Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 4, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta
"dave" carey has had experience Helped to Wage Labor's Warfare for Better Wages and Conditions FOR PAST 30 YEARS 5at on Other Abitration Boards -Is a Separate School Trustee. By J. 8. DA. CAREY of Toronto, the choice of the Toronto Railway Employes' Union to represent it as arbitrator In the de-mands of the union for hlpher wages nnd better working conditions, Is a man who has had a wide and varied experience in the labor movement of the North American continent. If his biography Is ever written his part in the general strike of the employes of the MasseyHarris Company, Limited, ns far back as 1SSG will be one of tho interring items. "Dave," ag he is best known, was an employe of that company when the trouble between tho men and tho management arose. He was elected secretary of the Strike Committee. The strike only lasted a few days, but when it was over the men obtained what they were striking for and established the "closed shop" in that big plant. The late Mayor H. S. Howland was the chief magistrate of Toronto at that time, and he, with Ellas Rogers, Mr. Carey, and Mr. Dodgwcll of the Moulders' Union, were the mentis of bringing the strike to a successful close. But T>. A. Carey has been more than a strike leader. He was one of the pioneers of the labor movement when the foundation for the superstructure of to-day was being built. When the Knights of Labor, an organization that Ignored craft lines In industry. ��s supreme in the labor world, "Dave" Carey was one of its trusted officials. When, the door of opportunity opened he stepped into the position of District Master Work- Mcdonald drove horse car once Toronto Railway Co.'s Man Knows What It Is to Work for Wages. BRAINS AND NERVE He Seem* to Have Both in Abundance-His Career in Montreal. By H. M. H. Duncan Mcdonald, who ims been appointed ns representative of the Toronto Street Railway on tho Board of Arbitration regarding wages, etc., ought to suit genial R. J. Fleming down to the ground. Duncan Is much taller than R. X, but the latter has more girth amidships. Both of them aro endowed with geniality and can make friends easily-if they so wish. Newspaper men aro their pieces do resistance. They can see 'em, chat with 'em. and send 'em away happy with a story- but seldom with real news. Both are not lacking in nerve-but of that later. Mr. McDonald was general manager of the Montreal Tramways Company for fourteen years. He resigned -or was forced out-when E. A. Robert and his associates secured control in 1912. Since then he has been a bitter enemy of the vested interest-as far as it is vested in Montreal. Not Lacking in Nerve ONE of his first moves was to secure a franchiso from the city to run autobuses, but despite many promises the autobuses didn't materialize. However, failure to supply them didn't daunt him, for not long ago he came back and asked the city to guarantee his autobus company 13,000,000. At present the city is trying to abrogate the franchise it gave him. Since 1911 Mr. McDonald has been Mr. D. A. Carey. man, and continued In that offlee for three years. Day* and Nights of ToO FOR eleven years he was the chairman of the Organization Com-mitee of the Trades and Labor Council, and spent many strenuous nights In the organization and education work of the labor movement. The poverty of the labor movement In these early days made the exactions upon the financial resources of its | leadership frequent and exhausting, but sacrifices were accepted as necessities and freely made. When the Musical Protective Association was organized in Toronto Mr. Carey was one of its first members, and Local No. 149 of the American Federation of Musicians owes much to his genius for organization and loyalty to its purpose. He was the first delegate from the local association to the convention of the American Federation of Musicians. He was elected one of the international officers with a seat on the Executive Board, and for seventeen years has occupied that position. The duties of this office take him out of the city to adjust differences between musicians nnd their employers. In this work he has been very successful, and is highly esteemed by both musicians and master musicians. He Is one of the trustees of ths local organization, and had a share of the responsibility In erecting the Musicians' Temple on University avenue. Following the promotion of the Labor Temple Company, Limited, Mr. Carey was elected the first president, [ and has been re-elected to that posi- 1 tion by tho Board of Directors during the thirteen years of its success. Has Had Experience DO the position of investigator and conciliator he brings knowledge ripened by experience In the labor movement. He, with ex-Con-troller James Simpson, successfully restored (seventeen members of the Toronto Railway Employes' Union to their positions in a former arbitration proceeding. At that time the lato Frank Poison and Mr. K. J. Dunstan, general manager of the Bell Telephone Company, represented tho company, and the lat� Justice Ma 1 . SiddUglife on Melx ^JToiitdri: in1 Clever Girl Investigator Got Training in Toronto Miss Bessie J. McKenna, Who Prepared Major Part of the O'Connor Report, Was Born in St. Thomas and Educated at Toronto University-Supervisor Female Labor for Canada, By ELEANOR McNAUGHT. RIVALLING! in importance tho task performed by Miss Ida At. 