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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 4, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta -W.dneidcy, Auguil 4, 1971 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD 3 Alex Johtislun The history of the Porcupine This Is a portion of a pa- per presented by Alex Jolin- son of the Lellinridgc Jtc- search Station to the Alberta Assessors Association mcctr ing in Lclbbridgc in f PHE Porcupine Hills of Alberta were part of the homestead of the Peigan Indians. They have Irecn known to white men .since 1702 or earlier. The re- gion was prospected for gold in the 1860's and exploited for furs in the 1870's. Cattle ranch- ing began about 1881 with the passing of an order-in-council which permitted the leasing of tracts of land for 21 years at an annual rental of one cent per acre. Ranchers resisted successfully the in- roads of the homesteader from shout 1900-1915 and the area lias remained as rangeland. Economic pressures are forc- ing r a n c h er s resort to brush clearing and extensive reseeding. Recreational pres- sures a T c already apparent throughout the region and will increase greatly in the future. One of the best descriptions of the Porcupine Hills was written about 1382 by George M. Daws on, a geologist and naturalist. This is part of what he said: The Porcupine Hills ex- tend from the north bank of the Old Man River, west of Fort Macleod, to the bead- waters of Mosquito Creek, a distance of 55 miles in a NNW direction. Their great- est width is pretty uniform- ly maintained at from IB to 20 miles. Tlie Hog's Back, south of the Old Man, is part of the same range, while to the north it is continued by more or less isolated areas of high plateau, lo the Bow .River, and beyond Dial; stream by the Nose Hill. Variovs explorers have visit- ed the Porcupine Hills. I sup- pose the first white man to see them was David Thomp- son, who was probably Can- ada's grcalcsl surveyor, and who wintered with Ihe Peigans somewhere soulh of Hie Bow Hiver in 1787-88. Wliile he was wilh Ihe Peigans, Thompson heard from Indian informants an account of bow they ob- tained the horse, which turned out to be the best-known inci- dent of his winter visit. Ac- cording to the Indians, the Blackfool obtained Ihe horse 1730 from the Snake In- dians to the southwest. They had heard aboi't the animal for several years previously and were anxious to see one of them. Thompson's Narrative reports the Indians as saying: "At lasl, as the leaves were falling, we heard that one was killed by an arrow shot into his belly, but the Snake Indian that rode him got away; numbers of us went lo sec him, and we all admired him, he put us in mind of a stag that had lost his horns, and we did not know what name to give Jiim. But as he was a slave to man, like the dog, which carried our Ihings; he was named Ihe Big log." The name eventually became PONOKO-MITA, "elk-dog." be- cause the horse looked like an elk but was useful, like file dog. Earlv in January. 1793, Pe- ter Fidlcr, a Hudson's Bay Company employee, travelled down Ihe valley between the Porcupine Hills and the foot- hills lo trade wilh the Koo- Icnay Indians inside (he pres- ent Livingstone Gap. Fidler de- scribed the Gap and told of a playing field marked out with piles of slnnos. which the In- dians said brd been put Ihere by the Old Man, Napi. As a re- sult they called the nearby river NAPI-OCH-A-TAY-COTS, "The river Ihe Old Man Play- ed Upon." 11 laler became Ihe Old Man's River, still later Old Man River, and today is call- ed (he Oldman Riter. On August filh, tn.in, Captain John Palliser rode past the hills on a visit lo Ihe vicinily of Chief Mounlain. His journal contained Ibis entry: Started at seven, found we were now riding along Ihe western flank of the Porcu- pine Hills. Crossed a tribu- tary lo Bow Hiver, of consid- erable size, name unknown. (This was the norlh fork of Willow Pz'oposcd to Ihc men lo rail it Arrow River, as il belonged to Bow Hiver. Arrived ,il des Porque opiqvc, or Por- cupine Hills, and camped at ;i considerable elcvalinn. disappointed al Ihc lim- ber. The whole place was more or loss dcslioycd by fires." Twelve dnys laler, on Au- pust mill, Thomas ni.ikislon, H m o m h c r ot Hie Palliser cx- pedilion hut who wasn't on spp.iliing Icrms with Palliser, followed Ihe same Irail. He lind very lillle lo say about Ihe bills but he did comment mi fho. wide prairie valley ol Ilia Belly Kiver, Uio present Walrond Ranch, where he saw a herd of buffalo and shot one of them. Blakiston was much more interested in the mono lains and described a range that extended for 25 miles and was of so regular a form that no single point could be se- lected as a peak. He wrole: "I therefore gave the whole the name of 'L i ,v i n g s t one's Range.' (The name com- memorates David