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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 2, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta ^5 yOLUiME XI. LETMBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, AU(;US'l>2, 15)18 NUMBER 107 UL b R HARP INTERURBAN MEN 'GET BIG INCREASES Washington, Aug. 2.-Wage Increases ranging from 35 to 65.. per cent, were granted to employes of 22 street and Interurban railway companies operating. In sixteen cities yesterday by the War Labor Board. Approximately " 50,000 were affected by the award. The cities include Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, Buffalo and Rochester- Oil Subject of the Economic Crushing of Germany After the war. SOME SAY HIS VIEWS DIRECTLY OPPOSITE THOSE OF WILSON London, Aug. 2.- (As.iociatecl Pres.n)-Sluirp disaont to tho threat ot Premier D.ivlil Lloyd George to use the economic weapon against Ger-Jiiiiny after the war. as outlined In an ridilross made by the premier before a doIoKaUon from the National Union oC Manutacturera yesterday, is ox-pressnd thrnuRh the Liberal press and llio premier's view, it is said, will Hot bo endorsed in America. Not Wilson's Views Quoting the phrase "the longer the ^ar lasts, the sterner must he the rconomic terras wc Impose upon the too," used by Lord George in his address, the Chronicle says: "Wg doubt very much whether that !b how President Wilson views the luestion. It Is certainly not the view of American opinion generally. Americans attach great Importance to the economic weapon which the allies, ecting together, could wield but the Americana do not wish It wielded with m vmaictlvfe purpose for any fixed period after the war. It will not be Ijosalble to carry out both the American policy and Lloyd George's policy. They are alternative, not supplementary. "The American suggestion Is full of liope and help in the pursuit of ultimate permanent world peace. That of Lloyd George has quite the opposite tendency." One or The Other The Daily News says: "It Is idle for Lloyd George or any other statesman to maintain that tlie spirit underlying ii league of nations is reconeil-luble with the spirit un^torlyi^ig and inspiring the protective tariff. Wo must choose one or the other It is a question of policy of Wilson nr tho policy of the Paris resolutions. It Amerliwn views on tho Paris resnlu-.tlons have been unexpressed in ofllc-lal documents, they have been ox-prcRsed repeatedly and unequivocally jn President Wilson's speeches which have preached a gOEpol utterly Incompatible with the perpetuation of hostility through an, economic war." Conservative papers, on the other Itand, generally endorse the premier's jiddross, although some accuse him of being .indefinite. The Times, rsnog-liizlng tho existence of the opinion in some quarters that the United States win not consent tOv tho employment of economic weapons against Germany emphasfsiod the fact that tho premier expressed the hope that an agrepniont might bo reached on economic as well �s other problems between America and England. It cites the phrase used by President Wilson In his Mount Vernon address: "No lm"i� way tVsclslon Is tolerable," and says; "Germany is hardly likely to believe that tho allies moan what President Wilson thus said for them PS. Jong as thoy fall to take what Lord Robert Cecil, under-secretary of state for foreign affairs, described tho other day as 'all steps required to destroy the oconomin basis of Germany's mill-iary effort.' " * WAR mmi LEADS m 0 BOASTIN b Kaiser, and King of Bavaria, in Anniversary Speeches, Give Fine Sample of Hun Boast* ing. Am.stordam, Aug. 2.-In a proclamation issued to the.Gorman people. Emperor William says: "Four years of hard struggle have passed. Cull of eternally momorahlo deeds. An example has been given tor all time of what a people can do that stands in tlife field for a most Just cause and for the malntaluence of Its existence. "Gratefully revering the divine .hand which has boon gracefully extended over Germany, we may proudly* say we were not found unworthy In the tremendous task before which providence placed us. "It In the struggle our nation was given leaders capable of the highest a London, Aug. 2.-As a sop for the establishment of a monarchy, Germany has offered Finland to use Its offices to obtain the cessation by Russia of eastern Karelia, on the principle of self-determination, but the Landtag, which has been summoned to meet August / 5 must decide immediately, according to a dispatch to the Rimes fro'm Stockholm. Every effort, the dispatch adds, is being made to win over the 13 members of , . the Landtag who oppose the monajchial plan and thus prevent It from getting the necessary two-thirds majority. PAY ALL mm Germans are Surrounded in Ville-en-Tardenois, near Rheims-Are Retreating Elsewhere on the Salient-33,-000 Prisoners Reported Taken in First Day of New Drive, Which is Surprise for the Germans-Importp>nt Heights Are Taken by Allied Forces. On the French Front in France, Aug. 2.-(Associated Press.)-^The Important town of Ville-En-Tardenois, on the easterly side of the Marne salient, has been encircled by the allied forces. Joint Intervention Assured Washington, August 2.