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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 2, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta U Thant's memoirs Hearing completion August 1973 THE LITHBRIDGE HERALD By DiYld Christian Science Monitor commentator N.Y. Take the cares of the world and the restraints imposed on an international civil and U like a bird set free from its is ready to spread his wings. Secluded in the deep peace and quiet of his home in Harri- about a 45 minute drive from a hap- pier and more relaxed U Thant is approaching the final chap- ters of his memoirs. The normally somber eyes that stare out from those fam- ous round spectacles take on an almost impish glint when he who have known me for the last 10 or so years think 1 am very gentle and would never say any hard things against It is U Thant's way of suggesting that his forthcoming memoirs may come as something of a surprise to those inclined to stereotype him as a mild man- unassuming man with a gentle Buddhist temperament from the little country of Bur- ma. But a candid appraisal of his days on the 38th floor of the United Nations Secretariat is an obligation that the former because of the man he is and the position he takes very ser- iously. main he tomorrow. The past is past. What I have to disclose Vowdo we know this Watergatt thfag.lsn't fast a diversionary factfc to try to fate our minds off in- about areas of agreement and disagreement among the major powers is based on that criter- The memoirs expected out early next year will be a sober- ing reminder that while the world currently is buoyed by the beaming smiles and hand- shakes of his days in office were marked by mo- ments of critical confrontation. It was the time of the missile of the 1967 Mid- dle East and of the Congo upheaval. If things appear to look any different now it is only in words U Thant likes to are no perman- ent enemies and no permanent friends. Only permanent His account of the all-too- familiar crises of the 1960's will undoubtedly carry a fresh and piquant interpretation his unique vantage point as secre- tary-gentral of the UN at the time. 'There will be some things that even my closest col- leagues on the 38th floor don't know. Some episodes and anec- dotes only I confides the former UN executive. For at the time of the Cuban missile crisis one of U Thant's two meetings with Cuban leader Fidel Castro was held with no other UN per- sonnel present. Disclosure for the first time of the substance of that historic meeting will no doubt throw greater light on the personal U Thant correspon- dence not pnly with Prime Min- ister Castro but also with U.S. President John F. Kennedy and Soviet Communist leader NM- ta S. Khrushchev. Such details indicate the ex- tent of U Thant's face-saving intervention. His call to Pres- ident Kennedy was to stop the quarantine of Cuba for two to three weeks. To Khrushchev it was a plea to stop sending ships and arms for two to three weeks. And to Castro to stop all missile building for two to three weeks. the missile if it had not been for the UN there could have been the Third World U Thant declared in an interview in his living aglow with the serenity of this man's inner and handsomely furnished with ex- quisite ait most of them tributes of respect from over the world. To talk with U Thank in these surroundings is to appreciate his profound modesty and hu- mility. He leaves the listener with the distinct impression that the meeting was entirely his and yet the man's own wisdom and ascetism give U Thant the aura of a sage. U Thant's retirement now is one uninterrupted round of tranquility early morning a 15 to 20 minute swim is my only reading and making notes during the and after a very early set- tling down for the actual writ- ing from 7 until 11 at night. On his scrupulously tidied and ordered framed by a win- dow vista of and dogwood trees and his son-in- law's stylishly landscaped swimming are large sheets of lined paper. Here in- scribed in neat long- hand are the private thoughts and recollections of U Thant during his 10-year term as UN secretary-general. will not be memoirs in the strict sense of the he says of his present literary ef- fort. will be my and and analysis of international events during my tenure of office from 1961. It will be very personal and I think I can disclose some of my personal involvement hi some of the crisis situations. I of be more frank and and here I shall have to rely on my own personal notes and Not pnly has U Thant meti- culously kept a detailed diary for every day since he also has some private and public documents that form part of his personal re- plete with autographed photo- graphs of every conceivable in- ternational statesman. For U Thant the value of his memoirs is not simply to re- cord famous conversation or even put the record straight. Much of his interest centers on an explanation of the idealistic credo that motivated him. As he points when read- ers understand my religious background will they under- stand my His mem- oirs thus deal extensively with his Buddhist background and his inner spiritual quest even in the heat of battle to attain a certain degree of emo- tional detachment. reactions to crisis situa- tions or reactions to triumph and tragedy are he says. try to attain a certain degree of detachment an in- ner an inner And what of the memoirs and history's inevit- able judgment on