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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 29, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta _ Solufday, Apiil 59, 197J TK( IE1HBRIDGC HERAID 5 Hrvivslar On being a mother to a chimpanzee Focus on the University O J. By MICHAEL 5UTHERL> Another long, cold winter is over IniL looking hack on it t feel I have made Ihc decision, not lo bring my adopted child to Can- ada, e v o n had he slill been clinging to my hack and apron slrings. Ycl I cannot gel him out of my mind. What would boiler mothers have done? Would you have parted with him? For all his pranks mid jeal- ousy, he was one of the most lovsble characters I know, this IHue chimpanzee, jungle-bnby of mine. was the ugliest baby imaginable. Slaring a'. me huge, opaque eyes from the deplh of a cotton wool packed shoe box, his wizened lilllc free reminded me of shrunken beads, trophies dan- gling from the belts of nalivo hunters. His mother had been killed but because the baby was so small and skinny, the hunter gladly sold me I lie orphan for a few shiny coins in the African market. My own children had just out grown the paraphernalia of feeding bottles, diapers aiul rubber pants. IJtlle had f thought they wnuld so soon come into use again. For two wceky (lie new arrival needed nil Hie love and attention of a premature infant. He bad lo be kept warm, got sjnnll feeds of milk and glucose every hours and, anxiously, I listen- ed to llje tiniest sound or ivhJm- per and to each labored breath. All of a sudden lie emerged from his cotton wool one day. Up came two long, thin arms and fastened round my neck, followed by the rest of his spidery little body. The small- est size of rubber pants slip- ped off non-existent hips, plojv ped on the floor at my foot and Hie hairy head tickled my .skin. Happy, gurgling baby sounds Indicated viiat he bad recog- nized his mother me. Now came e period of brcalli- takingty fast development which made me wonder if my own children were not. perhaps a little backward. While my son. aL the ape of eighteen months, was still reluctant to let go my hand, the jungle bnby ran, jumped and .somer- sa'jllcrl. ]n no time he learned to carry a small rocking chair -tilo I he room and rocked pa- t'L'nlh, a cup in his hands, till lea V.TIS brought in. He studied my cverv move- tncnl. Sitting at a small table on a baby chair he learned to pat with spoon, fork and knife. Nobody ever tried to make him (lo this: he simply look delight i" copying us. Occasionally he forgot bis self-imposed good [Manners. If he saw templing food his thin, hairy arm might suddenly shoot up, grab a plate, and vanish under Hie ta- ble, but mostly he was LOO pre- occupied with his o wn activi- ties to molest us. Only a few months old, b e could ride a tricycle and a small toy car, stretching prone on the scat for his short legs to reach the pedals. He soon found out what a bed was for. If he was not anywhere in sight he was most likely snor- ing under my blankets. He was clever and skillful hut in one aspect of his edu- cation I failed dismally. He could not be house-trained. Like a human baby I tried to put him on a pot. At regular in- tervals I patiently brought out the plastic convenience ami sat him on it. Nothing ever hap- pened. The nearest be came to understanding this ritual was his urge lo find the pot alter the deed was done and to put it on his head. He [hen proud- ly presented bis head genr to me, the family, and any guests present. Another thing be was loath to appreciate was the useful- ness of trees for the purpose of cb'mbing, an instinct T hart al- ways thought inborn in apes and monkeys. I had to teach him over and over apnin I o clench bi s hands round a branch. As soon as T let go, so did he. He fell so often that I almost gave up hope of ever raising bim lo be a self-re- specting, natural chimpanzee. F-ventually, however, he mas- ter the art and there was no stopping him then. It was a hair raising experience t o watch my children, hardly By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND 1 _ RASCAL WITH THE INNKEEPER IN DEVON Book Reviews Arctic explorers "Arctic Fever: The .Search lor Ihc Northwest Passage" by Dmig Wilkinson (Clarke, [ruin and Company, Sfi.nO, 151 SPATE of books aboul Ihe Arctic explorers has come off Ihe presses IIL the List year or two. I thought this book might suffer as a consequence of following Ihe earlier ones on the market when Lhc appelilc had Ijccn satisfied for such reading. Bui I found myself thoroughly interested in the contents of this hook. One of Ihn unique fealurc.