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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 5, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, August 5, 1970 Maurice Western. Alleged! Mr. President! There seems to be no doubt that the President of the United States said what lie is reported to have said in connection with the Tate murder case. He lias not denied that in his im- promptu remarks prior to a coni'er- ence with law-enforcement officials in Denver he said of the accused Charles Manson, "Here is a man who is guilty, directly or indirectly of eight murders without reason." Mr. Nixon denied, later, that he intended to speculate as to whether the defen- dants are guilty or otherwise. Tin's is not difficult to believe. As a man of extensive legal training Mr. Nixon knows that until Hanson's guilt lias been established by the courts he remains an alleged murderer. The failure to employ the word "alleged" was an unfortunate and costly mis- None So Blind Sympathizers with South Africa's apartheid policies have been object- ing to Uie criticism that has been loosed by Britain's proposed sale of arms to that country. A typical ex- pression of such objection appeared recently in an Ottawa paper. The letter writer said that "con- trary to liberal propaganda, the var- ious major racial groups live in great- er harmony and happiness than is the case in most countries." Because each racial group "is permitted free- dom to retain its identity, language and culture" there is freedom from "the antagonisms which accompany forced integration." Then he support- ed this picture of a happy and har- monious state with the assertion that there had been no race riots, no lynchings, and no civil wars. There was, however, at least one massacre which helps to explain the appearance of peacefulness in that land. At Sharpeville the police dem- onstrated that even a peaceful as- sembly of black people held dangers for the people. Technically it is not lynching when it is the police who do the killing and when it is done whole- sale. In the face of evidence that the police can be anywhere within a quar- ter hour with dogs, tear-gas and ar- mored cars is it any wonder there is an absence of protest? How could the black people be any- thing but quiescent in a land where they are strictly forbidden to form political parties, hold meetings, meet white men, move anywhere without a pass card? Not only are such tilings forbidden, they are rigidly enforced by an army of agents of the Special Branch of the police who engage in snooping and intimidation. The writer is undoubtedly a white man who when living in South Africa knew all the benefits and none of the burdens of a system structured by the privileged. There are none so blind as those who will not see. Wait For The Facts Blame for the disaster Sunday when a Russian freighter collided with a B.C. government ferry in Ac- tive Pass is impossible to place until the complete results of investigations now under way are known. Attempts to suggest political motives, or inept navigational procedures on the Rus- sians at this time are unfair and to- tally irresponsible. The only com- ment to be made at present is that the loss of life could have been worse much worse than it was. Speculation without more facts is folly. Old West Or New Tourist? By George Bain, In The Toronto Globe and Mail T7DMONTON About a year-and-a-half ago, an Alberta government brief on bilingualism moved me to write a piece suggesting, always the voice of modera- tion, that this was Canada's Mississippi, the Deep West, a land in which the voice of the yahoo was1 loud. This produced a mixed response mix- ed in the sense that some ardent Western- ers wrote in reproachful tones to say that I was an Eastern boob who was more to be pitied than censured, and others to say that if I would care to venture out of the sanctuary of Ottawa they'd be happy to ar- range a public hanging. A Vacnouver newspaperwoman, hi a ges- ture of Western solidarity, wrote a long column to say that I was not only mean- spirited, malicious and ill-informed, but that I wrote bad verse. Now there was a dagger to the heart. Having allowed a prudent interval to pass to let time work its healing magic, here I am, ready to drink in every favor- able impresion to sop up whatever ex- planations may be proffered of the causes of the West's loudly proclaimed disaffec- tion, and (o steep myself in the longings, lore and lies of the much put-upon Prai- ries. (If this space suddenly goes blank, don't hang around waiting for the slide to come on saying: "Trouble is temporary; please don't adjust your set." Call the cops; it will be the tip-off that Western memories are longer than I've counted on.) Actually, some of my best friends are Westerners. They are urban Albertans in particualr simple folk, much given to simple pursuits, such as making money, voting Social Credit, and invoking the spirit of the frontier. In my mean-spirited