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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 4, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THl IETHMIDGE HIRALD August 1973 A better perhaps As the number of occupations open to women increases and the cost of raising a family increases even faster more and more working mothers are joining the labor force. Beyond any doubt this trend will con- and it is bound to be accom- panied by rising pressure for day- care centres or any insti- tutions that will care for children while their mothers are at work. In Canada day care centres are looked upon as being at least partly a government though people who patronize them usuafly cover the operating expenses. This reflects a different philosophy from that found in where the care of children of working women is assumed almost entirely by the em- ployer. Some European countries see the care of workers' children as the joint responsibility of the his employer and the while Communist countries general- ly considered child-care the business of the state. In West with its never- ending need for more a rath- er different approach is being explor- ed. the ministry of family af- fairs has become and is studying the possibility of having children of working mothers cared for by the day in homes of other in which the mother does not hold outside employment. Such women would become what the scheme calls mothers for a Normally they would have small families of their own and a daily rou- tine consisting of managing their own households and caring for their chil- dren. They would take the usually never more than of working mothers into their homes during working treating them as nearly as possible as their own. The principle upon which the study is based is expressed by a Dr. Helga who works with an associa- tion of single as simply normal family atmosphere is better for a child than a day There can hardly be an argument about that. There is nothing of in a working mother taking her child or children next door or across the to be looked after by a friend or neighbor while she goes to work. But the German project goes far beyond any such informal arrange- ment. It visualizes government-set criteria for the foster mothers and their and finding some means of ensuring compatability between the home atmosphere and the child that will experience it. The entire scheme would be under the watch- ful eyes of child care supervised and perhaps operated by the ministry of family affairs. At this point the project is in ils earlier stages. Directors are select- ing a group of housewives considered suitable for the task of providing day- and a small number of work- ing mothers who require places for their children. For the next three years a team of professionals will study the with a view to shaping a national program if it is found to be a good thing for the children and their mothers. Industrially developed nations else- certainly including might do well to follow developments. Driver refresher courses The most effective way of learn- ing to abide by traffic laws is pro- bably to be apprehended for a viola- followed by the payment of a substantial fine. But this is not a very efficient way of achieving the desirable goal of training people to keep the law. Only a small number of violations are detected in the chance convergences of patrol cars with vehicles being used improperly. There will always be some people who will deliberately flout the law. Most realize that traffic laws generaly make sense and are designed to provide for their safety and satisfaction. When they break the law it is the result of care- lessness or ignorance. Some way of impressing upon driv- ers the folly of careless such as turning into thoroughfares without coming to a full is needed. An Weekend Meditation opportunity to keep abreast of new laws and perhaps become acquaint- ed with some long on the books but unknown or forgotten would be val- uable. It ought to be possible to devise a way to tie in an instruction period with the renewing of licences every five years. A film presentation might be possible on the for at the place where licences are is- attendance at which would be required before receiving the re- newed licence. Prevention of accidents is always an important consideration. The hope that tiiis could be achieved through some kind of required exposure to what is expected of drivers ought to override objections about adminis- trative difficulties and driver reluc- tance. Goodness and wisdom The English William spoke from his often desperate that and wisdom are twin-born never seen It is wiser to be kind than wiser to forgive than to hate. Resentment leads to hypertension and heart trouble and ulcers. Sin is self- that is the of sin. Holiness 2nd health come from the same root. Sin Is anything that warps or maims your life. Sin is anything that is damaging to mind or body. said the is the Over-eating is a sin. Smoking is a sin. Drunkenness is a sin. Failure to invest your life worthily is a sin. Selfishness is a sin. doom beyond thy saddest As the long years of God To make thy dreary selfish- ness The prison of a Failure to real- ize your potential is a sin. The laws of God are not given without just by a whim of the Al- mighty. They are the wisest given for man's the attainment of his highest good. Sin is or abuse. Adultery is wrong because it de- stroys the possibility of true love. It breaks up the family. It disintegrates personality. Covetousness is wrong because it makes peace of mind and heart impossible. It has been said that God is displeased with the findings of the Rationalist not because they are but because they are irrational. The modern sins are defined as 1. poli- cies without 2. pleasure with- out 3. wealth without 4. knowledge without 5. industry without 6. science without hu- 7. worship without sacrifice. All this is sinful because it stupidly destroys society. It is not good because it is not wise. There is a line in the wedding ceremony which you steadfastly endeavor to do the will of your heavenly your life will be full of joy the home which you are establishing will abide in This is another way of saying that wisdom and goodness are twin-born. A sermon badly an article bad- ly a house poorly a paint- ing that is a a musical performance that is a machine badly a country poorly or a business badly is sinful. Another kind of sin is described by Alexis Carrel. He says that moral dirtiness is as repulsive as physical dirtiness. Before beginning a new each one of us should wash mor- ally as well as physically. Our success in carrying out the rules of behavior depends on the intensity of this interior life. Thus goodness is a development of of good taste. Keep the springs of your life free from pollution. This is wisdom and goodness. 