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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 6, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta "SUNNY FORECAST HIGH FRIDAY 85-90 VOL. LXIII No. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 6, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 18 PAGES Bomb HARRY TRUMAN By JOHN HEFFEENAN WASHINGTON (Heuters) President Harry S. Truman decided alone just 25 years ago to drop the world's first atomic bomb on he has never doubted the necessity for his decision. Truman, now 86 and living a retted life in his beloved Independence, Mo., has faced up repeatedly to a storm of criticism over the bombing of the Japanese port city Aug. 6, 1945. His justification is that had the bomb not been used, a quarter of a million Americans and probably as many Japanese lives would have been lost in an in- vasion of the islands. Truman told the story leading up to the bombing of Hiroshima in his memoirs, published in 1955. "The final decision of where and when to use the atomic bomb was up to he added. "Let there be no mistake about it. I regarded the bomb as a military weapon and never had any doubt that it should be used. Churchill In Favor top military advisers to the president recom- mended its use, and when I talked to British Prime Minister Churchill he unhesitatingly told me that he favored the use of the atomic bomb if it might help to end the war." Truman only became aware of the development the bomb when he suddenly became president in April, 1945, on 13ie death President Roosevelt. News of the first atomic bomb explosion in the desert of New Mexico July 16 was flashed to Truman at the Potsdam conference, where he met Churchill and Soviet Leader Josef Stalin. The Allied leaders knew of the successful testing of the bomb and that it might be used against Japan. But Truman was on his way back to Washington aboard an American warship when news came that Hiroshima had been bombed. Three days later, a seiond bomb was dropped in Nagasaki. Five days later, Japan surrendered. More than 12 years after the atomic bombings, Truman defended his action in response to criticism by the Hiroshima city council. He said many thousands of lives were saved and many thousands escaped being maimed for life by the bombing. The council particularly criticized a statement by Truman that he had no misgivings whatever after ordering the bombing and a further statement that hy- drogen bombs would be used in an emergency if necessary. Truman wrote to the council telling it that when Japan surrendered, the military estimated a quarter of a million of the invasion forces and an equal number of Japanese had been spared. Truman also told the council the use of the bomb would never have arisen had "we not been shot in the back by Japan at Pearl Harbour." United States Eyes Canadian Natural Gas NEW YORK (AP) Hurriedly but belatedly, the United States government is trying to raise supplies of natural gas by undoing its restrictive pricing policy. Whether it will be in time to avoid industry shutdown this winter is doubtful. Meanwhile, the U.S. shortage of natural gas is spur- ring at least two efforts to bring it from Canadian fields above tha Arctic Circle. It appears that Cana- dian gas may reach the U.S. market before the oil from the Alaska North Slope comes in quantity. Nearly two decades ago the federal power com- mission asserted its right to control the price of na- tural gas. This was set so low, oilmen say, that it dis- couraged search for additional supplies. The result is that the combination of low-price and no new supplies brought many users into the market whose demands now cannot be met. A number of companies have refused to lake on new industrial users; others have warned that they may not be able to maintain supplies to existing cus- tomers this winter. Robert E. Mead, president of the Independent Petroleum Association, said the shortage of natural gas "was brought about by 15 years of unwarranted federal price control." The power commission has proposed that small gas producers be freed from the price controls. It has also started a new study of gas pricing, with the aim of streamlining bureaucratic procedures and set- ting a new price by early fall. There is a proposal in congress to establish a "national commission of fuels and with more than half of its members being congressmen. The theory is that elected men are more sensitive to the country's ncud than bureaucrats appointed for life. Meanwhile, financing is being sought for tlie two proposed pipelines into the Canadian gas fields, with extensions into the gas areas on the Alaskan north coast. One line would