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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 30, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Monday, April 30, 1973 THE UTHBRIDCE Customs quarrel grounds airport preclearance plan By BRUCE LEVETT WASHINGTON (CP) An in- formal customs arrangement entered into by Canada and the United States 20 years ago, is ending in confusion and recr- imination on both sides of the harder. The issue is the system whereby air trav- ellers from Canada to U.S. des- tinations complete customs in- spection at the point of depar- ture. When the system went in to ef- fect in Toronto in 1952, it was basically for th? benefit of the U.S. airlines. Although Cana- dian carriers came in a later, at that time the Canada- U.S. air agreement limited Can- ada to short-haul, cross-border routes. By the time Canada gave the U.S. official notice of termina- tion earlier this the U.S. customs 90 days to withdraw its system of preclearance had grown immensely. It covered an estimated three million passengers a year, trav- elling from Canadian airports to destinations all over the U.S. and flying from any one of four Winnipeg Toronto and Montreal. Canadian Pacific Air volun- tarily dropped preclearance in 1971. Routes agreed In 19SS, Canada and the U.S. signed a new bilateral air agreement which stipulated that the route pattern to be operated should be established on the basis of actual and potential traffic between the two coun- tries "free from discriminatory practice and should bs based oa equitable exchange of economic benefits to the two countries." For the first time it provided for new direct long-haul serv- ices to a number of points in the U.S. Since then, both U.S. and Ca- nadian carriers have been seek- ing new routes into each ether's country and the two govern- ments have been negotiating for four years to rewrite the agree- ment. The next round opens at Ottawa May 28. Up to that point, there had been little connection between the negotiations and pre- clearance, which, by now, Air Cane-'a felt had grown to the point where it was heavily in favor of U.S. carriers. Air Canada argued the agree- ment allowed American lines to offer preclearance to wherever they flew in the Can- ada was limited by the fact the pact gave it few U.S. destina- tion points. Loophole alleged The first move to cancel pre- clearance came from the from the customs department which claimed it was "a loop- hole" through which drugs could enter the U.S. Customs made the point that while its in- spectors could inspsct in Cana- dian soil, they could not detain or arrest susoects, having to rely on Canadian authorities. The U.S. customs then ad- vised Air Canada it would not have the facilities to staff both the existing terminal and the new terminal into which Air Canada was to move in Toronto on April 29. Later, customs backed dawn and offered wide co-operation. One congressional aide said the customs' decision on ths new terminal went beyond the de- partment's authority. Air Canada, however, said it was withdrawing from pre- clearance as of this Sunday, a move which left only passen- gers on U.S. carriers with the convenience of customs in- spection at the point of depar- ture. Air Canada called on the Canadian government to end preclearance entirely. Eviction ordered Transport Minister Jean Marchand, through tb3 external affairs department, advised the U.S. that no preclearance would b? permitted anywhere in Can- ada and gave the U.S. what amounted to a 90-day eviction notice for her customs in- spectors. He said U.S. airlines had ad- mitted that even with Air Can- ada participating, customs clearance at point of departure had been worth million a year "over their Canadian com- petitors." It was easy to see why. Under preclearance, passengers trav- elling to U.S. destinations where customs facilities were not available could fly direct. Without preclearance, such would have to fly via a stop where customs in- spection was available. This might mean a longer trip and added cost to UK traveller. Marchand has said Canada will consider negotiating a pre- clearance agreement only after a new air routes agreement is signed. There is speculation that any such formal pre- clearance might include recip- rocal action to station Canadian customs officials in U.S. air- ports. "It is important that the issue ce preclearance be examined against this Marchand said, "and in the light of what it truly repre- Canada criticized Michael Styles, chief of the aviation negotiations division of the U.S. state department, feels Canada may have gone agaiLtt her own best interests with this line of thinking. If Canada is trying to use pre- clearance as a lever to pry air routes concessions out of the U.S., he suggested, might it not be reasonable for the U.S. to make air route concessions con- tingent on a permanent pre- clearance agreement? He also rejected the 90-day deadline, saying it is impossible to s 't up alternate arrange- ments at U.S. airports in that short a time. Another comes from Tex Gunnels, special aide to the head of a congressional air sub- committee: "Once we terminate pre- clearance. pull out the men and go through the agony of read- justing to he says, "no amount of negotiation will bring preclearance back.'' WOflCE ONC1HECEAS7ERNSLOFES If you have an interest in Alberta's development, we urge you !o participate in of the ten Public Hearings to be held soon In the locations shown below. Hearings m each centre will deal with all forms of land use and resource development within the river basin area in which that centre is located. Crows Nest---------------June 11 Red Deer............. 13-14 Hmton_......___ Calgary................-------June 18-19-20 Edmonton........... Canmore.-------..............June 22-23 Grande Cache... Rocky Mountain House-June 26 Grande Prarne... See the legal page of this newspaoer for soecitic commercial recreational and tourism proposals which wiil aiso be heard. Final details on time and place of the hearings in your area will be pub- lished a! a later date. For further information writs to: Environment Conservation Authority 9912-107 Street Edmonton, Alberta -------June 23-29 .........July 3 ____July 5-6-7 _____luly 10 ____July 12-13 Grande Prairie ,t Smoky RrVsr Bash A% Cache. IHinton Edmonton! Athabasca River Basin North Saskatchewan River Basm I Red_Oeer Mountain House k Sow Rivsr Basin algary ENVIRONMENT CONSERVATION xdjnjnj MLembridgc Butter more dangerous than booze? COVENTRY, England (Reuter) Eating butter is worse for your heart than drinking liquor, a medical conference was told today. The finding resulted from a survey of blood composition among people living in Lon- Naples, Geneva and Up- psala, Sweden. Londoners appeared to liavc n remarkably high level of cholesterol and other blood fats generally credited with causing heart disease. In Naples, the blood fat levels were particularly low. Importing the survey to a meeting of the British Medi- cal Association, Dr. Barry Lewis of London's Ham- mersmith Hospital said fatty foods, carbohydrates and al- cohol have all been identified '--is for increasing cho- lesterol. But the difference between London, where butter and other fatty foods are popular, and Naples, where wine is cheap and plentiful, showed that "booze is less bad than butter" where the heart is concerned, Dr. Lewis said. Let's talk about i Cctr loans. And how we can get you rolling. If you're thinking of trading your car, we should talk. We've been involved in financing cars for a long time. We know that interest rates vary from lender to lender. So it is in your best interest to investigate before you borrow. Come in and talk to us. We can put together a loan that'll suit you with- out getting you in over your head. We can even talk about one type of loan that gives you the full price of your car. Even if you're not a customer. We say this, because we know helping you is the best way to make you one. Come on in. And let's talk cars. The First Canadian Bank Bank of Montreal ;