Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 29, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
___ Solurcloy, Apiil 11, 1972 THE IE1HBRIDGC HERAID 5 Kreivstiti n i; Focus on the University On being a mother to a cmmpanzee By MICHAEl Another long, cold winter is over but looking back on it I fort I have made Ilic right decision, not (a bring my adopted child to Can- ada, even had he slill been clinging to my hack and apron strings. Yet I cannot get him out of my mind. What would better mothers have done? Would you have parted with him? For all his pi-auks and jeal- ousy, lie was one of the most lovsble characters I know, this litue chimpanzee, jungle-baby of mine. He was the ugliest baby imaginable. Staring at me with huge, opaque eyes from the deptii of a cotton woo! packed slice box. his wizened little free reminded me of shrunken heads, trophies dan- gling from the belts of native hunters. His mother had been killed but because the baby was so small and skinny, the hunter gladly sold me tiie orphan for a few shiny coins in Ihe African market. My own children had just out- grown the paraphernalia of feeding bottles, diapers and rubber pants. Little had I thought they would so soon come into use again. For two weeks the new arrival needed all the love and attention of a premature infant. He had to he kept warm, got small feeds of milk and glucose every two hours and, anxiously, I listen- ed to the tiniest sound or whim- per and to each labored breath. All of a sudden lie emerged from his cotton wool one day. Up came two long, thin arms and fastened round my neck, followed by the rest of his spidery little body. The small- est size of rubber pants slip- ped off non-existent hips, plop- ped on tiie floor at my feet and the hairy head tickled my skin. Happy, gurgling baby sounds indicated that he had recog- nized his mother me. Now came s period of brealli- takingly fast development which made me wonder if my own children were not perhaps a little backward. While my son, at the age of eighteen months, was still reluctant to let go my hand, the jungle baby ran, jumped and somer- saulted. Jn no time he learned to carry a small rocking chair into Ihe room and rocked pa- tienlly, a cup in his hands, till lea was brought in. Me studied my every move- ment. Silling at a small table on a baby chair he learned to eat with spoon, fork and knife. Xobody ever tried to make him do this: he simply took delight in copying us. Occasionally he forgot his self-imposed good manners. If he saw templing food his thin, hairy arm might suddenly shoot up, grab a plate, and vanish under the ta- ble, but mostly l.e was LOO p_re- occupied with his o wn activi- ties to molest us. Duly a few months old. ti e could ride a tricycle and a small toy car, stretching prone on the scat for his short legs to reach the pedals. He soon found out what a bed was for. If he was not anywhere in sight he was most likely snor- ing under my blankets. He was clever and skillful hut in one aspect of his edu- cation I failed dismally. He could not be house-trained. Like a human baby I tried to put him on a pot. At regular in- tervals I patiently brought out the plastic convenience and sat him on it. Nothing ever hap- pened. The nearest he came to understanding this ritual was his urge lo find the pot after the deed was done and to put it on his head. He then proud- ly presented his head gear to me, Ihe family, and any guests present. Another thing he was loath to appreciate was the useful- ness of trees for the purpose of climbing, an instinct I had al- ways thought inborn in apes and monkeys. I had to teacii him over and over asain t o clench his hands round a branch. As soon as T let go, so did he. He fell so often that I almost gave up hope of ever raising him lo be a self-re- specting, nalural chimpanzee. Eventually, however, he mas- ler Ihe arl and there was no stopping him then. It was a hair raising experience t o watch my children, hardly The U of L inn? INEVITABLY, and I think quite under- standably, (here was a bit of two-way RASCAL (CENTRE FRONT) WITH BERTRAM MILLS' CIRCUS more than toddlers, swinging from branch to branch, follow- ing the chimp and a couple of putty-nosed monkeys who join- ed the playmates. The chimp despised the little monkeys. He teased them un- mercifully and pulled their long tails but, when he was about six months old and very ill with pneumonia, the mon- keys saved his life. They nursed him back to health when T had almost given him up. They never left his hut, slept with him, their arms wrapped round his feverish body, keeping him warm at night. They even poured warm milk down his parched throat after he had refused to take it from me. RASCAL WITH THE INNKEEPER IN DEVON Book Reviews Arctic explorers "Arctic Fever: The Search lor Ihe Northwest Passage" by Doug Wilkinson (Clarke, I r w i n and Company, Sfi.nO, 15t SPATE of books atwut the Arctic explorers lias come off Ihe presses hi Ihe last year or two. I thought this book might suffer as a consequence of following the earlier ones on Ihe market when the appetite had been satisfied for such reading. But I found myself thoroughly interested in the contents of this hook. One of Ihe unique features of the book is Ihe way the author introduces each explorer with a brief account of his own visits to places marked by their suc- cesses or failures. Four ex- plorers of the Arctic have been singled (nit for attention: Mar- tin Frobisher, Samuel Hcarne, Edward Parry and .1 o h n Franklin. Their stories arc told in an admirably compact