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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 3, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, August 3, 1974 Gaps in Conservative appeal inexplicable A strip mining bill One of the last major pieces of legisla- tion likely to get through the U.S. Congress before impeachment proceedings take over is a strip mining control bill. In fact, members of the House judiciary committee had to recess their televised hearings in order to vote on the bill. As passed by the House, the bill would ban strip mining in national forests and parks, grasslands and wilderness areas and would impose strict requirements on strip mining in mountains. All strip mined land would have to be restored to approximately original 'contours. The I'.S. Senate has already passed a similar bill and there remains only the necessity of ironing out slight differences in conference. During the six day debate in the House, as could have been predicted en- vironmentalists argued that the bill did not go far enough and opponents argued that it was too stringent. The latter were aided, but to little avail, by the energy crisis. Whether President Nixon vetoes the bill remains to be seen. His decision will doubtless depend on political assessments in regard to his coming im- peachment rather than on the merits of the bill itself. Regardless of that unfortunate point of view, the bill has considerable value to Albertans, in whose province coal will some day replace oil as the basis of its resource economy and where mountain ridges are already being stripped away for coal. The information and arguments brought up in committee hearings and on the floor of the House have a great deal of validity in the Alberta situation and. for those who are interested, these proceedings are customarily available in print. Once more, as so often in the past, Canada has the benefit of the American experience if it chooses to take advan- tage of it. Change in rhythm of life The shortened work week to four days, and sometimes to three appears destined for universal acceptance. It is the goal of several large unions and has won favor from some sectors of management. Evidently the shorter work week is being accepted in Canada more rapidly than was the five day week several decades ago. Almost the only clear thing about what is happening is that workers want blocks of leisure time. If they cannot have fewer hours of work as well as a day or two less time on the job then they seem willing to put in extra time each day. This reflects a change in values that places pursuit of recreational or familial or cultural interests ahead of performing at a job. Fulfilment is increasingly look- ed lor outside the remunerative role. Already it is apparent that the emphasis on leisure is working other changes in society. People want to go places and do things on their days off. More facilities and services will be re- quired and greater strains will be placed on the environment. Adjustments may be required in school schedules, store hours and so on. Even the raising of families, which may not fit into the new rhythm of life, could be drastically affected. So far the reactions to the new work week have been mainly positive. Workers have shown more enthusiasm while on the job and have been less inclined to absenteeism and tardiness. As a consequence production has been maintained and sometimes improved so management is happy. Skeptics, however, suggest that the gains may be temporary. They wonder what will happen when the novelty wears off. If production drops and unit costs increase will it be possible to sustain pre- sent salary scales'? As with so many other things that are tried, the ramifications of the swing to a shorter work week probably cannot be known until it has become nearly univer- sal. And even then, because of the presence of other factors bearing on the destiny of man. it may not be possible to fully assess the impact of this Change. THE CASSEROLE The U.S. Supreme Court decided a few obscenity cases recently. One of them found that advertisements for a book were "clearly a form of hard-core pornography." The book. interestingly enough, is an illustrated version of the Reports of the Presidential Commis- sion on Obscenity. The government of Pakistan, concerned that there are some 55 million illiterates in the country, has developed a scheme to com- bat illiteracy through massive use of television. Those who have been watching WEEKEND MEDITATION Hee-Haw. Lucy. Quiz shows and televised sports events can only wish them luck. A man was once president of the United States for a single day. He was David Rice Atchison. When Zachary Taylor was elected president to succeed James K. Polk the inauguration day in 1849 fell on a Sunday. Taylor refused to take office on Sunday and so Congress elected Atchison as interim presi- dent for a day. Atchison went to bed bone- weary on Saturday night and slept through his entire term of office. Climbing rainbows George Matheson wrote a famous hymn. "0 Love That Wilt not Let Me Go." The third verse in the hymnbook reads, "0 Joy that seekest me through pain. I cannot close my heart to thee; I trace the rainbow through the rain and feel the promise is not vain, That morn shall tearless be." But