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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 1, 1907, Lethbridge, Alberta i^tm�iiiMWitt>i,Wm*elievc that it was due to this fact along with certain other conditions that tho present duty of water for Aljwtn and 'Haskatehownn was fixed ns It Is, which is, as most of you are nwnre, one second foot continuous flow, for one hundred and fifty acres of land. A't the time that tho duty of water was thus fixed, thcro was po data at hand by which to be governed, as so little Irrigation was being practised ut that time in the North-west Ter-ritories. Although, since that lln*>, considerable irrigation development has taken place in Alberta, there is Mill no data available along this particular line. Kven under the At bcrta Hallway and Irrigation Com pany's ditch near Lethbridge. where there is more land actually iieing ir rlgated than in any other locality ir the province, practically no attempt has ns yot Jjeen mndu to measure tho water to the individual farmer. Con sc(|ucut!y, it is readily seen that no one is in n position to say whether the present duty of water for Al bortn >is too low or too high. And it is certainly not my Intention to e.\ press nn opinion on this point, to-tiny. However, from my six years experience ns n farmer on nn Irrigated farm in southern Alberta, there are certain conditions that I have observed which lead me to believe that there will lie problems in the use of water here that may hn.ve a direct effect on the duty. I refer to the fact thut the nominal irrigation season is from May 1st to Ootohcr 1st. but the actual, irrigation season, with rare exceptions, is not sn long. With ordinary crops, such as alfalfa and grain, it is not usually j wise for us to Irrigate until well in June. Thus the water during May and a part of June is of no partic -ulnr value to the farmer, while, on account > of the growing season being short, the period when the first irrigation for alfalfa should be given, is utmost identical with the time ably hoi exceed one hundred and fifty acres. Then taking the co9c. of the individual farmer, the sire of the irrigation stream to which he in entitled will be one cubic foot per second. With a flooding system, which Is the one In vogue here, it'is not practicable for a farmer to irrigate grain or alfalfa with a stream of no greater voluino than one second foot. It is generally admitted among practical irrigators'that it requires a stream of two or three second feet with which to flood Irrigated land. For, with any less than this amount the ordinary Irregular Itie* of tho surface of the soil left rom plowilng, etc., obstruct the flow of the water to such an extent to gother with tho fact that such c small quantity is really applied to the land that the progress made by the Irrigator is so slow that it does not pay him to spend his 'time watch ing or directing it. This difficulty is easily overcome, by his exchang  ing Wnter with his neighbor and thus irrigating, say only one day in three, but should a farmer's crop be such that to get maximum results ho must Irrigate them all, say between the KHh of June and the Inst of July, he will have to lie a very careful irrigator Indeed, if he can flood Irrigate one hundred and fifty acres of land in this length of tlnw. mid one second foot; of water flow -ing continuously. Of course it would Ik- etitiivly out of the question to irrigate his crop in the proper sen-#on. if it consisted entirely of grain. We assume that the irrigation farmer will plant a diversity of crops and that alfalfa will be a leading one, but even with a range of this kind, it is going to require curcful plnnn -ing to so arrange his crops that thoy will come on in such a way as into tho winter In a sood wet condition, the plants do not suffer from loss of vitality due to drying out. And, lu the spring the ground being still moist the crops do not suiter from the lack of rain and from the drying winds that we are apt to have during April and the early part of May. With alfalfa a particular advantage derived from irrigating it in the fall after the last crop has been taken off is that It requires no watering until after the first cutting is made, for. an application of water during our cool spring weather often has a tendency to check rather than to accelerate the growth of tfcc nl talfa. Winter wheat apparently may lie Irrigated to advantage in the fall and thus the necessity of any spring or summer irrigation is avoided. Irri gating stubble land will supply the necessary moisture, which is often lacking and so nuike fall plowing profitable, as well us storing n large amount of moisture in the soil - for the following year's crop. These things arc mentioned to il hist rate a few of the ways by which the actual Irrigation season may be lengthened. In regard to the economical, use of water, there urc many factors that may be considered. Some of the causes for the wuste of water that may be. mentioned arc. poor preparation of the surface of the soil, laterals impro|tcrly located and poorly constructed, carelessness of the operator himself, and over-irrlgution, or allowing the water to remaia too long in one