-Joint action between Jftpan and the Entente Po*(vers and America in Siberia is assured. �Jtpnn has foiind acceptable tho American proposal which primarily looks to the aid of the Czeclio-Slovalni, now o|)eratlng In Siberia ami after an ex- Jtuasla.' Aftori the Japiih'ese � Bovernment found It necessary .to cull upon tho state depai'fment for explanation of some foaturee of the American proposal, tho statement was :withheld. Presumably, now JU^t a gatiBfuclory undortaUtng lias, bqeu reaolioil, tho scheme will come to an issue. Meanwhllo tho seal of confidence remains imbrokcn and Jt Is the desire of officials that there shall he no speculation in tho press that might prove embarrassing. V -IVIllitPry Forcet. Consequently, all that it is possible to say la that In tho boBhmlug at least, tho international agreement must find Its expression In combined military activity and .cable advices have rocordort tho gathering ot small bodies of uiitonto troopa at points in China convenient for dispatch into Western Slborla. Chinese To Help. Pao KucI Chins, tho provincial governor of Sol Lung KliiE, has been selected to command the considerable body of Chinese troupa which have been gathered in Manchuria and it is understood that already It has been arranged that-this force Bhall oper-nto in conjunctlonwlth tho Japanese and that It will act under the dlroclion ot tho Japanese commander io chief.. Farmers and ranchers living along' the Little Bow Uiver who depend on that streawj, of \\:itev for stock and dormestlc iVurpose.=i are seriously inconvenienced hy the fact that the river has gone dry. and though tho provincial government is making every effort to reliPvo the situation hy diverting a portion o(. High Uiver into tjie L;ed of ilie Little Bow, it will be a couple of v.eeks yet before the result of the effort will provide a water supply for the Little Bow ranchers. Meanwhile the residents ot the district are oonipplled to depend on tho water holed in the river, and as these are almost unaltainable by stock, and full ot dead fi.sh into the bargain, the situation is very bad. George Sorgard of Turin was in the city yesterday waiting, on the Board ot Trade to get relief tor conditions. Tho residents of the district, he says, want a permanpnt diversion made from the High River near the town of High River into tho bed of tho Little Dow so that similar danger in future dry seasons may be averted. Tlie Little Bow does not rise in the mountains and �T.'? a result it Invariably goes dry in the dry seasons, while in the winter it very often freezes to the bottom, seriously interfering with stock raising operations. The diversion now being made near High River is only a temporary affair which the least flood on the High River would obliterate. It is likely the matter will be taken up with the Dominion authorities at Ottawa in an effort to have d pormnnent diversion made. Edmonton, Aug. 1.-Final arrangements have been made for the payments of all freight on hay-, ing outfits and stock bound north-w^ard. The shipper gets an application from the local railway agent, fills it out and presents it to the r�earest provincial labor btireau. A duplicate certificate is ssued by the labor bureau entitling shipper to free transportation. Half cate. is collected by the railways from the Dominion government direct. Hay is shipped south on the same conditions. His Majesty Talks For Half An Hour With Them About ' U. S. Navy THE WEATHER High........................ 93 Low ........................ 63 Forecast-Few local > thunderstorms, but generally fair and decidedly warm. London, Aug. 2.-The naval committee of the United States house of repreflentativcs was received at Buckingham Palace yesterday afternoon by tho King and Queen and Princess Mary, and remained for nearly an hour, chatting. The King, discussing naval matters with tho congressmen, spoke in high terms of'the American ships and commented particularly on tho co-operation between tho American and British naval services which he said he had so recently had an opportunity ot observing. The committee visited tlie admiralty yesterday and conferred with Admiral Hall, chief of the intelligence division, and later visited Vlce-Ad-miral Sims, commanflor of tho Amerl-[ can naval forces in the war zuno. Tho committoo will be received by Premier Lloyd Georgrf today. Taber Takes Palm for the Best Agricultural Fair (Spocliil to the Hernld^ Taber, August 1.-The palm must go to Taber this year for the best agricultural exhibition, and it is not Ukoly to bo wrested away by tho fall fairs, that are yot to come. For Tnbor, yesterday, without question surpassed anything yot produced by Southern Alhorta agricultural fairs, lu the way of livestock exhibits, and this is not even excepting tho Lothbridge e.thibltlon, where, outside ot the Perchoron exhibit, there was nothing bettor iu the Uvestock lino, particularly horses, than was shown at �Tabor. ' Judges Enthusiastic Prof. W. J. Stephen, principal of the agricultural cdllogo at Clarosbolm, himself gave Taber the palm, when he remarked to Tho Herald represonta-tlvo yesterday: "It Is tho best agrl-CullHval fair 1 have seen yet." Ho was most enthusiastic over the horse classes which ho was JudBlng. Mr. Gorman, of InnLstall, who Judged tho cattle .said, "the clasaeB are gdod, although not as good as. the horse claaaes. I was compelled to rearrange all the; cattle exhibits Into grades,, which ;was not done by the prize Utt, I could not Judge them an^ other way. I was much pleased with the exhibits all round, however." Big Attendance So far as allendahce goes, too. It was the best fair over held In