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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 5, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IcTHBRIDOE HERAIO Salurilay, Auguit 3, 1972 Western Smile as you leave Reports from Cairo indicate that tlie Russians are departing Egypt speedily mid without arguing loo much about "who and what can stay." Soviet leaders appear to have been aware for some lime that President Anwar Sadat either because personal conviction or political pres- sure, or a combination of both would refuse to back down on his insistence that Ihe Soviets must undertake military and diplomatic commitments in the Middle-East which the Russians are unwilling to accept. A highly confidential Soviet docu- ment lias come lo light in Cairo, signed by none other lhan Mr. Leonid Brezhnev himself. It is in reply lo a query from President Sadat asking about Russian views on the Middle East situation following the. U.S.- Soviet summit meetings. In it, Brezh- nev endorses a UN resolution calling for peaceful settlement of the Arab- Israeli conflict, acknowledges Egypt's right to fight, but strongly intimates that Moscow would not supply the offensive weapons Egypt needs for an attempt to retake lost territories by military means. Now Sadat, probably astonished at the speed of the Soviet personnel withdrawal, is left with a tremendous lot of defensive military hardware, but few Egyptians who can use it. Where he will get the offensive wea- pons he wants to enable him to start up a war against Egypt is an un- answered question. Not from the So- viets anyway. It's simple enough to call the So- viet withdrawal a total "diplomatic" defeat. In one aspect, that of spread- ing Communist ideology throughout the Arab world, including Egypt, it undoubtedly is. The Russians have not been able to persuade the Arabs that unity should be achieved through socialism rather than Islam and at leasl for the time being, they have given up the attempt. But Uie Soviets do not appear lo be leaving in anger. They have built up reserve of good will in diversify- ing their contacts within Egypt and in other nations by investing heavily in economic aid and military assis- tance in many Middle East nations from Iran to Morocco. There is some suggestion that the Kremlin is, in fact, thankful to say good-bye to its heavy military commitment in Egypt, and to assume the benefactor's role. at least for the time being. Inconsistencies in defence Since Edgar Benson took over the defence portfolio he has been re- vamping the department by upgrad- ing defence equipment. Recently he announced that Canada is on the lookout for a new anti-submarine patrol aircraft which will cost up to million. He indicated also that he hopes to sign a contract soon for million for the purchase of 100 British-built Scorpion tanks for the army. Meanwhile, Canada's naval forces are expected to be enlarged shortly with the delivery of four helicopter- carrying destroyers now under con- struction, at considerable cost. How- ever, the navy already has three de- stroyers tied up at their jetties in Halifax, unable to carry out their sea'duties because of lack of per- sonnel to man them. spokesmen say their per- sonnel problem is a result of the government's policy to reduce man- power. The total strength of the armed forces at present stands at men, a drop from with an over-abundance of top level of- ficers and too few enlisted men. There seems to be a contradiction In policy in the defence department which bears Mr. Benson states he would like to peg defence expenditures at 2.6 per cent of the gross national product, an Increase at current production rates of million over present spending levels. But what's the point in spending millions of dollars for new equipment without manpower to make use of it? Either Mr. Benson's ideas should get in line with the armed forces man- power level or manpower should be recruited to make use of the equip- ment now on order. It makes little sense to have one without the other. It seems there is a lack of communi- cation in the defence department somewhere. Weekend Meditation The Divine initiative fOW can man be rescued from his schizophrenic mind, his lustful heart, corrupt habits, his outer conflict and inner distress, and his cosmic loneliness? What can redeem him from the despair, humiliation, and self-disgust to which sin mires him? Paul wrote the letter to the Church in Rome declaring that man could not save himself; only God could change character. The life dominated by sinful hu- man nature wag doomed to death. Only as human nature came