way, I've suspected at times that the West's love affair with the frontier is not altogether pure or un- related to the first of these pursuits, name- ly making money. The Calgary Stampede, Edmonton's Klondike Days, and the Buffalo Days in Kegina (or is it Saskatoon, or seem to give off the faintest aroma of com- mercialism, and lo raise the question of whether i.hc object of the exercise is pri- marily to recapture the Old West or to capture the new tourist. The suspicion is probably unworthy. In any case, some people, and notably Cal- garians, keep up their romance with the Old West the year round. The professional Westerner, in .his two-anct-a-half quart stockman's hat, string tie, high-heeled boots, and, if possible, bowed legs, is as ubiquitous as the professional Scotsman used to be in his Glengarry, kilt, sporran and skein dhu. To go around like that must mean some- thing. Greater love, as somebody once re- marked, hath Onan. Since we're making a clean breast of things, I might as well admit that I once considered Edmonton's Klondike Days to be a colossal fraud, founded on a piece of historical piracy, to attract the gullible. (We shall now have a brief pause while the writer goes into his grovelling mea cuipa.) True enough, the great body of Klon- difcers went up the West Coast by boat and got to where they were going by humping their equipment and supplies over the Chilkoot Pass. But let me quote from the definitive work on The Klondike Rush Through Edmonton (which, in fact, is the title of Hie definitive work, published by McClelland and "Because the much larger migration in- cluded Soapy Smith and streets full of dancing girls, whereas the trek of from Edmonton 'had no girls filling their pokes by supine submission and no Smith, it has been overlooked In its own right it forms an episode in Canada's his- tory and an episode colorful and coura- geous." The author is .1. G. MacGregor. So, Virginia, there really was a Klondike gold rush iron: Edmonton; il wasn't all made up by the Chamber of Commerce. Fifteen hundred men and women (nice women, these, no grandes horizontals) made (heir way from Edmonton to Hie Klondike by either of (wo routes, one over- land, the other by uay of Great Slave Lake and Ihc Mackenzie. Nevertheless, it's interesting to note that a bunch of bad girls nearly drove Edmon- ton right mil of the history books. It shows what virtue will do for you. Nothing. CDC: Extending Taxpaying Privileges take on the part of the president. It would be inconceivable that it was anything but a slip of the tongue. Anyone who has experienced regret for things said thoughtlessly or as the result of a "disobedient tongue" will sympathize with Mr. Nixon. His slip will haunt him more than do the mis- takes of most people because of the important position which he occupies. Costly as the mistake is, it must be doubted that it will permanently injure Mr. Nixon politically. The ma- jority of people will judge him on his total performance as president, not on a single incident. It is easy to see that an unpremeditated remark even one as costly as this one is not to be rated in seriousness with policy decisions on such matters as the war in Vietnam and desegregation of the schools. The Liberal Federation of Canada is circulating a position paper written by Mr. Alastair Gilles- pie, member for Etobicokc, with a view to stimulating fur- ther discussion on policy in re- gard to foreign ownership. Mr. Gillcspie's memo ran- dum, though written some months ago, is topical since the same problem will be the sub- ject of a report by the external affairs committee. The two documents evidently have a good deal in common. It is apparent lo the Toron- to member that the concept of a Canada Development Cor- poration is still an object of considerable suspicion in busi- ness quarters. This is due he thinks, partly to philosophical reasons (dislike of government intervention) and partly to the character of discussions which have tended fudge rather than clarify" the role of the CDC. Many questions remain unanswered. "A Crown corporation or a giant mutual fund? Govern- ment controlled or govern- ment minority interest? Con- cerned with buy-basks and pre-emptive purchases or with future investments or with all three? A pool of entrepreneu- rial talent? Agent, of na- tionalization? Just what do we mean by a CDC? What are its These are all gocd questions. Mr. Gillespie approaches them, reasonably enough, by suggest- "Sorry, Fellows, the Job's Robert Stephens Putting Nile Floods In Store The ASWAN Dam is finished. The Sad Truth jyjEMBEUS of my family take turns accompanying me around the golf course. Paul is my most frequent companion Mid the least impressed with ir.y playing prowess. Recently Elspcth took her first turn walk- r.y Dong Walker occasionally ing the course with me. I played rather more poorly than usual. When we got home reported lo the boys saying, "your fr.lher didn't have Hie best game of his life." "lie