'Parboil in investigating the Standard Oil Company has been the work accomplished by Miss ltcsslo .T. McKenna, the young Canadian girl who prepared the major part of the of Toronto in 1906. Miss McKenna graduated In 3510, and secured her M.A. In Iflll. after studying the social conditions of Toronto for a year. Her degree was given ns the result of her independent research work, With altruism still burning high for a torch, she emerged from the sheltering shadow of the college halls and entered Central Neighborhood House on Gerrard street. Hero there is more humanity and trouble to the square inch than In probably any other section of Toronto. Other centres may be dirtier or hungrier, but here nre tho people who are trying hard and who nre hurt first when factories close, or wages drop, or food prices go skyward. In this rich field Miss McKenna studied tho labor problem and the food problem at first hand, and her store of knowledge became so invaluable that in 1916 Hon. Mr. Crothers, Minister of Labor, appointed her supervisor of female labor and Inspector of Industrial conditions for women in Canada. One lasting result of her work Is her printed report on the condition of women In connection with the textile trades. H. P. Davison, Head of the U. S. Red Croat, and His Family TVEFT to right: Mrs. Henry. P. Davison, Miss Alien Davison, Mr. Henry P. Davison, head of tho Red C^oss: and Miss Frances Davison, both girls aro daughters of Mr. nnd Mrs. Henry P. Davison. Mr. H. P. Davison is a (partner of .1. p. Morgan of New York. Ho was appointed by President Wilson to head the War Council of tho American Red Cross. Ills activities in In order to better understand thlsl'J6',a" of- tno organization have been marked and. its financial success is ' greatly due to his management, h. c. hoover was poorplowboy 1 . -;- Worked His Way Through a University by Running Laun* dry for Students* :. > A MINING ENGINEER Was Manager for a Big London Company When the War Broke Out. W Miss Bessie McKenna. O'Connor report, recently presented to tho people of the Cost of Living Commissioner. "Miss McKenna is certainly uninfluenced by any material interest," said a Torontonian who has known her since her college days. "She does not work for money. And she always j tion to different parts of Canada. Alt 5oes thoroughly into any question j the women of Canada are proud of herself before she expresses any view j the splendid work already dono by or prepares any report on it." j her and aro ready to stand by and As evidence of this thoroughness \ hold her hat or her shopping bag =hb took up tho study of political ' while she goes still deeper in her in-sclence when she came from her heme jVestl.gatlo.ns into the high cost of llv-in St. Thomas to enter the University j ing and other things. question Miss McKenna joined the rank3 nnd for some time last fall worked tn an cast end factory, going to and from work daily with a lunch box In her hand. Her hours were from seven till five. Miss McKenna's views on education nre distinctly radical, and include an insistence on the urgent need for closer connection between the last few years the budding Canadian spends at High School nnd the life he will In all probability take up when he leaves. She also strongly advocates vocational tralnllng. Since her nppointment to the Government staff Miss McKenna has spent much of her t!m� in Ottawa, witli frequent journeys of investiga- rev. chas. a. eaton expert farmer Former Torontonian and His Family Cultivate 200-Acre Farm in New Jersey. THEY ENJOY THE LIFE Very Unusual Departure for a Busy Pastor of a Big New York Church. after my wife and children it is my dearest possession? It is a homo In every sense of tho word, for all that it has become was fashioned by our own toil and our own hands." When the writer journeyed to Run-bright Farm a day or two ago he found Dr. Eaton in a field that was alive with garden truck of every description. His daughters were at HEN Herbert Clark Hoover, the U.S. Food Controller, had reached the ago when ho wanted to bo something