cost billion, about twice the proposed cost of the oil pipeline across the Alaskan peninsula. However, the oil line is held up by conservation- ists' court cases, while the gas line apparently could be built through Canada without this problem. PREMIER SCHREYER seeks suppoj Slow Economy To Get Shot In The Arm PRINCE GEORGE, B.C. (CP) Prims Minister Tru- deau told about people at a civic meeting here Wednesday that the federal government has borrowed funds to inject them into the economy. He did not say what the funds would be used for or the amount the government had sought, but he did mention that the govern- ment would spend about .million financing housing pro- jects in the next year. Australian Immigrant Boy Flies To Paris On Dime JOE BOROWSK1 won't quit SYDNEY, Australia (AP) Officials said today the Austral- ian government probably would pay the return fare for a 14- year-old immigrant boy who flew to Paris on 10 cents, but so far the stowaway's father hasn't asked for help. "Officially we can not act until such a request is an immigration officer said. Of- ficials said they met with Paul Todman, father of the youth, Schreyer Sweetens Auto Insurance Bill WINNIPEG (CP) Mani- toba's political future- and the government's public auto insur- ance bill remain unsettled today after Premier Ed S'chreyer tried to make the legislation more palatable to the insurance in- dustry and the opposition Wednesday. In a 2Vi-hour speech in the legislature the New Democratic premier said that existing auto insurance salesmen would be permitted a fair fee for selling the basic government policy, in addition to any supplementary coverage. Mr. Schreyer's speech was designed to win at least one supporter for his minority, gov- ernment. His hopes of establish- ing compulsory, state-run auto insurance were given a severe jolt last week when Larry Des- jardins, a self-styled Liberal Democrat said he could not sup- Ferry Passengers Thrown Overboard VANCOUVER (CP) to have been aboard ner. Glen McDonald said ferry all of them foot day three witnesses claim who have not saw three ferry been tracked down, he said. thrown overboard in last the adjournament, day's collision between coroner's jury and lawyers Russian freighter Sergey in the case were taken nin and the Queen of television studioes in subur- Mr. McDonald revealed Burnaby to view movie development in opening an of the collision made by quest into the confirmed craft owners who of three other in Acitve Pass at the aboard the ferry. The of those reported to have 3 DEATHS thrown overboard by the jury was investigating sion were not deaths of ferrry passengers There have been no Hammond, 31, her seven- of passengers missing from son Peter, both of ferry following the accident, and Sheila May Tay- Active Pass between 17, of Allendale, N.J. ver Island and the British Sergey Yesenin is under 1 u m b i a mainland, and no bodies have been recovered and under guard at Centennial Pier in the port of Van- the area. No list is kept ferry Mr. McDonald adjourned inquest indefinitely pending the outcome of a federal inquiry into the collision between Sales freighter and the B.C. government Seen The coroner said later three witnesses two LAKE, Sask. (CP) members and a passenger Lang, federal minister cannot be shaken in charge of the Canadian that they saw. a man, a board predicted here a and a 10-year-old boy go year for Canadian bar- the side When the sales. sliced the ferry to a public meeting, Though no bodies have Lang said that Canada al- found to confirm the has sold enough b'arley there are about 15 ensure a record year. port the bill in its form at that time. The defection of Mr. Desjar- dins and the unswerving opposi- tion from the other parties meant the bill was doomed to a 29 to 27 defeat in the 57-member legislature, leaving the almost certain prospect of an election. Mr. Desjarrtins who supported the government until his defec- tion said following the speech that he is still undecided, but Liberal House Leader Gordon Johnston Willed it may have had an impact in Liberal ranks. Although he did not commit the votes of his four-man cau- cus, Mr, Johnston said it is "quite a reasonable bill now Premier Schreyer has come a long way down the road." BOROWSKI COOLS OFF In the meantime tough-talk- ing Highways Minister Joe Borowski says he has no plans to resign his cabinet post or give up his seat following his suspension from the legislature Wednesday morning. Mr. B o r o w ski, interviewed after he returned to the legisla- ture for the afternoon sitting Wednesday, said he still be- lieves in the charges he level- led at members of the former Progressive Conservative ad- ministration, which