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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 30, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 24 THE LETHBRIDGc HERALU Monday, April jw, 19, The Watergate scandal: the chronological history WASHINGTON (AP) In more than 10 months since five men were arrested and charged with bugging Demo- cratic national headquarters 5n the Watergate building, de- tails of the case have emerged slowly. The five and two others pleaded guilty or were convicted, but the trial Richard Nixon left many questions unan- swered. Here are chronological high- lights of the affair: June men were seized at gunpoint at 2 a.m. in the headquarters of Demo- cratic national committee along with cameras and elec- tronic surveillance equipment. Police had been notified by a security guard after file drawers were opened and ceil- ing panels removed near the office of Lawrence F. O'Brien committee chairman. Charged with second-degree burglary Bernard L. Barker, W. McCord, Frank A. Sturgis, Eugenio L. Martinez and Virgilio R. Gon- zalez. McCord was security chief of the Republican na- ional committee and the Committee for the Re-Elec- tion of the President. Barker had met in early June in Miami with E. How- ard Hunt, the CIA official in charge of the abortive in- vasion of Cuba in 1961. Hunt had been on the staff of Charles W. Colson, special consultant to President Nixon. June N. Mitchell, former attorney-general and Nixon's campaign manager. said none of those involved in the raid was "operating ei- ther on our behalf or with our consent." The justice depart- ment said the FBI would in- vestigate. June said his party was filing a civil law- suit against the Committee for Re-Election of the Presi- dent and the raiders charging invasion of privacy and .viola- tion of civil rights. June told a news conference the Watergate raid "has no place whatever in our electoral process The Wlu'te House has had no in- volvement whatever." June 23--Martha Mitchell said in a telephone call to a reporter that she was unable to stand the life she had been leading since her husband re- signed as attorney-general to manage Nixon's campaign. She said she was leaving him because she could no longer stand "all those dirty things that go on." July announced his resignation to "meet the one obligation which must come first, the happiness and welfare of my wife and daughter." Nixon named Clark McGregor to replace him. July Washington Pest reported that a cashier's cheque, apparently intended for Nixon's cam- paign, had been deposited in April in Barker's bank ac- count. When Barker and the four other men were arrested authorities found they had 53 bills, traced through se- rial numbers to Barker's ac- count. Stans, in charge cf finances for Nixon's campaign, denied that cam- paign money had helped to fi- nance the Watergate break-in. Stans was reported to have told investigators the cheque had been exchanged by G. Gordon Liddy, finance counsel, for in cash which was deposited in the campaign' treasury. Aug. General Ac- counting Office referred to the justice department "ap- parent and possible" viola- tions of federal law by the Committee for Re-Election of the President, involving a special fund. Aug. told a news conference presidential coun- sel John W. Dean III had "conducted a complete inves- tigation of all leads which might involve present mem- bers of the White House staff or anybody in the govern- ment." He added: "I can say categorically that this investigation in- John Mitchell Patrick Gray dicates that no one in the White House staff, no one in this administration, presently employed, was involved in this very bizarre incident." Sept. in a sworn statement in the civil suit, asked: "Was thsre any discussion at which you were present, or about which you heard when you were campaign director, con- cerning having any form of surveillance on the Demo- cratic national committee He replied: "No. I can't imag- ine a less productive activity than that." Sept. Democrats moved to raise the amount of damages from SI million to million and to include as defendant Stons and three other campaign aides. Sept. an- nounced that the Committee for of the President had filed a countersuit seeking million damages from O'Brien. Stans filed a suit against O'Brien. Sept. grand jury indicted seven persons on charges cf conspiring to break into Democratic head- quarters. The defendants were the .five arrested in the raid, Liddy and Hunt. The in- dictment alleged burglary and possession of eavesdropping devices. Sept. seven men pleaded not guilty and were released on bond. Sept. Washington Post said Mitchell controlled a secret fund, fluctuating from to used for gathering information about the Democrats. It named Stans as one of four other person authorized to approve payments. A cam- paign committee spokesman denied the story. Oct. FBI Director L. Patrick Gray HI defended the FBI investigation of the affair, denying that any politi- cal pressure was applied. Oct. C. Baldwin HI, a former FBI agent, said in an interview that he had monitored telephone and other conversations at Water- gate for three weeks while employed by the campaign committee, from a motor ledge across the street. Oct. magazine said Los Angeles lawyer Don- ald H. Segretfi, previously named as a recruiter for an undercover spy operation against the Democrats, had been hired in September, 1971, by Dwight Chapin, a deputy assistant to Nixon, and Gordon Strachan, a White House staff assistant. The re- port said Segretti was paid more than by Herbert Kalmbach, Nixon's personal counsel. The Washington Post quoted California lawyer Lawrence Young as saying Segretti had told him Ssgretti received spying assignments from Howard Hunt. Oct. Secretary Rlnald Ziegler denied that Segretti ever worked for the White House. Oct. denied a Washington Post story which said H. R. Haldeman, Nixon's White House chief of staff, was one of five persons au- thorized to approve payments from a secret fund. He said such a fund never existed. Oct. con- ceded there was a special Re- publican campaign fund con- trolled by top Nixon aides. He said