place. Fortunately, mistakes of this kind soon remedy themselves. One feature in regard to the moth-jods of the Irrigation farmer that ; will have a great tendency to econ- to require Irrigating successively and \omiw water and which will have a not at the samo time. grcuter effect so far as hlsyields It is to the Interests of all, con  corned that what water there is l>e made to serve the greatest possible area of land. And, every effort increase the duty of water than reduce it is commendable. Il is im -portant that the irrigation farmer should view the subject from this standpoint. What is to be feared is that without having carefully arranged his farming operations and arrangement of crops so as to bo able to make good use of Irrigation water for the entire season from May to October, he will discover that he can irrigate to advantage only for when grain should be irrigated. There [ ore, of course, grasses which may be irrigated to advantage in May, but .the point 1 wish to bring out is that June ami July are the months when the major portion of the water must be used with ordinary crops to get lvturns during the current season. The average size of the irrigated farina of Southern Alberta will prob- a short time, possibly in June and July. And, having too large an area to water In this length of time with the quantity available he will have a large portion of his crops suffer. It has t>e�n found that late fall irrigation can 'be practised with nuioh profit. This is particularly so In the Cuse of all kinds of hay. for by having the soil of the hay moadows go HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY Special Bargains During Exhibition Week A list of high grade merchandise nt little prices. Prices that are within easy reaoh of all. You will save dollars by doing your shopping at the Quality Store during the Fair. Men's Felt Hats, $1.95 The balance of our stock of this season's soft Felt Hats, Fedoras, Crush, etc., in greys, fawns and bro.wns, Regular 2.50 and 2.75 quality, special 1.95 Twilled Sheeting, 30c. yard Two yards wide, tine and evenly woven, soft finish, free from dressing, regular 40c value................................................Special 30c Lawn Blouses, 95c. Fiue Lawn goods, wade in this season's styles, neatly trimmed with lace insertion and tucking, worth up to 1.50..........................Special 95c Scotch Ginghams, 12 l-2c. Fine quality, washable colors, in light and dark plaids and stripes, regular 20c. value, Special...................................................\2\c. Flannelette Sheets, $1.20 pair Splendid flannelette sheets, full three-quarter size, good weight, in white and grey, regular $1.20 value. Special................................$1.20 English Prints, 12 l-2c. 600 yards best quality Crum's prints, fine even finish, guaranteed fast colon and will wear. 30in. wide, Bold everywhere at 15c. yd. Special..........12)c. Sole Agents for Butterick Patterns are concerned, Is something that he hns so far paid but IK tie attention to. I refer to the scientific culture t� | of the soil. With nn average rainfall to I of Southern Allicrta. sufficient in the majority of seasons to produce good crops of grain, if the land is prop* erly tilled, It can readily be seen that we have a good condition that is not common in irrigation districts and which has nn important bearing on the duty of water. The one great advantage that the advocates of scientific soil culture have claimed for their methods in semi-a rid districts hns been the con-' servation of moisture. Prom this stand-point It has not-particularly Interested the farmers on Irrigated farms. As an nctuul fact the increased fertility of the soil, resulting from scientific culture is of even greater importance than the mere conservation of the moisture. Suf -flcient emphasis has not been gilven this point, for one finds.the impress-Ion quite prevalent nmong irrigation farmers that it Is not so necessary to lie particular about cultivation where irrigation is given. That is, that irrigation will to a certain extent take the place of cultivation. This i, namely tlie latter part of June and during duly. Naturally plants use the grentewl amount of inolaturcwhon they are growing fast, so, It Is but reasonable to suppose that they will rettuire the most water at this time. I The question, therefore, that I! wish to raise is whether tho duty of water, under our present system of supply, that is, one second foot continuous flow from May to Or�tol>er, 4s sufficient. If not, would liest results lie obtained by increasing the flow for the entire season, merely for a short time when most required, or by possibly making ur,e of sum 11 storage systems'? It is not alone from the standpoint of the farmer that It is important that these probleinsshould be determined, for the welfare of the ditch companies themselves as well as the entire district is de|iendent upon the prosperity of t.ho farmer. It, therefore, seems but reasonable to urge that the government take this matter up immediately undcarry cn bohw careful investigations to determine Ju�t how much water It will requite to irrigate various crops, when this should tic done and the