under God, bccama dominated by the Spirit of God, strength- ened and Inspired by that Spirit, could it escape degradation and dissolution. The letter of Paul to the church in Rome has been the most dynamic and transform- Ing book in the world, apart from the Gospels. The mighty Augustine, who wrote "The City of God" and inspired the vi- sion of the Holy Roman Empire, Martin Luther who set the Reformation in motion, the Wesleys who changed the face of Brit- ain and created a social revolution, and that gigantic modern theologian, Karl Earth, found their original power and glory in this Epistle to the Romans. The pott Coleridge held it to be "the most profound work ever written." John Calvin thought it the key to all the treasures of the Bible. To understand and realize the message of the book is to enter a new world, to ascend to a plateau of living above the flatlands and the fogs. Jf any man aspires to holiness, the let- ter to the Romans is imperative reading. The gift of God's grace and the life of faith is the only way to the true life, to victorious living. Paul does something in this book that sadly needs doing in our society. He sets nut the doom of sin ami the judgment of God. He uses the word "wrath of not mark you "the anger of to describe the moral universe Return match Study prejudiced in favor of debtors ryn'AWA Tlic Canadian I'on.svimcr CouiK'il lin.s Mib- milled lo llobcrl Andras, Mini- ster of consumer ami corpor- ate affiiirs, recommendations on bankruptcy nml insolvency legislation; in a iwponso to the proposals of a .study com- miltcc lo Mr, Dastard in 1871) mid in part reactions to the small debtors program an- nounced in March of ilio present ycur. A foreword sets the tone for Ihc Council's observations. "Itc- Ucf and rehabilitation of tho in- solvent consumer as a matter of right should become Ihe under- lying philosophy. Debt collection and enforcement of creditors' rights must take a secondary position to maintaining the per- sonal debtor as a useful and productive citizen.11 H seems lo be a major promise of the permissive soci- ety ttial no one should be held responsible for anything, debts included. We have revised one of Ihe more famous Shakes- pearian quotations lo read: "The fault, dear Brutus, is not in ourselves but in our stars." Small wonder thai astrologers have been making a comeback. wherein the sinner was fighting God, fight- Ing the basic order of creation, fighting natural law, and salvation consisted in en- tering into right relations with God. To de- scribe the radical transformation and re- direction of Paul uses words like "jus- tification" a metaphor from the law courts, "propitiation" a metaphor from Ihe temple sacrifice, or "ransom" a metaphor from the social and economic system of slavery. They all refer to the divine initiative, to God's work in man's redemption, God's power descending to man's helplessness. You will find few things lovelier In all literature lhan the eighth chapter of Romans, especially (he bit that begins at verse 31. Too often this glorious chapter has been made the subject of theological controversy when it was intended as a poetic rhapsody, the expression of a beart overflowing with the love of God, an effort to put in words the inexpressible those things that break through language and es- cape. Paul's statement that in all the ex- periences of life "we are more than con- able to snatch a blessing from sorrow and defeat, has brought hope lo countless thousands. But in all life and Ihe last hour of (iealh nothing will bring you more comfort than his words. am persuaded that neither death nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall bo able to separate us from the leva of God, which Is in Christ Jesus, our Lord." PRAYER: In Thee, alone 0 God, art glory, goodness, and grace, and man has no power In himself. Come lo us, Thou blessed, for man cannot go to Tnee. Save, or the earth mu.st perish. F. S. M, By Dong pOY MILKS and I are already plotting strategy for a return match with Tom Ad'irns and Boh Fen ton after our hmmli- Ettjng defeat at their hands on Ilondor- LFJ'KO Oolf Course recently. Boh rlwrsn't present any narticvilfir lera wth his fave-putt but Tom doesn't have too many weaknesses wise, that. is. We did notice that Tom tended to weak- en ;it the end of the round so if we can challenge them lo a walking match only v.i: '.'