the humble Burmese schoolteacher who rose to one of the world's most demanding Some of those early judg- ments on U Thant already ap- pear premature. At a public meeting in the United States U Thant once is now time for the People's Republic of China to be in the That was 10 years Some people walked out. he the Chinese only are not devils. They even appear res- Around 1966 U at an- other public rtfer- red to the Vietnam war as sentially a civil war. Now in January when Kis- singer said it was a civil war there was no protest. When I said it seven years earlier there was a thunderous pro- test U Thant not only has the satis- faction of seeing subsequent events confirm his earlier judg- but like all famous men who have retired from the world his memoirs will help give the and wherefores of these judgments inside interpretation of the course of history. Books in brief Mcc weather for Ducks. When it comes to your favourite Andres pleasure knows no season. Andres Cold a beautiful blend of champagne and burgundy. Or Andres Baby the happy marriage of a red wine to a sparkling white. Whatever the now's the time to get quacking. by E. V. Cunning- ham J. McLeod Lim- 152 pages Public relations man Al Brody decides to divorce his has an affair with his sec- retary and gets himself into a proper mess over the burial of a one-time Harvard college Andrew whose body keeps appearing and dis- appearing with alarming regu- larity. The result is a complete well-laced with intrigue as honest Al Brody gets involv- ed in the largest crime in his- ANNE SZALAVARY ANDReS SPARKLING BABYJDUCK ANDRES WINES CALGARY. CANADA cr It's Needle- by Nina Mortellito and Whiteside 55 A novice wanting to learn needlepoint will have no diffi- culty in following the simple in- with found in this book. The basic stitches and variations can be quickly mastered. Although directions for threading the needle are included one won- ders what to do with the end of the thread to knot or The best feature of the book is that it's made for right or left handed people. Included also is a and a piece of mesh for trying out the stitches. ELSIE MORRIS and Millions of foy Roma and W h i t e's i d e Limited. 33 Another volume in the Let's- Read-and-Find-Out S c i e n ce Books series. Professor Gans describes the and uses of various types of crystals. This is a well-bound with good and an easy-to-read text. The inquisi- tive young scientist should find enough information here to challenge him to do some ex- perimenting and research work on his own. TERRY MORRIS ANDRES WINES. LTD 72-M Pegnitr by Mavis Gallant House of Canada 193 The book consists of a novella and five short all cen- tering around Germans at home and abroad. Actions and .per- sons are the kind one expects to mel- ancholy people in trouble with not enough know- how to get out of it. The not entirely de- void of concentrate most- ly on make-believe character- ization and add as such to the endless flow of most of con- temporary read eag- discussed readily and for- gotten quickly. HANSSCHAUFL When is the time Editorial groans have been audible across the much tsktog and tching at the amount of tune the House of Com- mons has spent debating capital punish- ment. The critics charge that MPs could be more usefully occupied discussing legis- lation that dees not involve the individual conscience that normal parliament- ary business. Occasional exercise Is necessary how- ever for any part of body or includ- ing the if it is not to atrophy completely. As a short work-out in soul-search- may we At what point in his We should a mur- derer be This question is based on the obvious truth that it is not efficient to wait till a person kills before hanging him. A good many lives can be saved if the killer is exterminated prior to his committing murder. Preventative cap- ital punishment. About which far too lit- tle has been said in Ottawa. Let's take the fictional case of Bruto convicted of battering to death an 84-year-old widow pensioner in the course of robbing her of Phasing those 28 years into periods at which the death penalty may be both prophylactic and Bruto Naste is and shortly after- wards dirties his diaper. Should we hang him At five years of age Bruto Naste locks himself in the bathroom because his alco- holic father is throwing cutlery at his a midlle-aged nympho. Should we hang him At nine years of the warranty-cov- ered product of a broken Bruto Naste tried to reduce his harried mother's work load by stuffing his baby sister into the garburetor. Should we hang him At 10 years of conscious of the fact that be should have 10 toes but not on each Bruto Naste draws the attention of school authorities by stealing the principal's car and driving it into the auditorium dur- ing assembly. Should we hang him At 14 years of his mother having found fulfilment at a car Bruto Naste seeks companionship hi a group called Hell's Grease. Utilizing the techniques he learned watching TV and adult ha roars a motorbike through campsites shout- ing obscenities. Should we hang him At 19 years of Bruto Naste meets a gorgeous girl clerking in a department store who persuades him to put back the cowboy boots he has shoplifted. Deeply in love he marries the girl and after sir months discovers she is a middle-aged nympho. Ha starts drinking heavily and throwing cutlery at her. Should we Eang him At 24 years of age Bruto Naste goes to jail for the first time sentenced to two