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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 5, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, August 5, 1971 Boris Kidel Puzzling performance Grants lo first-time piu'chasers ol homes and for improvi-d recreational facilities have a lot of merit. Many things could be said in their support. One only needs lo be about Iliem al this lime, however. They have .some voter appeal. It' is lluil Premier Harry should Jiave yielded lo this old dodge ot seekiu" votes sinee il is some-tiling winch lie explicitly .scorned in Hie campaign of his chief opponent. The rejection of promises of govern- ment uive-awaya enhanced Ihe image of Ihe premier. Why has Slrom surrendered some' of Ins of a sound and sensible practitioner of politics? The only promise he had been making previously had. been the general one of continuing lo provide service.1; as the stale of the economy permitted. Party slralegisls must have con- cluded Ihal more people can he won by specific promises lhan by a gen- eral one. They must have calculated that people wim respect the premier for what he is will recognize the de- parture from form as indicaling some kind of emergency and will vote Social Credit just ihc same. It must be thought lhat I lie vole will be close enough Ihal an appeal also has to be made lo Ihose who do not reflect deeply and who look for immediate advantage. The strategists are probably correct in their assessment. Not many elec- tions have been won on the talking of sense alone. But it is disappointing lhat it should have to he this way. Pakistan what next? Washinmon vacillation over the decision aoi'Ul coiilimnng aid to Fak- islan is a! ,111 cud for the present. The past lea days has bronghl forth tnconlrou'i'tihlc evidence of mass inunlcr. sl.irv.nion. rape and cruelty beyond hriie-l' by the West Pakistan army, aimed al nolliing less than dc- slrutiion uf the Hindu population of TV neivs documentar- ies, front cover stories by U.S. weekly inacaxines -ir-li as Time. Life and cek iell of suffering seen by their mleiils. a niglilinare on such a va-i -cale Ihal it is impossible to comprehend. In (he words Dr. Uanie! Wiener, recently rc-lurned from a i'ai'1 finding lour for Ihe Inlcr- naiional Kesctte Committee, as quot- ed in "Private agencies can only alleviale some aspects of the mess. Utit tiie verv size of Hie prob- lem seems lo paralyze people it's not so much a lack of interest as a I'eeliuL; of helplessness." The reason that Washington lias not, until now. discontinued aid to the Pakistan government is lhat it fears thai if ils good relations with Pakistan UK broken up, any sem- blance ci stability in the area will evaporate. Belter, thought Washing- ton, some form of government than no government at all. Such condi- tions might lead to the confrontation of China, v hich favors Pakistan, and Rus.-ia. v'iur-i? hucrcsls are with India. last morality lias taken over and pr.iiiicnl and military stra- tegv has lost oul. The House has sus- pended up lo Si44D million in aid to Pakistan "until turmoil in the East- ern province has been corrected." Further, Ihe resignation of fourteen members of Ihc Pakistan embassy in Washington has been announced. Ap- pointees of the military junta, they have seen the evidence of the horror it has wrought. They can no longer stomach identification with that re- gime. Reports of resistance within j.v..5t Pakistan itself continue lo proliferate, hut there is no hope thai the guerrillas can be Iruly effective in stemming the tide of madness and fear. The talk and (hreal of war increases ev- ery day, but there now seems some hope that President Vahya Kalm will be forced lo moderate his policies and exercise conlrol over his army gone mad with lust and hatred. Per- haps the Chinese have intimated that their support will not last under Ihese condilions; perhaps Vahya Kalm has come to Ihc conclusion that war would destroy him and his entire country along wilh il; perhaps even he has been horrified al the sight of carrion picking at Ihc dead bodies of his countrymen. II is too early lo Iell whether international revulsion will force a change in conditions allowing peace to return lo Kast Pakistan and a chance for the refugees to go back to their homes without fear and in peace. All thai the ordinary citizen here can do is io dn his bit io contri- bute his money and prav lo his God lo put an end lo Ihis hellish carnage. ANDY RUSSELL Threat of machines to nalure fN the past fifty years we have come fast and far in our development of faster and farther lhan ive have in our accumulation of wisdom in its use. So it is with