Livingstone, the African Blaki- ston named the Waterton Lakes on the same Irip, dur- ing which lie crossed the moun- tains by the North and South Koolenay Passes. From about 1364 parties of prospectors worked the Porcu- pine Hills and we will never know how many died at the hands of the Indians. A well- known incident from the period involved a group of prospec- tors, including Joe Kipp, after whom the small community of Kipp is named. In 18G6 t h c group camped on the banks of a stream, just belore going into the Porcupines to prospect for gold. While camped, Ifipp lost a pair of pinchers, used to trim the hooves of horses and a very valuable article at that time and place. Kipp returned at even1 opportunity to look for the pinchers and the name, Pinchcr Creek, came to be ap- plied to tile stream. In 1865, also, a party of im- migrants, who had crossed Montana with the Captain Fiske Expedition, decided lo head north to the placer gold- fields around Edmonton. They stayed as close as possible lo the mountains and one night camped on a hill near present- day Cowley. While there they were attacked and killed b y Blood Indians under the war chief. Medicine Calf. The North-West Mounted Police, after their arrival in 1874, found bones and the chaired remains of wagons on the Mil that we now call Massacre Butte. We can be sure that, by the mid-lBGO's, there Tere men in Montana Territory who knew every slream and river, not only in Ihc Porcupine Hills, but elsewhere throughout southern Alberta. They never discover- ed the gold that they sought but they did observe that the Indians of the region were rich in buffalo robes and horses. And they noticed, also, that the Hudson's Bay Company had never made any real effort to penetrate the southern plains and, hence, that a commercial vacuum existed in what is now southem Alberta and south- western Saskatchewan. The stoiy of Alberta's whis- key- trading posts is well- known. The first post was built by Johnny Healy and Alfred Hamilton of Fort Bcnton at the junction of the St. Mary's and Belly Rivers, about three miles southwest of modern Lelh- bridge. First called Fort Ham- ilton, it became notorious as Fort Whoop-up. Smaller posts were established at various places a total of 26 were built eventually including one on Willow Creek, in the Porcupines, and another on Pine Coulee, southwest of mod- em Nanlon. The Pine Coulee post gained lasting fame as Ihc location of Ihe first arrest by the North-West Mounted Police in what is now Alberta. (It was not the first arrest by members of the Force as sev- eral people had been picked up for various offences during the previous winter in This is the story of that first arrest: Early in 1875 the Po- lice were lold by Indians Hint men were trading in whiskey from a post in Pine Coulee and a party was sent lo arrest them. The weather was bitter- ly cold as the police party lol- lowed Willow Creek from Fort Miicleod to The Leavings, then headed north along Pine Cou- lee to the posl. There they ar- rested three white men and one black man whose name was II n n d. The tliree while men we're released on bail but Bond was left to serve out a six-month jail sentence. Shortly aflerwards Bond escaped as he w a s being escorted from one building to another, the es- corting officer managing to get a shot at him as he ran away. Rond was never recaptured al- though a skeleton was found several miles soulh of Fort Macleod a year or two later. (It is interesting that the M o u n I i e s. who are justly famed for 'getting their should have let their first pris- oner escape, nc v e r to be re- captured. Incidentally, the offi- cer who let Bond get away was tossed inlo the same cell and served time In jail for his mis- Tlie Canadian government, as might be expected, was very concerned about the ac- tivities of the American trad- ers and looked upon it as a threat to Canada's sovereignty in the region. Accordingly, in 1872. Ihcy sent Col. P. Robert- son-Ross, then head of the Ca- nadian militia, lo investigate western conditions. Like many of those before him, Robert- son-Ross travelled down the valley between Uie Porcupine Hills and the mountains. was snowbound for six days just north of the present Chain-of Lakes Reservoir and commented on the awesome beauty of the' snow covered Rocky Mountains. On Septem- ber 26lh he arrived at the south end ol the Porcupines and rode to the top of the hills. Here he comme'Hed as follows: 1 had, 1 think, one of the most magnificent views I ever saw in my life. At a dis- tance varying from 15 lo 20 miles, in a sort of immense amphitheatre, lay the Rocky Mountains, towering their gi- ant heads many thousands of feet high; on our left the boundless prairie stretching far Lo the east; in our front lo the south at a distance of 50 or 60 miles the boundary line, the Chief Mounatin, and part of the