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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 2, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta August 1973 THE ttTHBRIDGE HHUtD 27 In U.S. secretaries of air force rate a 19-gun salute and a but little else By JOHN W. FINNEY New York Times Service WASHINGTON The civili- an secretary of a military ser- vice rates a 19-gun salute and can command a personal air- a limousine and a few aides tround him. But he no longer has control over the op- erations of the troops that he is supposed to train and equip. The ceremonial trappings re- main from the days 30 and more years ago when the secretary of war and the secre- tary of the navy were among the more powerful figures in sitting at the right hand of the president on mili- tary matters. But the secre- taries of the navy and sir force have found them- selves progressively reduced to an ceremonial role in a centralized military establishment run by the sec- retary of defense and tha joint chiefs of staff. The decoining role of the service secretary was under- scored by the admission of former secretary of the air force Robert C. Seamans Jr. that he had not been informed of the secret bombing in Cam- bodia in 1959 and 1970. as Seamans quickly there ivas no reason he shoulH have been informed since he was not in the operational chain of command. To this was ob- viausly a source of embarrass- just as he was embar- rassed to learn over his tele- vision set in that intensive bombing of North Vietnam had been ordered. Now that he is out of he also can complain that doesn't make sense to have the title and not become involved in and have knowledge ot what is going To such as Sen. Harold H. Hughes of a member of the Senate Armed Services such by-passing of the service secetaries on oper- ational decisions represents a serious flaw in civilian control over the military. But from another the reason the service secretaries are being by-passed is because of a wish to establish more central- and thus presumably more civilian control. The authority and prestige of the service secre- taries has been eroding ever since the defense department was created in 1949 with the states purpose of establishing centralized civilian control over the largely independent mili- tary services. The service secretaries had until then served in the presi- dent's but they were d'splaced by the secretary of a demotion from which they have never completely re- covered in terms of their pres- tige. How to fit the service secre- taries into the concept of civili- an control was difficult in a defense establishment that was increasingly managed by a secretary of defense assisted by an expanding platoon of as- sistant secretaries who by pro- tocol ranked below the service secretaries but in fact wielded greater power. In President Eisenhow- drawing on his military ex- sought to bring- the service secretaries back into the operational chain of com- which had fallen largely under the control of the chiefs of staff. In a reorganization plan approved by the military departments and thus the service secretaries were designated as the execu- tive agents serving between the secretary of defense and the field commands. The concept was that the joint chiefs of staff would engage in planning while operations would be directed by the secretary of defense working through the military which would serve as the contact point for the overseas commands. In the service secre- taries have become administra- by law the direc- authority and control of the secretary of re- sponsible for providing and equipping the forces within their department. What use ia made of the troops is deter- mined by the the sec- retary of defense and the joint chiefs of often without in- forming the service secretaries. Rising crime rate responsible for new German weapons law By DAVID R. FRANCIS Christian Science Monitor BONN At Bonn's police gun owners were rushing to register their weap- ons. It was similar in police of- fices throughout West Germany in recent days. In Frankfurt some 15.000 residents register- ed about weapons. Faced with a rising crime West Germany instituted a tough new weapons law at the start of the year Under that gun owners had until the end of June to a weapon-possession li- cense. The documents cost them about From last month how- if a gun owner is caught with an unregistered he could be subject to a fine of up to or a jail term of up to three years INSURANCE LIABILITY BONDS AUTO FIRE ROSSITER AGENCIES LTD. ESTABLISHED 1911 Lower Floor 517 4th Ave. S. Phone 327-1541 Presumably judges wiE not impose the sen- tence on those who merely ne- glected to obtain a license and have not been involved in any other criminal offense. As in the United the West German government suc- ceeded in passing stringent weapons legislation. Germany's first weapons law was introduced by the Third Reich in 1938. Except in the case of hand it involved few restrictions on the purchase of weapons. Hitler be- lieved the German people should have guns as part of their Thus small caliber and blank pistols were sold without restrictions. A broader weapon law was implemented by the Federal Republic in 1968. It regulated the and trade of weapons. Those who sold or repaired guns needed a license to do business. Only those regarded as reliable and with the neces- say knowledge and skills were given such a license. Gun dealers had to keep books on their sales. And those who bought handguns had to ob- tain a purchase license from the police. In this it was there might be some possibility of tracing the own- er of a weapon used in a crime. Do you have a sincere interest in the children of If we invite you to submit nominations for two persons to serve on the Early Childhood Services Co-ordinating Council. iThe Council's chief role will be to develop and review guidelines and policies of the recently established Early Childhood Services Program. Council members will serve for two years whh and expenses paid. Members will meet two or three times each year more frequently during the first 1. The nominee must be a Canadian citizen and a resident of Alberta. 2. Each nomination should be submitted in writing. 3. Each nomination should include the full name of the exact and details with regard to interests and desire to serve. 4. Any Canadian resident is free to submit as many nominations as desired. Self-nomination is acceptable. 5. All nominations for the ECS Co-ordinating Council are to be received on or before August 1973. Childhood needs you. Address your submissions Early Childhood Services Main Executive Building Alberta XttbCTrG DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION in most long guns could still be bought with- out a permit. police had no record of millions of weapons obtained before 1968. Under the new all weap- ons must be registered directly with the police. The aim is to keep better and limit the ownership of dangerous weap- ons. To get a possession sportsmen need only give proof that they are of a shooting club. Hunters merely show their hunting a document somewhat difficult to obtain in Germany. Collectors of ancient weapons can obtain a possession license if they can Drove a genuine in- terest in the development of modern guns. Those outside these three categories must be familiar with firearm regulations and competent in the handling and use of a gun. This is checked with an oral unless expe- rience can be proved otherwise. Applicants also must be Their police rec- ords are checked with local po- lice and a central police regis- tration office in Berlin. Two drunken-driving charges could disqualify an individual. they must show a certified need to possess a weapon. Under an amnesty-type provi- sion of the new anyone registering a long gun before June 30 could do so with- out proving such a need. There- the legislators intended to avoid making criminals of a large number of those owning an estimated 5 to 15 million un- registered weapons in West Germany- Perhaps a third of these are it is thought. In addition to a possession li- those who plan to shoot their firearms must obtain a special license. The hunter al- ready has the equivalent of such a license. But the target- shooter must obtain such a li- cense if he carries his gun out- side the territory of his club. The jewellry-shop ar- mored-car driver or guard will have no trouble getting a li- cense. But those who seek such a li- for merely personal safety reasons will be checked carefully by the police on their reasons. To obtain such a they might have to live in an iso- lated area already known as dangerous. A third costing is necessary to buy ammunition. .West Germany's Parliament managed to pass the new law over the objections of shooting clubs 1.5 million mem- and gun-shop owners and weapons manufacturers. By Gene Fawcetta A NEW 3-BEAM AUTO HEAD- .LIGHT MAS THE USUAL LOW BEAMANDAHISHFOP INTENSITY AND DISTANCE A NEW MIDDLE BEAM FOCUSED MORE TO THE RIGHT AND WITH A LONGER VIEWING DISTANCE THAN LOW-WITHOUT FOR Sears Save Double check these 4 most-wanted features. The sale price even includes our exclusive 'Soft-heat' which diminishes as clothes dry to prevent overdrying or scorching. Kenmore dryer 1-High air-speed for fast drying 2-No-heat 'air' freshens draperies. Fluffs towels and dries plastic top-mounted lint screen 4-Push-to-start button. 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