snowmobiles, dune swamp buggies, and various kinds of track and Mhcci all-terrain vehicles. There is no question thai such machines, when used with cari and feeling for the land, v. ikilife and rights of olhers, can be of tre- mendous value for outdoor recreation, en- and game management, as well as an aid lo agriculture and industry. Bui without proper care and an awareness of certain dangers, they can be a real curse. Prior lo Ire appearance of snowmobiles, sumir.cr collage owners in remote places reachable only by boat could lock up at season's end v, ith some assurance that tlr.ngs would be just as left on their re- turn in spring. Bui Ihe picture has changed. There have been many cases where people have returned lo find Iheir ccttagcs and looted by vandals who came during the winter, overland by snowmchilr-. Anyv. nore in the snow regions of IVorth America, it is suitable wintering grounds that insure Ihe continuance and heallhy habilal of bis.' game. Tlio.se wintering areas arc always limited by comparison to summering rank's. In tinier such game as deer. elk. uicnse and mountain sheep live on the Ihin of survival; a very deiicalcly Inb.inccd sel of conditions easily upsel by excessive human intrusion. Peo- ple passing through quietly on skis or siiowshcrs bave lilllc negalive influence, bill those Ihal coiu.'j roaring in on snow- mobiles are somclhing else. Not only do they drive big game into regions where ccr.iiitions may be poor, but too oflen pursue (hem Irving for photographs or just lo see Iheir. run. Stress and con- sequent feeding condilions can push lli'irlalily rales ;iuay over normal. I have seen a herd of about loO head of elk moved clear over a mountain ridge into very unsuitable country by the ap- pearance of four suou mobiles al a dis- tance of over a mile. These ucre mostly cows heavy with calf in March and bow many lost their calves prematurely as a result of bei.ig pushed over extremely rough and icy terrain into poor range is anybody's guess. Tlic people involved meant well and intended no harm, but this does not change the picture. In forest areas Ihe snowmobiles can wreck many seedling trees, especially when these little trees are brittle with frost in cnlrl wcaiher. Down in the r'lurida Lvcrglad.es, buggies, some of Ihcni machines, are driven all over those great swamps. They are a means nf access to otherwise un- rcachable areas, but who knows what dam- ago Ihey do lo a unique and valuable ecul- cgy? Ranchers and hunters now use dune bug- gies and four-wheel-drive vehicles Lo tend callle and follow their sport in the ridge country of the west, where horses were the transportation a few yenrs ago. If traf- fic is not concentrated, resulting harir: is light, but a track through grass is in- evitably followed by others. When Uic sod is cut, anrl this is Io do on sleep slopes, in wet weather ruts form and these erode into oulhcs uilh urepairable dam- age to the watersheds. If we arc lo enjoy Ihc advanlngcs ot such machines, then uc must manage their use and educate Ihc public lo (he dangers involved. For nol only is lire weight of numbers somcUmcs devastating but the noise very disturbing. What good is imme- diate profit and recreation if the end re.- sult is a dcNorl. void of Ihc things we cherish? We must fiml .some answers now before it is too laic. Back shop 'broihers lly DmiR Walker IN fdious oul in Ihe back shop at The "Docs anjone know if Dave is here lo- llrrald are Iruly like a bunch of brolh- shmnan above the Willy Brandt's Middle East tight-rope rjONN Chancellor Willy Brandt's Socialist-led Coali'.ion government is man- aging to antagonize both Arabs and Israelis with Us attempts to establish a more balanced Middle East policy. The Arab nations, which severed diplomatic relations with WeE''. Germany in 1965 when Bonn sent an Ambas- sador to Israel, said that Brandt remains ever commit- ted to Israel. The Israelis, however, accuse him of head- ing in a pro-Arab direction. On taking office two years ago the Chancellor indicated thai the time had come to1 West Germany to seek better relations with Arab countries. Under his Christian Democra- tic (CDU) predecessors, West Germany had conducted a pol- icy of near total commitment to the Israeli cause. Their chief motive was guilt about the six million Jews slaughtered by the Nazis. As a lifelong anti- Fascisl, Brandt eould ap- proach the Israel problem with less inhibition lhan most CDU politicians. Without rlelriment lo Israel, he felt it essential for West Germany to become less one-sided in i'.s attitude to- wards Middle East problems and work towards the resump- tion of diplomatic relations with the Arab