Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 29, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
24 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, April 29, 1974 North Ireland troop reduction sought African election result allows apartheid flourish BELFAST (CP) Merlyn Rees. Britain's secretary for Northern Ireland, says he has begun an intensive search for a way to reduce the number of troops in Ulster without further jeopardizing security in this battle-scarred region. The most likely means of doing this, he says, will be to continue to build up the in- digenous police forces in Northern Ireland so that they can take over many of the non- military tasks now handled by the army. The labor minister said in an interview, however, that his comments should not be interpreted as indicating a weakening of the government's determination to eradicate violence in the North. "There is certainly no thought being given to an outright troop he said. He expressed the hope that as police in Ulster become gradually equipped to take over such jobs as searching vehicles for bombs and patrolling riot areas, some of the or so troops now stationed in the North can be withdrawn. He declined to say how many should be taken out. TALKS OF ARMS Rees discussed several other topics, including the flow of money and arms to Ulster terrorists from groups in Canada and the United Maple Leaf 'flys' under polar ice ALERT, N.W.T. (CP) A Canadian underwater scientist made what is believed to be the first successful dive under the ice of the North Pole Saturday night. Dr. Joe Maclnnis of Toronto planted Canadian flags and under the ice" at the pole, he later told Prime Minister Trudeau in Ottawa in a conversation by radio- telephone. He was aided in his bid to dive at the pole by 40 Canadian Forces personnel using two helicopters and two Hercules aircraft. Dr. Maclnnis and his four assistants were flown to the pole from this base, 80 miles south of the pole. Then paratroopers from the Canadian Airborne Regiment of Edmonton and pararescuers from CFB Summerside. P.E.I., jumped from one of the Hercules to aid in setting up camp. Dr. Maclnnis and his party were to remain at the North Pole until Tuesday when they are to be picked up by helicopter. A second group of paratroops later jumped to assist in cutting a hole in the ice, which was about eight feet deep. Dr. Maclnnis planted one Canadian flat on the surface of the ice. Then, wearing a diving suit, he slipped into the water clutching another flag which he stuck into the underside of the ice. After the helicopter was refuelled, it lifted off the troops for the flight back to alert. The trip to the pole was delayed earlier last week by bad weather but a Canadian forces spokesman said weather was perfect in 24- hour daylight Saturday with only light winds at the pole. The spokesman added that it was the first mass parachute jump at the North Pole by members of the Canadian forces. States and the impracticality of a United Nations presence in Northern Ireland. "There is no said the 53-year-old minister, "that Canada and the United States are still providing the main source of funds for arms purchases by 'both Roman Catholic and Protestant extremists. "If somehow we could stop this, we would have gone a long way towards a solution." Rees said it is difficult to be precise about the channels used to get funds to the terrorists. Most of the arms, he believed, were being purchased in Libya although shipments were coming from other areas. He said little could be accomplished by replacing the British forces with a UN peacekeeping unit. TARGETS FOR SNIPERS "I think you'd find that in five or six years a UN force would still be here, driving up and down the Falls Road or the Shankill Road and being popped off by snipers." Rees declined to set a time- table for the reductions but in- formed observers expect it to begin fairly soon. He said he cannot yet see any point in setting a date by which various factions in Ulster must reach a workable political solution or the British would withdraw and abandon them entirely. This might work, he said, if the Protestants and Catholics were each united and presented solid fronts. But because each side was badly divided internally in its aims and objectives, it would be impossible at this stage to demand a quick solution. "Anyone who thinks he has a quick answer to the problems here, should be given a tub to stand on at the Falls Road (Catholic) and the Shankill (Protestant) and allowed to shout it out. As a prize, he could be given a free funeral." By KENNETH L. WHITING JOHANNESBURG (AP) Apartheid is alive and well at age 26 and guaranteed at least five more years to flourish. South Africa's general elec- tion last Wednesday showed that the white minority which controls Africa's richest country supports the government's racial policy of segregated "separate the official description for apartheid. News analysis The Nationalist party smothered all opposition to win its seventh election since coming to power in 1948. A total of 1.1 million whites voted to seat 122 Nationalists, 41 members of the United party and six Progressives in Parliament. Both the Nationalists and the Progressives made