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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 1, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta (VOLUME XI. LETIIBRIDGE, ALBERXAi TIICI^SDAY, Al'CICST 1, 1018 ALLIES ADVANCE NUMBER 196 FRONT CZECH-SLOVAK ' GROWING FAST 3ocialists Denounce' Bolshe-viki and Appeal to People -New Step in Allied Policy UP TO JAPAN NOW TO MAKE NEXT MOVE IN POLICY Stockholm, Aug. 1.-(By Reu-ter's Ottawa Agency)-Representatives of the Russian Social Revolutionary and Social Democratic parties, which are here prior to proceeding to England and France,^ have Issued an appeal to the Socialists of Europe, In which they emphaticallyvdenouncc the Bolshevlkl as despotic reactionaries. The appeal declares that the overwhelming mass of the Russian peasant and workmen are not only anti-Bolaheviki, but are on the point of rising against the Bol-Bhevlkr tyranny. The aforementioned parties, therefore propose the creation of an -International commission representative of all Socialist parties to visit Russia and enquire fully into Bolshevik-ism. With this new development ot the Czecho-Slovak movement tlie Bolshevlkl press 1b raising cries ot alarm. The Prada tot- instance declares the C�ocho-Slovak danger Is growing Ilka an avalanche and that the counter revolutionary moyement Is extending. -� - Another Step IVaslilngton, Aug. 1,-Negotiations between, the Ehtente Powers, Japan and the United States regarding the extension of aid to the Czecho-Slovaks in Siberia and Russia, have advanced another step. Information sought by the Japanese government upon certain points of the American proposal looking to a definition of the acts and scope ot any Joint action now has been furnished l)y the state department. This places the whole subject again before the Japanese foreign offlce at Toklo, which must determine whether thn American proposal Is now In BUfllcIenUy- concrete form to warrant the Inauguration o� a policy of action. Oifllcultles in cable communication ' have retarded the exchanges and it may be several days before the decision of  the Japanese government Is made known. The Real Object) London, Aug. 1.-(By Reuter's Ottawa Agency)-Reuters is informed that the object of allied ction in Rus flia Is to assist the Czocho-Slovak armies, to prevent* any danger there to from Germany' and also to prevent at all costs the Germinlzalion ot any portion of Russia. The allies have not the slightest intention of doing any thing: tending to their territorial aggrandizement. Their main purpose-vis Wio. maintenance ot Russian sovereignty. Not a single allied soldier will remain In Russia when theso objects have been attained. KAISER NOT FRIGHTENED BY U. S. FORCES, BUT PREDICTS SOME YEARS MORE WAR Amsterdam, Aug. 1.-The coming of American armies to France and numerical superiority"'on the part of the allies docs not frighten Germany, declares Emperor William In a proclamation to the German army and navy. "Vital forces which are streaming across the sea to the enemy," he said, "are being attacked by German submarines, which are certain of success." Serious Years ef War Ahead Amsterdam, Aug. 1.-Emperor William has Issued a proclamation dated August 1, addressed to the German army and navy, saying that they are facing the hardest struggle of the war and expressing his own and the country's confidence that they will ho able to destroy "the desperate effort ot ^the enemy" says a Berlin dispatch received here. Emperor William's message reads: "Serious, years of war He behind you. The German people, convinced ot its Just cause, resting on its hard .sword and trusting in God's gracious help, has, with its faithful allies, confronted a world ot enemies. Your victorious fighting spirit carried the war in the first year Into the enemy's country and preserved the homo land from the horrors and devastation ot Hic enemy. "In the second and third years of tin war, you. by your destructive blows, broke Iho strength ot the enemy In the east. Meanwhile, your comrades In the west offered a bravo and victorious, front to enormously superior forces. "As the fruit ot thesp victories, the fourth year of the war has brought peace In the east. In the west, the enemy was Jionvliy hit by the force of your assault. The battles won in recent months count among the highest deeds ot fame In German history. "You are In the midst of the hardest struggle. The desperate efforts of the enemy will, as hitherto, be tolled by your bravery. Ot that I am cer tain and with me, the entire fatherland," \ Revolt is Growing in Ukraine -Assassinations Prove the Temper of the People KAISER IS ABOUT TO RECALL HIS UKRAINE ENVOY All Post-Off ice Strikers Are Back at Work Now; Inquiry Promised Soon -o Newspkpers Generally Treat His Letter With Little Cop-sideration Washington, Aug. 1.-A shortage ot 600,000 unskilled workers In war Industries Is shown in complete reports to tlie department of labor federal employment bureau which today took over the recruiting of this clas^-of labor for war Industries employing a maximum force of 100 or more  por-Bbns. Final repoi-ts, It was announced, are oxpectpd to show a shorlRge of 1,000,000 workers. Tjondon, Aug. 1.