.'in Ihr- next competition rs- jiccially i( Tom has to piggy-back h's out- partner lor Uia back There is wide ugiTcmont that we need more effective legisla- tion dealing will) relations be- tween creditors and debtors. However, Hie pendulum has swung a long way since the anil it may now be lira creditor, in many cases, whose rights arc: in considerable jeop- ardy. Any hint of this is nutably missing from Iho council's re- port. One exception should perhaps be noted. The Council does sug- gest lhat there may be a price tag on all these proposed new protections for dcblors. "H is imporlanl to stress again here lhat any atlack on a creditor's remedies, while at one level necessary in order to make arrangements a viable al- ternative to bankruptcy, neces- sarily must have an effect on the terms on which a creditor will be prepared to do business; either he will raise ttie price of his credit, which may price some debtors out of the market', or he will be more selective in determining which eredil risks he is prepared lo do business wilh As creditors (i.e. ven- dors and lenders) will be tempted generally to increase their prices, the slightly better credit risks will end up suhsidiz- ing the worse- credit risks." Exactly. Tho majority, who exercise tclf-restrainl, will he penalized for tho shortcomings of othors. Obviously many debtors find themselves in difficult straits for reasons beyond their con- trol, such as sickness, accidents or unemployment, but some get into trouble through sheer im- providence. The council, being too enlightened lo admit such awkward facls, virtually sug- gests lhat the the to blame. Is it un- ullerablo hardship for man already liebind in his bills, to go without a color television set? If the root cause of Ihe trou- ble, in such cases, is personal indiscipline, proposals for eas- ing tlie lot of debtors ought surely to be scrutinized witti some care. Would they improve mailers or merely make ttie trouble worse? It is not difficult lo sec why arguments for weighting the scales on Ihe side of the debtor have considerable appeal. The term "creditor" naturally sug- gests the finance company, (he big department store, Hie chart- ered bank, wealth, power and so on. In L'ontriist, the "debtor" is the deserving but helpless litllc jnan. To suggest thai the crodilur deserves some consideration is therefore anli-sociul, apart from being heartless and reactionary. Consider a case for which happen to have full documenta- tion. The creditor is a person in (he low income brackets; (ho claim is for wages earned ul the munificent rate of a week, due some three years ago and "paid" wilh a bad cheque. In Iheory, Ihere is priority for wage claims. That Iheory re- quires examination. Thus in bankruptcy there is priority, ac- cording lo Mr. Hasford's com- mittee, for "wages and salaries for services rendered within Ihrec months prior lo bank- ruptcy, to Ihe extent of in each ease." Hut suppose, as fre- quently happens, that the debtor absents himself from the diction for a few months, iju.v then will ttie wage-earner-ercdi- lor qualify, even within the limi- tations? Ttie creditor, in this case, took legal action. The debt was scaled down by aboul one-lhird. However, Iho claimant left court with the minimally en- BERRY'S WOULD "My has stalled orfenoVng consc iessions. I expect she'll he haying me any day rtfy, yes4 Fred, it is a special night for us, fiaY'wg steaks for insurance that she would about (something lass than two week's wages) every six monllts. Things have not worked out In quite llial way. As other credi- tors have appeared (the debtor, apparently, having lived very Mic payments have stcud- ily diminished, After three dis- Iribulions, she lias now almost recovered her legal fees but has yet to receive u jMmny on earn- ings. Kven the six months has turned out to he fin elastic term which may be seven or eight since court bureaucracies ap- pear to share certain of the characteristics of other 1m- re.'jurj nicies. At the present rate of pay- ment, and barring interruptions, this could (jo on for years and ye.'ir.s. Perhaps the council would cxpknn what justice (here i-s for small creditor in such an arrajificment. Since its heart bleerls so readily tor the small debtor, it should surely spare a glance for llic person on the oilier side. In fairness, it does recom- mend lhat two categories of creditors he added to Ihc pre- ferred list; alimony and pension creditors. Tint HID whole ques- tion of priorities fin practice, not merely in Iheory) requires examination and this is only one aspect of the complicated prob- lem on the creditors' side. Tho is biased. Its overwhelming concern is (hs low income debtor. This out plainly enough towards the end of its when it ob- that Ihe basic problem in insufficient income and urges that the government must tac- kle this either