moro than u farmer, he Informed his parents of his deslro for a broader education. They promised to send him to tho Quaker school in tho district, but young Hoover rebelled, nnd through his own efforts managed to mnko his way through Iceland Stnnford University. "The man with a degree plus common sense," is tho way other members of that pioneer class, that was graduated by tho University in lS0r>, referred to Hoover. Something of his struggle from plowboy to his present position is told by a writer in the Providence Journal, who says: Born on an Iowa farm, August 10, IS"-!, Mr. Hoover is the son of .lesso C. nnd Huldah R. Hoover, industrious Quaker residents of West Branch. His early life was spent upon the Iowa farm, where the hard work of wrestling with the brown earth and harvesting crops made his muscles firm and his nerves steady and gavo him an intimate knowledge of tho lives of those who are forced to earn their bread by the sweat of their brow. At an early age he developed an" ambition to become something moro than a mero farmer, and when tho work, too. Mrs. Eaton was supcrvis- j famiiy moved to California, early in ing the work of a farm hand who his 'teens, ho voiced his desire to go was1 planting pumpkins between the corn rows. Acre after acre of verdant shim- to college. It Is related that this request oC the lad was met by tho parents with i GEORGE BURY IS ALL BUSINESS Mr. Duncan McDonali. interested In Dominion Park, land developments, and civic politics. He was a controller for two years and then essayed the Mayoralty chair. This was in April, 1916. His opponents wero Medaric Martin and L. A. Lapolnte. History written since tells how the race came out. Tramways was the main bone of contention and the fight was a bitter one. Began as a Driver SINCE then he has not been seen much In Montreal, except when he came back to be one of the witnesses at the Tramways-Hebert-Cote exposure which resulted in Napoleon Hebcrt giving up the City Hall flesh-pots and Beeking the seclusion of civilian life. Mr. McDonald Is said to live most of the time in New York. He is reputed to be fairly well-to-do, but, while a company man, he should give the Toronto Street Railway employes a fair deal, as he knows what it is to live on an insufficient wage- He began life as a driver on one of the old Montreal horse cars, and as one must have brains to bridge the distance between that post and manager of the system, it can be taken for granted that he has them, He Can Be a Good Fellow Off Duty, But Unbending in His Office. IS FAIR TO OTHERS He Is First of AH the Official and Afterwards the Man. �>. By W. C. A. MOFFATT. OF Sir George Bury there are, perhaps, more stories told than of any public man In Canada. A practical railroader who has "worked up," ho is known to almost every employe of the Canadian Pacific Railway, of which he is vice- j '"p president and general manager, and it I i: interesting to hear tho remarks that are passed Dy tho men on the road as he comes around. All along the mammoth system, whether as assistant superintendent, superintendent, general manager of western lines, general manager of tho entire road, or vice-president, he is known as "G. B.," and, despite the fact that he is a hard taskmaster and expects every man to do his work, there Is no more popular official on the road. It Is generally recogr.ized that the "big man" knows his business, and this, In the sight of the man on the pay-roll, covers a multitude of sins. bee, chairman of the Dominion Railway Board, was tho fifth arbitrator and chairman of tho board. The final decision was given by tho chairman In favor of the seventeen men who, It is alleged, had Interfered with employes of the company who had acted ns strikebreakers during the Winnipeg strike. In addition to his activities in the labor movement Mr. Carey is devoted to tho work of the Roman Catholic Church, and In St, Francis parish his name Is a household word. He has been a member of the Separate School Board tor many years, and has occupied tho chairmanships of tho most important committees. His name has been mentioned frequently as a possible candidate in the labor's Interests in municipal, Provincial, and Federal polities. Never Satisfied JUST as soon as man acquires his Ideal he begins to look around tor a si>**udw one. . - Another of the many good qualities of the new knight is that he makes hisj promotions, not through influence or i favoritism, but on merit. Nor does a man have to be a practical operator to make good; Under the Bury regime it is not only the man who has started in doing the rough work who' carries the superintendent's baton in' hiif knapsack. "G. B." sizes up every individual who comes under his notice, and i" the impression is favorable, that