-Lord Lansdowne received" little encouragement from the morning papers. Some of the Important papers, including the Daily Telegraph which printed his first letter and gave it warm support, do noc .comment, while a majority ot the others condemn his latest letter. The'Times calls tho letter weak and iplschievous and says that Lansdowne represents nobody but himself. The Daily Express says no time Is opportune for negotiations with an enemy who Remains unashamed and unrepentant for his manifold crimes. The Dally Chronicle thinks the letter, was issued at an inopportune time and declares the allies should stand by the�] offer of January 7. The Dally Mail says the letter can only do nflschlef, adding that the allies are not going to leave their work halt done to please "a few rich and tired old gentlemen." The Daily News alone gives Lansdowne countenance. It describes the letter as admirable and says Lans-downe's views command Increasingly wide comment. SIABBEDWIFE FIFTEENMS Calgary, Aug. 1.-John Tynchuk, a foreigner who arrived from Va'ncou ver yesterday following his wife who arrived several days ago, last night st*bbed her fifteen times in the abdomen, chest and limbs with a pocket knife, and later attempted suicide. He inflicted three minor wounds on himself. , Both were taken to the hospital, "whore they are at present, It is expected both t^lll ^ocoyer. -r Biggest Credit Vote in History - London, Aug. 1.-In asking for  vote of credit of �700,000,000 in the house of commons today, Andrew Bonar Law, the chancellor of the exchequer said that the largeness of tjie amount was not due to Increased expenditure, but to the fact that parliament was about tb .adjourn. He hoked, he said, that not more than^one more vote y�ould be necessary before the end of the fiscal year. The vote asked Is the largest in the hlstocy, of the country. It Is intended for the carrying on �of the War until the end of October. The .chancellor said the expenditure In the armv showed an In- Increase of �8,000,000 oyer the estimates. Loans to the allies arfti to the dominions had been loss than the estimates by �22,000,000. , Analyzing the expenditure under the various heads, .he chancellor explained that the increase of �8,000,000 in the army expenditure was duo to the tai5t that the strength of the army was greater than at the time the budget estimate Was framed. Regarding loans, Bpnar Law said the debt due Qreat Britain al the end of tho last Ascal yearwae �1,332,000,-000 from allies aiuV �1!)'4,000,000 froip tho Dominions. The debt due from the allies now, lie added, had reached a total of �1,402,000,000 and from th Dominlona �208;500;009; ' Local Men Work All Night to Catch Up With Mail Delivery-Enquiry to be Made Everything Is workin/ at the local post offlce this mornluij like clockwork. The full staff is hack at work', carriers, sorters ani all, and the six emergency helpers who were keeping the worst of tne tangle cleared away have been released. '"We win be all cleared up by tomorrow evening at the latest" said Acting Postmaster Sargent to the Herald this morning. "All outgoing mail will go out on tonight's trains. Letters for city delivery went out this mornin and the papers and magazines will b cleared up tomorrow. Registered mall Is , being handled exredltlously also." The reopening ot the post otilce under a full staff will be a great relief to the banks and the telegraph office particularly. The lafter has been handling much business which usually is done by post while the banks have been seriously handiicapped through the tfbn-receipt ot advices from other branches. The temporary settlement will mean an advance ot at least if 100 to pr,ac' fically every member of the local post ofTiCB staff while n number will receive an increase of ?150 a year. The advances affect tho temporary employees, which was the main issue In the strike. Whether the permanent settlement will grant a still further Increase remains to. be seen but the staff is very hopeful that it *rill. Are Catcning Up Vancouver, Aug. 1.-Members ot the Vancouver post oIUco staff who marched back to work last evening in a body so ending the 10 day strike, have worked through the night In an effort to clear up the accumulated mall matter . and this morning the carriers notwithstanding their long shift, are delivering mall. The � men state they will carry on until they havo caught up with the work. Winnipeg, August 1.