world. So far, the chancellor and Foreign Minister Walter Scheel, the leader of Ihe small, Free Democratic Party (PDF) canno; claim much success for their efforts to reach better un- derstanding with the Arabs. They simply have not gone far enough to satisfy Arab Govern- ments. In a remarkable out- burst at an official Bonn lunch the other day, Libya's deputy prime minister, Abdul Salam Jalloud, brutally expressed his disillusionment with Brandt's government. The Arabs, Ihc Libyan lead- er said, had hoped that the change of government in West Germany would lead to a dras- tic reappraisal of Middle East policy. He expressed his aston- ishment Ihal West Germans should be so little aware of the Arab world's economic power. In what appeared lo be a clear threat (hat Libya might cut off oil deliveries to West Ger- many, Jalloud warned that continued German backing for Israel would eventually pro- voke a negative reaction from the Arabs. Pointedly he remarked that after all nearly half of West Germany's oil supplies came from Libya. The existence of Israel was "against Jalloud said, and Iherefore it was a foregone conclusion that Israel would nol last eternally. Although Ihe West German government is eager lo heal (lie breach with Hie Arabs, For- eign Minister Scheel felt suffi- cienlly shocked by this verbal onslaughl to ignore etiquette and reply on the spot to his Libyan guest. Trade relations, he pointed out, were not just a one-way affair but they were of mutual benefit. Indeed West Germany wanted good relations with all Arab countries but not at Is- rael's expense. This clash came only a few weeks after Brandt had despatched Hans Juergen Wischnewski, the sec- retary-general of the Socialist Parly, on a goodwill mission to Cairo. Wischnewski has had per- sonal contacts with Arabs since the days of the Algerian war when he was one of the rare German politicians lo support the Algerian national- ists in their struggle for in- dependence. He is regarded so much a friend of the Arabs that his nickname has become "Ben Wisch." In Cairo he was received by President Anwar al Sadat and other prominent Egyptians but his mission does not seem lo have produced any immediate concrete results. Still, the Is roelis have reacted willi in- tense suspicion to Brandt's Middle East moves. They were particularly shocked when the contents of a document, draft- ed by the six European Eco- nomic Community (EEC) coun- tries, leaked out recently. In the Israeli view this document indicated that the West Ger- mans were realigning their Middle East policy to make it coincide with France's pro- Arab u'ne. Their fears were not com- pletely unjustified. The docu- ment, which was the first at- tempt of the EEC countries to harmonize Iheir1 foreign policy, appeared to have a distinct pro-Arab slant. It calls for Is- raeli withdrawal from "the oc- cupied territories" in accor- dance with the French text of the original U.N. resolution rather than the English text which is more advantageous to Israel by referring merely to "occupied territories." The document also proposed the crealion of buffer zones on both sides of the Arab-Israeli borders and Ihe "administra- tive" internationalization of Jerusalem. In Israel there was an immediate outcry that West Germany had capitulated lo the French on the Middle East peace issue. The Germans, it was said, had broken their pledges. It was in Ihe midst of biller protest that Scheel flew to Is- rael at Ihe beginning of July for the first visit ever lo be made by a German foreign minister. His stay began in an icy atmosphere although he tried to minimize Ihe impor- tance of the EEC document as a n-crc "working paper" which implied no commitment on the part of member governments. Now il was the lurn of the West Germans to be shocked. According lo a German ac- count, School was subjected to a violent harangue by Gideon Ilausncr, the chief prosecutor in Ihe Eiclunann trial. "You must leave il lo us to judge our best means of Haiisncr is reported to havo tcld Scheel. "We take the view that you must support us mor. ally and politally in all spheres of international life. This is what we expect of you." S'checl finally managed lo reassuic Ihc Israelis that West Germany had no intention ot abandoning Israel lo its fale. However, the whole affair left an ugly sediment of irritation here. Even the most liberal German papers, which cannot he accused ot the slightest trace of anti-Semitism, are be- ginning to (tucs'ion Ihc nature of Ihe "special rclalionship" between Ihc two countries. DIE ZEIT, West Germany's leading political weekly, re- marked Ihnl Israel could count on Germany's moral support