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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 1, 1907, Lethbridge, Alberta USE AND DUTY OF WATER by ininion Experimwvtal IL of live Letfl at the Irrig in ky subject is certainly broad eni A larger pivcipKation mains mi m to 8ive ample for this creased duty for short when one stops to cou skier that the United States DC Agriculture at Wushing iogetlwr with tlw Experiment stations of the Rocky Mountain state are spending hundtxd of thousands of dollars in carrying out investigations 7 along these If this subset is of sufficient im portance to call tlie expenditure of such vast sums of jnoney In the United States surely thetime is fast if it is not already L our government will have to give these problems pertaining to this subject serious As you are perhaps no work has besn done in Canada up to the present to determining the duty of water as used on the various farm Itis not theintention in present ing this paper to give a mass of in formation gleaned from results of investigation carried on in tha it rather to attempt to point out the of such work in our new irrigation districts on this side which are but just start ing to As the general principles of farm ine are applicable the world just so are the general principles of irrigaiion applicable wherever irri gat ion is local a TER t of live Dori Convention i means an or hot exceed hundred 4rid fifty icreBi Then taking the case of the individual the of the irrigation streain to which in entitled will be one cubic foot per WHh a flooding which is the one in vogue it is not practicable for farmer to irrigxue grain alfalfa with a straam of no greater volume than one the in ffood v the plants do not suffer from loss of vitality due to UryiiHf in spring the ground being still nwist the crops do not surter from the lack of miu and from the drying winds we aiv to have during ami the oarly partcf With alfulfa particular advantage derived from irrigating to IxJ if Hjfated at the but allow the water to made use cf thrc the by the use of full irrigation on winter v aiHl stubble These things help in utilising and making most out of the water t lie f a c t still reiua ins t hut o wi short season all the volume of ter will serve a larger area of land ilmn where the rainfall is 1 havebeen led to believe that due to this fact along with cer tain other conditions that ent duty ofwater for Alberta and Vjaskatclwwan was fixed as k which as most of you arc one second foot continuous for one hundred and fifty acres of At the time that the duty of water was thus there was no data at hand by which to be as so mtle irrigation was being practised at that time in the NTorthwest Ter since that development has taken place in is no data available along this particular Kven under the Al berta Hailway ami Com parvjfs ditch near Lethbridgvr whore there is more land actually being ir rigated than in locality in tlvc practically no attempt has as yet lxcn mnde to measure the to the individual Con it is readily seen that one is in a position to say the present duty of water for Al beitu is too low or too And it is certainly not my intention to vt press an opinion on this to from my six years gawrauy conditions such as and eXporience as a farmer on an irrigat ed in southern therx are certain conditions that I have the ng practical irriga tors that it re vires a stream of two or throe sec rxi feet with which to flood irrigat 1 with any less than in the fall after the last crop has is that it requires no watering uiiUl altertho first cutting is aa application of water during our cool spring weather often his amount the ordinary has a tendency to check rather than ticsof the surface of soil left roni obstruct tlw i tlie water an extent cether with the fact that quantity really applied to a to he land that the progress mado by Ive slowxhatJt does lot pay him his time watch ng or directing This difficulty s easily by his exchang ng water wkh his neighbor and thus say only one day in but should a fanners crop tie such that to get maximum results ho must irrigate them say be tween the lOUi of June and the last of he will have a careful irrigator if he can flood irrigate one hundred awl fifty acres ofland hi this length of second of water flow ing Of course it would be out of the question to irrigate his crop in the proper sea if it consisted entirely of We assume that the irrigation farm er will plant a diversity of crops and that alfalfa will be a leading but even with a range of this it is going to require careful plami to accelerate the growth ol al i Winter wheat iflay be irrigated to advantage the fall bad thusthe necessityofany spring or suuuiKr irrigation is gating stubble land will supply the ikecessury which is often and so make fall plowing as well us storing a large amount of moisture in the soil for the following years These things are mentioned to il lustratea few of ways by which the actual irrigation season may ba In regard to the use of arc many factors that may be Some of the causes for tlie waste of water that may bo mentioned poor prepara tion of the surface of tlie later als improperly located aad poorly carelessness of tbeoper and or allowing the to remain too long mis takes of this kind soon remedy them One feature m regard to the nttthI OUjfll Jtttc Aheat all the but ng to s of rapid growth at much the sank namely