fash- Ion in which all Ihe important facts seem to have been retain- ed. The respect which Doug Wilkinson so obviously has for Ihe early investigators of the Arctic is reluctanlly tempered in regard to John Franklin. De- spite all his admirable quali- ties. Franklin lacked some- thing essential to being a lead- er. The history of Arctic ex- ploration, as the author states, reads as one great sorrow. None added more to that ter- rible record than Franklin. In the beginning it was the desire to find a short route to the spices of the East that prompted the c x p i o r ation. Kveniually it was a kind of fas- cination a fever that drew men back, and hack again, to the inhospitable region. Some of that almost irrational urge is communicated through this little book to give it a lustre of ils own. DOUG WALKEft. Canadian ceramics "Early Canadian t'oltery" Tiy Donald Webster (McClel- land nnd Stewart Limited, 211.1 TJE1NG a potter and living in Canada now. Ihcre was nothing more I wished than to get hold of a hook on early Ca- nadian pottery. Mr. D o n a d Webster, Curator of the Cana- diana Department of the Itoyal Ontario Museum has published this first truly documented 'tudy of Canadian pottery from ils hp.ginning in Xcw France lo Ihe early parl of Ibis century.' This vrlnme is illustrated with color and black and whilo pholograpbs of decorative pots as well as ulility vessels, min- iatures, whimseys, toys, clc, This book is very well re- searched with respect to cul- tural derivation, geographical origin, design periods and orig- inal uses of pots ano much in- sight is given as lo the ar- chaeological approach. I was nevertheless surprised to find a reference that somewhat puz- zled me. Biscuit firing in thf, past is mentioned as heing (ione in higher temperatures than glaze firing, which is ex- actly the opposite lo today's procedure. In view of the recently awak- ened interest in preserving Canada's past this book is a timely contribution to the idcn- lification and underslanding of Canadian and the his- tory and technology of ceram- ics. GERTA PATSON. The only thanks his devoted nurses got when he recovered, as suddenly as he had emerged from his shoe box six months earlier, was to be uncer- emoniously evicted from his sleeping quarters. Alter this illness he clung to me more than ever. The only way to keep the chimp from hanging round iny neck when T was busy was to confine him somewltere and the only place he did not manage lo climb out of was the fcnced-in chicken run. He protested loudly to be- gin with but suddenly seemed quiet and resigned. When I went to retrieve him he was kneading, not too gently, one of my h e n s. The hen squawked and dropped an egg which be immediately broke and scoop- ed into his "mouth. That was the end of his exile in the chicken run. As long as the rascal was in the company of one of our in- numerable animals he was quite happy. The natural choice for the hours f had lo keep him off my back now seemed to be [tie enclosed compound o! our little donkey 'Morris.' Only 1 forgot Morris1 addiction to fine paper and the fact that 'Ras-al' (the name stuck with the chimp) often saved Ihe postman the walk along our drive and could normally be relied on to deliver the mail lo us promptly. The day I I e f t Rascal and Morris together I arrived at their compound just in time to see Kascal feed a sheaf of tele- grams to the grateful Morris. Telegrams were mostly confi- dential and on paper as fine as Ihe airmail edition of Ihe news- paper. This particular lot re- mained so confidential, we never discovered Ihcir contents or even the sender. The chimn developed a somewhat malevolent sense o[ humor. During the period of terrorism in the. then, French C a m e r o u ll. French planters fled from their coffee estates across our border and for months 1 looked after twelve of their huge guard dogs. The G Tman Shepherds were frii-, dly with the family, in- cludh.-j children, house hoys, and ai.'mals bu' heaven help a strange African straying into our domain Rascai included among his many friends a night-watch- man who patrolled (he roads of Tiamcnda, our small, mainly European, station. The chimp was in Ihe habit of stopping Mm at night, showing off some of his tricks and usually re- ceiving a banana or avocado from the amused old man. One night when Ihe dogs bad been with us for a while, Rascal went through his performance, leading the night-watchman up the proverbial garden path al- most lo the front of Ihe house. He '.hen opened the French window's, screeched an alarm and wakened the dogs who hurled themselves on the poor, unsuspccling old man. Fortunately, (hey were well trained and only pinned him down till we rushed out, awak- ened by the noise, and called them off. Rascal sat well back, watching his achievement witti great amusement. It was lucky for him the old man was not hurt and had a strong heart, .lust Ihe same, the chimp was locked up at night aflcr this episode. The German Shepherds were the next victims of his practi- cal jokes. They liked to lie around the log fire of an eve- ning. As soon as they were asleep the chimp would cau- tiously creep lip on one, pull his tail and reverse hastily on to the nearest chair. If the dog growled and put his massive head back on his paws, Rascal repeated the attack on the next dog and carried on till he had them all roused and at each others throats. Then he sat back, clapped his hands and laughed uproariously. Inevitably the time came when our children had to go to school. My husband resigned his post as director of