Tabor. In spite ot the intense heat, IBOO people crowded the grounds, and what with tho judging, the stnmpudo program, the horse races, and tho sports and ball game, a very t'>ll day ot entertainment was enjoyed, which laat-od yu darkness drove the crowd homn. One remarkable feature at tho grounds was the number of autoa. These were strung in .what seemed endless lines nboiit tho grounds, and teatiflod to the well-being ot tho Taber district farmers, lu spito ot a hard year. Grain Exhibit Another thing that testifled to the general condition of the district farmers was the splendid exhibit of. grains, grasses and vogo^nbloa. The latter exhibit far oxcecfled that which was shown at the Ijothbrldgo exhibit last week. The big winner In the vog-otable class was Hamilton of Coaldale, but several ot the local.Taber exhibits ware very flue. On tho French Front In France, Aug. 2.-(Associated Press.)-The battle on the front north of the Marne resolved itself during the night and this morning into almost a general retirement of the enemy north of the Ourcq, v/ith the allies pursuing the Germans with the greatest zeal and success. The Germans are burning villages as they retire, and are destroying everything they come across. The entire battlefield Is dotted by conflagrations, some of them of large proportions. The town of Hartennes-Et-Taux was occupied by the allies, who also seized the wood lying to the south of this most Important place. The French and British in this sector took Contreman and then crossed the Chaue.-�u-ThIerry-8ois8ons road. The indications are that the Germans will not make a stand until they reach the water, shed north of Nesles Forest. AMERICAN LINE MOVES FORWARD. With the American Army 'on the Aisne-Marne Front, Aug. 2.-(By Associated Press.)-Thie whole American line moved forward to-day while the allies along the'fla'nk from Soissons to Rheims pressed hard against the sides,'6f the German salient. Their gains were made almost without resistance. Hammered as they have been for days, the Germans withdrew during the njght sp that when the Americans, who were supported on their right and left by the French, started early this morning, they dlil not encounter the usual machine gun fire. In open order the men , ploughed through the heavy rain soaked fields for almost a mile. Paris, Aug. 2,-Allied troops celebrated the fourth anniversary of the war by a victorious resumption of the offensive to the surprise of a great many who had believed the battle had entered into one of its per-iodlcai lulls. Incidentally the official statement on the total of prisoners-more than 33,000-brings out forcibly- the enormous change is the situation a month, has effected. On July 1, the allies to reverse Walpole's famous phrase, weere almost wringing their hands-now they have been Justified in ringing bells.. The ground won yesterday north of the Ourcq has considerable value. It is a long spur about six hundred feet high forming the water-._ shed between the Crise and the Ourcq and is a valuable obaervatlon polhtr From it the Germans prevented the allies from seeing the Crlts, while they overlooked the ground won from them on the Ourcq. The allies stormed not only th'e sumniit but the northern slopes of thi;:> territory. As a consequence they can now manouyr% safely In the Ourcq rtfglon. In addition they; have a view behind the front Hartennes Plateau where the enemy still cling^ along the Soissons-Chateau Thierry Road and that strong position, 'difficult of attack frontally, cannot be turned from the north through Viille Montoirc and from the south by way of Hill 205. The allies also gained an Important advantage on the left In tho capture of MeuJnIere Wood by the Americans giving them a position which, according to Henri Bidou, is the keystone of the whole German line in the centre. DEPTH OF THREE MILES London, Aug. 2.-Yesterday's Franco-British attack on the westerly side of the Marne salient was on a front of five miles and penetrated to CONTINUE ADVANCE French Front In France, Aug. 2.-(Associated Press.)-The French are continuing to advance and have tal , . London, Aug. 2,-Goussancourt Itself has been taken by the French the advices state; The captjire of the important ground on the heights | to the westerly side oif the' fine also means that the Germans will not bo. ' able to retiru In an ordinarily leisurely way and that they probably will ' have to go beyond the, river Vesle In their retreat. The situation Is'cdqsldered-as extraordinarily good, being dincrlbed in the advices as thJsturiVn'g'point of the summer campaign and poMlbly. of the whole war.' r- POSITION PREC'^RIOUgi-'-London, Aug. 2.'-'(Via Router? Ottawa Agency.)--THe position of � the Germans in the Aisne-Marne pocket Is daily, becoming ^rnore precarious. Last '^night's com- . munlque shows tliat the' allied grip on the neck of' t'|\e Gelient � is tightening. A Reuter diBpatch from French headquarters.' says r that General Mantlln ; commiinded tho allied attack-'no'cih' 6f. the Ourcq. � Its results ,vi)ero very interesting because..it gives-us . views on tlio enem/s,; rear'as far, . as Fismes and pH|t�-!tfVo' that bodies of Germans.were.fl�?'vi Ing precipitately' northward along; ' the road leading about-midv/ay )>fa- , . can front. . - ,Beilevue,,Fa/m, nortli of ths'-ylkr . lage of Ciergoi, was.the'German i strong point, ainjie from it th�y j iUOMXI^'UKD OS y^AQM AJ|, 5200 09?01149 ;