-i of (lie book is the way the author irilrodtict1.1; each explorer uitfi n brief account of his own visits to places iiKirkcd by their suc- ccA'.S'cs or failures, Four ex- plorers of tbc Arctic have been .singled oul for attention: Mar- I in Frobi.shcr, Samuel Edward Parry and J o h u Franklin. Their stories arc told in mi admirably compact fnsb- ton in which all the important seem lo have been retain- ed. The respect which Doug Wilkinson so obviously has for Ihe early investigators of the Arctic Is reluctantly tempered in regard to John Franklin. De- spite all his admirable quali- ties, Franklin lacked some- tiling essential to being a lead- er. The history of Arctic ex- ploration, as the author stales, reads fis one great sorrow. None added more lo thai ler- rible record lhau Franklin. In Ihc beginning it was Ihe desire to find .1 short route to the spices of the East that prompted the e x p J o r ation. Eventually il was a kind of fas- cination a fever Ihal drew men buck, and hark again, (o Ibe inhospitable region. Some of that almost irrational urge is communicated through this 1 i t I 1 e book to give it a lustre of its own. UOUG WALKEH. Canadian ceramics "Early Canadian Pot (cry" by Donald U'clistcr (McClel- land nnri SlcuarL Limited. IJE1NCI a potter and living in Canada now, there was nothing more wished than to get hold of a book on early Ca- nadian pottery. Mr. Dona1d Webster. Curator of the Cana- Department of the Hciyal Ontario Museum has published this first truly documented volume is illustrated with color and black and wliito pholograpb.s of decorative [jol.s as well ;is utility vessels, min- iatures, whimsciys, toys, etc This book is very re- searched with respect (o cul- tural derivation, geographical origin, design periods and orig- inal wc'.s nf pots mm mucli in- sight is given as to the ar- chaeological approach. I as nevertheless surprised to find a reference that Fomcwhat puz- zled me. Biscuit firing in (lit past is mentioned a.i being done in higher temperatures than glaze firing, which is ex- art ly the opposite to today's procedure. In view of the recently awak- ened interest in preserving Canada's past this book is 'A timely contribution lo the iden- tification and imiJorslanrling of Canadian potleiy and the his- tory nncl technology of ceram- ics- GEHTA PATSON. RASCAL (CENTRE FRONT) WITH BERTRAM MILLS' CIRCUS more than toddlers, sv.inging from branch lo branch, follow- ing the chimp and a couple of putty-nosed monkeys who join- ed the playmates, The chimp despised (lie little monkeys, lie teased them un- mercifully and pulled their long tails but, when be was about six months old and very ill wilh pneumonia, the mon- keys saved his life. They nursed him hack (o licallli when I had almost given him up. They never lett his hut, slept with Mm, their arms wrapped round his feverish body, keeping him warm at night. Tbcy even poured warm milk down his parched throat after he bad refused lo take it from me. The only (hanks Ms devoted nurses got when he recovered, as suddenly as he had emerged from liis shoe box six months earlier, was to be uncer- emoniously evicted from his sleeping quarters. Alter lliis illness he clung to me more than ever. The only way to keep the chimp from banging round iny neck when T was busy was to confine him someivlrere and Lhe only place he did not manage (o climb out of was the fcnced-in cbirken run. He protested loudly to be- gin wilh but suddenly seemed quiet and resigned. When I went to retrieve him he was kneading, not (no gently, one of my h e n s. The ben squawked and dropped an egg which ha immediately broke and scoop- ed inlo his mouth. That the end of his exile in the chicken run. As long as the rascal was in the company of one of our in- numerable animals he was quiie happy. The natural choice for the hours I had lo keep him off my back now seemed to he tbc enclosed compound of our lilllc donkey 'Morris.' Only I forgot Morris1 addiction lo fine paper and Hie fact that (the name .stuck wilh the chimp} often saved the postman the walk alone o'.ir drive and could normally be relied on lo deliver the mail lo us promptly. Tbc day I left Rascal and Morris together I arrived at their compound just in time to sec .Hascal feed a sheaf of tclc- grains lo the grateful Morris. Telegrams were moslly coiifi- dcnlial and on paper as fine as the airmail edition of the news- paper. This particular lot re- mained so confidential, we never discovered I heir contents or even the sender. Tho chimi) developed n somcvvhal malevolent sense of humor. During the period of terrorism in the, then, French C a m e r o u n. K re rich planters flcil from their rtiffcc cstiiles across our border and for months 1 looked after twelve of their huge guard dosjs. The Ci Tin an were frit-, dly with the family, in- cludit.7 children, house hoys, and ai.'inals bu1 heaven help a slrnnge -Urican straying into our domain nasral included his many friends a night-watch- man who patrolled the roads of Ranicnria, our small, mainly European, station. The chimp was in Ihe hahil of stopping him al night, showing off some of his tricks find usually re- ceiving a hnnana or avocado from the amused old man. One nipht when Ihe dogs had been wilh us for a while, Hascal went through his performance, leading tho night-watchman up the proverbial garden path al- most lo Lhe front of Ihc house, lie Ihcn opened the French windows, screeched .in alarm and wakened the dtigs who hurled (he in solves on the poor, unsuspcttinfi old Fortunately, they Merc trained end only pinned him down HI! we rushed out, awak- ened by the noise, and called them off. Rascal sat well Lack, watching his achievement with great amusement. It was lucky for him the old man was not hurt and had a strong beaii. Jusl