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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 5, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. \ 'LETIIBHIDGE, ALBERTA. MONDAY. AUGUST 5. 1918 NUMB^:R 199 ARE SUBS OFF DECLARAT'N WAR FROM Siberia To Declare War on Soviet - Anti-Bolsheviki Army Retreats. REPORT THAT RUSSIAN GRAND DUKES HAVE NOW BEEN EXECUTED London, Aug. 5.-The semi-official Russian newspaper Pravda and Isveatia declare that the provisional government of Siberia intends formally to declare war on the Soviet government vylthin a few days, according to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Copenhagen. The Omsk (Siberian) government. It is aflded, has informed all neutral and allied powers of.the eatabllshrnent of an independent Siberian goverment. ,P�rli, Aug. 4.-The Russian" .grand duket, one of whom seems to be NIoholM NIcolalvltch, former commander in chief of the Russian army, has been executed by the Bolsheviki, according to Moscow advices to the Bayerische Zeltung of Munich. V/on't Support Soviet. Amaterdam, Aug. 5.-Tlio entonto (lllilomatic vepresentativea in Russia l)cforo leaving Vologda for Kandal-nska made known tho attitude of their governments to ' the Soviet government, according to the Russian newspaper Pravda. as quoted by German newspapers. Tlioy declare that tho allies did not desire to maintain any sort ot connei;->j\on with the Soviet government so long as that government was aupport-ing "the German junker power on 3tussian soil" as was within public Jcnowledge, the newspaper reports. Great Confusion Harbin. Monday, July 29.-Genera] Semenoff, commander or the untl-Holshevlkl Siberian forces operating Rgalnst the Bolsheviki and Austro-tierman troops east of Lake Baikal, >inH been force'd to retire � from the town of Manchuria, on the border between Tranabalkal and Chinese Manchuria, for a distance of 10 miles. The people ftrp'fleeing from tho town of Manchuria to Khalliir, on the trans-Siberian railway, sixty miles to tho eastward. In describable confusion reigns lu that region. It Is reported 1 hat German agents are buying largo numbers of cattle in Mongolia. Tho Clilnose are,said to bo Ignoring the Bolshevik! and Austro-Gcrman prisoners who cross tho frontier. A Sham Power Amsterdam, Aug. B.-A copy ot thB Voasische Zoitung of Berlin, received here, contains a Stockholm dispatch which says; "Up to tho middle of July the Sovlot authorities at Archangel controlled tho situation there, but since then Kn-tento troops have arrived to protect tho ' Entente ehibasslea which 'came from Vologda "Tho Soviet gavoninient Ik now only a sham power, especially as Entente forces have occupied the Solovetskt Islands, at tho entrance of tho Gulf of Onega, and arc using them as a base for their operations against Archangel. "Tho strong entonto hind and sen forces are now moving toward Iho city." VETERANS' POLICY "NO MORE STRIKES' Vancouver, Aug. 5.-Gatherings of returned soldiers have declared a policy of "no more strikes in essential Industries during the war." They affirm that In future industrial plants so affected will be manned by returned soldiers, many of whom are skilled mechanics. BEtAND'S MESSAGE E.xpenses Hope That Bitter Racial Feeling Will Be Wiped Out , Quebec, Aug. 5.-"Do your duty," Dr. Henri Beland, ex-postmaster general, told a crowd which tendered him a welcome at St. Joseph De Beauce, on his return Saturday after four years' Internment in Germany. Continuing Dr. Beland said; "Vou will be happy If you will do your duty and no one can reproach you. Your recompense is bound to come, If not here, in the next world.',' llefflUl of the fine showing ot tho FronchlCanadlans overseas and regretted that the part played by the French-Canadians (n thl8�war was not fully appru^lliled In the same places in Canada. "To win- the war Is essential," suld Dr. Beland, "and we must ^end our efforts In that direction. "I win not attempt to talk politics. I have been out of the country for tour years and tho situation is not altogether clear to me. But I am hoping that apy animosity which may exist in the Dominion between different races or provinces will disappear and that tho country will preserve the conied-eratlon welded by Sir John MacDon-ald and Sir O. E. Cartler." SAYSSCIAB More Tonnage Being Put Out Than Germans Can Sink Now HUNSENGAG THREE BETR "RESENT' DIN m ME Germans Are Now Engaged in Voluntary and Forced Retreat at Several Points. I-ondon. .