through economic stimulation o r, significantly, through negative Income tax or other forms of wide- scale wel- fare programs. In other words; have another sock at the middle income taxpayers. Tl seems regrettably probable that higher income (or many pel-sons would simply provide ilie basis for higher debts. In its introduction, (ho council says: "There scorns to bo little doubt that the rising figures of total consumer indebtedness, credit operations, consumer spending and personal insolvency indicate that there is a malaise In the consumer society." If so, It developed in a period of rising personal incomes. Why then will it fio away with a further in- crease, brought about by .subsidization of today's chronic debtors? Tho council appar- ently lias no answer or, ff H has one, has neglected to include It wilh the other advice being pressed on Mr. Andras. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Stanley Uys Black South Africans discriminating against whites f'APE TOWN An African poet, Oswald Mtshali, told a white audience in Cape Town recently: "I am not going to publish any more poems. When I read you my poems you ap- preciate them, but you will not acknowledge me as a person when we meet in the Mr. Mtshali spelt out exactly what he thought of white SouLh Africans, "The only way in which we black people can make our presence he said, "is by rejecting you whites completely, by having nothing to do with you, We have reached the stage of a complete polarization of the races where the color of your skin determines everything. Asked to define the position of the white liberal, Mr. MLshali said: "He will be judged by the color of his .skin. The good man will be classi- fied with the bad." H was too had if the while man was dis- criminated against because of liis color "Alter all, you taught us lo think that way." This is not the fir.st time a black militant in South Africa has told white to jjrt lost, The "black consciousness" movement has been gathering momentum now for four years and the periods of grace be- tween the warnings have been diminishing all the time but there was just that special note of Ihe rlrximwatch about Mr. MLshali'.s remarks. It is difficult to convey just how seriously the political sit- uation in South Africa has de- teriorated during the past few inontli-s. IL is to be dcUjcteri in Ihe faint odor of something go- ing wrong more titan anylhmg rise. The VnrsU-r government's TiMTh to thr Highl Iho black corLsnrMJwss move- ment's wilhrirnwa! to the are two of Ihe few tangible signs that can be listed. It would he pointless to deny that many white liberals, much as they aro trying to under- stand the of 01 if: ru'fjiiiriitfii'y to JilfM-k (nr.vfM, uce f.tiitt- hy it. Tlie way in which Ihoy have bean lotaJJy, aven savagely, rejected by a grow- ing number of the blacks, Col- oreds and Asians, whom they t bought they were helping, is not only personally wound- ing, but represents the failure of the harmonious, multiracial society they thought they could construct. One or two of the kindlier blacks, taking pity on the white liberals, have assured them that once black mobilization has been completed and black aims achieved, blacks and white.? will all be able to come together again to .share a non- racial society. But the assur- ance rings hollow. Flacial bit- terness, once contracted, is not revoked hy the achievement of aims. It courses through roen'a veins for generations. The explanation for this sud- den manifestation, it seems, is that hlack South have not, only reached the limits of their patience with whites, but hiivc recovered some of their self confidence. Black con- sciou.sncss is not only a prod- uct of 1 tiller ness, hut also of hope in the hlack cause. SASO (Thr; black con- sciousness .South African Stu- dents Organization) recently sacked its president, Mr. Tem- ba Sono, because he had pro- posed co-operalion with Ban- tu.stan leaders such as Chief Gatsha of KwazuUi. The SASO congress not only de- manded Mr. Sono's resigna- tion: it asked him Eo leave Ihe fifill immnriiately. Mr. Stino subsctjiicnlly ex- plained Ui.it he believed leaf I- ers of apartheid institutions, hiich as the Tiantii.stan councils, should be converted to way of lii inking. "Whereas SASO hdicves soliilnrily to a slanrlpoinr of ngrr-cing peo- ple, I flo iif.f think nnt! is mak- jrg: headway unles.s other peo- ple are approached, cajoled, persuaded and talked into changing lVieir minds nml adopting your of ho said, Mr Somi Chief should nut -n! culled a "soll- 01 hut SASO instructed its euoculivo to hava nothing lo do with "the so-called