Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 29, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Aides'acquittal strengthens Nixon's Watergate hand By JAMES M. NAUGHTON New York Times Service WASHINGTON The acquittal Sunday in the Mitchell-Stans trial heartened the White House, virtually eliminated one of the key issues in the House impeachment inquiry, and underscored the importance of the Watergate tape recordings in other criminal and impeachment proceedings. "The president was very pleased for the two men and their a White House spokesman said of the acquittal in New York of former attorney general John N. Mitchell and former commerce secretary Maurice H. Stans. The reaction, in a White House preparing a counter- offensive against the impeachment proceedings, was apparently understated. Well-placed administration officials said today that the verdict in New York may play a crucial role in President Nixon's dealings with the House judiciary committee. The development was the first in almost exactly a year since the resignation of H. R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman and the dismissal of John W. Dean from the White House staff last April 30 to offer encouragement for Nixon in the Watergate affair. Beyond a change in atmosphere, however, the verdict may have significant practical impact on the president's future course of action. In finding Mitchell and Stans innocent of obstructing justice and of conspiracy and perjury in the tangled affairs of financier Robert L. Vescp, the trial jury in New York in effect discounted testimony against the two defendants by Dean, the former White House legal counsel. The Uthbtrtdge Herald VOL. LXVII 115 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, MONDAY, APRIL 29. 1974 10 Cents 24 "ages Primary witness Dean also is the primary government witness in the forthcoming Watergate conspiracy trial of Mitchell, Haldeman and Erlichman and four others, and he is the principal accuser of the president in the alleged White House effort to obstruct the Watergate investigation. According to the administration sources, the White House will attack Dean's credibility as part of the public campaign being prepared to accompany the president's reply this week to the judiciary committee subpoena of recordings of some 42 Watergate-related conversations. The suggestion that Dean's testimony misled prosecutors and impeachment investigators was apparently heralded today by one unnamed senior administration official who said that the New York verdict "by implication makes dean a liar, which makes one wonder how many other lies he's told." A similar point was made, more subtly, by John J Wilson, the lawyer for Haldeman He said in a telephone interview that he could not comment on the Mitchell-Stans verdict "because Dean is a likely witness" in the Watergate conspiracy trial set for Sept. 9. A congressional official said it was likely that the staff of the judiciary committee would downgrade, and perhaps abandon, its investigation of the secret gift to the president's re-election campaign by Vesco. The donation was at the heart of the Mitchell-Stans trial John M. Doar, the special counsel to the judiciary committee, had said on Thursday that the Vesco contribution was one of the "priority matters" being pursued by the inquiry staff. Sources close to the impeachment inquiry also said today that they expected the White House to be emboldened in the president's apparent plan to substitute edited transcripts for the actual tapes subpoenaed by the committee. Land claims may spark 4recP revolt The leaper The top of an unmarked city vehicle gradually gives way under the onslaught of "the leaper" who must have thought the car's roof was a trampoline. Other cars were burned and overturned by mobs of Mudslides kill 200 in Andes Publicity blitz "I'm prepared for an enormous publicity blitz" by the White House, said one of the investigators. But he added that the ultimate effect of the verdict in New York, and any consequent attack on Dean's testimony, would be to strengthen the judiciary committee's demands for the White House tapes. In addition to the 42 taped conversations involved in the committee subpoena, the impeachment inquiry is asking the president to voluntarily supply many other tape recordings. The number of conversations covered by the additional tapes has been reported variously as 79 or "more than 100." It is those recordings, rather than unsubstantiated testimony by dean or others, that apparently constitute the main ingredient of the evidence that could implicate or exonerate Nixon. An official familiar with the impeachment inquiry summed up the impact of the acquittal of Mitchell and Stans as follows: "It's a sobering thing. It means that the inquiry is going to be based on what we find (in the evidence) never mind the atmosphere." (See picture on Page HUANCAYO, Peru iReuter) A series of landslides poured thousands of -ons of mud on towns in the Peruvian Andes, killing more than 200 persons and wiping one village off the map, rescue workers said today. Army officers gave the first authoritative reports on casu- alties caused by the disaster last Thursday night as they struggled back to this provin- and heard About town Greg Dudley riding a bicycle during the weekend blizzard Tom Henry hurrying to a locked drive-in washroom with the wrong key cial capital after patrolling the stricken area. The landslides were caused either by earth tremors or by recent heavy rain in this mountainous area 200 miles southeast of Lima. Soldiers returning here con- firmed that 43 persons were known to have died in the towns of Huarato, Anco and Mayo. But they said that the nearby village of