give government licensing authority over television, and the right to impose a "fairness and pretty soon some bureaucrat wauls to decide what TV stations can charge for political advertising, or some politican wants the right to second-guess the editing of TV documentaries. Give an al'.cniey general wider authority lo tap people's telephones, or bug their homes and offices, under circum- stances where a court says such surveillance is juslifiecl, and prelly soon the at'.orney gen- eral is asserting an "inherent" power lo eavesdrop electronical- ly without resort to coffit pro- cedures. Botli liberals and conserva- tives are concerned about this assumption of governmental omnipotence, but it creates a special dilemma for liberals. Judging each instance of fed- eral intrusion on the merits, Race fans deserve better treatment Whoever was responsible for managing the Whoop-Up Days race meet can take no credit for the fact that a betting rec- ord was established. It simply means that local racing fans arc bears for punishment and continue lo support racing in spite of the exceedingly pool- deal they have Ijeen getting. Maybe we cannot afford an automatic tote board like Ihey bavc in Shelby, but Ihe oclds board here is absolutely use- less. It is altogether lo small and the figures arc only leg- ible from close range. On Tues- day (July 20th) up In and af'.rr the running of the seventh race, approximate odds were shown for eight horses al- though only seven horses were entered in this race. On flic same day the gentleman call- ing the third race was giving the patrons the rumiing posi- tions of IK rses listed lo rvn in Ihe upcoming fifth race. These things are 'bush' in Ihe ex- treme and totally inexcusable. The belting area, which is now too small, should be ex- tended and since this is where patrons galhcr lo decide on I heir selections Micro is a piti- ful scarcity of seating accom- modation. There is even now ample room for many more of Ihosc cheap wooden benches, the cost of which would he minimal. If will be argued thnl Ihcre are scats 'n the grand- stand, but a large number of patrons arc people who arc un- able lo climb slairs every lime they wish lo get off Iheir [eel, and wilhuu' llu1 suppoil of these people there would not be a race mccl. We wonder loo. how many more yoai-s the public is going lo tolerate the dust bowl be- Iwecn Ihe grandstand and the I r a c k. Many people prefer horse racing to the brutal abuse of animals during Rodeo but how long they will continue their support under present conditions is doubtful. TWO DUCK PUNTER. Lelhbridge. Not asking for services The editorial of Friday, July 30lh, "Spend more, lax less" to my mind one of the best your publication has carried. You are quite correct that "The parties and candidates usually Ivy lo oulrto each nlhcr in promising to spend more and lax less." One would Ihink Ibaf Ihe politicians would soon learn Iliat Ihe public are not fooicd by [hcse promises. There is no way lhal ,1 party leader can promise In spend fifty million dollars unless he plans lo eith- er borrow it and place us in debt bondage lo pay interest on it. or lax it from us in order lo fuliil Ins promise. And Ibis one (of his many projects) sounds like a tax of more llian S25.00 per capita for all of us. The people of Alberta arc NOT asking for more services, but rather arc hoping lhal. we may coiilinue into the fulurc a government lhal will hold the line on spending rather lhan sell us hack inlo debt bondage We do want services provided, bill only as we are able lo afford them wilhout a rclurn lo debt bondage, and llic Social Credit govevnm.ent has domonslrau'd lhal. Ihis can be done. We arc proud that "Al- bcrla is Ihe Icasl-laxed prov- ince in Canada." and v.r Ihank Iho cdiior of Ihn Herald for bringing Uiis fact to (In) peo- ple ol our province at a time when polilicians arc trying so hard lo bribe us with our own money. A. E. HANCOCK. Haymond. buffoonery Commenting on Mr. Les Do- bos' letter in the August rird Herald. 