tlie laticr pait of June and during Satumlly plains use the greatest amount of nvoisturawhon they are growing it 5s but reasonable to suppose that they will nwfUire the most water at this time The wish to raise is whether tho duty o under our present system o second foot con tinuous flow from May io If would results ob tained by increasing the flow for the entue merely for a short tinia whorl most or by pos sibly making of small storage systems It is not alone from the standpoint of tlw farmer that it is important thatthese problemsshould be for the welfare of the ditch companies themselves as well us the eivtirc district is the prosiwrity of tho seems but reasonable to urge that the government take this matter up en somo careful investigations to de kinds of crops raised modify ns well as Wo arc in position to profit a great deal from original investiga lions which have and are being car ried on in tlie western ex pecially as conditions in the border ing as all points of higher altitude farther are in many ways similar to j with rare is our This means that we will j ordinary such as probably never have to duplicate all alfalfa and it is not usually the work that is being done j wise for us to irrigate until wcil on the other it will1 tie Thusthe waterduring May necessary for us to verify re and a part of June is of no observed which lead me to believ there will le problems in th use of water here that may have a direct effect on the I to the fact that the nominal irrigation season is froni May 1st to October but the irrigation sea not FO suits under our which are unique in various because we have unique condit as has every district ol considerable we have problems solve for Among the j uiar value to the of the growing season on be ing the period when the first for alfalfa should be giv is almost identical time when grain should be There several factors that go to make our of grasses which mA be two irrigated to advantage in One point i wish to bring out is that June July are the months when the major portion of the must be used with ordinary crops to get returns during the current The average size of the irrigated farms of Southern Alberta will prob ing to so arrange his crops thai they will come on in such a as to irrigating successively and notat the same i It is to the interests of con cerned that what water there is be made to serve the greatest possible area of every effort to increase the duty of water than to reduce it is is im portant that the irrigation farmer should view the subject from this What is to be feared is that without having carefully arran ged jiis farming operations aad ar rangement of crops so as to be able to make good use of irrigation wa ter for the entire from May oris of the irrigation fanner that will to econ omise and which will have a conditions there are stand out is our annual which is greater than is usually the case irrigation is and the other is short growing sea son which means a ifrigatnoo to will discover he can irrigate to advantage only a short possibly in June for and having too large an area to water in this length of time with the fiuantity he will have a large portion of his crops It has been found that irrigation can be practised withnuiol This is particularly so in th case of all kinds of for ing the of the hay meadows go greater effect so far as hisyields Hre is soinctlving that ho has sofar paid but Iktle attention 1 referto the scientific culture of the With an average rainfall of Southern sufficientinthe najority oi seasons to produce good crops of if the land is prop erly it can readily be seen that we good condition that s not common in districts and which has an important bearing on the duty of The one great advantage that the advocates of scientific soil culture for methods HUDSONS BAY COMPANY Special Bargains During Exhibition Week A list of high grade merchandise at little Prices that are within easy reach of You will save dollars by doing yonr shopping at the Quality Store diiring the Mefts Felt The balance of our stock of this seasons soft Felt in fawns and Regular and special Twilled yard Two yards fine and evenly soft free from reg ular 40c Special 30c Lawn Fine Lawn made in this seasons neatly trimmed with lace insertion and worth up to Special 95c Scotch 12 Fine washable in light and dark plaids and regular Flannelette pair Splendid flannelette full threeqnarter good in white and regular English 12 600 yards best quality Crums fine even guaranteed fast colon and will sold everywhere at Sole Agents for Butterick Patterns Hudsons Boy Co tornvine just how much water it will ivKjuiie to irrigate various when this should be done and the amount or volume ac complish At this tinw in the early devclop vciit of tho irrigation districts of while settlement is till there is slight chance hat any ofthe farmers will feel the cccssity of rigid economy in the use f for the ditches are ble to supply all ami more than all he settlers will for some ears to this as just the eason that now is thetime for the overnmont to begin lie farm at Lethbridgu preparing to make careful nieas ureiiicnts from all water used on lillcnent crops as well as carry on experiments with difTcratit am unts of irrigation on the sainccrops with no at is not data will Ix obtainel but it would be no more reasonable to he governed hy results obtAmcKl iluis to the use of tlie irrigation will