Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 30, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
TuMday, April 30, 1174 THE LlTHiBIDOi HERALD 9 The monarchy in the British Isles An Irish monarch and an English republic side by side; it sounds nonsense, but it is not! These ideas, however, would make an Irish nationalist turn over in his grave, and would cause a British monarchist to blow apart at the seams. Yet, even today, it is possible legally to put an Irishman on the throne of Ireland, and strangely, many people do not know that the present British monarch is not English, or that the throne of England has been in the hands of foreigners for centuries. There are no less than three men who hold direct, legal and hereditary claims to the kingship of Ireland. The last reigning king of Ireland was an O'Connor who lost his crown in the 12th century when the Anglo-Normans invaded the land. Ireland at that time had four kings, one for each province, and a high king who ruled from Tara and was generally elected. It was a federation of monarchs. The present head of the O'Connor clan still lives. He is a Jesuit priest named Charles Denis Mary Joseph Anthony O'Connor; born nearly 70 years ago, he teaches at the great Jesuit school of Clongowes, near Dublin. This man is the last of his line, and is not interested in an earthly crown. Perhaps, the strongest claim comes from the Right Honorable Lord Inchiquin, 17th Baron, Sir Phaedrig Lucius Ambrose O'Brien. His claim is even older than the O'Connor one. Sir Phaedrig is a direct descendent of the famous high king, Brian Boru who drove the Vikings from 1974 by NEA, Inc and ANOTHER reason I am better than you are is I have feminine intuition and you don't..." By Louis Burke, local writer Ireland in the llth century. The present man, born in 1900, was educated at Eton, Magdalen College, Oxford and Imperial College, London, and has performed all kinds of heroics for the British monarch. This branch of the O'Brien 'family became Protestant about 150 years ago. It was a temporary devise to save their lands during the Penal times, but the family is still Protestant today. That, however, did not stop the family from giving a hero to the national cause under the name of William Smith O'Brien of the last century. The O'Neills of Ulster also have a rightful claim to any Irish throne, and one that goes far back into the sixth century. There are, however, two O'Neills Jorge, The O'Neill of Clanaboy, who is a Portuguese nobleman and the present Lord O'Neill who lives at Shane in County Antrim. He was born in 1933, educated at Eton and elsewhere, and has three sons; Shane, Tyrone and Rory, all famous O'Neill names in Irish history. Possibly the saddest monarchy ever to exist in the British Isles is the Throne of England. The last truly English king was Henry VIII, and he died in the 16th century; 400 years ago. He was a Tudor and his daughter Elizabeth I reigned after him till the early 17th century, nearly 300 years ago. Then, in MacBeth fashion followed a whole line of non-English monarchs right down to the present day, and beyond! Firstly, the Scots, with their James and their Charles, fought it out with the Dutchman, William of Orange. William is holy to those Unionists of Ulster in Ireland who would defend the British monarchy. He was a Dutchman! Then, along came a string of Georges from Germany to rule England. The German monarchs never left and with each new monarch injected more and more German blood. This is not necessarily bad, of course. The whole affair is just a little absurd. Queen Victoria, who reigned through most of the last century married a German prince, Albert. The present queen, Elizabeth II, also married a German prince, Phillip. This is all very hard for an Irish nationalist to absorb. Before the Second World War, the family name of the present monarch of England was Saxe-Coburg: an ancient duchy in Germany. During the war, it was changed by act of Parliament to Windsor. At the same time, the immediate relatives were obliged to change their names from Battenberg to Mountbatten; the "berg" and the "mount" meaning the same. So, the present rulers of Britain are not English, but very much German. This really gives an Irish, Scots or Welsh nationalist a nightmare. This throws light on the attitude of one of our venerable Canadian politicians, John Diefenbaker. He being of good German Canadian descent would have more reason than most to preserve the "monarchy" in Canada. After all this, would it be reasonable to conclude that monarchy everywhere today is quite ridiculous? (Last in a series) Book reviews The necessary truce "Winespring Mountain" by Charlton Ogburn, (George McLeod, Limited, 252 pages, Set in the coalfields of West Virginia, Winespring Mountain, focuses upon the ravaging of the countryside by strip-miners. Wick Carter is a young man who wants to protect the beauty and wildlife of the natural world against the vested interests of coal mining companies and miners who see conservation as a road to unemployment. He is helped by local people and a blind girl, Letty, with whom he develops an endearing friendship. Charlton Ogburn writes with insight and concern about the problems of conservation and industrial needs. His characters are not cardboard figures but come alive as real people; miners and farmers who work hard and often dangerously for their money; human beings who worry about unemployment, sickness, and poverty. As the confrontation develops we see that it is not a clear-cut battle between conservationists and greedy industrialists. Sometimes profits and people have to share an uneasy truce. There's some excellent descriptive writing. Wick drives an enormous front-end loader to battle with a bulldozer; he has a vicious fist fight with his implacable enemy; the author takes every opportunity to enthuse about the beauty, wonder, and gifts of mother nature. We're also treated to an account of a religious ceremony in which a person's faith is tested by his willingness to pick up a live rattlesnake. This is more than a very good story. It's a plea for all of us to reconsider how we are using the land on which we live. TERRY MORRIS Contemporary voyageur "The Lonely Land" by Sigurd F. Olson (McClelland 4 Days Only-Wed, thru Sat., May 1 to 4 SINGLE-SPEED RIDING MOWER 369 Designed to save you time and energy... priced to save you money! Heavy-duty "Briggs Stratton" engine equipped with forward, neutral, reverse gears. Wide 25" cutting area, with action-guard safety feature. Semi-pneumatic tires are easy on your lawns. 