Ihe some, Ihe chimp was locked up at night after this episode. The German Shepherds were the next victims of his practi- cal jokes. They liked to lie around the log fire of an eve- ning. As soon as they wero asleep the chimp would cau- tiously creep up on one, pull his tail and reverse hastily on to the nearest chair. If the dog growled and put bis massive bead back on his paws, Rascal repealed the attack on the next dog and carried on till be had them all roused and at each others throats. Then he sat hack, clapped his bands and laughed uproariously. Inevitably Ihe lime came when our children had to go to school. My husband resigned his post as director oE veterin- ary services in the Cameroons to take us home and started in general practice in Devon, En- gland. The decision to take Rascal M'ith us was nol an easy OIIG. JIml he Ijeen able lo tend lor himself we would have set him free bid he was completely ad- justed to our way of life and certainly IhourdiL of himself as my child. Furthermore, our African hoys warned us that if we left him he would end up as 'beef in Ihe cooking pot of a protein-starved native. Thus he came to England. He took the long sea voyage in bis stride, amusing sailors ond passengers wilh his pood hu- mored antics. We arrived home in mid-summer ami a lovely, hot sun made tbc change easier for him. He hardly seemed to notice that Ihe. wood behind our house in Devon was not n tropical forest. To him trees were trees. All too soon Ihe leaves color- ed and th-? nulimin sun lost its warmth. As the days grew shorter, so did Unseal 's lemper, H got cold and he was more and moi'o confined indoors. If be bnd been jealous of the chil- dren before and tried, lo mo- nonolize my attention, lie now really aggressive when they were around. One mor- ning the situation readied a cli- max. He sal on his high slool in my kitchen while I washed (he dishes. His unusual silence suddenly penetrated my thoughts. When I turned around I found him (caring up dropping them in pticky pieces around him. His reaction to (lie quick removal of (he fruit bowl was unexpectedly violent. IIc. jiimpcd and down in frus- trated rage and then delib- erately look one plate atlcr aijoihrr from (lio drying rrck rnd smashed Ihr-m on the tiled floor. Determined not (o lose my temper I took liis hand and led him lo his den on top of the hill. Five minutes later be was back in (lie kitchen, went strnight to the sink and knock- ed the last clean plate to the floor. lie Jcokeil al me defiant- ly and wa.s probably as sur- prised as I was he got a resounding smack and found himself in his den once again. This time 1 took no dinners, padlocked the door and slip- ped the key inlo my pocket. Half an hour later I went up to sec him with a peace offer- ing of a h a n na, a cup of milk, and liis favorite cookies. lie had gone. Two planks were broken from the side of his hut mid the place was empty. Dis- consolately I wandered through our small wood and called liirrr. KvenliU'llj I down and prr- (enclcd to cry. Thai was always the Ja.st rciorl if he did not feel The V of L inn? inclined to come in for his meal or sleep. Normally, there would be a sudden rustle of leaves, branches would snap above my head and he would slide down one of the great old oak trees nearby, His long arms round my nock, his soft nose would rub against my cheek lo stop me sobbing. He could never hear to hear me cry. This lime there was no re- sponse, niy problem child liarf run nway. I searched t h e neighborhood and waited for hours. Hopes that, somebody had found him were dwindling and al last 1 reponed our chimp as a 'miss- ing person1 to our local police station. The officer promised to lei me know if anybody saw or picked him up. A few hours later the police- man phoned. His voice had an undertone of suppressed laugh- ter: "Madam, a motorist, re- ported a chimpanzee trying to thumb a lift about a mile from your house." "No, he did not pick him up. He stepped on the accelerator and went straight to tbc near- est city police station to report the incident." "Well, you can't really blame the motorist. You don't usual- ly expect to sec a hitchhiking chimp on a main Devon road. To be truthful, madam, the man was nept al the station for a while. The officer in charge doubled bis capability to drive." "If we get any further infor- mation, we will let you know." There was nothing to do but wait. The following morning Ras- cal bad marie tbc front page I b c North Devon Journal: "Chimp found wandering on main road arrives at West Down Inn In time for break- fast." He had managed to gel a lift in an army landrover and, as the Inn bad a small zoo, bo was dropped off there. He stay- ed there for a while, amusing visitors in tbc liar and children outside. T.Ve retrieved him, of coiirpc, but from then on lie was obviously unhappy. An extro- vert, happiest when he had a audience to show off to, be hud reached a Etage of a (I o I c s c e n c o when mater- nal solicit uric vr.is merely irk- some I le needed company more than anything else and, in the end, we presented him lo Paignlon zoo. It was one of I li e nicest jind. climatically, places 1 knew in England's soulh and near