bill nn' on blind subservience. Wcsl Germany was willing to back Israel when its existence was at slake, DIE ZEIT said, bul il could not underwrite ev- ery expansionist Israeli claim. West Germany attached loo much importance 10 a settle- ment in the Middle East to leave Ihc definition of peace terms solely lo one side in the conflict. The Munich daily SUE- DEUTSCHE ZE1TUNG look a similar line and complained aboiil the few but conspicuous Israelis who behave as if "half the world owes Israel a duty." Certainly the younger genera- lion in Germany today feels in- creasingly detached about (he crimes commilled by Ihc Nazi regime. To many of them it seems inconipielu'nsible that West Germany should have special links ivilh Slill mosl German politi- cians, including Brandt him- self, s'ill feel a sense of re- sponsibility towards Ihc Jew- ish stale. This means that (he diplomatic offensive in the Arab world is conducted with grcal caution and rcs'.i'aiul. Perhaps il is inevitable that bolh Arabs and Israelis should be dissatisfied Brandt's Middle East lighl-ropc act. (Written (nr Tlic Herald and Tlic Olisevvcr. London) Colin Leguin Communists leader's death a dilemma for Moscow A plume call cair.c for Dave Aspluml one uMlc f uas out. seeing lo (lie ci.mplHion of Hie editorial page. din of the machines. I'Yom somewhere a voice replied, "he's n.ovcr CONDON Neither close friends nor his former col- leagues have been spared by the Sudan's revolutionary lesrf- er, General Gaafar el- Numeiry, in the thorough-go- ing purge of all Communists and olber revolutionaries who participaled in the short-lived attempt to oust him recently. Numeiry has emerged from that ordeal HKC a man of steel not only on ven- geance but to prevent any fu- ture attempt by Communists to take over power iVothing like this has been known before in the Sudan de- spite its turbulent of three military coups and changes of government in the 15 years since independence. Nurr.ciry. in fact, has broken the traditional pattern of mod era Sudan, whos.c sophisticated n n r 11) e r n Muslim society (which wields all power in the state) has rather prided ilsejf on ils sense of order, respect for political opponents and tol- erance. The normal tradition of the Sudan is to detain political op- ponents in conditions of com- fort, usually under house ar- rest, or to allow them lo live in exile on government allow- ances if they do not have pri- vate woalfh. Only tno months ago fViiiueiry allowed Hie dep- uty leader of Ihc Sudan Com- munist Parly lo be freed from prison to have medical treat- ment in London because of a heart complaint. This ralhcr easy-going and friendly spirit was lypical of Ihe essentially cnurlcous Sudanese seciely. Only hvice before in recent limes has this code been bro- ken. The most recent occasion was when the llahdi, Ihc reli- gious head of Ihc Ansari sect of Muslims, was killed when attempting lo escape inlo Klhiopia; but Ihal killing was accidental rather lhan an act of policy. The eai Jier occasion was when Ihc first mililary government of General Abboud shot five junior army officers who had attempted a coup in 1959. The executed officers were friends of Numeiry, then a 30-.v.ear-old lieutenant. It was their execution wlu'ch planted in his mind the seeds of Ihe revolution which he fi- nally carried out but just over two years ago. Clearly, the old- er Numeiry is not stopping to consider what seeds he may be planting in younger minds as he pursues his current purge. Joseph Garang, who was hanged after a brief trial, was a southern Sudanese specially chosen by Numeiry to be his minister in charge of his re- gime's policy of granting autonomy to the three non- Muslim southern provinces which have been in a slate of rebellion for over 15 years. He was also a Communist. But Numeiry had faith in his revolutionary zeal to create a new era of relations between the Nilotic southerners and the mainly Muslim, Arab north- erners. He was made a minis- ter in Numeiry's presidential office and entrusted with many sensitive missions in an effort to win back the confidence ot soiilhcrncrs. In recent months, however, had in- creasingly come lo rely more on another of his southern ministers, Mr. Abel Aleir, who in faet enjoyed a higher stand- ing among southerners than Garang. Tlic main international shoclc from Ihe evcnls in Ihe Sudan has come with the trial and hangup of Abdul Khaliq Mah- Roub, the formidable leader ol the country's Communist Parly. Tlic execution, which followed a Russian protest about "bloody terror" in the Sudan, is likely lo test lo the full the relations between the Soviet Union and Numcii-y's re- gime. Mnligmih