man has a ggod chance ot going higher. Even If he is outetoe the service, ho has a good chance of being taken in. - Another good point about the new knight la that he Is always willing to give the other man a chance. When Mr. Coleman was appointed to the command, ns It were, of the Alberta division, Mr. Bury went' with him to Calgary, stopping en route at >fac-leod, where civic officials had ar-I ranged a little, reception. | "Business Before Pleasure" HE welcome took place In the Macleod Club, and while the new Calgary superintendent, was fittingly honored, It was, of course, to George Bury that the greatest homage was paid. It was to him that all questions dealing with the road and all advice as to proposed railway activities in tho Macleod district were put. In connection with this Macleod incident it is Interesting-, too, to note that although the big railway expert Is a "good fellow" when off duty ho is all business during business hours. When traveling around the country ho may mix and have a good time with those who wait upon him, but that ho is not always this way a deputation from the little town of Macleod on ono occasion found out. To see about some railway matter of Interest to the municipality, the president of tho board of trade and one of tho councillors went on a 'junketing tour" to Winnipeg. A few days later they returned and a pitiful tale was unfolded of tho discourtesy and brusqueness of the C, P, R.'s general manager In the West. A report was presented to the Council, and; for a few days Mr. George Bury was\ nono too popular around the little place in thu foot-hills of tho Rockies. The Macleod deputation had been treated with scant courtesy and naturally there was bitterness. A full and satisfactory explanation, however, was forthcoming a few days later when authentic word came from Winnipeg that Mr. Bury had been courtesy itself, but that his business manner was not that characteristic of him when �t play. Mr George Bury. TORONTO people will be greatly interested in the following description of the farming activities of Rev. Dr. Charles A. Eaton, of Madison Avenue Baptist Church, New York, and formerly minister of . Bloor Street Paptist Church in this city, where he still ! has hosts of friends. It is taken from the New York Sun. As everyone knows. Dr. Eaton Is >Canadian-born, and' has been, since the outbreak of the".war, one of the staunchest cham-! pions of our cause in the whole I United States. Says the article: | The life of tho nation and the hopes of Europe are dependent upon the American farmer. The part he Is to play for the next few years Is second In importance to none. Not only must ho 'feed the stay-at-homes ot this country and Europe, but he must provision tho armies of tho United States and her allies as well. His Vyork Is cut out for him, and, conditions '., being normal, he will perform his task with the same unostentatious willingness that has characterized him since colonial days. ;That the pastor of a flourishing New York church finds time to cultl-" vate to its highest potentiality a 200-acre farm Is novel in itself. But when that pa3tor depends almost solely upon his own toll and the efforts of his wife, five daughters, and one son to make that farm a paying Investment, it is even more surprising. Sunbright Farm Is happily named. Nestling on a gentle slopo of the Watchung Mountains Just back of Piainfleld, N.J., every acre of it is put to use. The picturesque home Is surrounded by beautiful lawns, exquisite gardens nnd towering forest trees. When Dr. Eaton came to New York some years ago he was known as "tho Rockefeller pastor" because of his charge in Cleveland, Ohio, where tho Rockefeller family worshipped. With five daughters and a son the question of choosing a proper place to live was a serious problem. This problem was speedily settled, however, and in a way that occasioned some surprise to his parishioners. No Riverside Drive apartment 1 for the Eaton family. Instead, ho I went to Plalnflold, and at a low price i bought two hundred acres of land j on the mountain slop and there set to work to establish a home. Real Home on Farm mering oats waved In the breeze, and i the promise to send him to a Quaker the young corn was healthy and lusty. I school and they were somewhat non- It was a farm whose cultivation bespoke thought and toil. There was no waste visible. Every nook and plussed by tho assertion of the son, who declared: "I don't want to go to a Quaker school or a college found - corner not in virgin forest was in the led by any other special sect. I want highest state of cultivation. ! to go where I will have a chance to Pity �f It y^HEN a man Is a bore he la always the last to discover it, ...... "That field over there," Dr. Eaton said, "netted