veterin- ary services in the Cameroons to take us home and started in general practice in Devon, En- gland. The decision to take Rascal with us was not an easy one. Had he been able to fend for himself we would have set him free but he was completely ad- justed to our way of life and certainly thought of himself as my child. Furthermore, our r i c a n boys warned us that if we left him he would end up as 'beef in the cooking pot of a protein-starved native. Thus he came to England. He took the long sea voyage in his stride, amusing sailors and passengers with his good hu- mored antics. We arrived home in mid-summer and a lovely, hot sun made the change easier for him. He hardly seemed to notice that the. wood behind our house in Devon was not n tropical forest. To him trees were trees. All too soon the leaves color- ed and Ihe autumn sun lost its warmth. As the days grew shorter, so did Rascal's temper. It got cold and he was more and more confined indoors. If he had been jealous of the chil- dren before and fried to mo- nopolize my attention, he now got really aggressive when they around. One mor- ning Ihe situation reached a cli- max. He sat on his liigh stool in my kitchen while I washed the dishes. His unusual silence suddenly penetrated my thoughts. When I turned around I found him tearing up oranges, dropping them in sticky pieces around him. His reaction to Ihe quick removal of the fruit bowl was unexpectedly violent. He jumped up and down in frus- Irated rage and then delib- erately look one plate aflcr another from Ihe drying rr.ek nnd smashed them on the tiled floor. inclined to come in for his meal or sleep. Normally, there would be a sudden rustle of leaves, branches would snap above my head and he would slide down one of Ihe great old oak trees nearby. His long arms round my neck, his soft nose would rub against my cheek to slop me sobbing. He could never hear to hear me cry. Tlu's time there was no re- sponse. My problem child had1 run ''way. I searched t h e neighborhood and waited for hours. Hopes that .somebody had found him were dwindling and at last I reported our chimp as a 'miss- ing person1 to our local police station. The officer promised to let me know if anybody saw or picked him up. A few hours later the police- man phoned. His voice had an undertone of suppressed laugh- ter: "Madam, a motorist re- ported a chimpanzee trying to thumb a lift about a mile from your house." "Xo, he did not pick him up. He stepped on the accelerator and went straight to the near- est city police station to report the incident." "Welt, you can'l really blame the motorist. You don't usual- ly expect to see a hitchhiking chimp on a main Devon road. To be truthful, madam, the man was at the station for a while. The officer in charge doubted his capability to drive." "If we get any further infor- mation, we will let you know." There was nothing to do hut wait. The following morning Ras- cal had marie the front page o( the North Devon Journal: "Chimp found wandering on main road arrives at West Down Inn in time for break- fast." He had managed to get a lift in an army landrover and, as the Inn had a small zoo, ho was dropped off there. He stay- ed there for a while, amusing visitors in the bar and children outside. reaction lo an announcement earlier this week that the university will host another major conference in June. I say another conference because during the past weeks we have played the host role for the In- ternational Heading Association Confer- ence and the Montana Academy of Sci- ences, lo name two of tiie larger ones. The indication that the Genetics Society of Can- ada will meet here June 21st to seem- ed to draw some attention lo this kind of involvement by the university. Reactions can of course be expressive in many ways, from the most desirable implying appar- ent equity ol opinion and subsequent agree- ment 'lo the usually less desirable "one- sided affairs." Fortunately in the case of presenting Ihe "concerned" side of Ibis is- sue, the positive people quite in pre- dominance have supplied all the an- swers. It evolves around whether or not a uni- versity or specifically southern Alberta's university should involve itself in activities which might be constructed as com- petitive with certain segments of what is referred to in economic terms as the pri- vate sector. That is, do the local rcs- tauranteurs, innkeepers and the like lose business because a conference is hosted by the university, on campus. The answer is simply no. The only kinds ol events that have come and by the looks of things will continue to come with increasing regular- ity, are those directly associated with cer- tain academic and professional organiza- tions akin to the Derations ol the uni- versity. Specifically if the university was not capable of hosting such affairs these would certainly not be held in Lethbridge and would accommodate themselves at other university campuses. Significantly, it is becoming an increasingly important business at most other progressive univer- sity campuses in Canada to get into some kind of conference operation to the better- ment of Ihe university and communities concerned. I think the following will ex- plain why. Any of these conferences, seminars, etc. will bring people lo the city from dis- tances ranging from a few miles to sev- eral thousand. The mileage lo be gained in favor of the university in successfully contacting academics and professional offi- cers from other places is immeasurable in terms of the effective growth of the uni- versity's