novor .said I'aiil. Nile High On the 18th anniversary of the Egyp- itan Revolution, President Nas- ser officially and ceremonially declared the completion of the mammoth irrigation and hy- dro-electric project. Its pursuit involved Egypt in East West rivalries and war, and it is the key to her future economic de- velopment. From Cairo to the dam site at Aswan is -just over an hour's flight up the Nile in a four- engined Soviet-built Ilyushin turbo-jet of the Egyptian air line. The thin green line of the Nile Valley, never more than a few miles wide, unrolls be- tween barren escarpments. On either side lie vast wastes of brown desert, black rocks and sand. To the West, the desert stretches like a great ocean of heaving bare earth miles across Africa to Morocco and the Atlantic coast.. As the aircraft banks over the airfield you can just see the dam, distinguishable in the huge barren landscape chiefly by the great Lake Nasser be- hind it. This will eventually stretch over 300 miles to Ihe south across Uie border into the Sudan, the biggest artificial lake in the world. Even when on the ground and driving up to its crest through strict mili- tary security checks, it is diffi- cult at first sight to grasp the scale of the Dam. You do not see the conventional picture of a dam, a vertical cliff of con- crete p 1 u n g ing dramatically down to the river below. In- stead you see what seems sim- ply to be an extension of the surrounding landscape, a broad sprawling barrier of rocks cov- ered with earth and sand. And that indeed is what the main part of the High Dam consists man-made extension of the river shores, made of the s a m e materials, piled up across the river bed to divert the waters to one side through a canal and through Ihe sec- ond part of the dam. Here six tunnels cut through solid rock on the eastern bank, pour the captive Nile through the tur- bines of the power station be- fore releasing it again to re- sume its former course to- wards the Mediterranean 500 miles away to the North. It is not until you get lower down beside (be power station that you can feel the hugeness of the whole thing, and the sta- tistics begin to have a real meaning. You can sec how Ihc dam rising over 300 feet above Ihc river lied, nearly two and a half miles long and over half a mile wide at its base, is fill- ed with enough rock to build 17 Great Pyramids. Each of the Six tunnels cut through the rock is 308 yards (282 metres) long and 16 yards (15 metres) in diameter. The water rushing through them at the rate of mil- lion cubic metres a day will turn 12 huge tui-bin.es, eventual- ly generating million kilowatts of electricity a year. From the three now being used the water bursts out into the river in a white plume of foam rising 100 feet into the air. The first part of the project, the main dam itself and the diversionary canal, was finish- ed over five years ago and the second stage of electrification is now completed. From the dam site tall electric pylons march off down the valley car- rying high tension lines to Cairo and Alexandria and low tension to upper Egypt. The na- tional grid is taking shape. Cairo already gets all its cur- rent from the dam and 70 per cent of Egypt's villages now have electricity. Even when the dam power station was only working at a quarter of its eventual capacity it was already supplying half of t h e power used in Egypt. The surplus power will be the basis of industrial expansion during the next five-year plan, in spite of the pressures of war and of a huge defence budget. A big nitrate fertilizer plant at Aswan now uses 70 per cent of the power from the old Aswan dam, seven miles downstream from the new or.e. Aswan may also be the site for a new 000-ton aluminum plant to be built by the Russians, using bauxite brought up from the Sudan. At Helwan just south of Cair'o, the iron and steel works first built over ten years ago by a West German firm is be- ing expanded into a complex with two new blast furnaces and a coking plant which will produce tons of a steel a year, and a strip mil! with an output of tons a year. The complex involves develop- ing ore mines near the desert oasis of Dakhliya and new roads, railways and a port, as well as all the housing and oth- er' services needed for tne workers. The Egyptian government has so far spent million on this project and the even- tual cost will be. ?1050 million. The Russians are helping with this project and have contract- ed for two other big industrial schemes, for a phosphorous plant and a ferro-silicone plant. Russian loans have contri- buted a third of the cost of the High Dam project, and Russian engineers and techni- cians designed Uia dam and power station and supervised its construction. At one time there were Russians working on the site with Egyptians. Now there are only ten left to supervise the power station. Of the Egyptians who were working on the dam will finally remain as maintenance staff. The Egyptian side.. of