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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 5, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta IS THE lETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, Augusl 5, 1971 1'AKT ONE Without side effects on hodv Once-a-month contraceptive for future Umlc.r the pressure of it slill-growing world popula- tion, scientists urc seeking new, hc-lter and safer meth- ods of contraception. This report, the first of two, tells what may soon he finning out of laboratories to help In the fight against the popula- tion rxnlncinn, By ALTON BKAKKSLMK Associated 1'ress Hcicnn1 Kdilnr LA JOU.A, Calif. lAI'i Just aa-.ind (lie? ccnvM' mm looms a filiations onasi- monLIi birth cunlrcl pill. U would act upon thi- piiui- Lary gland in the brain, preuTi- ing il from releasing hnrmunos necessary for hi Romantic chivalry alive in India llv NAM SUNUAi: Canadian I'ITSS CuiTcspnndont BOMBAY (CP1 In India's Rajasthan State young men still win their brides through sheer bravry. Rajaslhan the name means "land of the fa- mous for its romantic legends about horseback warriors clop- ing with princesses and devoted IOVCTS jumping into the fire to bo united in death. Recently, a Rajasthani youth from Hr lown of Phagi demon- strated that the romantic Lradi- Lion continues to exist. When 23 year old Jaswant Singh went to Phagi leading a 500-strong procession to marry Chandrika Devi, the daughter of a nobleman, he found the road blocked because a flooding river hpd washed away th2 bridge. The bridal party waited anx- iously on the other side. The nuptial hour had been fixed in consilltatioi w i 1 h s and pricsls and the u'erlding had to take place at the ap- pointed p.m. Conches blew, drums rolled and holy trumpets ULTC sound- ed in an attempt lo propUinto the rain god V.iri'na. [Sill the flood waters continued lo rise. At -Mo p.m. Singh jmniK'd into the swollen river and tried to swim across. Within seconds. he vanished under the water, only to reappear on the ollu-r shore. He borrowed a bicycle and dashed off to Ihe hridc's house a half mile He reached the wedding hall two minutes before the auspi- cious hour and the marriage went off according to schedule, though Singh was the n n 1 y member of the bridegroom's party. As a gesture of appreciation, Devi's father doubled Singh's wedding dowry of S17.500 occur, and fur pregnancy Lo be maintained. It would thus act like a rifle Iiii preventing conception producing any other ef- fects on the body. The current pill is more like a shotgun. While it prevents con- ceplicn, Ibe female horrnonu- 1 type chemicals in llv? n.ffi-cl. ether cells and systems of the bcdv as well. The new pill now promised in- i volves a fantastic chemical, I called Gonadolropin Releasing in the hypo- tiialainu.s area of (he brain. The GRF lulls the nearby piluitary gland when to release the hor- incurs responsible for a oman's releasing an egg, and j for pregnancy to continue. ;PRODUCE CHEMICAL i Now, two teams of scientists j have synthesized this releasim i factor, a so powerful i that a few thousandths of one J millionth of a gram j is 1-2IHU of an enough lo start the chain of hormone rcbn.se. This feat has just been achieved by Dr. Andrew V. Echalley and associates of the Veterans Administration Hospi- tal and Tulane University Medi- cal Center, New Orleans, and I by Dr. Roger Guillcmin and his j collaborators at the Salk Insti- I tulc here. i A next step is to make a pho- j ney GRF, one that would be fooled by the pituitary gland, I bul which would block lhal eland from releasing ils hor- i mor.es. Such analogues, as Ihey are called, have already been pre- pared by the scientific teams, and (hey might lie fully tested for safety and effeclivtness within two or three years. The day of llin rifle-bullet contracep- tive would be here. The GRF is only one prospect in intensified research to find new contraceptives beyond the present pill, which came under a cloud of public worry during congressional hearings early last year. Pill use was asso- ciated with some increased risk of blood clots and other harmful effects. SOME QUIT PILLS Those alarms unjustified in the opinion of some leading ex- hundreds of thousands of women to turn from Ihe pill, but a majority may havo resumed its use. Pill sales went down initially, but recovered as women re- sumed its use. or other women took it up. Statislics in some major American cities showed a slight increase in birth rale a year after the hearings, but offi- cials are loatJie to attribute this simply lo abandonment cf Ihe pill The majority of physicians and experts on birth control consider the pill as remarkably lhan childbirth for totally effective if taken regularly. But the pill is not perfection, not the ultimate, hence the quest for even better methods, including a variety of methods that couM suit everyone desir- ous of limiting family size. Researchers are working upon minipills, hormone injec- Flying hobby now flying career Lions or impljmls UiaL might be good for a year, pills l.ha( would induce aborLicn if a woman had conceived buL didn'l yet realize it, and pills for men. COULD CUT SI'EllM Animal experiments have turned up at least Ihrec chemi- cals Lhat can suppress sperm production, but they may be Loo toxic for human use. Low doses of proRcslcrone, one of the female hormones, can interfere wilh sperm matur- ation and mobility, but apain there arc questions of safety and practical application. Some research is concerned with the capacitaiion chemical agent in the female reproductive tract that some- how alters sperm so Iliey ccme able to penetrate the egg. A chemical that neutralized the capacitation factor might be an effective and simple contracep- tive. The president pill prevents ovulaticn by blocking the releas- ing factors in the hypolr.alan-.us. But the hormones in the pill af- fect oilier syslems, tco. and have been compared lo "killing a mosquito a sledgeham- mer." rr .1 T amit