Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 4, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta
irs fun to see wealthy women work in canteens I* London Some Bring Servanjs and Watch Them Do the Work -Harder to Make Change Than to Scrub-But Canteen Management in England Is Changing Now. XE of f D scotches during t By LACEY AMY. LONDON, June 22. of the most laughable they must-have chaise of a booth. If they weren't of ihe level they were endured as real workers, an a par* In London- theatres (of the sacrifice of war. (I refer to he past season frolicked ' Uio snobs.) There was a beautiful under the title of "Poached Eggs mid j uncertainty nbont their comings and IVarlF." By no great stretch of lyings. Volunteering, as they did, imagination it was a suitable caption jfrom their lofty stations. It was an for a laugh at a certain type of can- j imposition to demand regular hours, ten worker- the woman ringed round J r^to or early tlioy appeared, and sometimes not at MI. Social events with n-few thousand dollars' worth of pearls serving poached, eggs to hungry soldiers. Canteen servico Is still one of tho social accomplishments of upper London. It-a.-woman knows;laxly Som-bpdy Intimately enough to be mentioned in the same social list, she Fas a-chance ct. pouring coffee at her booth near one of the large stations. If she haBn't-well, the Chances are her wtir work wfll be answering piteous Government appeals for women workers, or scrubbing floors, at a, V. A. D, hospital half a day a week. Failing either of those, sho may perform that strenuous task of visiting the hospitals. 'Canteens are of two kinds. There is the variety that hangs about the station for.tho. arriving or departing coidler. The other is leas dramatic and spectacular, but more utilitarian and businesslike. It furnishes_highly paid munitioners with cheap food of the proper kind at so n uch per. There are humors about the soldiers' canteen, but there are hilarious excruciations about the munitioners' canteen. The fun at the former is confined largely to the eccentricities of the ladles; at the latter there is a clash of class that obviously is bubbling over with possibilities. When Lady Sombody undertook to dispense, "bubble and squeak" to black-faced men and pantalooned girls-and, sadly enough, some of tho girls are green with that awful shade that goes with T.N.T. poisoning-she was moved by the best intentions in the world. But more than, intentions are required to divide a pan of steak-and-kidney pie into thirty-six portions, extract seven pence ha'penny fr:.m a half-crown, and keep a bar (counter) clean' whetl It was already v'.^uicr than the faces of the diners. The Snob*' Doing* T the largest canteen, in London ~k some of the wealthy women ap-1.cured on their days (most of *he \ .-.'h::itosr3 found it impossible to cover their war charity list %nd give more than two ftalf-da3's to the canteens) with their chauffeurs and maids. And the boringed, bedUened mistresses seated themselves on comfy chairs brought in their cars and watched their servants do the work. Now and then one would rise and gingerly pour a cup of tea and hand it over benignly to a youngster whose age and color and disposition were concealed beneath several coats of grease, iron rust and floor sweepings. Then she wouldretlre to,her-cushions swelling with pride and the emotion of magnanimity. Scrubbing the booths was the beto nolr of the "chosen ones." Most of them were willing to make change, however laborious the process, warm the meat pie, section off the sweets, and exert that sternness of discipline before which giggling boys were supposed to quail. But when It came to dipping their white hands Into dirty water and applying a nasty cloth to greasy American oilcloth, they usually found some means of evading it in favor of the untitled or willing ones. , It of the proper level in society p. A took them away; late hours at nlghtj meant late hours In the morning at work, and rain was enough to keep them at home. It Is common report thnt It often rains In London. Then all of them had dogs. And the London dog is tlio biggest part of the household. It was accepted as adequate excuse for non-appearance, until all the work at the booth had been completed, that "I had to take Fluff out for a walk," or "Fom-Pom wasn't feeling well yesterday." Mrs. B. was struggling through two days a week nt the canteen as preparation for service In France. It did not frighten her that the two days in London kept her In lied for the rest of tho week, and in France the hours were twelve a day for seven days a week. With her in- tho same booth was one who had been forced to give up nursing in France because she could not stand the night work. Things Changing Now XEJ titled worker-a relative, by the way, of a former Governor-General of Canada-was of the kind that Is not satisfied with canteen frlvoling. She left to take a position as hall porter at a hospital. The making of change was mental agony to most of them. The one in the booth who could subtract without a pad and a free afternoon was elected accountant and treasurer, but pride often paved the way to a bewildering disagreement at the end of the day between the receipts and the quantity sold. And certainly even the tiniest munitioner might be counted on not to be the loser. One canteen worker overheard after lunch a gang of delighted youngster^ comparing their gains, and the least fortunate blushed with shame. But most of the women were In earnest to the extent of their training, and nearly all of them had suffered from the war. Now and then one reappeared