\UR. .'i.-TelegrapliinK from French headquarters Sunday evening. Ilcuters' ('ornisi)ondent xays; "The German withdrawal on the .\vro exlniidod to Kontainc-Sous-Mont Didlor and .Aesnil-St. George, which Is two miles straight west ot .Mont Di-dier itself. The enemy is abandoning tho whole western bank of tho river. Soutli of Aiilivillcrs and along the heights captured in the French attack on July L'!!, our lino has been advanced r>OiJ yards east of Grievesnes, including Hill U."i, overlooking Grievesnes, and the same distance east of l.acii-pellc and St. .Vlgnan, to tho south. Then It run.s along tho line of heights. !17, fit) and !I,S. northeast and oast ot Mesnlle-St. � Goor^cH. The Germans are now engaged in three retirements, one involuntary and two voluntary, all with the view ot saving themselvest. As usual, they are retreating filowly !uid in good order, withdrawing in alternate sections TTanked by centres of resistance, which always are able to put up a cross tire on troops advancing over-hastily. "On the Tardenois battlefront, our troops are closing up to the Vesle east of Fisnies. They have crossed tho liiver a few miles west of Rhelms. Tho advance to the village of La NouvlllDtwneans that on the westefn side Rheims Is completely disengaged and that the enemy has renounced the hope ot capturing the town by an enveloping, attack." ~ HOSPFL SHIP SUNK; 150 WOUNDED LOST London, Aug. 5.-One hundred and fifty patients are reported to have been killed by the explosion of a torpedo which sank a ship this morning. The ship was returning from France and nearrffg a home port when the torpedo struck her, penetrating the ward room where patients were accommodated. About 100 wounded have been landed at a British port, coming ashore In what clothes they had on when awakened. Subs Sink Vessels Off Coast Nova Scotia and U. S.; Survivors Arrive A Canadian Atlantic Port, Aug. 5.-The crew of the fishing schooner Nelson A., of Yarmouth, N. S., hav4 landed at a Canadian Atlantic port, reporting that their vessel was sunk by an enemy submarine off the coast on Saturday last. Atlantic City, N. J., Aug. 5.-"As It stands now, we have the U-boat checkmated," said Charles M. Schwab, director gerieral of shipbuilding, here last night. "We are putting out more tonnage novy than the Germans can sink and It does not begin to measure up to\ the product that we will be able to send down the ways in a few short months." PLOT AGAINSI Amsterdam, Aug. 5.-A plot against Nikolai Lenine, the Bolsheviki premier of Russia, and Leon Trotzky, minister of war, has been discovered, according to n IVloscow dispatch in the, Vos-slche Zeltung ofi Berlin Sunday. ROUMANIAN GETS ALLIED APPOINTMENT Paris, Aug. 5.-(flavaa Agency.)- General Ileslou, former chief of the Roumanian general staff, has been assigned to the command of a Tran-sylvanlan legion on the Froncli front, Ho has boon In France since last November as Roumanian representative in the intcr-allied conference. A small peninsula separates the Gulf of Archangel, in tho bond of which Is located tho city ot Archangel from the Gult ot Onega. ' WANT REINSTATEMENT OF THE TELEGRAPHERS New Vork, Aug. 5>TrRelnatate-ment of one thousand Western Union telegraphers, said to have been discharged for Joining or ympathlilng with the Commer-lal Telegraphers' Union of America, and the adoption by tho gov-rnment of an "open shop" policy In the telegraph industry, similar to ttint adopted for railway �mpioyes, Is asked of Postmaster Gifnoral Burleson In a resolution adopted by members of the union here yeiterday. King Expresses to Can. Editors His Concern for Welfare of The Settlers in the Western Provinces London, Aug. 5.- (By, Router's Ottawa Agency)-The Canadian edltjjjrs visited Buckingham I'alaco Salui'day afternoon where tUey saw thetr Majesties and tho Princess Mi^ry. They were accompanied by C-olbnel Galloway and Major Whitmore of t!ie department ot information. The King discussed Canadian affdlra with each member of the party and rocalloa incidents ot his visits to Canada In 1901 and 1908. The eriitora wore much impressed with the King's knowledgo of tho Canadian provinces. Buchanan's Im^reaslon W. A. Buchanan,-M. P., of tho Leth-brldge Herald, in an Interview said: "Any impiesslon which we may have had that democracy and slmpllc-Ity did not prevail In the household of tho present monarchs ot Great Britain was removed when we woio given an opportunity ot meeting the king, queen and the Princess Mary at Buckingham Palace yesterday' afternoon. The party felt ut home from the very moment they stepped into the- proa-once of tho Royul party.