Mayumarca had "disappeared from the map" under thousands of tons of mud and rocks, and that all 200 persons who lived there were crushed to death. Officers heading the returning rescue patrols said they did not find a single house intact. There was no sign of life in some of the more- remote areas The one main road leading to the disaster area was broken or blocked in several places rock music fans who rioted in the Richmond, Virginia, City Stadium Saturday after drug raids by police. Inside j Classified 20-24 Comics 18 Comment 4 District 15 Family Local jWews Markets 19 Sports 10-12 Theatres ____ .Y.T ____ 7 TV 6 Weather 3 'I just figured out why we wear numbers and not names.' LOW TONIGHT 35; HIGH TUES. 50; SUNNY, MILD OLIVER, B.C. (CP) Two British Columbia Indian leaders say the province could have violence like that experienced in Wounded Inequities to be removed SUDBURY, Ont. (CP) Secretary of State Hugh Faulkner says Canada's Citizenship Act soon will be revised to remove inequities toward women and preferences for British subjects. Mr. Faulkner said in an interview at the annual meeting of the Liberal Party of Ontario during the weekend that he is determined the law should make equal the status of women and men. He said the act now allows foreign wives of Canadian men to become Canadian citizens within a year, but requires foreign husbands of Canadian women to wait five years. Mr. Faulkner said amend- ments will eliminate the present preference given to British subjects, who now can become Canadian citizens merely by applying while persons from other countries must go through a hearing and formal ceremony. Colonies spurn offer of limited autonomy LISBON (AP) Rebel leaders in Portugal's African Blair report author charges i Tories 'reneging on promise' I I By GEORGE STEPHENSON Herald Staff Writer First of a series The Alberta government has failed to act "on an important election promise" to implement most of the recommendations in a 1969 report that would have changed the face of mental health services in the province, says the author of that report. W. R. N. Blair, head of psychology at the University of Calgary, says mental health reform in the province has been slow because the government has seemed to ignore many of the report's more than 200 sweeping recommendations. Dr. Blair admits, however, the government has made some progress in some areas. His disappointment with the government attitude toward the report is lessening because of the recent appointment of a council to advise the cabinet on mental health policy changes. Other mental health authorities in the province are dubious about the effect the council, chaired by Dr. Blair, will have on mental health policy. Lethbridge psychiatrist Lawrence Kotkas, who promoted some of the report's recommendations, says the government must listen to-the council before it can be effective. And it never listened to the Blair Report, he maintains. Keith Pearce, head of psychiatry for Calgary's Foothills Hospital, says the government has already gone against the most important recommendations of the report simply by trying to keep mental health services under its own administrative wing. The Blair Report, hailed by many mental health authorities as the best blueprint for change ever compiled, called for a more regional approach to mental health services. The report said "local authority would do a better job in the whole health field than a central authority." The report, commissioned by and initially presented to the Social Credit government, outlined a system that would diffuse government control of all health services. The document emphasized that "administrative authority" should be delegated to local boards of general, mental and auxiliary hospitals, nursing homes and guidance clinics. Direct government control would be broken by a health services commission and advisory council, which would oversee local and regional health councils, which in turn would provide representatives and co-ordinating help to local boards. And co-ordination of both government, professional and volunteer health agencies is needed if the public is to get total care at the least expense, Dr. Blair says. All health services should be brought under the umbrella of a single system instead of different branches taking care of single areas in health care. The first step in the process-would be to appoint a provincial council to examine ways to implement the recommendations. This is presumed to be one of the aims of Dr. Blair's new advisory group. But, says Dr Pearce, the government has never acted with enthusiasm on moves to extract any power from government control. Any local control of services, such as those in psychiatric units of general hospitals, have been acquired through a continuing fight with the government, he says. "This hasn't been a fight with the politicians'but with the bureaucrats who seem to feel threatened by someone else having a say in mental health affairs." "And it is still a hell of a battle every inch of the way. We are fighting a concerted effort by the bureaucrats to keep services in government hands." Dr Pearce adds the government should have listened to the report and got out of the administration of mental health. "The government should have the business to supply money and make sure all health needs are being he says. And this attitude echos those of the 1969 report which said: "Long-range planning, co-ordination, standards, and financial control are proper responsibilities for the department of health." The report added that through proper co-ordination of health agencies and reorganization of authority "mental illness can be reduced by bringing many resources to bear on it, as recommended