Matheson did not write it that way. He'wrote. "I climb the rainbow through the rain." The hymn collec- tors and revisers forgot that he was blind and could not "trace" a rainbow! He really meant "climb." It was no accident or misprint. Now the first thing to note is that to climb a rainbow you have to be out in the rain. You can't do it from a sheltered place. He says that joy seeks him through pain. He finds the rainbow of joy and climbs it through pain! It is not in avoiding the anguish of life that joy is found. If it is to be found, if the rainbow is to be climbed, it must be in the rain. Life is never found worth living; it has to be made worth living. Take a musician like Beethoven. When he found deafness overtak- ing him he fell into despair. He wrote, "What a sorrowful life I must now live. How happy would I be if my hearing were completely restored, but as it is I must draw back from everything and the most beautiful years of my life will take wings without ac- complishing all the promise of my talent and my powers." Desperately he tried in every way possible to overcome his deafness. Yet a biographer records. "We are eternal debtors to his deafness. It is doubtful if such lofty music could have been created except as self compensation for some soch affliction and in the utter isola- tion which that affliction brought about." Out in the rain, Beethoven climbed a rainbow! Helen Keller in the first 19 months of her life suffered an illness depriving her of sight and hearing. With wonderful patience Miss Sulliyan taught her a way of speech and reading. As this world opened up to her Miss Keller wrote. "Once I knew the depth where no hope was and darkness lay on the face of all things. Then love c.-rnc and set my soul free. Once I knew only darkness and stillness. Now I know hope and joy. Once I fretted and beat myself against the wall that shut me in. Now I rejoice in the consciousness that I can think, act and attain heaven. My life was without past or future; death was a consum- mation devoutly to be wished. But a little word from the fingers of another fell into my hand that clutched at emptiness and my heart leaped to the rapture of living." Helen Keller learned to climb rainbows in the rain! When Mary Slessor was 28 years old she went to Calabar where her amazing force of character made her known as "The White Queen of Okoyong." A timid girl from Glasgow, afraid to cross Glasgow streets, she gained a reputation for courage that brought the natives peace from their tribal wars. She would go through the jungles where wild beasts were in plenty. Have you ever heard the din of a jungle at night? It is terrifying! She rebuked the warring chiefs, walked deliberately between the opposing tribes, and became a judge in their disputes. The King awarded her the Order of St. John of Jerusalem given to "Persons professing the Christian faith who are eminently dis- tinguished for philanthropy." From her life in the jungle under conditions that would have depressed and broken many she wrote. "I am the happiest and most grateful woman in the world." She learned to climb rainbows in the rain. Robert Browning calls this our "common problem." His poem goes, "The common problem yours, mine, everyone's Is not to fancy what were fair in life provided it could be: but. finding first what may be, then find how to make it fair up to our means a very different thing." People who want easy lives will never climb rainbows. You must struggle through the storm, whatever it may be. The word "tribulation" comes from the Latin word an instrument for threshing grain or breaking up the soil. So it takes tribulation to make a soul. "We must through much tribulation enter into the Kingdom of God." PRAYER: 0 God, give me the courage, the fortitude, to carry on through life and find in the storm a rainbow, an achievement, a realization, that will at the last bring joy. F. S. M. By W. A. Wilson, Montreal Star commentator OTTAWA Back in the for- gotten days of Trudeaumania young people around the coun- try flocked to the new prime minister as if he were a politi- cal Pied Piper. When the time came, a great many of them voted for the candidates put up by the Liberal party, which he had just come to head. A Gallup Poll conducted shortly before that 19158 election showed that 53 per cent of young people, those under 30. preferred the Liberals. By 1972 a great deal of the prime minister's initial popu- larity had been worn away by the abrasions of government but in a pre-election poll that year. 47 per cent of the under 30s preferred the Liberals. This year, the figure was 46 per cent. In the year of Trudeaumania, only 26 per cent of the young expressed a preference for the Tories and six years later the figure was 28 per cent, a two-point gain. During the same period, the standing of the New Democrats among the young rose by six percentage points. In the 30 to 49 age group, the Liberals still have a wide lead over the Conservatives in 1968, 48 per cent compared to the Tories 28 per cent, and this year 44 per cent compared to 32. The Conservatives elected four members of Parliament from Quebec in 1968. when Mr Trudeau's popularity was at its peak. This year they were down to three Quebec members. These two lots of figures demonstrate two of the