mo three tons of hay to the acre last year and the year previous. It will not be so productive this year because I was unable to buy my usual supply of nitrate which the soil requires. Potash is at a prohibitive price,, too;-something like $250 a ton, nnd roy land needs it." We walked to the. barns, where as fine a herd cf. graded enttle as New-Jersey boasts was lust being turned out for the day. This herd has paid for itself many times over, and Dr. Eaton is Immensely proud' of the blood lines his prize Holstelns show. Family Does Work M"TpI-IF! bulk of the work hore we X do ourselves," Dr. Eaton went on to explain. "I arise at break of dawn and generally manage to put In a day's work fiefore-I take the 10 o'clock train for New York. My duties in New York keep me busy until late In the evening, nnd I generally take a train home that loaves Now York at 16.30 p.m. It is cioso to midnight when I get to the farm, but I am eager for the day to break so I can get out In tho fields again." Dr. Eaton's oldest daughter, just home from McMagter University, Toronto, where she will bo graduated next year, was busy in a big field of beets she Is cultivating. Another daughter was devoting her time to a field where thoro is a large variety of vegetables, and the others wero busy In tho dairy or at some especial task allotted them for the day. Tho son, a strapping fellow of 6 feet, but only in years old, was Just leaving the barnyard with a two-horso load of fertilizer lie was spreading over tho hay field. Everybody was busy, and Dr. Eaton, wearing an old pair of khaki trousers and an outing shirt without collar, and with sleeves rolled up was th$ picture- of health. ?I|F my parishioners think enough \ 1 of mo to come to Piainfleld to [ visit niu I will know that I am appro-' dated," he said. "1 can't expect to bo a popular and highly-paid pastor all my life, and I havo six children, five of them girls, whose futures must bo provided for. Every dollar t Invest In that farm I expect to take put of It tenfold. And my family will share in the profitB. "Every ounce of- energy Injected Into that farm Is the energy of my wife, my children, and myself. Does It surprise you then to know that seo and judge everything fairly without prejudice, for or against any ono lino of thought." .....-........ So, when the Iceland Stanford University Was opened in 1891,' younir Hoover applied for adm!;;sIon. As it was necessary for him to earn enough to pay bis way lie looked about for opportunities. Declining an offer of a position .13 waiter In tho dining, room of tho university he set his wits to work, and finally started a laundry for tho students. Ho developed an ability for organization, and very soon "Let Hoover manage it" was the slogan of the undergraduates in all their undertakings. A Practical Miner IN 1893, while still In college, he was an assistant In the Arkansas geological survey and was graduated in 1895 from the department of mining engineering. His ffrst position as an "engineer" was that of pushing ore-ladon cars in a California mlno at two dollars a day. Tho same year ho assisted in the United States survey of tho Sierra Nevada Mountains, where he'displayed such extraordin-� ary ability that In 1896 he was given the position of assistant manager ot the Carlisle mines in New Mexico. Ho remained there onlr a brief period before returning to California to become assistant manager of the Morning Star mines. In 1897 he accepted a position ai chief engineer on the staff of Ro-wick, Moreing and Company, one of tho largo concerns operating in'West Australia. In 1S98 he became manager of tho Sons of Gwalla and E. Murchison mines, and the following year ho returned to California ninl-marrlod Miss Lou Henry, whom ha had met in his college days. Immediately after the wedding the, Hoovers went to China, where ho had-been commissioned as chief engineer of the Chinese Imperial Bureau at Mines, which was then taking up extensive exploration work in tht in. terlor of China. j.urlng tho Boxor upris'np In 1900; Mr. Hoover was In Tientsin in chargo of important mining operations. Ho not only safeguarded the property of tho company, hut kept faith with thoi Chinese people, and in 1901 became), general manager cf the Chln^iJ Engineering and Mining Company) FiT.m China Mr. Hoover-who wag new recognized as an authority on miii.ng-wont tp London to taktf charge of soveral large companies. ! It was Mr. Hoover's great work !iv behi'lf of suffering humnnlt;- in Bel-! Blum that made hl'n best know'i toi tho world, thoutsd Ms energies wore' first directed to jtetling American! tourists out of thy country when tho wait broke out. Mr. U. C. Hoover. The Way It Works i JpOR every dollar a man wins on fast horses lie loses two on slow onsp.