was undoubtedly the most prestigious Commun- ist leader in Africa, and (or many years he was a dis- tinguished figure at interna- tional Communist conferences, lie was a staunch defender of Moscow's policies against the Peking line. Under his in- fluence the short-lived coup last week proclaimed itself as dedicated to developing ils rev- olution in alliance with the "great Soviet Union." Moscow has seldom had a more faith- ful ally lhan Mahgoub. His failh remained unshaien despite h i s fundamental con- flict of policy vdth the present rulers in Moscow. The Rus- sians followed a policy of close co operation with the radical Arab governments de- spile the harsh repression they practised against their own Communists. Since Russian na- tional interests eould best be served by remaining on good lerms wilh loaders like the lale President Ganial Abdul Nasser and his successor, Anwar al- Sadal. Ihey wore ready to drop any interest they might have m building up [lie strength of t.lic Communists in tJlosc coun- tries. They laid down the line lhat Communists should dis- solve Iheir independent parlies and collaborate wilh Ihc Arab socialist ruling parties instead. Mahgoub refused to follow Moscow's advice lo dissolve the Sudan Communist Party and to co-operate in a national unily front wilh Numeiry It was Ibis acl of defiance led lasl November lo Numeiry dismissing a number of Com- miiiii-MS frnir. his Revolution- ary Command Council and im- prisoning Mahgoub among oth- ers. mimeiiy Niiwcdiatoly wenl lo Moscow lo clarify his posi- tion with the Russians, to whom he has Kinked for eco- nomic and mililary aid to sup- port his own revolution. In a recent iulerview Numciry lold me Ihal he had reached full accord wilh Ihe Russians Ihey would work only Iliroupli his regime in Ihc Sudan luid with nobody else. Despite this compromise by the Russians while he was in prison, Mahgoub retained his touching failh in Moscow. A fortnight before last week's abortive coup, he escaped from prison and, according to Egyp- tians sources, went into hiding in the Bulgarian Embassy in Khartoum from where he re- portedly helped to plan the ousting of Numeiry. The Russians' dilemma now is this: having failed to save Mahgoub, will they continue to give Iheir full support to Numeiry? And if they do, what effect will Ibis have on other pro-Moscow Communists? The Chinese have in the pasl made considerable capital of the fact that Communist lead- firs in the Third World can ex- pect no assistance from ''the revisionist Marxisls" in Mos- cow whom (hey accuse of be- ing more concerned will) pro- moting Russians inlcrcsts lhan in promoting world revolution Ihrough supporting dedicaled Communists. T h e execution of Abdul Khaliq Mahgoub is therefore likely to become a source of consider able embarrassment, to Ihe Russians and affect their relations with the pro- Moscow Communist leaders around Ihc world and to have an importance thai Iranscends the local drama that has been enacted in the revolutionary courls of the Sudan. (Written for The Herald and Tlic Observer, London) Looking backward Throngli the Herald 1921 Spanish forces have suffered a severe defeat in north eastern Morocco they have been resisting heavy attacks by rebellious tribes- men. 1031 Doukhobors cannot qualify under existing immi- gration regulations and their admission to Canada is there- fore "absolutely impossible" according to statements made at Die department of immigra- tion. 1941 In the first case of its kind proseeulcd in Australia, a manufacturer today fined for paying an aircraft fitter 144 shillings (about S2B.44) weekly, contrary lo tlic national securi- ty regulalions which scl the maximum figure at 122 shill- ings Canada's Governor- Goneral. Vi.sconnl Alexander of Tunis, and his hvo .sous passed Ihraugh Lolhbridjic this morn- ing, en roulc lo Walcrlon-GIa- cicr Park for one of Ihc Gover- nor (ieiu'riil's rare holidays. A iiiiln pipeline lo Iransporl refined iron ore from Albn-l.-i's Peace River dislricl lo the Canadian .vest coast is being considered. Tho ore will be for export lo .lapan. The Letlibridge Herald 5W 'III St. S., LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and I'ublislrcrs Published 1M3-1B5-I, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN M.ml-r Mnl1 Rrnhlr.llion Nn n v .imj m" n.Klv Publishers' Associiiliiin and HID AuUil nuriMij ol clrtulniions CLEO W. MOWCRS, tclllnr Mil nihll-hcr THOMAS H. ADAMS, Grncrfll M.iiMrirr JOE BALI A WIU.IAU MAY Mannglnfi Ertllor Ediior ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WAI KPR AHvorllsInn Manager Eflilnrial Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;