after a day's absence and confided to a special friend- such things were not generally discussed-that the dread message had come- Her only son was gone. One received at the booth the news that the Jast male issue of the family name had paid the supreme penalty. One returned to her homo one night to find her husband dead in his library. Canteen management is changing now. Titles are not the sole qualifications since the army took over the work, and the woman in pearls must have something else to go with them. It knocks out much of the Joy of living in these tragic days, but It pays for itself in service and returns. The general acceptance of the justice of payment for service when so many are profiting so largely from the war, and of the fact that the volunteer is seldom worth more than she is paid, is introducing a new tone of effective service Into every part of war work, even Into the much-rhli-�culed canteen. Princes* Mary, Mr�. Lloyd George, and Lady Wyndham Qvin, at a Baiaar at the Premier'* Official Residence, 10 Downing Street MANY NOVELTIES IN SILKS COMING A New York Buyer in Paris Says That Deliveries are Satisfactory. PARIS, July 7. -y 3. -THYN'XE, buyer for the silk department of one of tho leading New York stores, has Just left Paris. In an interview here Mr. Thynne said that he had bought many beautiful novelties and had made important purchases, and in spite of the difficulties caused by present condition's tho 'deliveries, had up to the present been satisfactory. The general note is that of softness so far as 'the materials themselves are concerned. There aro many velvets draped into gowns and wraps over foundations cf satin. Voile,. crepe, .faille; crepe de eaine, mousseline, tafteta are draped over foundations of metal brocade. Crepe and satin are to be used In combination. The dominant color is chalky grey, then gooseberry, chartreuse blue, brick and violet. Combinations of colors are to be very smart, in Mr. Thynne's opinion, and black and gold will be in vogue again. There are borders and stripes of velvet, and striped effects in which a little plush is used on a foundation of mousseline. For evening, brocades in old shades of blue, groen and pink arc shown. Brocades of gold or silver on velvet, satin. or crepe are much in evidence, the designs-scattered flowers or Persian motifs:-worked by stitches in metal thread. Some of the flowers are printed on the crepe and outlined in metal thread. For coat linings there are crepe with velvet motifs Jn original colors. MOTHERS MUST KEEP CHILDREN AT SCHOOL Condition of Mother's Pensions as They are Worked Out in Detroit - Judge Censures One for Refusing to Live in Polish Neighborhood. A A "l\fAMHA," saW little four-year-old Vivian, "ain't I as tall as you are?" "Of course not, dear," replied the mother; "you don't come up to my waist" "Well;" said :Vivlan, "I'm Just as tall down the other way; my feet are as far down as yours." Attired in Khaki Overalls, "Longshoregirls" Fill Men's Place, in Terminal Yards j^ONGSHOnEGIRLS clad In, khaki overalls and jackets aro driving trolley cars, locomotives, electric winches, . ,,I , ^^CK,,' an,d otner machinery on the docka of tho Bush Terminal Company In Brooklyn, N.Y. All tlio Th� ,T ^mp �yeCB ff tKo coraPa"y Td nave been trained to fill tho places of men )n cases of e.n- By L. C. WEBBER. T tho opening of the Juvenile Court in Detroit one afternoon a landlord In a fur coat waited upon Judge I-tulbert to explain- without being sworn-thnt a pensioner owed him two weeks' rent, which he could not collect boenxise of a probation officer having held back the widow's check. His tenant also owed him, he declared, for groceries purchased from his store, and upon different occasions he had delivered to her bags of coke because of pity for her four cold nml starving children. "I can/t affcri^to lose that money, your Honor," finished the easy landlord., \ *WJfi|n t"V tenant waV called from an adjoining room, a delicate woman entered, carrying a sleeping, sturdy lad of three. She was told to be sea!e:l at the table opposite the judge, beside whom stood her land-royal (lord. At one end of the table sat a man stenographer, at tho other was the probation officer who was interested in each of the ten cases of that afternoon's docket. The Judge had all the facts of the case in a folder, but he, nevertheless, questioned the woman, who stated that out of a pension of $3 a week she was paying %" a week for rent of a four-roomed flat. That sho had walked tho streets for days and could not do better. Besides the S14 for rent, she owed $19 for groceries and another bill of $10. Mother Was Censured MAX boarder, about whom the judge questioned her, had been paying St; a week, and she had been compelled to let him go. A former landlady, to whom she had paid $9 a week rent, was called, and when sworn gave evidence against the characters of the woman and her boarder. The widow asserted the testimony was not true. The hearing of this case took exactly an hour, most of that time being spent by the judge in reasoning with the widow, who insisted she could not get cheaper rent, excepting In a Polish neighborhood, where she would not take her children. She was also censured for the tardiness of her eldest boy at school. In summing up,, however, Judge Hulbert declared: "Mrs. B., you cannot live in this improvident way, but must find a.'