enough lo visit. liascal settled down happily with clumps of his own age group but every lime 1 visilod him be threw bis arms around me and 1 left in tears dirt not send our own children (o boarding school, something nor- mally expected of high ranking nritish officers overseas, yet I fell ns if I bad done just that lo my adopled animal rhilrt. Shortly aflcnvards. Hertram Mills, a famous Circus, were looking for a young arils'., to re- pJacp ,117 old, retired chimpan- zee. Of all the chimps they saw in a great number of zoos, Unseal, they snid, was tin: oh- vious choice. lie was a natural performer. Like all parents, especially those of an unusual child, T rnn only hope lo have given him Ihc best possible slarl in life and made the right deci- sions for him. However, when I FCC him on television now I feel like the mother of a go- nins: Proud, a lilllc sad, but delighted that he can use his natural talents to give so much pleasure to sn many and yet so obviously enjoy himself do- in.ij MJ. ,'jiuiinitc cl.ijis loutl- oi or more at hh tricks and jokes I ha n he docs bi m- f.clf. Could I ask' for more? JXEV1TADLY, and I think quile under- standably, there was a bil of two-way reaction lo an announcement earlier this week thai the university host another major conference in Juiiu. I say another conference because during Ihe pasl we have played Ihe host, role for Die In- ternational Heading Association Confer- ence and the Montana Academy of Sci- ences, lo name two of the larger CHICS. The indication thiil the Genetics Society of Can- ada will meet here June 2lsl lo 23rd seem- ed to draw .some attention lo this kinci of involvement by tbc university. Ucactions can of course be expressive in many ways, from Hie mast desirable implying appar- ent equity of opinion and subsequent agree- ment lo Ihe usually less desirable "one- sided affairs." Fortunately in the case of presenting the "concerned" side of this is- sue, the positive people quite in pre- dominance have supplied all Ihc an- swers. It evolves around whether or not a uni- versity or specifically southern Alberta's university should involve itself in activities which might lie constructed as being com- petitive with certain segments of what is referred to in economic terms as the pri- vate sector. Thai is, do (he local ics- tauranteurs, innkeepers and the like lose business because a conference is bosled by the university, on campus. The answer is simply no. The only kinds ol events that have come and by the looks of things will continue lo come with increasing regular- ity, are those directly associated with cer- tain academic and professional organiza- tions akin to the operations ol the uni- versity. Specifically if the university was not capable of hosting such these would certainly not be held in Lcthbridgc and Vvould accommodate themselves at other university campuses. Significantly, it is becoming an increasingly important business at most other progressive univer- sity campuses in Canada lo gel inlo some kind of conference operation to the beller- ment of Ihc university and communities concerned. I tbink the following will ex- plain why. Any of these conferences, seminars, etc. will bring people to the city from dis- tances ranging from a few miles to sev- eral thousand. The mileage to be pained in favor of the university in successfully contacting academics and professional offi- cers from oilier places is immeasurable in terms of the effective growth of HIP uni- versity's reputation. If is these kinds of contacts thai bring oustanding people to Ihe area. Many "big names" have already been here on seminars and as guest lec- turers and I suppose the appearance of Dr. David Suzuki in June ut Lhe gcnelicists' conference could IH; considered quilc an event. Rightfully so his efforts have been widely publicized and be has been Ihe sub- ject of much national and international pub- licity, in a very positive iv.'iy, for science. However it is not simply ihe value ;md interest generated by the "bit; names" hut equally the participation and involvement of all their colleagues and proteges who personify much of the basic good value of such events, In addition lo the iicaik'mlc, cultural growth values of tho university, there are certainly monetary as peels. One needs only 10 apply the mul- tiplier effect (o the kinds of expenses for travel, entertainment, families, clc. that doubtless occur, ami subsequently com- plement the already successful operations of this nature in the city and area. liuL that's not the point. The fact is that out bcic cm the prairies in just about, the smallest of Can- ada's university cilios our people arc at- trading their colleagues lo cimie Imre and sharp important ideas tibout uirivursitiva and specific disciplines. Surely the ex- change of ideas nboiit successes and fail- ures at Ihe much older institutions can do nothing but provide a positive contribution lo the university's continuing development. On the other Jianrl act] as evidenced by tha direct involvement of University of Loth- bridge faculty members in the programs of these conferences, it would certainly ap- pear thai the benefits will be reciprocal. In conclusion it