Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 30, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
April 30, 1974 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 19 8 I I I Soybean farmers gear for higher prices One of an intermittent series on Eastern Canada agriculture. By DOUG SMALL OLDCASTLE, Ont. (CP) Near the back of the Oldcastle Co-op is a blackboard listing "last-minute Ontario grain prices." It gives the going rate for wheat, oats, corn and soybeans, the latter two being the mainstays of the cash- crop farm industry around this community on the southwestern tip of Ontario. Neither commodity had a price listed on a particular spring day, and Phil Sternbauer indicated with a shake of his head that things were not as they should be. He summed it up in a word: "Depressed." Soybeans had dropped in price to the point that the co-op hadn't bothered listing the rate. Corn prices, too, had slipped. Mr. Sternbauer was well aware of this. He had been calling commodity brokers throughout the day from the telephone in his pickup truck. Beans were a bushel and, while that would have been high by standards two or three years ago, it was considerably below the return of last summer and the price the week before. Spread deceptive Similarly, the price of corn, at a bushel, was well above the it commanded two years ago. But it was far short of the ?3.28 peak reached last fall. It costs Mr. Sternbauer about to grow a bushel of soybeans and about for a bushel of corn. But the spread between production costs and selling price is deceptive. When bean and corn prices shot up last year in response to soaring world demand for protein and animal feed, so did the cost of machinery, fuel and land. "It was a real chain Mr. Sternbauer said. "Now everyone's geared to a high price." Farmers have the option of selling cash crops under contract to large processing firms or on the open market. Wheat is sold through the Ontario Winter Wheat Marketing Board. Most hedge their bets by doing a little of both. Under contract, Mr. Sternbauer must sell any corn at a set price of about a bushel. Seed is delivered by the processor when he wants it planted and the total crop goes to him when it is harvested. Close watch Market selling, on the other hand, requires constant attention, luck and the nerves of a gambler. Farmers deliver to the co-op which charges 16 cents a bushel to clean and handle beans and an additional monthly charge for storage. Within eight months, max- imum storage time for beans, they must sell to the oil and meal processors, who also buy from the rich farmlands in the north central United States. As with any commodity, margin selling and a full range of trading practices come into play. "It's got to the point that you have to work harder in your head than you do Mr. Sternbauer said. In his splattered rubber boots, farm clothes and green peaked cap, he looked anything but a well-to-do market specialist. But at 39, he has built a one-acre farm begun by his father into a thriving enterprise run with worth of machinery. "Machinery makes the dif- he said. "You have to keep growing." He has a major stake in the annual 15-million-bushel soybean and 100- million-bushel corn industries. The two represent revenue of about million a year for Ontario farmers. Yet, he added with a grin, he would be better off to sell everything. "I could live well on the in- terest." Canadian Genetics ueth.) Ltd. Specialists in custom collection and distribution. Semen avail- able from any bull of any breed. Full line of A.I. equipment at prices everyone can afford. SIMMENTAL DONALD Donald-SBL 70A A.S.A. no. 10144 C.S.A. no. 236 Born: Dec. 4, 1969, Weight, May 7, 1973 2490 Distributors for Y-TEX Supersemen Sales hand- ling all Y-TEX BULLS in- cluding ALL SIMMENTALS owned by S.B.L. in Cardston. BOX 1103 Lethbridge, Alberta Phone 329-3212 Mile South of McNally School Stoned minipigs aid drug research OTTAWA (CP) Have you seen a stoned minipig lately? You may if you visit Tunney's Pasture, a section of Ottawa where pigs are kept by the health protection branch of the federal food and drug directorate, which has offices and laboratories there. A minipig is a species of swine that weighs only about 200 pounds when full grown. During the last year minipigs have been used to investigate the role of stress in marijuana and alcohol consumption. Psychology Professor Peter Pried of Carleton University, who has conducting the experiment, said he found the minipig to be one of the few animals that will voluntarily ingest alcohol and marijuana at human dose levels. The animals will be given injections of heroin and methadone in a new experiment to study the correlation between heroin, methadone and alcohol. Methadone therapy has been used in many parts of North America since the late 1960s to combat heroin addiction. Recent evidence suggests that when heroin addicts replace that drug with methadone, a significant number become alcoholics. Prof. Fried has designed an 18-month experiment to study this problem. He has grants to support his research from the Atkinson Charitable Foundation and the national health department. The cause of alcohol abuse is not clear, said Prof. Fried. It may result from one of three reasons: The substitution of a heroin "high" with an alcohol the introduction of methadone causing some sort of physiological change, or an interaction of 'these two factors. Prof. Fried intends to study, under controlled conditions, the role of each of these alternatives and determine the role that stress .plays in the problem. The pigs will be treated for several weeks with either heroin or methadone alone or heroin followed by methadone. One hour after receiving the appropriate amount, the animals will be placed in a large pen with several feeding troughs. The troughs will be filled with such food as oats, bran or orange juice. One trough will contain a mixture of alcohol and orange juice. The quantity of the various substances taken by the minipigs will be measured each day several hours after they receive the drugs. Changes in preferences will be analysed, particularly with respect to alcohol consumption. Half the animals i? the study will be subjected to periodic stress during the time spent in the pen. Stress will be induced by playing a tape recording of the stress cries of the piglets. Research has shown this is an effective way of inducing temporary stress. HAVE 30 YEARS OP EXPERIENCE Look into water storage reservoirs and drainage problems. Dragline boom lengths up to 80 ft. for the long reach. Bucket sizes: yard to 1Vz yard, heavy duty back hoe: (owner Contact: MALCHOW THE EXCAVATOR LTD. 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