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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 1, 1907, Lethbridge, Alberta u O&E AND DUTY OF WATER A paper t'vco by Prof. W. H. FairJield, Superinteiidtnt of ttte Do-MfttoU Experimental Farm, Ijetta bridge, at the Irrigntion Convention in Calgary. ; ky subject is certainly broad on-buRh to ffivo ample luaterial, for thi^ ohort paper, when one stops to consider that the United States De -: partmcnt at Agriculture at Washing -ton, together wWh the Experiment stations ot the Rocky Mountain stats are spending hundred of thousands of dollars in carrylint^ out investigi�tion9 along these lines. If this sutejeot is ol sufficient im -portanoe to call for/ the expenditure oi such vast suoaM of money In the United States surely the time is fast approaching, it it is not already here, when our government will hnvo to give these problems pertaining to this subject serious consideration. As you arc perhaps aware, nowork has bem done in Canada up to the present tima,' rclativo.to pmcnt has taken place in Alberta, there is ttill no data available along this particular line. Even under the Alberta Hallway and Irrigation Cooi-lion>''s ditch near Lethhridge, where there is more land actually being irrigated than in any other locality in the province, practically no Btten�|>t has as j-wt iljeen tnade to measure the water, to the individual farmer. Consequent ly, it is readily seen that no one is in a position to say whether the presient diHy of water for Al -lierta is too low or too high. And, it is certainly not niy intention to press an opinion on thi.s point, to-Tlay. However, from my six years' e.xperience as a farmer on an irrigat-' ed farm in southern Alberta, there are certain conditions that I have ob.scrved which lead me to believe that there will be problems in the use of water here that may ha,ve a direct effect on the duty. I refer to the fact that the nominal irrigation , season is from May 1st to October I 1st, but the actual, irrigation sea-I ^on, with rare exceptions, is not so I long. With ottlinary crops, such as alfalfa and grain, it is not usually wise tor us to irrigate until well in June. Thus the water during May and a part of .June is of no partic  ular value to the farmer, while, on account, of the growing season be-ing short, the periotl when the first irrigation for alfalfa should be given, is almost identical with the time when grain should be irrigated. There ai-e, of course, grasses which may be irrigated to advantage in May, but .the point I wish to bring out is that June and July are the months when the major portion of the water must be used with ordinary crops to get i>e^tums during the current season. The average siz^ of the irrigated farms of Soutliem Alberta will prob- abl.t' hoi exceed One hu^red .aiM fifty kctcB, Then taking ttte case of the individual farmer, the size o( the irrigation stream to which he in on-titled will be one cubic toot per second. With tt flooding system, which is the one in %ogiie here. It-is not practicable for n farmer to irrigate grain or alfalfa with a stream uf no greater voluino than one .second foot. It is gencrall.v admrtled among practical irrigators'that it re-iires a stream of two or ttaree second feet with which to flood irrigat-oil land. For, �with any less than this amount the ordinary irregularities' of the surface of the soil left lyrom plowiing, etc., obstruct the (low of the water to such an extent together with the fact that sMch a small quantity is really applied to t1:e land that the |)rogri;ss made by tlie irrigator is so slow that it does not pny him to spend his time watch ing or directing it. This difficulty is easily overcome, by his cxchang -ing Water with his nciglibor and thus irrigating, say only one day in three, but should a farmer's crop be such thait to get maximuni results ho must irrigate them all, say between the 10th of June and the la.tt of July, lie will have to lje a very coreful irrigator indeed, if he can flocd irrigate one hundred and fifty acres of lend in this Iengequii� to irrigaite various crops, when this should be done and the amount or volume necessary to accomplish it. At this time in the early development of the irrigation districts of .the province, while sottlemient is still scattered, there is slight chance that any ot the farmers will feel the necessity of rigid economy in tlio use of Water, for the ditches are amply able Xo supply all and more than all the settlers will require, tor some years to convo. Hut, this lia just the reason that now is the tima for the .eovomnKjnt to begin investigation. The experimental farm at Lethhridge is preparing to make careful mens -urcinents from all water used on th� dillcrent crops as well ks carry on Varied experiments with difleremt amounts ot irrigation on the samecrap.s' together, with np irrigation at all. This, however, is not sufficient. Much valuable data will bo otrtaine^l but it would L-e no more reasonable to he governed by results obtained thus in r.