years for assaulting a bartender. In prison he makes the acquaintance of hardened thugs and drug gets hooked on heroin and fails to make a go of his mac- rame class. Should we hang him At 28 years of during his second jail Bruto Naste jumps the desperate for money to buy breaks into the home of an 84-year-old wid- ow pensioner and clobbers her tp death while robbing here of Should we hang him The timing of his execution we may intricately tied up with such mat- ters as congenital family back- other social self-de- terminism and the conditioned reflex. With proper exercise of free will the murderer could have avoided his first mis- being born. But should we hang him ANDY RUSSELL Eagles and power lines WATERTON LAKES PARK Hanging from the high-beamed ceiling of our big front room there is a golden eagle set up by an expert taxidermist in a very life- like striking position with its wings extend- ed over its back and its great talons spread. It is so life-like that visiting small dogs have taken one horrified look at it and dashed under the nearest piece of furni- instinctively seeking shelter. It is im- pressive with its seven foot wingspread and beautifully feathered the biggest predatory bird of North America and a symbol of wild freedom enjoying the vasLness of sky and open country. Years ago this bird was a warm-blood- wonderfully alive creature winging its way along the mountain flyway heading north in the spring of the year. But dur- ing that in the midst of a wild spring it flew down to rest on top of a power pole a mile or so from our ranch a single wire power line using the ground for part of its transmission. The pole was braced with a light cable ex- tending from its top to a deadman buried in the ground. Perhaps the eagle's feathers were so ft was anyway its feet contacted the live wire and one wing drooped enough to touch the guy wire. Instantly there was a puff of a stink of burned feathers and a sodden thump as the dead bird hit the another casualty in a vanish- ing species we could ill-afford to loose. A neighbor found the bird while it was still told us about it and we preserved its beauty by sending it to an expert taxi- dermist. The episode is not for has been estimated that about 300 eagles a year have been killed by electrocution through contact with power lines hi their wintering grounds in Wyom- ing and Colorado. It is something of great concern to conservationists and power companies. The conservationists abhor it because of a threat to a dwindling species and the power companies are concerned about the pressure of public opinion and the adverse publicity. So both decided to do something about by working together. In. the west elec' trie power lines are usually carried on wooden poles and have three wires one riding an insulator on top of the pole and the other two at the ends of a crossbeam. Soms because of make ex- cellent watchtowers for hunting due to their length of eagles can quite easily make contact with two wires causing a short that instantly kills them. Initial studies backed by the American Museum of Natural History of New York and various power companies revealed that casualties occurred in specific loca- tions. One 12 mile stretch of line in Utah had 47 electrocuted birds. In Colorado sis dead eagles were found under one pole located at the top of a rise in the midst of brushy jackrabbit country. Only a comparatively few poles were likely and it was calculated that elim- inating the danger in two per cent of the poles would cure 95 per cent of the prob- lem. Then an eagle Morlan W. Nel- was hired by the Idaho Power Com- pany to find out how eagles land on such power poles and Mil themselves. By using a tame eagle named Berkut and a dummy power pole fitted with standard wiring. Nelson made exhaustive tests including much slow motion picture photography of his eagle landing on this set-up. The pic- tures told the story and showed the means of a cure. By simply raising the top wire 38 shorting contact by an eagle's wings was eliminated. An alternate pro- cedure involved the wrapping of each wire with insulation for several feet on each side of the while still another was the in- stallation of a simple perch on top of the pole. at very little the pow- er companies have been saved considerable bad publicity and and an endangered species has had its future im- proved. It is a prime example of enjoying the best of two worlds by making technol- ogy do its share to preserve a natural with benefits being enjoyed by all concerned. Hikers9 hope By Noel Herald staff writer Some folks' idea of rustic recreation Is to deposit a considerable fee in a golf club secretary's lap and wander off for a week- end on green tees. But not everyone squelshes around In soft shoes cr hums along aboard a golf buggy. Some brave souls prefer to tramp through the tangled weeds of the Oldman River shore. Anyone brave enough to hike south past the Lethbridge Country Club will sooner or later spy several rusty car hulks on the river bank adjacent to the golf course. As club members cool their feet above in the club the decomposing metal glints in the sun. Reports say the car bodies help deter earth crumbling from the riverbank. if there is some long-term prten- tial damage to golfer's enjoyment a more permanent ecological solution could be found. 5 No doubt the riverbank fisher- men and canoeists would equally agrea with any improvement that can be made. ;