the work was organized by the High Dam Authority, a govern- ment body, and a semi- nationalized, semi-private firm of contractors headed by a dynamic Egyptian entrepre- neur, Osman Ahmed Osman. Both organizations have ac- quired expert knowledge and equipment which can be used for other big constmetion pro- jects in Egypt and elsewhere. Some of the Egyptian engi- neers who .were at Aswan are now working on the big Euphrates Dam which the Rus- sians are building in northern Syria. But the first hopes for the High Dam lie in its benefits to Egyptian agriculture. Its main purpose, in contrast with the previous Nile dams, is to make possible the control and stor- age of the Nile flood not mere- ly within one year but over sev- eral years. It is hoped that it will add acres to the pre-dam area of six million acres of cultivable land. Tha extra water from the dam has already brought half a million more acres under cultivation. It will also double output on acres by converting them from basin irrigation in a system of perennial irriga- tion. The huge capacity of Lake Nasser will enable surplus wa- ter in years of exceptionally high flood to be stored and used in dry years, thus both controlling floods and ensuring a regular supply of water for irrigation. But w i t h all the benefits to airricutors and industry from the High Dam project, Egypt will still have to struggle hard to increase or even maintain her standard of living because of the rapid expansion of her population, now increasing at the rale of nearly a million a year. So far over the past dec- ade she has managed to achieve an average economic growth rate a little higher than the rate of population growth, so that she has gained some ground in this agonizing human, struggle. If she is to consoli- date and expand these gains, she needs not only peace but an effort at population control as determined and spectacular .is the achievement of the High Dam. (Wrillcn for The Herald Tho Observer, London) ing that we must first seek agreement on broad policy guidelines. After this, the pur- poses and nature of the CDC will fall into perspective. He begins with two general propositions. We need an in- dustrial policy w h i e h is ex- pansionary, e n t r e preneurial, outward-looking, future-orient- ed, research-supported and which recognizes the multi-na- tional corporation as a princi- pal agent for this kind Of econ- omic activity. Secondly, future prosperity will depend on the development of our natural re- sources, their processing and the competivcness of our other manufacturing industries. Mr. Gillespie becomes more controversial when he goes on to enumerate 10 principles. Some of these fall into the motherhood category but num- bers six to eight are of a dif- ferent nature. The general idea is that we should recognize three distinct types of foreign investment and adopt different ways of dealing with them. Thus all future resource- based industries would re- quire 50 per cent Canadian par- ticipation. There would be no new constraints on the setting up of branch plants by foreign entrepreneurs so long as they did not involve take-overs beyond a certain size. As lo the third category of investments, Mr. Gillespie pro- poses: "Prohibition of foreign take-overs of existing Canadian domestic corporations with sales in excess of some mini- mum, such as million pre- scribing not more than 50 pel- cent foreign ownership and not more than 10 per cent owned by any one non-resident, with- out federal approval." There should also be mea- sures, not identified to encour- age over a period of time the repatriation of Canadian con- trol. The value of the principles, in Mr. Gillespie's opinion, is that we get away from the "key industry" approach. Up to now banks, TV, newspapers, uranium etc. The old concept, however, fails to answer the question: Where do we go from here? We resolve this diffi- culty by designating all re- source-based and manufactur- ing enterprises as key indus- tries. H a v i n g firmly grasped the principles, we can now define (more or less) the role of the CDC. It will be an instrument of policy, but not t h e only one. It will not be exposed to the old criticism that its energies will be concentrated on the prevention of t.a k e overs. Fo'r Mr. Gillespie, like the commit- tee, would entrust that job lo another instrument, a federal take-over review board. Instead the CDC will be a "lender or investor of last resort." A foreiffn concern will need a Canadian partner to the extent of 50 per cent. (51 per cent according to the more meticulous committee.) It will be free to recruit in the private sector but if it fails the CDC will be standing by, easer to satisfy itself of the profitability of the venture ac- cording to regular commercial test. B u t Mr. Gillespie, regret- tably, fudges a bit. From time to time he observes, blocks of shares of a Canadian corpora- tion go looking for new homes. They may he sold to foreign investors and the