-Tho congestion of mail in the local post ofllce Is being rapidly lessoned today as a result of the ready response of the men to the instructions of Postmaster Mc-Intyre as to how the shifts shall work on the accumulation until, normal conditions exist. A large delivery was made today.lchiefly ot business mall. The'Inqulry Into tho grievances ot the men will bo commenced as soon as possible by tho special committee ot the Civil Seiwico Commission. This will consider the entire question as it affects tho men. Although mostsot tho demands mode are already met by the government, tho general anes-tion of rights and schedule and the question of their right to a board ot conciliation under the labor department and not under the Civil Service Commission, as at present provided, will be considered. Apparently this has boon accepted all round as a debatable point. It was tho cause of the extonslon of the strike In the west after eastern strikers had gone back to work.  Paris. Aug. 1.- (Hnvas ARoncy.)- The murder of Fleiti .Marahal Von Blchhorn, according to tlie comment la the Paris newspapers, demonstrates that in spite of their Icgenilary paoif-ly, the Russian peoplo cannot endure the Gorman yoke. This crime, the newspapers say, coming after tho assassination of Count Von .MIrbach, the Gorman ambassador to Uus.^ia, shows that the return to diciiuorinl methods of,government In Hussia wafi bound to "place bombs in tlie hands of those men who for many yoar.s knew no other argument, to oriposltlon. Tlin newspapers insist that Germany is reaping tho harvest f.Uti .soived. To Recall Ambassador. London, Aug. :1.-Germany is contemplating the recall nf Ambaspador Von Mumm from the I'kraine and the handing ot passports to the. ambassador of the Ukraine in Berlin, pending the clearing up.of the situation in Kiev, according to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from-Arasterdajn under Wed nesday's idate.- ..^.-^i^.. �" Foreign Minl.ster Von Hihtze, the message adds, had a long interview with the ambassador from the Ukraine on Wednesday and then received the Austrian ambassador. With the lat ter the possibility ot sending military reinforcements to the Ukraine was disciKssed. LETHBRiOGE VENHISV. 1 J. MAJOR-GENERAL SIR SAIVI STEELE Who was permitted to retire from service-His career has been a long one in military circles-He is an old-timer in the mounted police in the west. London, July 31.-Lieut. George McKean was invested with the Victoria Cross today at Buckingham Palace by King George.' Lieut. George McKean was at one time a resident of Lethbrldge, having been student pastor at Hardleville church for some time. He has a wide cirefe of friends here, and Is a brother of Jas. McKean, wh(} farms libout six miles north-east of the city. He left here to go to Edmonton where he was assistant pastor of Robertson His wife Calgary. The' announcement of his winning the V.C, was made two months ago. U.S.GOVT.MS OVER RECRUITING OF COMMON LABOR New York, Aug. 1.-The Federal government will take over today in every state in the Union the recruiting of common labor for the furtherance of the v/ar. Labor requirements .for war Industries havo been apportioned to the various states on a basis of population and as men are needed they will move forward to. meet the demand, wherever this may be. The aim Is to eliminate the wasteful turnover of labor, stabilize wages, to increase the production of essentials and to glvs efficient support to the man In the trenches, who needs from six to ten men to work for him In this country every day he is in France. Independent recruitin,g ot common labor by plants employing more than one hundred men will bo diverted, effective August 1, to tho United States employment service and there will be restrictions upon private advertising for labor. Under the methods adopted the country has been divided into thirteen Federal districts, each district in charge of a superintendent. German Attacks Repulsed; Allies are Able to Make Some Slight Advances Allied Forces Completely Block German Attempts to Start a: Counter Offensive-French and American Forces Are Able to Start a New Drive-Allied Lines Further Improved-Aerial Activity Noted. ESWEieS, CE IE -.^hurch for some time, resides In 11 HUN AEROS DOWNED;' Washington, Aug. 1.-Eleven enemy airplanes, were brought down by the Italians on the front in Northerti Italy Tuesday, and ral.ds were made with planes vvhioh bombarded enemy railway plants, according to an Italian War Office statement received from Rome toda>' POLICY IMPERIAL PREFERENCE HAS COMETOSTAY Lloyd-George States This in Ad-drss to Economize Gathering London, Aug. 1.-Tho Times says "that the prime minister niade an im-Important statement ot t.h� economic Ijollcy of the government in the commons yesterday to a deputation of 20j>-manufacturers. It is understood that Lloyd George made It quite plain that Imperial preference has come to stay. One ot his arguments was that only by Irhperlal protoronce could the country be assured ot the first call on the Taw materials ot the Dominions. Another aspect of tho trade policy �which the premier strongly Insisted upon was that the government would have to see that our essential Indus-trlfs wero ^strengthened and protected.' He made it abundantly clear that the longer the war laated, the worse would be tho economic terms which Germany would otftaln from-'England antj her allies. ;, , - Premier