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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 30, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 18 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tutsday, April 30, 1974 Rural laborers 'most exploited' GENEVA (Reuter) Agricultural workers have been left behind in the struggle for a higher standard of living and must unite more effectively to win better conditions, says the International Labor Organization More than two-thirds of the world's population lives in'rural areas. Yet farmers and agricultural laborers have been the most exploited and neglected group in most of the developing countries. The inequality between rural and urban areas is "widening, says an ILO report to be placed before the international labor conference here in June. It says strong, independent and representative unions and other organizations are needed to improve the lives of rural workers. Agricultural wage- earners, although often covered by labor laws, did not always enjoy their benefits. Many were seasor-ii workers, without pfiid annual holidays, puci'si security or security of employment. LACK FACILITIES Wages in the country were usually lower than in towns. Rural workers were ill-housed, poorly nourished and lacked medical facilities. Lack of banks and other public credit facilities also made them dependent on local money-lenders at high interest rates, leaving them chronically indebted. Although workers in some European countries such as Belgium, Holland and Britain had achieved security and protection for their living and working conditions, the situation of' tenants and sharecroppers was precarious in Latin America, Asia, southern Europe and the Middle East. Make friends with your world on a John Deere Bicycle New John Deere Bicycles for the whole family are at our store now. Sporty 10-Speeds. Sparkling white 5-Speeds. 3-Speeds in famous John Deere green. And popular 20-inch high-rise models for boys and girls. Your world gets instantly happier when you ride a bicycle. Stop in our store today for a close look. MCKAY BROS. Farm Implements Ltd, 3214 5th N., Lethbridge Phone 327-5512 or 327-2043 In the developing countries, plantation workers were the best organized, the report said The semi-industrial setting in which they worked, with a common employer, facilitated the formation of unions. In Europe there has been a considerable expansion of the trade union movement and these had also developed in North Africa. FEW UNIONS But in Asia and the Far East organizations for agriculture were few and weak and in Latin America only a few unions existed outside the plantations. Governments in Asia were increasingly aware of the necessity for rural workers' organizations to defend the interests of landless workers. Some countries also had developed peasants' and farmers' organizations to promote the interests of self-employed workers, including tenants, share- croppers and small own- ers. The isolation and illiteracy of rural workers, dispersed on numerous farms, was one of the main obstacles to their effective organization, the report said. On the basis of suggestions from 62 countries, the report suggested proposals for strengthening rural organizations. These included: 1. Adoption of national policies to promote rural workers organizations. 2. Observance of the principles of the right of association and collective bargaining. 3. Measures to ensure consultation with rural workers' organizations on working and living conditions. 4. Improvement of education. 5. Ways of providing financial aid to rural workers' organizations without affecting their independence. Chicken meals drop OTTAWA (CP) Aver- age consumption by Cana- dians of poultry and eggs declined during 1973, Statistics Canada reported this week. The agency said per capita consumption of eggs during 1973 was 19.4 dozen compared with 20.5 dozen during 1972. Each Canadian on average ate 42.3 pounds of poultry meat last year compared with 45.5 pounds the previous year. Good crop coming? Fruit farmers in Ontario's Niagara fruit belt are hoping this year's har- vest will be a good one, to make up for light crops in the last two years. How- ever, although below-average crops are serious enough, one of the great- est pressures facing farmers in the area is the growing price of land. II for all Your IRRIGATION NEEDS Propane Tanks and Trailers Complete Service on Carburetion Equipment Good stock of all Carburetion [equipment and parts Dynamometer test your motor for maximum horse-power Be sure of a trouble-free season by having your equipment checked now! BOOK NOW CALL BOB JACKLIN or RON WOLFE AT SUPERIOR PROPANE 3307 5th Avenue North, Lethbridge Phone 328-3336 ;