great political gulfs that exist in this country, the absence of effec- tive Conservative appeal in Quebec and among the young, compared by weakness in the age group that is just short of middle age. It is only am-jng those who "His argument being, why travel five hundred miles of tourist-jammed highway to reach nature's wilds when, by complete absence of effort Women's freedom affects birth rate By Rob Bull, Herald Quebec commentator MONTREAL Future historians may while away the hours in afternoon common rooms debating whether the quiet revolution in Quebec helped or hindered the preser- vation of French-Canadian lile. As Qucbecers discovered new roles to play, as the power of the church declined dramatically, another signifi- cant but little-noticed trend the liberation of French-Canadian women. Cntil the 1960s, while working-class women here had jobs in factories, most French-Canadian women stayed home to mind their families. Now there are increasing numbers of women in the professions, unions, business, politics and entertainment and the French-Quebec birth- rate is one of the lowest in the Western world. At a time when Quebec is more conscious than ever before of its culture and its sense of community, demographers are beginning to notice that the society is no longer reproducing itself. One academic, Professor Gary Caldwell of Bishops University, has even dis- covered that in rural Quebec English-Canadians have a higher birth rate than their French-Canadian neighbors. The province's immigration minister, Jean Bienvenue. has repeatedly said that by the 1980s this province may well face a serious manpower shor- tage. The trend is already affecting the majority French-language school system where teachers are appointed on a student- teacher ratio and the number of French-Canadian students is declining. This is one of the reasons why the province is attempting to discourage French Canadians from sending their children to'the separate. English, school system and to encourage im- migrants into the majority. French, system. Such efforts, however, avoid the real issue by tinkering with a symptom rather than the root cause. The institution of the family, the root of society, has changed and the politicians have yet to recognize this fact. Young couples here, as elsewhere, have decided to put off having children until thev have saved some of the increasing amount of money needed to buy a house and the other material possessions that are made so attractive in this society in which they live. The process of divorce has been made easier and signifi- cant numbers of women are looking for an alternative to staying home with the children. Other parts of Canada may take such things in their stride but it is only three years ago. for example, that Quebec women gained the right to serve on juries. The change in their status is marked. Perhaps what is needed is a way of adjusting the French- Cunadian community's need for children to the growing economic ambitions of Quebecers and the desire on the p'art of women for a greater role in the world at large. This is partly why a larger role must be found in business at all levels for French Quebecers. Justice Minister Jerome Choquette. in the debate on Bill 22. the province's language law, emphasized the difference between "fran- of industry, the ability of industry to com- LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Effective foreign aid needed 1 agree with Muriel Luca (letter. July 30) that the oditorial. July 24, is commen- dable. The need is great for all people of the world to be provided with the good things of life, and there is plenty. It is well stated in the editorial that wastage and bureaucratic bungling and corruption discourage those who would give generously. These stories have a great ele- ment, of truth, and as The Herald says, "they should be a prod to devising ways of meeting the challenge of giv- ing help." In countries of abundance, the giving of aid to the un- derdeveloped peoples should not operate to increase our dent Our national debts are so large now that we are effec- tually in bondage. We work more than one third of each year just to pay our share of federal taxes. When one is in "debt one does not go to the bank and borrow more money to help a neighbor, but rather devises some other way to help the person in need. We should use this reason- ing in rendering aid to needy nations. Canada, Germany, the United States, and many other nations pay far more in interest on the money they borrow to give foreign aid than is actually received by the needy peoples. We do not like slavery. We abolished this evil practice many years ago, realizing that all peoples should be free and equal, and the black peoples of Africa who were brought to America as slaves were set free. But now our governments give our lOUs (for that is what our borrowed money really is) to the nations of Africa and many other un- derdeveloped countries, and thus effectively put our citizens in bondage to them. We must work for them, producing wheat, cotton, corn, timber, clothing, machinery, and many other things to meet their needs. A much better way is for us to give them of our bounty, and let ALL of those en route to them give of their surplus services to tran- sport our bounty to