8-H.P. MULTI-SPEED RIDING MOWER Pick the speed thai does the job i Features in 8-h.p. Briggs Stnllon" engine with auto- motive-type differential and multi-speed forward and reverse gears 34 twin-blade cutting width. Hi-flotation tires for easy manoeu- vrability. S599 Self-Propelled 3.5-H.P. 22" GAS-POWERED MOWER Heavy-duty "Briggs Stratton engine with easy-access, handle-mounted throttle and drive. Extra-large 22" cutting width covers big jobs in little lime! 5-position cutting height adjustment. Zellers County Fair Located In Zallara Shopping Contra on Mayor Magrath Driva. Opan Dally a.m. to 6 p.m. Thursday and Friday a.m. to 9 p.m. Talaphona 328-3171 and Stewart Limited, 273 Sigurd F. Olson, perhaps America's most famous living woodsman and a former president of the National Parks Association describes his 500-mile trip down Canada's angry, tossing Churchill River with an excitement that captivates the reader. Braving the rapids, crossing the lakes and portaging the same land areas as the voyageurs of old, he shares their awe and wonder at the land's grandeur and its challenge in an area a thousand miles northwest of Lake Superior with its great free rivers, forested valleys and craggy ridges. He describes the voyageurs as a breed apart who traveled with joyful abandon, who saddled their great canoes and packed enormous loads, facing storms, wild uncharged rivers, hostile Indians and ruthless rivals with courage possibly never equalled in man's conquest and exploration of any new country. Following the voyageurs' route were Dr. Anthony J. Lovink, former Dutch ambassador to Canada; Major General Elliot Rodger of the Canadian army; Eric Morse, executive director, of the Associated Clubs of Canada; Dr. Osmond Solandt, chairman of the Defence Research Board of Canada and Denis Coolican, president of the Canadian Bank Note Company Ltd. with writer Sigurd Olson designated bourgeois. They canoed from northwestern Saskatchewan's historic old post a He a la Crosse, close to the headwaters of the Churchill, along the 500 mile route across the top of the province southeast to Flin Flon, considered a major highway from the Mackenzie in the early trading days. It was the way the Athabasca brigades had come on their way to meet traders from Montreal. Nowhere in the Northwest was there a route that had seen more of the life of that era. Every portage, every campsite, every mile of that great waterway was seeped in the annals of trade and exploration. Here, in The Lonely Land, the reader captures the romance and feel of the old days while following the experiences of the modern-day adventurers. CHRIS STEWART The gravy train to high prices By Jim Fishbourne, former Herald staff writer EDMONTON It has taken a while, but finally the economy has been so ordered that anyone in the business of selling can board the gravy train to higher prices whenever he thinks the market will stand it. And no matter how high prices go, the one who raises them (and pockets the profit) can no longer be held responsible. All the blame is on the system. The first and vital step was to establish that prices must inevitably rise when there's a shortage. That's been done. It takes a bit of faith to believe that every bag of sugar, ball of wool, chunk of coal or gallon of oil grows in value just sitting on a shelf or lying in the ground, but evidently that kind of faith exists. Then came to "mitigate the effects of price fluctuation on producer and consumer alike." Sounds fine. Works fine, too. It lets prices rise when there's a shortage, keeps them from falling when there's not. The next development was the 'world- price' concept. This is splendidly global, maybe even ecumenical. It recognizes our belonging to one world, by providing that if a shortage causes higher prices anywhere in the world, the price of that commodity must automatically rise everywhere else in the world. The next step was a real break-through. It established that price rises don't have to await an actual shortage, but can be instituted even for a possible or anticipated shortage. It took a while to sell that one, but it was done, and now the consumers are used to it. Finally came the ultimate development, the last link in the chain, so to speak. Several industries, including dairying, ranching, oil production, communications and power generating, now say they must raise prices, not because there is a shortage, real or anticipated, here or anywhere else, but because if they don't put prices up a shortage of some sort may occur some time in the future. And the cumulative effect of all this? It is that prices rise when there is a shortage, when there isn't a shortage, when a shortage is anticipated, or when it is not. Then they rise some more, just in case a shortage might have been going to occur. And who's responsible? Nobody; just the good old economic system. What's in a name? By Professor Ernest Mardon Possibly the most significant gift, besides life itself, a parent can bestow on a child is his or her name. In most cases it will be carried by the individual to grave and will live afterwards on the tombstone. A name may have a profound effect on the way a child develops. For example, school teachers may be more inclined to think a student named Oswald is duller than one who is called Tom, Dick or Harry. The majority of names now used come from five sources: the Hebrew, the Greek, the Latin, the Celtic and the Teutonic. In earlier times Christians were forbidden to use names of heathen gods and encouraged to