led to the suspension. However, he w a s markedly subdued from his angry mor- ning mood, during which the 36-year-old member for the northern riding of Thompson repeatedly refused to withdraw his remarks, and was sus- pended on a motion from gov- ernment House Leader Sydney Green. Mr. Borowsfci's suspension is believed to be the first time in either the House of Commons or in provincial legislatures that a cabinet minister has been suspended by the house. It happens occasionally to ordinary members. Arab ow He said the government has not gone to the money market for more than a year to avoid using up funds which could fo to provincial and municipal gov- ernments and private business. The prime minister said a successful beginning seems to have been made in the fight against inflation. But labor un- ions would have to remember they could damage the effort by making high wage demands. but added he made no such re- quest. His son Charles left Sydney Saturday with just a few pen- nies in his pocket and turned up at the home of friends in Paris three days later. The boy said he got aboard the plane for Europe by running after a travelling family, yelling "Papa! Papa! Wait for as he went by police and ticket checks. KENNEDYS AT COURT-Robert F. Kennedy Jr., 16, son of the late Robert KenneaV.'r at leff, is preceded into court ot Barnstable, Mass., today by his mother, and uncle, Sen. Edward Kennedy on the hearing on charges of marijuana possession1. Kennedy Cousins In Closed Court Cabano Still Angry CABANO, Quo. (CP) A promised visit to this commun- ity by the Quebec lands and for- ests minister failed to dampen the anger of local residents who demonstrated Wednesday night against the decision of a lumber company not to build a wall- board factory in the area, More than 700 residents took part despite a decision earlier Wednesday by Mayor Guy Mi- .chaud and his councillors to hold only peaceful demonstra- tions until Kevin Drummond, lands and forests minister, vis- its tiie community, Mr. Drummond said he will arrive Friday. The demonstration was sparked by truck drivers who dumped logs in the main street to protest a decision to award a road improvement contract to an outside firm instead of hiring local truckers. After the trackers blocked the main street with pulpwood logs, they were joined in the demon- stration by residents protesting a decision by the d'Auteuil Lumber Co. not to build a wall- board factory nearby. Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN YEAR OLD Lori Johnssoii, watching her father Lawrence frying pota- toes and remarking, "are you the mommy? Only mommies cook supper." Sue Blaiichard innocently won- dering how the curb ever got under the wheel of her car. From AP-Reuters BAHNSTABLE, Mass. (CP) Robert F. Kennedy Jr. and R. Sargent Shriver III, with members of their-families and lawyers, appeared at a juvenile court preliminary hearing today on charges of being delinquent by possession of marijuana. Sargent Shriver Jr., former United States ambassador to France, said afterward1 that Judge Henry L. Murphy "heard all the facts in the case." He also said that "all cases involv- ing juveniles in Massachusetts are confidential and not to discussed." "The boys were here in court for the first time in their lives and now they're going home with their he said, re- fusing to reply to questions about possible further court ac- tion. Before the hearing, the two 16-year-olds and their families conferred privately for -nearly an hour with their lawyers, and then were summoned into the Threaten To Kill Pair MONTEVIDEO (Reuters) Guerrillas who kidnapped American official Daniel Ml- trione and a Brazilian diplomat have threatened to kill them if the Uruguayan government does not release all political prisoners, it was reported today. Radio police trying to the Tupamaro guerrillas said they would execute the two hostages if political prisoners are not freed before midnight Friday night. But a communique sent by the guerrillas to the president of the Supreme Court Wednesday did not set any deadlines for a reply to the demand for the re- lease of political prisoners, nor did it mention any repriasls. The latest developments came as the government appeared to be taking a tougher line with the guerrillas. courtroom. The hearing lasted 20 minutes and the groups re- turned to conferences with law- vers. t SENATOR SILENT Senator Edwara M. Kennedy (Dem. Mass.) refused to com- ment as the families left (he courthouse shortly thereafter. Young asked whether the case had been continued, turned his head and said no- thing. Members of both families- then got into two cars and left. Public prosecutor R i c h-a r d