^Thoro was M) stIffnoBB whatever ibout the re- ptlon. Their . MH^ieatios ' Impressed . all with Ihoir -wldir , luformatiou about affairs and their exceptional knowledge ot Canada. The king ox-proBBort to tho Western members, of the delegation much concern about the reported failure of the crops in certain portions of tho prairie provinces where the grain was affected badly at this lime, but ho was pleased to say that tlie loss in Canada was offset by reports of an unusually good crop in the United States. The king was very much concerned tor the settlers who had suffered from adverse conditions and hoped they would have a series ot good years again. The kins also, expressed ills very liigh appvoclatltfn of the American soldiers and said he considered them of a very liigfi type and remarked about the serious way they were undertaking the job of fighting the enemy; Women's Votes In Alberta "Queen Mary talked with the Alberta representatives about women's franchise In the Western provinces and the presence ot women in thp leg> Islature. She was greatly pleased to. know that the \yomen reprosentnllves in th^ legislature took an active part in debates and wore proving to be uompotoiit leglslutorii," Washington, Aug. 5.-Sinking of the American tank steamer 0. B. .Jennings yesterday one hundred miles off the Virginia Coast, revealed the presence of ut least two German-submarines on this side of the Atlantic. The second raider has been operating off the coast of Nova Scoti^ and nearby waters for several days. A Canadian Atlantic Port, Aug. 5.-The auxiliary fishing vessel McLaughlin, owned /by Owens Brothers of Lockport, arrived here last evening and reported that she had been chased by an enemy submarine, but that she had made good her escape, thanks to the appearance of a large steamer which diverted the attention of the U-boat. The captain of the IVic-Laiighlin reports that he saw the submarine chasing the steamei;, but that he could not see what the final outcome was. AMERICAN SUNK. Washington, Aug. 5.-The Am- SILENCE OF DEATH OVERSOISSONS All is Ruin anc^ Desolation Cities Retaken by The Allies in Toronto. Aug. G.-A special by William Cook from Paris, to tho Mail and Empire, today says: "Tho sllanco of death broods over the city, of Soissona. As at Chateau-Thierry and l'''nrD-13n-Tardenois all Is ruin aiid devastation. The noble trees which lined the Vlllers-Cotterots Road lea'iiing lo SoiSsons are now prostrate and shorn of their branches. Tho foliage is discolored by gas. One ot tho western suburbs of tho city no longer merits the name, having been razed to 'the ground. No houses ami scarcely a wall are loft standing. It was lioro that a battalion of Blue Devils entered tho city, As ut Chal-eau-Tliierry, there were barrlcadus but they did not aevvo lo cover the flight of tho Gornmn rear guard, being made of charred beams uiui soft BtoneB. The allied troops arrived through streets over splintej;oil glass, a deurls ot household utensils and furniture shattered by German shells. "The cathedral Is now a mere skeleton and its towers phantoms. AVhat is left of Soissons is un undergi'ound city formed by collars of what once were houses. French sappers are making a careful InspectloUv of these cellars In which Germans took refuge. ''Around Sols.-jons great columns of smoke, pierced by tongues of |l{irae arising, mark tho site ot burning villages for the Gerniana are burning everything in Iholr path, aa the Berliner Tageblatt annotinced. they would, they have now set fire to crops, villages and forests." THE .WEATHER High ..................73 ; Lo*........................ 52 forepast-Fine and Warm.s erican tank steamer O. B. Jennings was sunk by a German submarine yesterday about one hundred, miles off the Virginia Coast and thirty survivors of the vessel's crew have been brought to Norfolk by a naval vessel, the navy department was informed today. The captain and one boat containing thirteen members of the crew are missing. ' Only 25 Miles Away. . . A Canadian Atlanlli? Port, Aug. 5. -Captain. John Sims and his crew ot 15 men who w-ere rescued from the .schooner Nelson A. have arrived at Lockport. reporting that their vessel CCONTINUED ON PAGE THREE)) HUNS CHAS SOISSONS SALIENT RETREAIlALSZOiLES Lull in Great Battle Today-Enormous Number of Prisoners and Much Supplies Taken irj Week-End Fighting- Fismes, Centre of Hun Stores is Occupied-German Forces Are Cleared Out of Salient and Are Racing for the Aisne. PURSUIT OF FLEEING ENEMY IS CONTINUING; SOME STRONGER RESISTANCE NOW BEING SHOWN; ' GERMANS HAD PREPARED FOR A LONG STAY _____� ' I . H. a 1ST NOW V BE ED Give Up Fight Against Anti-Trust Law and Big Firm Will Dissolve i Washington, Aug, 5.