leadership of the white racist Institutions." Some delegates showed noth- ing hut contempt for Chief Buthclezi. The SASO congress also ex- pelled a white reporter from the Rand Daily Mail, South Africa's most liberal white newspaper, and three white university students, who had gone along as sympathetic ob- servers. The Rand Daily Mail was accused of bias because it used the term "non-white" to describe Africans, Colored (of mixed race descent) and In- dians, instead of the term The students were simply told they wore not wel- come. The increasing use of "black" to describe all persons of color is another manifestation of race consciousness. The term "non-white" is heing rejected entirely as signifying none-pen- The use of tlie word "h f ft c k" (.0 describe Coloreds and Indians is by no means general yet, but, until a few years ago, it was almost un- heard of for either of these two population groups, voluntarily to label themselves as Tho use trf the common term "black" implies they arc nil In the same Briefly, Iho philosophy of black consciousness is that contact and co-operation with whites, any whites, blunU the edge of the black struggle- There were two other mani- festations of black recently. The fir.st was tho formation of (lie FUack Peo- ple's r.onvrnlion in Natal. M will "operate outside the white government created systems, structures and institutions11 flnn "preach, and imple- ment the philosophy of hlack consciousness and hlack solidarity." The second was the dissolu- tion of the multiracial Univer- sity Christian Movement partly because the security po- lice WHR harassing it out of existence. Iml mainly as it iiffirrnnl itr.rlT in an unanimous ?tl. congress, "wo no longer be- lieve that multi-racialism is a viable strategy to bring aboul change.11 The churches which helped lo bring the UCM InEo existence have, with the exception of the United Congregational Church, progressively withdrawn their support. This is a further aspect of the black consciousness move- ment in South Africa its em- ergence in (he white-dominated churches under the title "black theology." Two years ago, the fir.st call went out for hlack and colored clergy to stand together, to work for a united black church, lo reject the concept of a white Christ, to demand that black ihcolog i ans la ko ove r from whites tn black .seminaries, and generally to rid the church of its "while onenUilion." Since then, "black theology" has proliferated and the inde- pendent African churches now said to numfxur The essence of the black con- sciousness movement U call to blacks to go it alotio on Hie premise that an oppressed group must first close own ranks before it can enter the open society. There is an exact parallel here with Afrjkan- er Nationalism: both rely on thrir racial exclusiveness for their strength. Some whites are saying the black consciousness exponents ore an unrepresentative minor- ity, and (hat there are still many Africans who are pre- pared to work with whiles for a n o n-racial society. Possibly these while comforters have a point, but ttie vocal militant Africans today ore tho black con sci 011 s ness cxp oncnls, a nd (Fie political tide Is flowing (heir way. With Mr. Vorster on Ihcir side, how can they lose? fU'ritlrii For Tlic HrrnH anil Tlir. Observer, f.onrlon) Looking backward Through the Hrrafd IW2 If you want to get some idea of Ihe immensity of the all new circus which the Itingling Brothers have on tour this season, set your n I a r m clock for an early call on the morning of August Ifi and (hen go to (he railroad yards. Mrs. Victor lirucc, who made a false start Mon- day from flambleton Kngland in an attempt to set a new endur- ance flight record fs off again today. She and two co-pilots are using an amphibious plane equipped wilh a kitchen, dining room and shower hath, which Mrs. Bruce calls her ''flying bungalow." iftia Labor shortage Is ating n sfrinus problem at Gnlt and Kt. Michael's hospitals in l.clhhridgc. There Is a possibil- ity a portion of tho Gait Ilospilal may have to he closed unless more nurses and civili- an staff ran he procurred. The Lethbridge Herald 301 7lh St. S., Alberta TJIBfUDCfB HEKALD LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published by Hon. W. A. FUTCUANAN Second Clftii Mall ReglilraHr.n No 001! V.cmlior of Canadian and Ihn Cnnndhn Dally Publishers' Msoctaiion and Iho Audit of Circulations CLEO W. W.OWERS, EdHoi Pulillihtr THOMAS M. ADAMS, Genernl COM PILLING WM I lAW HAY Edilv Ciillor ROY r. WI.F., nouGi r, WvMlnlng n finer firlifonul Editor 'THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;