Hoyd .d y,^^�le.'day. been coranellol to slop delivery ci ice �:j v^ivate nou-.oj. Ice is .'till being dollvered to bytcher shops,-'.."ieln and rsstauiiints who are compelled to keep on hand large quantities ot perishable stuff and which is absolutely \dependent upon ice. Efforts are also being made to deliver ice to houses whore it is necessary tor the preservation ot infant food. Some people ai'e complaining that the dairies , are- still getting ice to mako Ice creijm. It. must be remombof-ed that It Is imperative that tho dairies got ice to/ keep their milk supply tresh, and that only a small proportion of the Ice is used , lor iec cream. Tho Westojrn Tran.sfor also .states that only aBout one-third - of (he houses in tho city wore taking ice anyway, which means that two-thlnls o� the homos were getting along without loo. The company is nyiklng every effort to deal with the situation aa reasonaoly aa possible. The ice company states that Ice will be supplied to cu|itomors where babies are being fed by bottle. ADD GERMANY REAPING Geo T Serious Riots "London. August 1.-Serious riots are reported trom the country districts In tho Ukraine, according to a Kiev dispatch to the Frodemblatt ot Hamburg, the Exchange Tofograph Correspondent at Copenhagen reports. The peasants are now offering organized resistance to the "German usurpatlou" as it Is nharar.tnrlznd. active in an effort to prevent an allied advance. The purpose of the American and French attack which Is in a northeasterly direction probably is for the purpose of outflanking the Mcuniere Wood and In cutting off tho blunt edged salient in the line between Romigny and Cieerg-es. This salient was made more acute by the American advance-north from Clerges to Serignes. '  London, Aug. 1.-The German guns were active last night In tho Somme region in 'the Vicinity of Viliers-Bretonneux, today's war office announcement shows. Activity was also displayed by the enemy artillery further north near Bucquoy and in Flanders In the, Merris Meteren sector. London, Aug. 1.-The allies today delivered a new stroke over a ten mile front between Buzancy, about four miles south of Soissons, to Seringes, north of Fere-En-Tardenols. The result was a considerable advanct'and the -piping out of the elbow in the line at Oulchy-Le-Chateau, according to advices to the Evening Standard this afternoon. " With The American Army, Aug. 1.-(8 a.m.)-The allied forces effected their progress against stubb orn German resistance. PLAN A RETREAT With The American Army On The Aisne-Marne Front, (Noon), August 1.-(By Associated Press) -The Germans used less artillery late yesterday against the attacking forces on their front depending more upon their machine gunners for defending their lines. This fact, coupled with stories of prisoners and deserters, tend to strengthen the belief that they are planning a withdrawal to new positions along the river Vesie. "A deserter who came into the lines last night declared that orders had been Issued for a series of retograde movements until Fismes on the Vesie had been reached. Except for minor engagements there was only artillery fire along the line up to noon today and that was comparatively light." BRIDGING MATERIAL, London, Aug. 1.-^The booty captured by the French in following the German retreat from the Marne included a large amouhit of bridging material. which the-Germans had collected Just north of the Marne. It Is pointed out that the intention of the Oermans to effect the passage of the river in great strength and drive in the direction of Paris is thus indicated. HAS GREAT EFFfeCT. With the British Army in Flanders, Aug. 1.- (Associated Press.) -It is evident that the German defeat on tliie Marne is having full effect among the German emperor's troops on this front dispite the Impresslln that while the second German assault had failed their comrades still were holding Chateau-Thierry. The prisoners knew absolutely ' nothing of the entente allied advance to Fere-En-x Tardenois. . . * F-aris, August 1.-The Germans ihls morning attacked the French positions in the. region of Bligny, southwest of Rheims. that attaol Slovaks, according to the newa> paper levestia at Moscow. Serious Dissension at German Headquarters London, August 1.-^(Toronto Mail and Empire)-Extraordinary disclosures apparently confirming the rumors of dissensions at Qer-man headquarters arising out of, the crown prince's attack, are" published in the newspaper Tages Zeltung of Essen, the substance of which J� that at a council of war held In the presence of the kaiser, the crown prince was severely criticiied by Ludendorff, and apparently also by t;1lndenbi something tantamount to a da mit him the exlstehoeof some degree of Justification for the rem-^ onstrances of his military leadere, but that .dynastic considerations prevailed over those of a mill--tary character. It If extraordinary that auch st%|�m*nts. sttoulU hava heiin permittedl:,%appeap In # Oeftf' ntvn'paper. How)iy�r, obuurai* 03 11?0?560 73 ;