name their children after saints and martyrs, Hebrew names often relate to deity. both Christian and pagan; Greek and Latin names are apt to refer to abstract qualities and personal characteristics, while Teutonic names tend to emphasize warlike terms and qualities. Not one person in a hundred in the English- speaking world bears a name that does not originate from one of these sources. The most popular boy's names of Hebraic origin include John, "God's gracious James, "the Michael, Thomas, "the and David, "beloved." The corresponding list of Hebraic names for girls includes such names as Mary, Anne, "full of Elizabeth, "oath of Sarah, and Susan, "a lily." There are many majestic names of Greek and Roman origin. Several of them became popular during the Renaissance when there was an awakened interest in things classical. George, of course, had been a common Christian name since the 13th century when he became the patron saint of England. Other Greek names that are popular include Alexander, "protector of Andrew, Nicholas, "victory of the Barbara, Catherine, Irene, Helen, Margaret, and Sophia, "wisdom." The most frequently chosen Latin names are for girls. They include Dianne. "goddess of the and Lucy, "light." Names of Teutonic origin are possibly the most popular of the five languages. Most of them are dithematic, which means simply that they consist of two elements linked together, with nothing to show any grammatical relation between them. Roger, for example, literally means "fame, William, "helmet, Robert, "of bright, shining Edward, "prosperous guardian." An examination of the first names of the University of Lethbridge students currently registered reveals the most popular boys' are John Robert William Richard James (25) and David The most popular girls' names are Mary (also Marilyn, Jean Catherine Barbara and Patricia Baptismal records of St. Patrick's Church in Lethbridge reveal that the most popular names for boys during the past decade were Robert John Mark Michael followed by Joseph, Richard, James, Peter and David. The most popular girls' names were Mary Sherri Laura Carol (11) followed by Anne, Michelle, Katherine, Susan, Rachel. Deborah and Helen. One-third of all the infants baptized in this church took one of these 20 names. Certain names appear to be on the decline in southern Alberta such as Albert, Alfred, Henry and Charles. There is also a small group of boys' names which are contemptuously referred to as "sissy." The reason for this is not easy to discover. Included in such a list would be names such as Algernon, "with Cecil, Cedric, Horace, Marmaduke, and Percy, "valley-piercer." Learning from children By Chris Stewart, Herald staff writer "We're announced the youngster sitting next to me in the car when I asked him how his pal was. "Enemies? "I queried. "For what "For no he answered, "just that we're enemies." "There must be a I insisted eyeing him kindly. My passenger began to squirm and scratch his head. "Gee, I can't remember now, honest. Let me think why are we enemies? Aw, I can't remember. All I know is that we're real enemies. We don't speak to each other even." "Did you I continued. he replied, "but I don't remember what for. Wait a minute, let me think. Gosh, isn't that funny, I can't remember what we are mad about." I laughed, "maybe it's about time you were friends again." "Oh, he insisted, "we're real enemies." As I drove on I wondered aloud what had initiated the dispute. "Were you unwilling to share a I asked. "Was one of you greedy when something was being shared or were you mean to one "Oh, no, nothing like he went on, still puzzling over what had caused the rift. As we neared our destination I dropped the subject but kept wondering how a dispute could smoulder with the cause already forgotten. Next day I reflected on my conversation with my young friend a very real quarrel, to be sure, but what about? Nobody seemed to know. All the youngster knew was that lines had been drawn and war declared. I mused but nevertheless real. They were enemies real enemies and they knew it, regardless of the reasons. "What about adult I asked myself, "could grown-ups be so childish? Are they capable of feuding over long-forgotten incidents, of nursing grudges, of being icy and silent over incidents so trivial they would And difficulty in recounting them? If you questioned their antagonism would you only get a shrug'" Adults unfortunately don't forget as easily as children personal hurts, at least. They tend to be unbending, fixed in their opinions and experts in nursing grudges not like my little friend who astonished me the very next day by bursting in, smiling broadly, to announce the arrival of a mutual friend. And there beside him laughingly sharing the announcement was the other boy the enemy who obviously had changed to a friend overnight because children have the wonderful capacity of forgetting hurts. All it had required to patch the quarrel was an opportunity to share a happy experience. The quarrel had mended itself. The two "enemies" looked at me sheepishly as I handed them a doughnut while the third youngster (unaware of the feud) responded with chuckles at the renewing of a long friendship. We all stood there laughing. "Enemies? Quarreling? Who could believe it while the three happy boys strolled Fussy, fussy By Doug Walker One of the compensations in beihg the cook is that you can prepare what you especially like. And I especially like chicken stew with dumplings. So when Elspeth was away to one of her meetings not long ago I fixed a savory pot of stew. It had been quite a while since I last prepared my specialty and I thought the boys, with their now insatiable appetites, might have got over their reluctance about chicken stew. However, they approached it as if it might blow up in their faces and fished in it as gingerly as if they expected to retrieve a mouse. The next time I get the urge to serve up a stew I'm going to invite Marj Townsend over to share it with Judi and me. Bill and the boys can go off to a hamburger stand.