transfer, added lo an existing CDC's role would be suppor- tive. So, with oi1 without the re- view hoard, it could get into the anti-take-over business. The Toronto member is op- posed to a giant mutual fund. At least in the early stages. There will be enough to worry about initially without concern about share values. "No doubt, others have wor- ried from the outset that a CDC should be, almost by def- inition, a losing proposition. Again, however, Mr. Gillespie would leave the door open. "That is not to say that at some future date, when the cor- poration has matured, shares should not be made available to a wide public." Like the tax- .paying privilege. Reverting to the reassuring note, however, Mr. Gillespie says that the CDC should not concern itself in a major way with buy-backs" and should not get into the "pre-emptive bidding business" "The controlling mechanism in the area of take-over should be a 'take-over review board' and not a giant corporation." The view that all this de- fudging will render the CDC less suspicious to business seems rather unrealistic. Mr. Gillespie does not, it is true, endorse the old-fashioned CCF idea of 100 per cent socialism restricted to a limited area of the economy. He favors 50 per cent so- cialism over a potentially wider area. It may be some relief to Bay Street that ser- vices appear to be excluded. At least the government will stay out of the laundry business which is probably a good thing both from the standpoint of Uia laundry and that of our gen- eral economic health. Does the country want tliis massive state intervention by a "giant There has been no general clamor for it: Indeed the CDC has generally been advocated very fuzzily the theory that it would provide an opportunity for sup- posedly frustrated small in- vestors. Many people think that gov- ernment is already too big and socialism, when advocated, was not very popular. If the government, gees into business on this broad front, it may find it impossible in practice to maintain an arms-length rela- tionship with business. Even now t has gone a long way on the partnership road, as shown by the operations of the de- partment of industry. Intervention would be selec- tive but this in turn would create problems. For the gov- ernment, as 50 per cent owner of one business would be in direct competition with other business (some of thsm perhaps Canadian) in the same field. To an exlent Ihe problem exists now and the government is not neutral. Air Canada is a chosen in- strument preferred, in the matter of rcutes for examp'e to CPA. The CBC obviously takes precedence over the pri- vate network and so on. If an industry, owned to the extent of 50 par cent by gov- ernment, faces foreign com- petition, what happens when it seeks protection? Will the consumer interest prevail or will the government be able to persuade the government that protection is necessary in the public interest? And if the ori- ginal calculations about profit- ability prove wrong, who picks up the bill? At 1 e a s t we know foreign holding, could be cru- the answer to that problem of cial to control. "A CDC could the new socialism; the same taxpayer who now play a useful role here." There would be no obligation to sell to the CDC: the shares could go to Canadians of the private sector. Still the general meets the deficits of the CNR, the CBC and other' chosen in- struments. (Herald Otlawa Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD M20 Provided the inde- pendent status of Ireland is recognized, Irishmen will be prepared to furnish interna- tional guarantees properly in- corporated in a peace treaty, to safeguard the strategic in- terests of the British Empire. This is said to be the proposal that was forwarded to Premier Lloyd George. 5 was ladies' day at the city police court, with women figuring largely among Hie 29 persons sum- moned for keeping dogs with- out a licence. i.iio The wartime prices and trade board have ordered that the price of bread and flour will be the price which prevailed on July ,23 prior to the imposition of the wheat processing tax. This is to pre- vent exploitation of consumers of bread and flour. Baptist minister and his three associates spent the weekend in jail at Val D'or, Que., following their arrest Sat- urday night while holding a street corner revival meeting, Nations Secre- tary Dag Hammarskjold can- celled a plan to send UN troops into Katanga province. He or- dered a new meeting to con- sider the situation in the Con- go. Premier Moise Tshombe of the Congo has said he will not allow UN troops into the terri- tory and they will have to fight their way in. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Albcria LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Assoclallon and Ihe Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA HAY Associale Editor ROY K MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pass Editor "IHE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;