be carried on under as conditions as it would ije practical to nuake than it woukl to uaa the yieltls ob tainetl from our sixtieth acre ns a crHeHoni to govern the that expect from a sixty hundred aero What should be lone is careful measurements made of the water usetl by different individual in scnworid districts hns been the con servation of From Lhit standpoint it has notparticularly the farmers on irrigrate As an actual fact the in creased fertility of the resulting frcrn scientific culture is of even greater importance than the mei Suf ficicnt emptiasis has not been give his pointy for one impress on quite prevalent among irrigaticn armors that it is not so necessar o be particular about cultivatio where irrigation That i bat irrigation will io a certain ent take the place of cultivfltion This idea has hannful cffec n a as an actual fact he reverse is more apt to be this mistaken idagt corrected in and learns to cultivate tviith an eye to incrosis ng he of le conserving which will in turn make irrigation i Although there seems little doubt but that grain farming can be car ried on successfully in this end of the without irrigation still oragc cropsare not so Just as alfalfa has over fifty per cent of the crop in the irrigaited regions to the south of so it wilU in time Prophesying is an uncertain busi ness ut but knowing that al thrive as it been dem onstrated that it will under our con are fairly safe in ing that it is destinod to Ixi the lead ing crop on our irrigated Grain will always grown to certiwn extiht andis bound to he on anumportant crop for some years to as the 1 awl must umlef ru Vr what my Pwk can thorough cultivation i befona alfalfa i n p will mail you Trial Package can be successiiilly of Shoop s Headache Tsib The point that interests is Tooth Period are due to 1loofl Shoops Tablets simply till inin by cooxing away thc un ftirnrujjs unlor varying conditions of us well as slope or lay of the at points in he mostimportant these must be continued for a number of to reliable information must have he averafre results a of if tlvc duty of wa cr is too grci the sooner fact the If the duty is correct ami we must merely change our methods to be to Ket maximum this fatt can e learned none too As I have I do not process to a position to express an opinion as to whether the duty of water should be changed but I say Ynost emphatically that we are fully locking in data along these lines and informntion is gathered the we be in n position to avoid much misunder standing possibly material loss when the coiocs for the water to be corefully inoflsurccl out to each Ill stop your pain To show you you spend a in seasons when grain be ir water about the same al falfa our short season it im perative that we tecp the soil for it should become for any extended s we will notget tho nuritlier of In long summer days which compos ed of so hours of laylight atxl plant growth is it is due in great measure this fact crops nmture in Sorter season than will the same crops far ther I refer partciiViry to It follows if a crop is developing in a shorterleTigth of then the period im its life when irrigfcted to blood That is Address Sold by All TOILET SOAP Tljy diVere1 is more often iluiiv you to ihediilereiice in prove it jiisl to Witch HazelToilet and Ixfare om cake is used clearer tone and 2 more velvety The pure vegelablb from lliis cleanse open up live in absorb the witch and the skin benefits Ionic proper lies of this inurvellous skin Ivory colorini MADE ONLY E7 TEIE ROYAL Limited Good Business for Sale business iu British no men employed in and Dry Goods LoU and delivery team all for HOUSE FOR SALE 2storey house and lot for 8 rooms house 28x58 elec tric light stone good location for boarding or lodging Gratiby at Grand Thos Pmcher Lethbridge Agents Lethbridge Financial Realty tage is in conjuifcction with that all varieties of crops ing nvost rapidly at the con Ike tnct fV grow time it the of water for the son might be certiiR per iods in the and not contitixi What T havebeen iryinf up lo hy Uwscf somewhat rainWinfc re marks is this oving to various caus es including a fairly goodv rainfall tho duty of has been placed rather A Mgfc un der the present system ol 4tlivery monns a sinmH amount at MV To this smell velum crop3 wfcereyer poyibte in such they not all Tenders will be rcccivrf ly the un for the following lKKUi privileges at the and Dis trictAgricultural Fair and Sports to le held on Anpist 7th and Lunoh counter and Ice fruit and Liffuid Tenders to be for the sole privilege for each booth ami to be made sep rately for each AH lenders to be in by six oclock of Augxist Secretary of ami pistrict AgricuHtiral Society wrtli M m far A situationasbookkeeper or other position of trust by experienced man possessing highest Box J 4 That ihe Semiready system of tailoring must ultimately just as the manufacture of the finest boots Have vanquished the old custommade is the universal of trie many who have watched trie splendid growth of the The one difficulty which Semiready tailoring had to was that ot coaveyJng in words the exact meaning of the many innovations and improvements introduced under the one v Q was offset by the enthusiasm of all who boughtSemiready and told their friends about the Physique Type based on height and weight and meeting every variation caused by tnvironments or physical Semiready Lethbridge ;