- cheaper place to rent. Other mothers manage, by helping themselves, to live on less pension than you are drawing, and you must :'io the same as they. A Polish neighborhood Is more honorable than the way you arc living. If you don't find ,i suitable place within two weeks I'll take the children and have them properly cared for. They will not suffer, but have warmth and food-until you can take care of them'. The pension is for. their support, and that ls\'hy the county is pnying you $9 a week." The landlord was left io do his own collecting of the rent and grocery money. After th(V others,had loft the probation officer ushered in the mother's oldest boy, who was given a little fatherly talk about his frequent lateness at school-because of working In a poolroom from seven until ten for t:, cents a night! "You must keep at school every day," urged the Judge, "and, be on time so that you will get your working papers when you aro 10 and bo able to holp mother." Tho boy mndo a promise, and started away with good l�tedi- tions, probably only to do as other boys who love bed more and school less. The next case was disposed of in ten minutes. A young Polish mother with a baby was granted a pension of f3 a week. Keep Children at School ARESPECTABLE Swedish woman accompanied by two little girls stated she had an Income of $108 a month from boarders and what sho earned In working out by day while her mother-in-law kept house. She was granted a, pension of ?12 a month. Because of allowing her daughter of l.ri.to_KO to work a pensioner In receipt of 16 a 'month was subpoenaed to* appear. After making n second marriage to a man who deserted her, a mulatto found out the second man had an earlier wife who still lived-somewhere In tho United States. The woman was delicate looking, had four children, and, because of them, was granted a pension of $9 a week, with a reminder that the money was for the purpose of keeping her children clean and at school. She was then handed a card with which to apply to the Poor Commission for Immediate relief. Ono mother of twelve children, some of whom-were working, was allowed Jo.50 a week by way of pension. Eight dollars a week was granted a young widow whose husband had idled three months previously, leaving her insurance enough to pay his bills, together with a lot worth $500 and four children, all under ton. All these and hundreds of similar cases are brought before the judge of the Juvenile Court through women probation officers. No political pull or lawyer's fee Is necessary, but the mothers must earn the pensions by keeping their children at school. / You Should See Tm Make A Time Fuse; It's a Wonder i � .! The Deadly Deed Is Done in the Little Brass Nose Which U Screwed Into the Top of the Shell-You Learn a Lot About War in a Monition Factory. Answer This y^IIY Is It a man can't wall; slow enough for a street car to catch him or fast enough to catch a street car'.' By KATHLEEN K. BOWKKR, IDON'T know just what most poo-plo think that they will find In a munition factory. Personally, I had a dim Idea that each girl would bo turning out a large shell, fully loaded, nnd ready to hurl at tho en-' cmy. I stood at' tho doorway, nnd looked down a half-stair. Men wore working on big machines which throw showers of brass shavings over them.. Each man was extremely oily-and lutont. But each man was courteous, and had a smile and an nnswer ready, when (by permission), I "went and shouted In bis ear" questions relating to his particular job. It .was just 3.10, and tho outgoing shift was coming down the upper half ot tho, stair. There were littlo girls, big girls, old girls, young girls, mar-tied girls-and a grandmother! Some were well dressed, some were poorly dressed, a very few wore "cruelty to animal" boots (that kind that are moro than half calf). But nobody looked tired out-and everybody looked Interested. When I got to the top of the stairs, I was met by an ex-Red Cross1 friend, so it seemed almost like home. She is young nnd charming, and sho looked as pretty as a picture In her big enveloping pinny of Mute-blue with a gleaming badge above her heart. "What Is it'.'" I asked her. "That? Oh, that means that I have worked for tho Government for six weeks," sho said proudly. "And what aro you?" "I'm production clerk." "Sounds as if you wove the weather woman," I said, laughing. "But it' you were, I hope you would bo more efficient on tho job! What kind of game does a production clerk play anyway, anything much to do'.'" "I take the production of every ma-| chine, every hour, every day," she replied lightly. "That takes thirty-nine I minutes of each hour, at time of going to press," but as more machines come into use, it will take moro and .more time. I keep track of all the tools used-by number-and every I two weeks, I take stock of them all; i then I estimate-" "Slop!" I cried; "How many hours in the day do you work'?" "7 a.m. to 3 p.m. ono week, and .1 p.m. to eleven p.m. tho next week. Twenty minutes 'off for tho meal that comes In work hours. We bring tho meal, nnd eat it here." "And I hear that you arc getting five dollars a day, with a raise about the middle of each week," I said interestedly. She laughed. "I'm glad that somebody somewhere has the idea that I'm valuable! I find I nm much more Interesting It I look wise, and never givo away the dark and desperate secret of my salary." How a Fuse Works WITH which piece of serpentine wisdom, she passed mo over to the Great Panjandrum. In the plant that I visited, they are making time fuse bodies, and time train rings'. . Tho Great Panjandrum was kindness and consideration itself. Perhaps tho virgin soil of my absolute ignoranco appealed to him. Anyway, here are some of the things that he took pains to explain to me. "A Khrapnel shell - aa everybody knows-looks tho kind of thing t''