the fund, amounting to as much as had been used, in one instance, to gather information on pos- sible organized disruption of GOP rallies in New Hamp- shire. He denied that sabo- John Ehrlichmon tage was involved or that Hal- deman had any tie to the fund. Nov. l Barker was found guilty of falsely notarizing a signature on a chetjue that had been traced to the Nixon campaign committee. He was given a 60-day sus- pended sentence. Dec. E. Howard Hunt was killed in a jetliner crash in Chicago. Her hand- Cash-Flow is the modern way to borrow, based mainly on what you what you own." Says O. L, Filewych, TD Manager, Lethbridge To get a loan, a few }-ears ago, you pretty well had to own a house, or bonds, or other securities. Now. however, times have changed. And at Toronto Dominion, we're glad of it. Today, when you come to us for a loan, we look at your earnings and or what we call your To work out your Cash-Flow, simply write down how much you earn, and how much you pay out in fixed expenses. What's left over 5s the money you can afford to spend, or save, or pay back in instalments when you want to borrow. Cash-Flow is a realistic guide to how much you can comfortably borrow. Jt can put the things you want within your reach. For help in working out your Cash- Flow, see us any time. We'll show you how you can put it to work to get those things that are important to you. TORONTO DOM IN ION The bank where people really do make the difference. buy contained in bills. Hunt said the money intended for a business investment. Jan. the trial of the seven Watergate defendants, John W. Dean the chief prosecutor, Assistant U.S. Attorney Earl J. Silbert, said the government would shew the incident was part of an espionage campaign against the Democrats. He said the campaign committee kept few records of a fund and the prosecution could account for only Jan. 11 Hunt pleaded guilty to all six charges against him and was freed on bail pending sentenc- ing. The justice department charged the Conmittee for Re-Election of the President with eight criminal violations cf election financing law in failing to record and report that it had allegedly given Laddy. Jan. more defend- ants pleaded guilty: Barker, Sturgis, Martinez and Gonza- lez. Jan. White House confirmed that Chapin was leaving as Nixon's appoint- ments secretary but said it was not linked to political es- pionage. Jan. and McCord were convicted of conspiracy, burglary and wiretapping. Feb. John J. Si- rica said he was not satisfied that all the facts had been produced at the trial. He set bond for Liddy and McCord at each. Feb. Senate voted to establish a special committee to conduct an invesiigation. Feb. at a hearing on his nomination to be FBI director, acknowledged that extensive records of the break-in investigation had been made available to the White House. He said Dean, presidential counsel con- ducting a separate inquiry, asked him to "give us what you have to date." He said Dean ordered Hunt's office safe emptied three days after Hunt was arrested and the papers were not turned over to the FBI until a week later. March told a news conference he would not per- mit Dean to testify before Congress, but that informa- tion would be supplied to committees. March a policy state- ment on executive privilege, Nixon said members and for- mer members of his personal staff would normally refuse to testify formally before com- mittees of Congress. March Sam J. Er- vin Jr., Dem., N.C., chairman cf the Watergate investigating committee, said he wcuM seek the arrest of any White House aides 'Who refused to testify. March told the Senate judiciary committee he was under new orders from Attorney-General Rich- ard G. Kleindienst not to dis- cuss the Watergate case at hearings on his nomination. The administration also over- ruled Gray's offer to open the John Hunt Gordon Liddy FBI's Watergate files to any senator who asked to examine them. March etstified that Dean probably lied to FBI agents investigating the case. March Watergate defendants were given provi- sional maximum 35 years for Hunt and 40 years each for Barker, Sturgis, Martinez and Gonza- lez. Liddy was sentenced to from six years, eight months, to 20 years. Judge Sirica rec- ommended that they co-ocer- ate fully with the investiga- tors. McCord said in a letter" to Sirica that others had escaped in the Watergate raid, perjury occurred during the trial and that political pressure was brought on him. and the others to plead guilty and remain si- lent. The Los Angeles Times said McCord had privately told chief counsel Samuel Dash of the Senate committee that Dean and Jeb Stuart Magr- uder, former deputy director of the re-election committee, had prior knowledge of the Watergate operation. Magruder, now with the commerce department, de- nied any prior knowledge; Ziegler denied any prior knowledge on the part of Dean. March source close to the Senate investigation re- ported McCord had said presi- dential aide H. R. Haldeman had to be aware of the gate operation. April Senate in- vestigating panel said it had received no evidence linking Haldeman to political espion- age. Senator Lcwell P. Wei- cker Jr., Rep. Conn., had said Haldeman must have known of the conspiracy and urged that he resign. April said there had been "major develop- ments" in the Watergate af- fair. He said he would sus- pend any federal employee in- dicted and that any White House aides summonded to testify would do so, while re- serving the right to invoke ex- ecutive privilege on specific questions. April Washington Post said Magruder had told federal prosecutors Mitchell and Dean hetoed plan the Wa- tergate bugging. April called the reoort nonsense and said "this gets a little sillier as it goes along." April said he had heard discussion of wire- tapping plans in the 1972 cam- paign 'but had given them "absolute, final disapproval." April an- his resignation sistant secretary of com- merce and promised to testify before the grand jury. Arl-il submitted his resignation as acting head cf the FBI in the wake of alle- gations that he burned some Watergate files. 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