1 agree with Mr. Do- bos that any male has the right lo wear liippio long hair if he wants In. bill of course people also have the right to consider [he overlong hair as part of a uniform. Many persons say that after walching Ihe long hairs con- stantly pushing Ihcir hair back and swinging Ihcir heads about in an cflorf lo sec oul through the hair lhaf this is a .scurcc of amusemcnl lo bolh young and old. I see no hate of the longhairs, only hilarily by flic public much as would be en- gendered if some person wont with coat sleeves lhal hung ten inches below his hands. It merely looks silly and not bale- ful to mosl people This world really nc.cds something (o laugh at so let us hope that Ihe long bairs keep right on being long hairs and so keep alive Ihe guild old spirit KAY KlilTGKS. Ixlhbridjc, liberals have applauded in most instances Of course we need a SVcurilics and Exchange Com- mission lo pu'. an end to Ihe scandals where shcksters were speculating with other people's money. Yes. there ought to be a Federal Communications Commission to protect the pub- lic's interest in Ihe airwaves and the limited number of TV channels; wilhout FCC there would be bedlam. 01 course we need federal machinery to pressure firms and unions to stop discriminat- ing against minority group workers. Obviously the big in- dustrial pollu'.crs will never slraigblcn up if (here is no en- vironmental protection agency to prod them. On and on it goes, whether the issue is consumer protec- tion, minimum wages, school desegregation, or the loaning of ironcy by banks: in almost every instance, abuses by busi- ness or organized labor and in- justice or indifference at lower levels of government have pro- vided a reason for the federal government to tighten its con- trol and supeivision over vital areas of life. No liberal wanls to revert to an era when robber barons thrived, child laborers were abused, blacks were disenfran- chised through lerror and Irick- cry, and laissez-faire too often was a licence lo steal. Yet no due liberal wants a situation where a vast federal bureaucracy shouls u b I i c welfare'1 and proceeds lo wrap society in a welter of dacldy- knows-bcst restrictions and po- lice-stale conliols. Since Ihe First World War, when federal encroachment began in a big way with Presi- dent Wilson ordering the gov- ernment lo run the railroads foi 26 month s. on through liposevcll's New Deal and the Nixon administration's bid for' a 52 billion bonanza for troub- led firms, we have seen abun- danl evidence that Americans cannot have it both ways. Alas, the tendency seems always lo run in Ihe direction of greater powers for government and fewer liberties for the people. Many conservatives, normal- ly mosl charitable lo the mili- tary-indusliial complex, have backed away from the propos- als lo aid Lockheed and other ailing corporations because Ihey foresee a heavy price in new governmental power. They know lhal in the last 50 year's this country has taken giant strides toward state capitalism, and that the Lockheed affair is destined to produce major new inroads against the concept of free enterprise. ft would be nice if the Lock- heed issue were only what the machinists' union and some government officials portray it .to be: just an effort lo keep a major firm from going under, causing severe dislocations in olhcr companies and the loss of thousands of jobs at a time when unemployment is drasli- cally high. But the Lockheed affair raises some agonizing questions about man's relation- ship to government, and Die kind of society we want lo main- lain. And there arc no easy answers. (Fiold ICnliTprisos, Inc.) Looking backward ThriMlgli Hie Herald Lclhbridge has a pop- ulation ol according lo the IP21 census. There has linen a 21! per cent increase from KIM. 13.11 Electors in Prince Edward Island voled decisive- ly for a change of government today and chose Hon. .1. D. Slewart, leader of Ihe Progres- sive Conservative Party, as (he new premier. Munitions minister C. D. Howe said Ir.day lhal. orders for more than war- planes arc about lo be awarded to Canadian aviation plants. Tolal cost is luiderstcK-H to run higher lhan 1951 Bert payments reach- ed a high of SIS.50 a ton this year, Ihe highest figure ever paid in Alberla. It was a in- crease from lasl year. Illlil Sovicl sp ace m a n C.herman Tilov landed safely today after move lhan 17 cir- cuils of Ibc eavlli in his space ship Voslok II. The letlibridge Herald 501 7Lh St. S., UHhbridgc, Alhcrla LETHfiltlDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1M5-1054, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN .c.DCcnei CLirs Mall Rprjlstriillcn No. 0013 Member of Tlio CanAdlnn Pross nnri Iho Cnnmilnn Dally Newjpnpnr Publishers' Association nntl Iho Audit Ourcnu ol Circulation! O.EO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Manner .IDE DAI.LA WILLIAM MAY M.in.'unnr Fililnr EflHor ROY T niMlGLAS K. 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