is important lo note that the events referred lo here usually oporalo around a weekend schedule the univer- sity doesn't many classes on Satur- days and Sundays. Further many of Iheso lake place during Ihc May-June period which is traditionally one of little activity on campus. The poinl here is that an effec- tive conference organization at The Uni- versity of Lcthbridge can probably more than fill the campus space-facility utiliza- tion schedules. Considering tbc university already offers courses during two four- monih semesters and N weeks of summer session, there really i.sn'L thai much left to work with. Economically tbc university can expect lo achieve optimum use of fa- cilities year-round vnth the good possibility of making a buck or two on conferences, thereby reducing the financial load on the government, the university's operating budget ond ultimalely the taxpayer. The design of the campus Is quite Ideal for hosting conferences, what wilii food ser- vices, housing space, classroom and tech- nical facilities all "tinder one In (bis c o n t e x I, the countless and very obvious positive benefits can scarcely be denied. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORIEY A parody ol a church TJECEXTLY my wife and I visited a large American city. We vent to see a downtown church whose building had been pulled down and a new church erect- ed with balls, lounges, and chapel, At ore time Ibis church bad been a real power- house with the largest congregation in tho Presbyterian Church in world. In or- der to serve the congregation it bad built- Sunday Schools throughout the city which now have become independent and in some cases very strong churches. This has re- sulted in the depletion of the membership of the mother church which slill evidently remained very wealthy. The new building lias been most luxuriously appointed in its lounges and furniture. The halls have grand pianos and Uie pulpit stops n r c marble. One marvels that a comparalively small group o( people could afford such extravagance. Some of the officials of the presbytery and synod are by no means happy about the situation. They would like to see the church inure involved in com- munity enterprise. They pcrMmoecl the re- luclanL congregation lo permit ihcni to es- tablish a counselling service on an floor. Some members of Ihc church hoard bad fears thai there would be "a lot of lunatics" running around and a primary objective is lo protect their pecious edi- fice. Quite nearby a church of another deno- mination has also built a new sanctuary with balls and a chapel and appears, to be more active although the activity is mcaprc for such a magnificent building. For exam- ple it proudly related UirU they wore spon- soring a student from abroad through bis university studies. tn fiormauy my witc z.nd I u.siled one church after another ubicli has been biiilt by state taxation. In Lubcck a splen- did cathedral is being which min- ister.'; lo a tiny group of people. I pointed out. thai there were three other churches within a block or tvo and asked why this cathedral was being restored at such great expense. The replied ly, "To Ihc glorj of Just bow God was glorified if was difficult to FCC and one felt great pyinpEilhy tbc youth who objected lo stale taxalion going inlo such projects. In the United States and Can- ada, al any rale, the church is supported y free-will offerings and people do bavo a right to do what they vish with their a b a own money. Nevertheless In the midst ot povorly and need of every kind it docs seem a frightful and even wasteful extravagance, Surely the church has a responsibility (or its total parish and yet the record of most inner city churches Ins been rcac'.ionary ami in- effective, obviously doomed to as Hie older members fall The command- ment for a church ai (or an individual is that it cake up Cross and fa] tow Clurst and al Judgment Day will be asked the same question that Jesus said would pui lo individuals. Did you feed the minister lo Hie sick, visit Ihe impri- soned, clot lie the naked, and receive strangers? One large city church knmvn In me laid down tbc requirement Ihal the Miniver should confine his attention in members of his own congregation mid that charitable funds might only be used for those Noling (lie errenlrir in which some clergy break with iradninn it is easy to understand Ihc reluctance uf a congregation to depart from (lie uiif ways of doing things and Innovate new ones. Nevertheless if one is to MM- in Ihe spirit of Jesus there must be an lo new methods in order lo meet social change and also a profound dcMrc Iti moil human need. Yet it would appear that the dominant desire of many churches is the I'inn of money. When hLsionims lonk hack on (lie church of Iv.cnlicih century il jnr-y Ihnl they fee il.s canlin.-il .-in lo thai of cuvctousness. Certainly a pri- mary challenge lo tho church j.s- (he re- covery of mission which invuhes n passion for people. Programs and cru- sades art; not going lo accomplish much. They have their place but it is ,1 minor place. The new rvealimi i onu's fnun lluly Spirit uorkiiij? in human Invu, VUT- ship, pi-aycr, Bible study and genuine roni- xnilniuiL. ;