them, rather than place our people in financial bondage through the medium of borrowing. Truly "there should be an attempt to improve the effec- tiveness of present aid" as stated by The Herald editorial, and I sincerely hope that Muriel Luca made this suggestion to Mitchell Sharp as I have done. municate in French which the law hopes to encourage and "francization." the greater role of French Canadians, in local industry. Such a role must be found if the French-Canadian middle- class is to be able to afford to have children along with all the other things a modern family takes for granted. Quebec, in addition, has a largely-untapped. French- speaking labor pool among the currently underemployed and dissatisfied Quebecoises. If. in addition to finding im- migrants who can fit in with the majority of Quebec society, business and industry made it easier for women both to work and have children, part of the problem could be solved. Such a solution would in- volve adequate maternity benefits and at the least a system of public or industry- supported low-cost nursery schools and day-care centres. These could have the dual function of imbuing all children in the province with French-Canadian culture at an early age and possibly strengthening the presently- weakened family. Some of those empty places in the school rooms could also be filled with women being taught the necessary skills for Quebec society in the 1980s Perhaps the real political responsibility for the survival of French Canada lies not with Quebec education minister Francois Cloutier but with Social Affairs Minister Claude Forget and his federal counterpart. Marc Lalonde. The current Quebec radical rallying cry is "Quebecois dans la Quebecers into the streets. Before long the true Quebec radical may be trying to get the Quebecois oft the streets and back into a place which is a little more private. are middle-aged or older still that the Conservatives have a lead over the Liberals. That is a pretty dismal picture for any political party, to be the choice primarily of the aging. One of the great mys- steries of Robert Stan- field's period as Conservative leader the lackadaisical approach to Quebec until after the 1972 election results. There is such a substantial Conservative vote in the province, wherever it has not been absorbed by Real Caouette and his followers, that the refusal until late 1972 to follow the normal course and set about building a solid political organization there remains inexplicable. But it was only after the disastrous decisions to leave it first to Marcel Faribault and then later to Claude Wagner that Stanfield got down to the hard solid work of trying to construct some sort of liv- ing organization. Even then, he remained patently more anxious for an early election than for the time needed to produce a Quebec organiza- tion fit for the rigors of a cam- paign. Even if the Conservatives had the most sensitive sort of understanding of Quebec, a characteristic which no one would concede them, the par- ty would not be able to elect members in that province in the face of their own default. If it remains difficult to un- derstand the approach selected by Stanfield, there is nothing mysterious about the results it produced in French Canada those were in- evitable. It is not as clear why the Conservative party finds itself at such a disadvantage in seeking the support of the young because it is not a classically conservative party in the sense of being a bit right of centre. It is a hodge-podge of factions, at times, but its rough political position is in the centre of the spectrum and there are plenty of Liberal party members, including prominent ones, who are as conservative as most of the Tories. During the period between the I9H8 and 1972 elections the only politician whom I can recall insisting constantly that Liberal support among the young remained high was Bryce Mackasey. Anyone who asked him about his political soundings whenever he went on speaking dates dur- ing his out-of-office period got the same reply: that party strength still was solid among the young and that the prime minister, for all the criticism he was facing, was still a source of strength for the par- ty Mr. Mackasey's political instincts are a good deal sharper than those of some of his colleagues and when he sniffs the political winds his conclusions are generally worth noting. The Conservatives badly need Mackasey who can sense the sources of their weakness among the country's young people, a function that their younp.ft members of Parliament do not seem to be fulfilling very well. If a party, burdened by a lasting inability to come to grips with the problems of seeking support in the second largest province, also suffers from as great a disadvantage among the young as the Conservatives do. it is hang- ing not one but two millstones around its neck. Complaints department certainly, madam 48th floor! The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th SI S. Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 001? CLEO MOWERS, Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R DORAM General Manager ROY F MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E BARNETT Business Manager A.E. HANCOCK Raymond, "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;