Territory of Mon- tana. That night Robertson-Ross camped near "a 'ine waterfall aboul 40 feet high" modern Lundb-eck Falls. The report submitted by Robertson-Ross, plus an earlier one by William Butler, plus ol course the political climate of the times, resulted in the for- mation of the North-West Mounted Police in 1873 and their Irek westward in 1874. (Incidentally, because of wrong information, Robertson- Ross placed Fort Whoop-up at the junction of the Bow and Belly Rivers, instead of at the junction of the St. Mary's and Belly Rivers. This mistake in his report was lo cause the po- lice plenly of trouble when Lhey arrived in September 1874 and couid not locate Fort Whoop-up where it was sup- posed to The coming of the Mounted Police was probably the most important event ever to hap- pen in Western Canada con- siderably more important, E suggest, than the coming of Ihe railroads. They brought law and order and created a cli- mate in which the stockman could thrive. About the same lime, the buffalo, whose num- bers had been dropping for over 75 years, were driven by prairie fires into Montana and were hunted to near-extinction there. This released millions of acres of grassland for use by domestic livestock and cattle began to move in from Mon- tana. The new practice of cat- tle ranching got a big boost with the passing of an order-in- council in 1881. It provided for the granting lo corporations or to individuals of leases nol lo exceed acres in size for a period of 21 years at an an- nual rental of one cent per acre. An immediate result was that the ranch company appeared on the scene. The regulations dining the 1880's called for the stocking of the ranges al the rale ot one head of callle to each ten acres of range. We know now thai the carrying capacity of Porcupine Hills rangeland is closer to 20 acres per head per year and, hence, the seeds of overgrazing were sown at an early date. The regulations were changed to one head per 20 acres, still later to one head per 30 acres of lease. But by the early 1090's observant ranchers were describing how the good grasses were being Idlled out and how they ivere being reolaced bv sage and other useless planls The cattlemen, during the rarlv ISRO's, were instrumental in Ihe drawing up of regula- tions designed lo nroh'bit the grazinr of sheen, first through- out the entire grazing region of the Norfh-West, Mer in certain soecified areas. The rcstrMivc rrpniatiops stonoed Ihe industry from gamine much nf a Infold in areas sueh (Vie _ pi-fin to IV" have lieen wol> sn'tM because of Ihe rugged topo- graphy and shortage of slock water at high elevations. By tlic mid-1890's leases were being cancelled and Ihe ranges were being turned over lo home- steading. Starling about 1905 and continuing until around 1915, homesteaders exerted considerable pressure on the ranges of Hie Porcupine Hills and many areas, completely un- suiled lo cullivation because of steep topography and a short growing season, were taken over and aUempls were made lo farm them. The homesteaders were permitted to prove up in one of tliree ways: they could break and cultivate a specified acreage, they could stock their homestead with a specified num- ber of cattle, or they could indi- cate their intention to irrigate their holdings. The latter proved lo be a very popular method of "proving up" and, for a number of years, engi- neers made a good living run- ning in ditches. Few of Ihe ditches were ever used to I many of them can still Ix? seen winding along the hillsides throughout the Porcupines. Most of the homesteaders were forced out by early frosts, heavy snows in late spring and early fa 11. occasional dry years, and by their sheer inabil- ity to make a living on JGO acres of hilly land. By about 1920 the settlement pattern o' today had come aboul. I do not know what the fu- ture holds for Uie Porcupine Hills. The price of land in the region bears little relationship to its productive potential, val- ues being dictated by the view of Uic mounlains or accessibil- ity, rather than the ability of the land to produce beef for food. Toward the north end of the hills, acreages have been acquired for the purpose of building on it a house and run- ning a few saddle horses. Tlie Chain of Lakes Reservoir has attracted thousands of vis- itors and has necessitated the creation of another Provincial Park. There are great recrea- tional pressures on the whole area hunting and fishing in season, picnicking, and driving for pleasure. These various pressures will increase and the c o n v c n lional livestock pro- ducer must, change with I h e changed circumstances. Re- cently a prominent rancher said: "Misuse through grazing by both domestic animals and wildlife has concerned us in the past, but it is only re- cently that we have been faced with recreational use on a scale that demands our attention. I am con- vinced the human animal will be more destructive and harder to control than do- mestic or wild animals have ever been." Only half a cure? 