0 blessed give me pur- ity of my inner life and strength of will to make the inner and outer man in per- fect harmony. F. S. M. Revealing look By Dong Walker I have often heard about people who be- came so immersed in some interest or ac- tivity that it ran out of their ears or eyes. Something like that must have happened to me after playing 18 holes of golf on three successive days on a weekend. When I walked through the back shop at The HeralS on Monday morning see you Coyle looked at me and have been I don't know what he saw that made him so sure I had been chasing the wee ball. -It may have been a look of frustra- tion or despair. It certainly wasn't a look of elation the hoped-for sub 90 round bad eluded me Regional banks debunked By Dian syndicated commentator MONTREAL It is difficult to imagine that either Ottawa or the western premiers really believe the Mickey Mouse ar- guments for regional banks that they were throwing around at last week's highly publicized Conference on Western Eco- nomic Opportunities. After the the four western premiers indicated that they were more or less dis- appointed. The prime for his said he wasn't dis- appointed that they were dis- appointed. The one area in which there seemed to be general approval was in Ottawa's decision to change the Bank Act so that the provinces can set up their own banking institutions with a maximum of 25 per cent equity which would subsequently be reduced to 10 per cent. Manitoba's Ed Sch- has been particularly keen on the idea of a regional bank. British Columbia's pre- Dave said that this one decision made the whole conference worthwhile. This is an odd conclusion to come since regional mon- etary policy is impossible in present day Canada. Westerners have long had four basic criticisms of the per- formance of national chartered banks. they are convinced that small business the mainstay of the western economy isn't getting the capital it needs to develop the western region fully. they feel that the banking system siphons off the savings of the western prov- inces in order to invest them in the industrial areas of central Canada. In other the east is being run on the savings of the west. if this would also thwart regional economic development. since chartered banks are headquartered in Toronto and all important de- including national mon- etary are made with- out regard to local conditions in the west- Finally. because the banking community has indeed been re- luctant to provide regional sta- westerners have felt en- couraged to continue to hold the first three beliefs. The fact is that new and small businesses in Canada don't have access to large pools of capital. But the Bank Act discourages all chartered banks from providing it. The biggest gap in our financial markets is in or risk funding. Either the Bank Act will have to be changed to allow banks to go into the or new risk- taking institutions will have to be set up. These alternatives were not discussed in and no bank set up under the Bank Act will be able to fill the gap. As for the siphoning the Bank of Canada recently began publishing a regional breakdown of the mam catego- ries of bank loans. They don't support the western case. For Alberta has about 7.5 per cent of the Canadian popu- about eight per cent of retail 7.6 per cent of dis- posable income and 10.6 per cent of capital investment. At the end of the share of se- lected bank assets in Alberta was 11-1 per cent. The primary reason regional banking can't work in this coun- or indeed in any unified is that an Albertan's money is indistinguishable from a Quebecer's or an On- tarian's. As long as we have one common currency system in there is simply no way we can prevent from one region to another. As long as we are all using identical regionally owned and controlled institu- tions are necessarily influenced by national monetary condi- including both interest rate levels and availability of credit. Why would any institu- .tion place funds other than where they can get the best in- terest Why would any in- stitution borrow for other than the lowest The fact is that the western provinces now borrow and lend where they get the best terms. There is no reason to believe they would do otherwise even if they had their own banks. the idea that the provinces would be able to con- trol a chartered bank is mis- leading. The proviso that they scale down their participation from 25 per cent to 10 per cent over a period of years mili- tates against any control at all. It may be that the west has been playing a game for less ambitious stakes. A funny thing has happened since the western provinces began their crusade for home-grown banks sensitive to local needs. The existing chartered banks have become very defensive. In the past sev- eral senior spokesmen for several banks have taken to the road to tout the virtues of chartered banking. The Ca- nadian Bankers' Association which is supported by all the banks spent considerable time and money developing a brief especially for the western conference. The existing chartered banks may or may not become more sensitive to western needs- But you can be sure they will talk more in future about what they actually do. The Western Conference missed the point. What's need- ed is serious discussion between Ottawa and the nine provinces which suffer unduly because Federal economic policies are too often geared to Ontario's needs. Look at larger scene By James New York Times commentator WASHINGTON -We have been instructed recently by H. R. Haldeman to lift our eyes from the Watergate to the wider perspectives of the world. Well there is something to but not much. The trouble is that