-After six years' battling against the government's contention that it was at combination in restraint of trade, the International Harves- , ter Company has given up the fight and has agreed to immediate dissolution. Announcement was made at the department of justice today that the company will withdraw its appeal to the supreme court for a decree of the district court that declared It was operating in violation of the Sherman anti-trust law and ordered Its dissolution. The appeal from this decision was to have been argued at the next term of the supreme court. With the French Army in France, Aug. �-(1.30 p.m.)-(By the Asso- ' dated Press.)-Germfin r^ilatance along the banks of the Aisne and Vegle Rivers is growing more stubborn.-' Allied patrols which have crossed these rivers have met with'the sternest resistance. In the neighborhood of Mulzon on the south side of the Vesle, the Germans fought fiercely last evening before they vyere forced back. The battle was especlally^evere around the Vaules Farm and the adjacent, wo^jjs. On the end of th^ line nearest.Rhelms a heavy artillery, duel I* . going on. �.-,'.., " . RRENGIt REACH NEW LINE With the French Army In France, Aug. 4.-;(Asspolated .Press.)- French troops have. reached the railroad between Mont DIdier and Amiens over virtually Its entire length.' They occupied all the hills dominating the valley of the Avre. The towns of MorlscI and Moreull, on opposite sides of the Avre, about ten miles north of Mont DIdler, are still in the hands of the Germans. � London, Aug. 5.- (By Reuter's Ottawa Agency).-^Slnce the Crown Prince began his retreat his armies have fallen baci the Vesle now are under heavy artillery fire from the opipoilng armies. GERMAN PLANS The Germans,- it it believed, will stop at an internnedlate point' between the Vesle and the Aisne. but paobably they wlllnpt attempt a definite halt before^ the Aisne is reached. ' i The enemy has suffered serious l��ses In men and mattrUl. Enemy dead are scattered aldno all leading roads to the north. A large number of platforms for 380 millimetre guns have been'found In the / old Marne pocket, further indlcat-' ing that the Germans intended to stay there. The question Is being asked,In Paris whether the German withdrawal north doea not .Indicate.a . ohangc In German tac(^{/i� In ordtr fenslve elsewhere.' It is also asked If the retiring movement will not end with an effictlve withdrawal similar to that on the.Somme In March, 1917. MUCH BOOTY Paris, Aug. 5.--'Each day adds to . the booty captu'red by the allies. It will be Impossible to take full stock far some time but the booty included a considerable number of 77-mllllmetre guns; many ,'of. them found In the depths of the woods of Aroy and Tournelle and the forest of Fere. The number of 77 millimetre shells salvaged up to the present totals 1,500.000. 500 CANNON TAKEN- Parls, Aug. 5.-(Havas Agency) -General Mangln's army captured 500 cannon and 500 trench mortars during the fighting along the River Crise last Friday, says � the Petit Parislen. ('.JONTINUED ON FaOB 4) PEOPLE ASKED TO Appeal For Use of Only One and Half Pounds'-Per Person A Month f OttilwB, Aug. 5.-Reduction oC household conBumptini\ of sugar in Canada to , a ration of one and one-half pounds a person a month torpor-soi)al use, is required by the Canada Pood Board in a statement just issued. The utmost possibl'ti conservatlo.h is urged in addition to the restrictions now in force upon all manufactureris who use sugar. Householders are also asked to use yeljow sufi;ar instead of the granulated product wherever pop-! slblo, because in order- to get the uko'st eruclent, economic results from the reflnlng of sugai-, it is necessary thai: about thirty per cent of yellow suMi' be produced by the refineries. The food board's appeal is a result pt a conference of th; national 9ugur Commission au' review ot the raw sugar situt;; balance ot crttp on hand ai Ilea' requirements. mm 635270 7 08348687 70 ;