'J'lic Christian Science Monitor Morality of Vietnam war Bishop Thomas .1. Gumblelon is Auxiliary Bishop Vicar General of (lie Archdiocese of Detroit. JJETROIT The military involvement of the United States in Southeast Asia is more than a hotly debated po- litical issue. "Vietnam" is an urgent moral question demand- ing an examination by all thinking Americans. That war is always a moral matter should be clear enough. Politi- cal and military policies provide soldiers and weapons for the purposes of death and destruction require a moral judgment of Uie individual citi- zens with whose lax money and, in some cases, very lives those policies are implemented. A citizen is untrue to his hu- man dignity as an intelligent, compassionate person if he sur- "OK! Wfo'i via ma tfitf tifl By Bishop Thomas J. Gumblelon renders his conscience to his government in time of war. In their collective pastoral letter of Nov. 15, 1968, the American Catholic Bishops expressed the hope (hat "in the all impor- tant issue of war and peace, all men will follow their con- sciences." And prior to tliis, Pope John XXIII in Pacem In Terris had indicated that con- science today might require a new attitude toward war. "Therefore, in an age such as ours which prides itself on its atomic energy, it is contrary to reason to hold that war is now a suitable way to restore rights which have been vio- lated." We may think of this as a new attitude toward war. In fact, it is a moral position which links up with the earli- est Christian tradition in re- gard to war. For three cen- turies Christians generally re- fused service in military cam- paigns, rejecting killing as an immoral means to an end. Strong statements of men such as Saint Justin, Saint Clement of Alexandria, Saint Cyprian and others show the common Christian allilude in regard to Ihe morality of war. Obviously, for one who would follow the earliest Christ i a n Iradilion, supporting Ihe Viet- nam war is morally unthink- able. But even if one were lo base his conscientious judg- ment of the Vietnam war on the "just war" doctrine, I be- lieve h's conclusion could only be lhat continuing American military involvement in South- east Asia is ip-avely immoral. This doctrine is based on Ihe obvious enough premise that war is an unspeakable physi- cal evil. Like other physical evils, it sometimes cannot he. avoided. In certain eircu in- stances a doctor and Uie pa- lienl also would accept the need lo amprsljilo an arm or leg. Similarly, the evil of war is "justified" in certain circum- Flanccs. Olhcnvisc it is immor- al. One condilion is thai war must be waged by a legili- mate publifj authority for the common good. Is it really serv- ing the common good to fight an undeclared war thousands of miles away against an enemy that poses no threat to the Uni- :ed States? Ana does Congres- sional approval of funds lo equip American forces senl to Vietnam under questionable circumstances (Gulf of Tonkin Resolution) constitute a legiti- mate declaration of war? A second condition is that a just cause is required. One will demand clear and cogent rea- sons before he will accept the amputation of his arm. To "jus- tify" war requires no less. Here the obvious question is. What is the cause for which Ameri- can forces are fighting in Southeast Asia? Millions of Americans can be excused for having no clear answer to (hat question. AVe have been given so many different reasons, even to the point where we are told it is simply to uplrald Ameri- can prestige rather than ac- cept the humiliation of defeat. We may be excused for not knowing the reason for the war. We cannot be morally excused for participating without sure knowledge that Uie reason is sufficient. A final consideration is that lo be "just" the war must be fought within the limi's of what is called the "principle of pro- portionality." In 1968 the Am- erican Bishops asked: "Have we already reached, of passed, the point where the principle of proportionality becomes de- cisive? How much more of our resources in men and money should we commit In Ihis strug- gle? lias the conllicl in Viel- nam provoked inhuman dimen- sions of Wi'.hout even considci inp the dralh and deslnielinn in Laos and Cambodia can we find any "justifying proportionality" in what we (ire doing in Ihis war? Whether we judge Ihis war in Ihe light of Ihe onrliesl Chris- tian Iradilion on war, or ac- cording lo the "jutf. war'" doc- Iriiio, I can reach only one eon- elusion: our paiiieipalion in il. is gravely immoral. (New York Tluir.s) A kind of numbers game is being play- cd over America's ding problem and how Lo treat it, and in nmsl ways Uic scores seem t.o add up wrong. There arc now