^rd to the use of Water, whore tiie irrigat^ion will be carrieil on under as ioeni conditions as it would J)e practical to make them, than it would to use the .yields obtained from our sixtieth acre plots, OS tt criterion to govern the yields that a fanrj�r might expect from a sixty hundred acre field. What should be done is to have caroful mrasuremetits maide ot the water used by diiTerent individuaf farmci-s under var.ving conditions of soil, crops, OS well as slope or lay of the land, at different points in the province. And, most important of all, thc.se mu.st be continued for a number of seasons. For, to obtain rcliiiblu information we must have the averaiw results for a number of years. Therefore, if tho duty of water is too great, the sooner tho fact is demonstratied, the better. If the duty is correct and we must merel.v change our methods to be able to get nvaximum results, this fact can lie learned none too soon. As I have said before, 1 do not profess to be in a position to express an opinion as to whether the duty of water should bo changed but I will say tao�t emphatically that we are wo-tuiiy lacking in data olong thc.se lines and the sooner information is gathered the sooner will we be in ti position to avoid much misunder - | standing and possibly material loss when the time consas tor the water to be carefully measured out to c.tcIi farmer. is due, more often tlinivyoii would imagine, to the difiert'.nce in soaps. To prove it, just chance (o Wiicli Hazel Toilet Sonp, oiid hcfore oik; cnice is used you'll notice an iiiiprovtrCet th? tisuai nui^r of Jjuttlnga^f In our, iottg'sumnwr diaya which are compos od of so many hours of ilayHght aiMl sunshine, plant growth ia rapid, and it is due in great meaaura to this tact thati, eropa nwtune in Shorter M&son thimJwill-tlM^coPf '�>* ther south. (I refer particularly to grain). It follows then. that. It a crop is developing in � ahorterlength of time, then the period ia Ha life tage is relatively ahorter. TMa considered in conjunction with tke fact that all variettea of eropa ant growing moat rapMly at. the aame time makes it evMmt tliat tha nejoriwrt "f the iirrtgitWa watar fdf.ilw son mJgfat be'jwiutrad at earMB per^ iods in the mimitn and not conthni* ously. ' What I haWrbcen tryii�:j.te�>Nid upi^ to by these''aomewhat ramMlflg remarks ia this: owing to varioua causes including a fairly good rainfall the duty -p* '. watar, hantf'haa placed raither'higfa. A Mgb .tfaty under the present syslem ol Salivary means a smiall anount at ami time. To utiliM thin amall voluaa eropa vij^flt^^ pteaM wiiamviar pofMbtoia iiucb niattnar that ttoay fflll not all Address Dr. Shoop, Racine, Wis. {Bold by All Dealers. Teadart for Bootka. Tenders will be received by the un-deralgned for the following bootli prlvU�ge8 at the lethbridge and District Agricultural Fair and Sports to be held on Augtist 0th, 7th and 8th, 1907. 1. Lunoh counter and restaurant. � 2. Ice cream, fruit and candles. 3. refreshments, lenders to be for the aole privilege for each booth anrcl to be made separately for each'booth. All 'tendera to be in by aix o'clock p.in. of August lat. A. B. HUMPBRIES. fikM;i�tary of I.�tfabrlf]ge and District AgrlcuHural Society 35-^1 WANTKD. A situation aa bookkeeper or other poaition of trust by an experienced man possMsing highest references. Address. F. J. D. Box ai3, Citit; '.. >i-9S-l-8. Good Business For Sale .Good btisiiiess in British Colutnbin, no opposition, lAO men employed in town - Groceries and Dry Goods store, Lots and store bouse, delivery team and wagon, all for 17,000 cabh. HOUSE FOR SALE 2-8torey house and lot for sale, 8 rooms; house 28x28 ; electric light, water, stoue basement, good location for private boardinK or lodging house, opposite Granby smeltiT, at Grand Porks, B C. for $1,500, Thos, Foulston, Pmcher Station, Aha. Lethhridge Agents: Lethhridge Financial & Realty Co. A Wntfy DtMt Suit, inik til Ok Itcnl, �� tu vicuiM clalb. fat t2S> , OtWlt >l tSO inj tss. iTk SigM (f SaiMi,  ^ That the " Semi-ready" tyatem o( tailoring must ultimately prevail, just as the manufacture of the finest boots have vanquished the old custom-made boot, is the universal belief of the many who have watched the splendid growth of the idea. Q The one difficulty which Semi-ready tailoring had to surmount was that of conveying in words the exact meaning of the many, innovations and improvements introduced under the one same, "Semj-ready." . Q This, difficulty was offset by the enthusiasm of all who bought Semi-ready garments and told thei'r friends abbut the Physique Type System, based on height and weight measurements, and meeting every variation caused by tavironments or physical temperament. Semi-ready Tailoring^^ A. SOUTHARD, - Lethbridge �-_____lJLI 83 ;