amount or volunv? necessary to accomplish H. At this time in the early development of the irrigation districts of the province, while settlement is still scattered, there is slight chance that any of the farmers will feel the necessity of rigid economy in the use of wnter, for the ditches are amply able to supply all ami more than all the settlers will require, for some years to come. Hut, this >is just the reason that now is tho time for the government to begin investigation. The experimental farm at Lethbridge is preparing to make careful meus  urements from all water used on the different crops as well as carry on Varied experiments with different amounts of irrigation on the samccrops together, with no irrigation at all. This, however, is not sufficient Much valuable data will lie obtained but it would he no more reasonable to ho governed by results obtain.nl thus in ivgnr.l to the use of Water, where the Irrigation will be carried on under as idea) conditions as it would )>e practical to make them, than it would to lisp the yields obtained from our sixtieth acre plots, ns a rrMerlon to govern the yields that n tarmi-r m>ight expect from a sixty hundred none field. What should lie done is to have careful measurements made of the water used by different individual farmers undor varying conditions of soil, crops, as well as slope or lay of the land, nt different |>oints in the province. And. most important of oil. these must lie continued for a num'ior of seasons. For, to obtain reliable information we must have the nveraen results for n number of years. Therefore, if tin? duty of wnter is too great, the sooner llv fact Is demonstrated, tho l>et'ter. If the duly Is correct and we must merely change our methods to lie nbl.. to get maximum results, thin fact can lie learned none too soon. As I have said l*>forc. I do not profess to be in a position to express an opinion as to whether the duly of water should lie changed but I will say Inost emphatically that we are wo-fully lacking in data, along these linos and the sooner information is gathered the sooner will we lie in n position to avoid much misunderstanding awl possibly material loss when the time comes for the wnter to bo carefully measured out to ench farmer. prove loilel Soup, nntl before one i-.-im-you'll noliets an improvement - a The !thi. The pure veflclablo oils, from u Licit (his soap is made, cleanse md" open tip the pores, which, in turn, nlisorh . the witch hazel, and the skin benefits by the refreshing, Iieulintf, softpiiinff, tonic proper* lies of this marvellous r.ltin bemtlifier. Ivory white-no hijuriotis coloriiiij matter. MADE ONLY CY THE ROYAL CROWN, Limited WINNIPEG. m i'v Good Business For Sale t Good business in British Columbia, no opposition. 150 men employed in town Groceries nml Dry Goods store. Lots and store house, delivery team and wagon, all for $7,000 rush. HOUSE FOR SALE 2-storey bouse and lot for sale, 8 rooms; house 2Sx2K ; electric light, water, stout.' buscmeut, good location for private boarding or lodging house, opposite Graiiby smelter, ut Grand Forks. B C..for*l.50O. Thos. Foulston, Pincher Station, Alta. Lethbridge Agents: Lethbridge Financial & Really Co. I'll stop your pain free. To show you first-licfore you spend a penny- what my Mnfc Pain Tablets can do. 1 will mail you free, a Trial Package ,of them-Dr. Shoop's Headache T�b-Pbe point that Interests u. Is that ,oU j^uraigia, Headache. Tooth-in seasons when grain has M he ir - ^ Porio)v Yalta our short season mak* It Un- W|, ,n ,ly COflxmt>P planted wharaver possible in such manner that' they "will not all Snoop, Bold by All Dealers. Tenders for Booth*. Tenders will bo received by the undersigned for the following l>ootii privileges at the Lethbridge and District Agricultural Fair nml Sports to be held on August 6th, 7lh and 8th. 1007. 1. Lunch counter and restaurant. ii. Ice cream, fruit and candles. 3. Liknikl refreshments. Tenders to 'be for the sole privilege for each booth and to be made separately for each booth. All tenders to lie in by six o'clock p.m. of August 1st. A. K. IIUMPIIWES. -Secretury of Lethbridge and District Agricultural Society , 25-1 A Sttai-imly Dt�� Salt, wiik �ll tilt ^ I�rifl4, >" v>ran* clotti. f0f $�* I OiIhii >i ISO .�j $S5. WANTED. A situation as bookkeeper or other position of trust by an experienced man possessing highest references. Address. F. J. D. Box 313, Citjt 18-25-1-8. TU SfcM �f Sucm. Q That the " Semi-ready" system of tailoring must ultimately prevail, just as the manufacture of the finest boots have vanquished the old custom-made boot, is the universal belief of the many who have watched the splendid growth of the idea. (] The one difficulty which Semi-ready tailoring had to surmount was that of conveying in words the exact meaning of the many innovations and improvements introduced under the one name, "Semi-ready." I] This difficulty was offset by the enthusiasm of all who bought Semi-ready garments and told their friends about the Physique Type System, based on height and weight measurements, and meeting every variation caused by environments or physical temperament. Semi-ready Tailoring k A. SOUTHARD, - Lethbridge ;