about heroin ad- dicts in the United States. At presenl, no more than 20 per cent are in some kind of treatment program either the Alco- holic Anonymous type which tries to get a user to shake the habit by disciplining himself and leaning on he moral support nf the drug-kicking community, or t h c methadone treatment approach which sub- stitutes a longer lasting (2-1 hours versus 6-8 hours for heroin) and less point [or heroin. The trouble v.ith the psycholog- ical approach to ding-kicking is its high dropout rate as much as 50 per cent. In contrast, melhadone advocates claim 80 pel' cent slay with the program. So, sta- tistically, it would appear the methadone or chemical approach looks superior. But more is involved. In the first place, it should be understood that together the known pyschological and chemical addict rehabilitation programs are believed useful for only half of America's addicts. Thus, whatever the effective numerical claims may be, these should be tempered by the recognition of how many users are beyond the programs' scope. Second, there should be no confusion over th.e shortcomings of melhadone treatment itself. Methadone does not have the psychic potency of heroin, but it is a narcotic. And those resorting to it are faced with a lifetime of addiction, though they are o[ course spared the destructive consequences ot heroin. Methadone clinics also lend themselves to abuses. They can become window-dressing for city administrations who want to give the impression of acti- vism on the dmg front. Their administra- tion can be used [or political plums. But more important, they can be used by ad- dicts to tide Ibomsr.h'cs over when they arc money-short, or to reach a land of ac- commodation with their heroin habit and not kick it. None of this is to say. however, that neither the chemical nor the psychological approach has its uses. If mcthadone rc- duceb the numbers who resort to prosti- tution and crime to support their habil, then society as well ai the individual user benefits. But again the fact remains lhaf half of all serious addicts are thought beyond the reach of the kjiown programs. .Some observers of the drug .scene con sider this the irreducible, tragic nut nf America's drug problem. They are not ul- timately so concerned with 111'-1 peripheral soft drugs, though these creale a climate where heroin addiction may be made easier. Nor are tiiey so pessimistic about the suburban drug phase. What grips them is the central city hard drue. problem which rides freely here like a fifUi horse- man. Most addicts do not want any kind of treatment at all. Many are "making il" by thievery, prostitution, or peddling drugs themselves. In this context, some people are wondering whether heroin may have to replace methadone in clinical programs. The rationale again is that H's belter to let addicts have their "fix" than to let them prey the public. But tlic addiction problem in America, is loo massive for this to work now. There are too many peo- ple whose lives depend on making otJier people addicts. Nur would Americans, des- pite the example of llie Brilish who have a vastly smaller number of addicts, likely approve of a government subsidy of heroin addiction. An alternative proposal is to detain all addicts and force them through detoxifica- tion programs. Again, if only for civil li- bertarian reasons, the American people would not likely tolerale such a course. In Uie area of public action, the pru- dent course will likely include more hot lines (which are useful channels of com- munication for parents and drug-lakers, i( not therapeutic more use of psy- chological and methadone projects to help as many addicts as could benefit from them. And, of com'se, the law should freeze those who traffic in drugs. And young-folk should know about drug dangers. A constructive new step would be to reg- ister or keep (rack of all addicts, which is not now done in any systematic way. But still, it must he faced that the drug habit reaches down already into the third generation of some inner city American families. It would lie them and society to self-perpetuating crime and suffering In our view, the hold of drugs on society will be broken not only when greater num- bers want to lie helped, but also when there is a vider acceplance of Ihe fact thai, chemically or materially induced euphoria is a beggar compared with a mental out- look buoyed with intimations of man's nob- ler, spiritually derived, self-hood and pur- pose. Take your drugs and die! By Jliclianl.Ncertham in Ihe Toronlo Globe and Mail IT'S long been my view Uial govern- ments have only three essential func- tions (I) to defend the country against foreign attack) (21 (o prevent the citizenry from bashing or killing one another; (3) to prevent the citizenry from bashing or stealing one another's property. If any government can