Rougeau also refused comment on what action was taken in court. The two cousins were accom- panied to the session by their uncle, Senator Kennedy, and by Ethel Kennedy, Bobby's mother, and Mr. and Mrs. Shri- ver, parents of the Shriver boy, who also is known as Bobby. The lawyers included Robert Clark Jr. of Brockton, Mass., a long-time associate of Senator Kennedy. Reporters flocking to Hyannis Port to cover the hearing were pelted by eggs and garbage Wednesday by wealthy resi- dents of the community who closed ranks behind the trou- ble-plagued Kennedy clan. Hyannis and Hyannis Port are sections of the town of Barnsta- ble. The Kennedy compound, a cluster of houses owned by members of the family, is in Hyannis Port. 'I'd like to buy back a piece of Canada.' From AP-Rculers UNITED NATIONS (CP) The U.S. ambassador to the United Nations said Wednesday night that he hopes the new Middle East ceasefire proposed by the United States will take effect "very soon." But the Pal- estinian" Arab guerrillas vowed to keep the fighting going, even it it means attacking UN truce observers. Special UN envoy Gunnar Jarring pressed ahead with in- tensive negotiations to deter- mine th-3 site and date for the opening of Middle East talks, which sources said are expected to begin by the middle of the month. The Swedish diplomat was closeted Wednesday with UN representatives of Middle East countries as rose that the ceasefire would take effect be- fore the end of the week. Only final arrangements remained to be agreed upon, diplomatic re- ports said. However, representatives of two Palestinian guerrilla organ- izations told a news conference in Tripoli, Libya, Wednesday that even if a ceasefire is pro- claimed they are prepared "to force UN observers off the ceas- efire line to keep up fight against Israel." SEE NO EFFECT While the guerrilla threat promised continued harassment along Israel's frontiers with Jor- dan and Lebanon, it should have no effect on a ceasefire between Egypt and Israel since there are no Palestinians along the Suez canal front. Secretary-General U Thant today was expected to officially ask Jarring to open indirect peace talks between Israel and the Arab states following a re- quest by the Big Four powers. The UN representatives of the U.S., Russia, Britain and France decided at a three-hour meeting Wednesday tnat condi- tions were "favorable" for a re- sumption of Jarring's mission, dormant since March. After delivering the four- power directive to Thant, U.S. Ambassador Charles Yost said he was hopeful the ceasefire could be implemented within a matter of days. Dollar Trades Higher TORONTO (CP) The Cana- dian dollar was trading at close to 98 cents U.S. on domestic currency markets this morning, the highest level since June 1. The government allowed the dollar to float free June 1, and since then it has moved steadily upward from the previous pegged price 92.5 cents U.S. The dollar was trading at about a half-cent higher than its value at the beginning of this week. Analysts said the an- nouncement Wednesday of a record foreign reserve level was among factors. The government announced foreign reserves in- creased by million during July to million. Observers said there were in- dications speculators were buy- ing Canadian dollars on hopes the government would repeg the dollar. Another factor was sales in Europe of U.S. dollars for stronger currencies such as the Canadian dollar. Medicine Hat Posties Out MEDICINE HAT al workers went on strike at 11 p.m. Wednesday night as part of the nationwide 24-hour ro- tating postal strikes, an official said. The strike affects 40 workers. Italian Political Crisis Is Over ROME (CP) Emilio Co- lombo handed President Giu- seppe Saragat a list of new cab- inet ministers today and ac- cepted a mandate to head It- aly's 32nd post-war government. Colombo, a 50-year-old econo- mist, succeeded in finding enough areas of agreement to bring his own Christian Demo- crat party, the Socialists, Social Democrats and Republicans back together in a centre-left coalition, a system which has been the basis of every Italian government in the last seven years. Although inter-parly differ- ences remain cially between the left-leaning Socialists and the militantly anti-Communist Social Demo- crats over relations with the was a tribute to Colombo's political skill that he won their co-operation. It took 12 days of intensive talks to choose his ministerial learn. He was given the- man- date sflcr his party colleague, Giulio Andrcottl. failed to folve the inter-party dispute over ties with the Communists. The issue caused the collapse of the centre-left coalition of Premier Mariano Rumor July 0, ;