in this report. "It is much less apparent that it can be prevented, even if a new society could be created, but surely the attempt must be made. To refrain would be to surrender without a fight." territories have spurred the new junta's promise of limited self-government and say they will fight on for independence. "The only way to end the war in Mozambique is for the Portuguese to recognize the right of the Mozambique by said Frelimo, the guerrilla movement in Mozambique. "The war will continue if the junta's ..intention is to perpetrate.'the colonial system through new it said. The Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola, one of the two main guerrilla groups in that territory, said it is prepared to negotiate "concerning the complete independence of our country.'' But it rejected the proposal by the leader of the junta, Gen. Antonio de Spinola, for a federation of Portugal with her African colonies. "In such a federation, Portugal would always have the last it said. "The power of the state can only be in the hands of Angolans." BEGINS WITH BOOK The chain of events that ended in the military coup last week began with a book by Spinola in which he said Portugal could never win a military victory in its war against the African rebels. But HP is reported to have told a meeting of politicians and newspaper editors Saturday that the African territories must be granted self- determination, not independ- ence Newspaper reports of the meeting said Spinola also de- clared: All Portuguese will be given freedom of political activity except extremists; "the junta cannot consent to the establishment of authoritarian regimes, whether from the right or from the left." WELCOME EXILE Meanwhile, an ecstatic crowd of in Lisbon welcomed the first political exile home Sunday. He was socialist Mario Scares, who returned from four years in Paris to one of the first such demonstrations permitted in years and to a warm embrace from Spinola. "The army has given people freedom of Scares told the crowd at the railway station. "But it is not the army but the workers and the people who must finish the job. It is not the time for division. People who want democracy must unite." Spinola has pledged free elections within a year, and Soares, 49, is expected to play a major role in future politics. Knee, S.D. unless the provincial government agrees to settle Indian land claims Chief Jim Stelkia of the Osoyoos Band estimated that of B.C.'s status Indians are willing to take up arms and occupy up to two million acres of land they claim was wrongfully taken from them by the government. He said in an interview Sunday that if the B.C. government fails to offer a satisfactory settlement soon, younger militant Indians wijl forceably occupy the land, t Phillip Paul, research director of land claims-for the Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs, agreed that frustration being experienced by Indians could lead to violence. "We're heading in the direction of violent action; there's no two ways about he said. A day-long province-wide blockade of roads running through Indian reserves is proposed for sometime in May with similar ones each month until something is done. Chief Stelkia said that unless action is taken quickly, the blockades will soon become armed which in turn would be the prelude to an armed uprising. "The blockades are being organized to let the government know something has got to be done before a Wounded Knee type thing happens in he said. The blockade was endorsed by a majority of the 160 Indian bands represented at the union's sixth annual convention, which ended in Williams Lake Friday. Both Chief Stelkia and Mr. Paul said they favor a peaceful approach to solving the land claims question, but said if militants take control, violence cannot be averted. The union has repreatedly called on the B.C. government to start negotiations for the return of acres of land taken from reserves nearly 60 years ago by a federal- provincial commission. Chief Stelkia said, however, that militant Indians won't stop at reclaiming acres but will continue to fight for control of about two million acres of land promised their ancestors in the mid- 1800s by Queen Victoria. "The people of B.C. don't know how explosive the situation is, he said. Appeal GENEVA (AP) United States State Secretary Henry Kissinger today resumed his appeal to Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko for Soviet co- operation in the drive to separate Israeli and Syrian forces on the Golan Heights. Lumsden dikes hold back flood REGINA (CP) Despite gusty winds and up to an inch of freezing rain and snow dur- ing the weekend, the dikes surrounding the flood- embattled town of Lumsden, Sask., continued to hold back the raging Qu' Appelle river today. Business in the community of began to reopen today but residents were told they would not be able to re-enter their evacuated homes until Mayor Bill Johnson lifts an evacuation order issued April 20 when flood waters began to rise. Attention shifted today to the Fishing Lakes chain down- stream of Lumsden in the Qu' Appelle Valley where lake lev- els are still about three feet below expected crests. Several small communities and scores of summer cabins located along the scenic lakes are being threatened by high water and thick ice on the lakes. No major damage was re- ported to buildings during the weekend. Dave MacLeod, provincial flood forecaster, said many cottage owners have not made any efforts to protect their cabins from flooding. Last week he advised owners to remove boats and boat houses and personal property from cabins to minimize loss should flooding occur. Rivers throughout the prov- ince continued to recede.