if you take the man's you don't feel much bet- ter. For despite Nixon's bold initiatives in Peking and MOS- the fact is that America's economic and military position in the world is relatively weak- er now than it has been in a generation. This is not or even Nixon's but in the as at the Nixon administration's empha- sis on public relations and on appearances bas tended to ob- scure the deeper which are not quite as good as Haldeman and Ehrlichman would have us believe. A few facts will illustrate the The enlarged European Community has replaced the United States as the leading world trading power. these European nations now have a combined GNP that is three-fourths of the United and they control three and a half times the currency reserves of the United States. in the last few years there has been a shift in the military balance of pow- er in Europe from the United States to the Soviet Union- Washington still retains a quali- tative lead in the more sophisti- cated particularly in the field of multiple but Moscow not only retains a large lead in conventional armies and but has surpassed the United States in land-based strategic weapons and will soon take the lead in missile-firing submarines. The president's achieve- ments in easing tensions with the Soviet Union and have to be balanced against the relative decline in the nation's strategic which has created considerable anxiety in Japan and Europe about the dependability of Washington's military guaran- and also balanced against the decline of confidence in America's economic position in the world and Nixon's after to correct it. In some this summary is unfair to the president. Unlike his actions at which have been short range expedient political he has been looking at the big map concentrating on the critical Ion g-range relation- ships with the other giant na- tions of the but in terms of the next decade or genera- tion and in economic Ja- pan and the developing Euro- pean community are the really critical and here the United States bas very serious problems. It is easier for the statisti- cians and the auditors to spot Letters to the editor the trends and the problems than for the president to deal with but the economic trends are disturbing and even alarming if you look at them in the nationalistic terms of John Connally and Richard Nixon. Here facts illus- trate the changing trends of the modern In the United States accounted for half of tha world's gross national by 1970 our share was down to .30 per cent. In the United States produced 76 per cent of the world's in 30 per cent. In the United States produced 46 per cent of the world's steel pro- now it is producing about 20 per cent. Look to the big say Haldeman and and not to the squalid details of but the pic- is not all that bright. In .the United States held 50 per cent of the world's mone- tary but it now holds only about eight per while the Europe of the nine held six per cent in 1950 and now holds about 40 per and which had almost no reserves in 1950 now holds about 15 per cent of the world's total. the U.S- balance of payments has developed an alarming deficit. For the first time since the end of the 19tti the American trade balance was in deficit by bil- lion in 1971 and billion in and the Smithsonian mon- etary hailed by Nixon as the greatest interna- tional agreement in has been not only a disappoint- ment but almost a tragic joke. The disorder of the world's monetary and military balance will not wait for a res- olution of the Watergate dis- aster. During the next three years of the second Nixon ad- the United the European and Japan are going to have to reach common agreements on their common mon- and defence interests or risk a decline into and military di- vision and weakness. This is why Prime Minister Tanaka of Japan came to Washington. The greatest threat to international security today is the possibility of a col- lapse of the international eco- nomic system and this crisis has come at a time when Nixon's power and pres- because of the are lower than ever before. In this Haldeman and Ehrlichman are That the president needs public sup- port for the larger objectives of public but the pres- ident's power rests on faith and and this is precisely what has been destroyed largely by the zeal and self-righteous trickery of the president him- self and his narrow little band of willful men. Likes Letkbridge We wouH like to take this opportunity to express our feel- ings regarding what a nice clean city Lethbridge is. As one enters the city from Fort Mac- the flower gardens attract attention. The streets are very neat and tidy and it is easy to travel around someday m our hometown a tourist can speak as well of our local accommo- dations as we can of those In Lethbridge. The better tourist attractions are not always what one expects usually cold and informal and very expensive. We hope to see Lethbridge again someday and hope that others may find the lovely motel we to enjoy a relax- ing night. MR. and MRS. GARY DEVOE AND SONS Sault Ste. Ontario. Writer encouragement I was very happy to read Proud accomplish- dealing with the govern- ment sponsored competition for an Albertan novelist. Readers may be interested to know that the winner of the Jan began her Canadian teaching career in this area when she and her husband moved to Foremost from England. In a way she's a local girl. In addition to offering excel- lent correspondence courses the department of youth and recreation is organizing an- other writer's workshop to be held in Lethbridge on Septem- ber 28-29. I suggest that all hopeful novelists circle that date on their calendars. The editorialist was too mod- est to mention that another great assist to all local writers is the tremendous encourage- ment given by the staff to writ- era who want to contribute to The Lethbridge Herald. STRIVING SCRIBBLER Lethbridge crazy We haven't any I'm afraid. We're what he'll do for an The Lethbridge Herald Sot 7th St Alberta UCIRBRIDGE HERALD CO. Proprietors and Ptftliabed 1906 by Hon. W. BUCHANAN Stand OMI MtN ftegwrattan No. OOT1 CMMdUfl fnm ina ttw CinMlM tun' AneclattoA iM ttw Audtt BWTMU of ClrwtottaM CLIO W Editor PuMllMr THOMAS H. Owwral DOM PlLLINO OMI Ediwr WILLIAM HAY Idltar 1ME MftMD ;