gains; the United party lost ground. The Nationalist victory was forecast by almost every political writer in the country, including those supporting the opposition parties. Afrikaners, descendants of the Boer pioneers who opened up the interior of the country, comprise 60 per cent of the white population of 3.8 million, and the Nationalist party is the political voice of the Afrikaners. The United party was split between a con- servative old guard and reformminded young Turks. And the Progressive party, a splinter from the United, still is not strong enough to constitute a serious challenge. SOUGHT MANDATE Prime Minister John Vorster called the election a year before he was required to, saying he wanted a fresh mandate to keep the country "safe in the dangerous years ahead" and "a free hand to deal with what may come." IT'S A GREAT FEELING TO MAKE IT ON YOUR and a newspaper route is one of the best ways for a young man or young lady to start down the road to independence. A newspaper route offers many young people their first chance to enter the business world. It gives them an opportunity to earn their own buy the things they want or to save for the future. But while they're earning, they're also learning. They learn the fundamentals of business, handling money, dealing with customers, salesmanship and responsibility. It all adds up to an excellent begin- ning in the process of becoming an independent young man or woman. If you have a son or daughter you think is ready to take that first step, write the Circulation .Manager of this newspaper for further, information. v f .---V-. v The Lethbridge Herald In a post-election broadcast Friday he cited the overthrow of the dictatorship in Portugal by military leaders promising more freedom for the blacks in Portugal's African territories. "The change of government in that country will affect us intimately, but at this stage I do not foresee that it will basically affect or disturb our said Vorster. South Africa has a long sparsely-settled frontier with one Portuguese territory, Mo- zambique, and another, Angola, borders South-West Africa, the former league of Nations mandate which the Nationalist government refuses to turn over to the United Nations. Observers expect a large increase in de- fence spending because of the coup in Lisbon. Angola and Mozambique, to- gether with an increasingly vulnerable Rhodesia, have formed a convenient buffer of white rule from the Atlantic to the Indian oceans for South Africa. Liberation movements seeking to end white rule in Africa undoubtedly would concentrate on Rhodesia and South Africa if the Portuguese government negotiated a settlement with the freedom fighters in its African territories. Economic proposals unresolved UNITED NATIONS (AP) The Third World and the industrial West remained divided over far-reaching economic proposals today on the eve of the scheduled close of a special United Nations General Assembly session on raw materials and development. A key delegate predicted the session will be extended to Friday. After a weekend of private informal meetings, the 96 developing countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America and 20 or so developed countries of Western Europe, North America and the Pacific still lacked full agreement on three documents being drafted for the 135-nation as- sembly's approval. The documents originated by the developing are a declaration calling for the establishment of a new and more equitable economic order, a program of action to institute such an order and a program of emergency aid to countries suffering most from high prices of oil, food and fertilizer. DIFFER ON PRICE Some negotiators said there was general approval for all of the declaration except what it had to say about nationalization of foreign holdings, particularly a passage recognizing the right of a government to fix com- pensation for nationalized property in accordance with its own laws. The United States and others want to add that international law also should be taken into account. The aid scheme also was said to be near agreement, although the United States and Japan had reservations about parts of it. However, agreement was reported on less than half the action plan. Some delegates expressed belief that full agreement will not be reached and the developing countries will push through the proposals over the opposition or abstention of industrialized states. These delegates feared that if the industrialized countries were overridden, their legislatures would not approve the development aid, debt forgiveness and other concessions the Third World seeks. CRUEL TO HORSES? LONDON (AP) Capt. Mark Phillips, husband of Princess Anne, has been accused of being cruel to a horse. The complaint was made by Jeane Pyke after watching Phillips on television ride a horse named Columbus to victory in the Badminton Horse Trials during the weekend. "Capt. Phillips obviously terrified Columbus, forcing him over some of those terrible said Mrs. Pyke who plans to ask a court to look into the matter. You read this ad then you know advertising pays! Talk it over with a courteous Lethbridge Herald Advertising Representative The Lethbridge Herald "Serves the South"