manage those three things, it's doing as well as any in history, and better than most. Bui North Americans don't see it that way. They want governments to make peo- ple to prevent them from com- mitting "sin" such as drinking too much or reading naughty books or slraying off the marital reservation. Unfortunately, these sins enjoy such popularity that laws against there can never be enforced, the result being a massive waste of time and energy on the part of police, courts, etc.; and a massive disrespect for law by those veiy citizens who demanded the law in the first place as a curious attempt to pro- tect themselves from themselves. I reached the conclusion years ago lhaf there should be no liquor laws of any kind (outside of pure-food no laws of any kind dealing with sex or marriage (let people make their own arrangements, as they will no laws regarding gambling or belling, Sabbath observance or books with such remarkable titles (I noticed it in a supermarket Ihe oilier day) as Hotpanls Schcolma'am. As Will Rogers remarked about alcohol during Prohibition times, Uie only way to stop them from getting it is lo let their; have it I've come lo feel the same way about drugs my own kuid, such as alcohol and lobacco; oilier people's kind such as marijuana, LSD and heroin. It should be obvious by now that there is just no way lo stop peoople from making Item, im- porting them, buying and selling them, using them. This being Hie case, we might just as well legalize all of Ihem. let them all be sold ojienly, as was (he case unlit around J910. This would have four advantages lhal I can see. Firstly, we'd save an awful lot of money and effort on law enforcement or ralher, law non-ciiforcemeiil. Second- ly. Ihe price would come lo Ihe point where people on drugs didn't have lo com- mit genuine criir.es in order lo get the money for them. Thirdly. Ibis would weed oul of cm MI- cirly a kit of p'.-oplc who proh.'ibly outfit lo be weeded out weak, useless people jrho simply chiller up (lie scene. Don Mar- quis said that the only worthwhile Irenlmonl for alcoholics was [o give Ihom all the booze thoy cnuld drink, in hopes of bring- ing iiboul their early demise. I'm inclined lo feel UK .same way iihmil takers of LSD, heroin, etc. I do not wish Ihcir float h, but they themselves quite obviously wish il, .so let's hurry the process along Fourthly (arid this is what appeals lo me most of all) it would clear our new- papers, our radio microphones and TV screens, of what has become a crashing bore those endless examinations of Uie "drug (hose endless articles and shows and laborious panel discussions of how the "problem" can be how young people and adulls can be "saved'1 from the disaster course they deliberately have chosen. Why bother? The glutton chooses to dig his grave with his teeth, we allow Mm lo do it; we might as well allow other people to dig their graves willi their syringe or whatever. No control ever works on this eartli except self-control; if people can't manage that, Tir: not going to shed any tears over them; let's bury (lie weak, the parasitic, and make more room for Ilia strong. I sometimes think that (lie people who try to "help" and "save" Ihc druggies are themselves a bunch of weaklings, who seek to bolster up their own frail egocs with their "confrontation sessions' and "sensi- livily groups1' and "encounter lljerapy" and all Uie rest of that mumbling garbage. It reminds m? of the boozy old bums, the so- called mission stiffs, who recount and repent their sins in order lo get a bowl of soup. "Yea verily, brethren, 1 have found salva- tion Forget il, forget il. he'll be pan- handling oulside the liquor store in anoUier few minutes. Dear young people and old ones, too I must tell you that your good or had, doesn't interest me. I've no in- terest in "talking you down" or in pav- ing taxes so others can do il. I've no in- terest in the great maslerpieces you arc going to produce (but never do produce) as a result of having your peanut mind "expanded." I've no inlcrcsl in Uie ler- riblc "problem" which led you, as you say, drugs your wicked falhcr, your diiir.ineei-ing molhcr, your anger at the economic system, your grief over lie war in Vietnam, your whole battery of flimsy excuses for the fact you are a weakling and a fool. Death you want, and death you should have. Time was when you would have courted it and likely won it in cru- sades, explorations, revolutions, in the inn- Hies, in Ihe moiinUiins or on Ihe high seas. Km you don'l have the courage or Ihe iKmesly for lhal; you arc accustomed lo being "looked even in your self- chosen drug habil, you think Ihere should daddies and mummies lo "help" you, you haven't the pits lo flo Ihe Iliing your- self. So lake your dnigs and die, I'm com- plol.ely bored wilh the whale lot of you and I don'l (hink I'm alone in that Ixur- flom, ;