reputation. It is these kinds of contacts that bring oustar.ding people to the area. Many "big names" have already been here on seminars and as guest lec- turers and I suppose the appearance of Dr. David Suzuki in June at the geneticists' conference could Ite considered quilc an event. Rightfully so his efforls have been widely publicized and be has been the sub- ject of much nalional and international pub- licity, in a very positive way, for science. However it is not simply ihe value and interest generated by the "big names" bul equally Ihe participation and involvement of all their colleagues and proteges who personify much of the basic good value of such events. In iddition to the academic, cultural and growth values of conferences at tho university, there arc certainly monetary aspects. One needs only to apply the mul- tiplier effect to the kinds of expenses for travel, entertainment, families, clc. that will doubtless occur, and subsequently com- plement tile already successful operations of this nature in Ihe city and area. But that's not tiie point. Tiie fact is that way oul hci c on Ihe prairies in ju.st about the smallest of Can- ada's university cities unr people are at- tracting their colleagues lo come here and share important ideas about universities and specific disciplines. Surely the ex- change of ideas about successes and fail- ures at the much older institutions can do nothing but provide a positive contribution lo the university's continuing development. On the oilier hand and as evidenced by tha direct involvement of University of Leth- bridge faculty members in the programs of these conferences, it would certainly ap- pear that the benefits will be reciprocal. In conclusion it is important to note that the events referred to here usually operate around a weekend schedule Ihe univer- sity doesn't offer many classes on Satur- days and Sundays. Further many of theso take place during the May-June period which is traditionally one of little activity on campus. The point here is that an effec- tive conference organization at Tiie Uni- versity o! Lethbridge can probably more than fill the campus space-facility utiliza- tion schedules. Considering the university already offers courses during two four- month semesters and 1-1 weeks of summer session, there really isn't that much left to work with. Economically ttie university can expect lo achieve optimum use of fa- cilities year-round with the good possibility of making a buck or two on conferences, thereby reducing the financial load on Hie government, the university's operating budget and ultimately the taxpayer. The design of the campus Is quite Ideal for hosting conferences, what with food ser- vices, housing space, classroom and tech- nical facilities all "under one roof." In this context, the countless and very obvious positive benefits can scarcely be denied. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY A parody of a church Determined not to lose my temper I took his hand and led him to his den on top of the hill. Five minutes later he was back in the kitchen, went straight to the sink and knock- ed the last clean plate to the Moor. He Icoked al me defiant- ly and was probably as sur- prised as I was when he got a resounding smack and found himself in his den once again. This time I took no chances, padlocked Ihe door and slip- ped the key inlo my pocket. Half an hour later I went up to see him with a peace offer- ing of a b a n na, a cup of milk, and his favorite cookies. He had gone. Two planks were broken from the side of his hut and (he place was empty. Dis- consolately I wandered through our small wood and called him. F.vonliU'llj I down and pre- tended to cry. That was always tbc last resort if he did not feel We retrieved him, of course, bul from then on he was obviously unhappy. An extro- vert, happiest when he had a large audience to show off to, he had reached a stage of adolescence when mater- nal solicitude wns merely irk- some. He needed company more than anything else and, in the end, we presented him (o Paignton zoo. It was one of t h e nicest and. climatically, tiesl places I knew in England's south and near enough lo visit. Rascal settled down happily wilh chimps of his own age group but every lime I visited him be threw bis arms around me and I left in tears. We dirt not send our own children lo boarding school, something nor- mallv expected of high ranking nritish officers overseas, yet I felt as if I had done just that lo my adopled animal child. Shortly afterwards, Bertram Mills, a famous Circus, looking for a young arlis'. to re- place an old. retired chimpan- zee. Of all the chimps they saw in a great number of zoos, Rascal, they said, was Ihe ob- vious choice. lie was a nalural performer. Like all parents, especially those of an unusual child, I can only hope lo have given him Ihe best possible slarl in life and marie tiie right deci- sions for him. However, when I see him on television now I feel like Ihe mother of a ge- nius: Proud, a little sad, but delighted that he can use his natural lalcnls lo give so much pleasure lo so many and yet so obviously enjoy himself do- ing .so. Xo aiuiience loud- er or laughs more at his tricks and jokes than he does him- self. Could I ask for more? my wife and T visited a large American city. We went to see a downtown church whose building had been pulled down and a new church erect- ed with halls, lounges, and chapel. At one time this church had been a real power- house with the largest congregation in the Presbyterian Church in (he world. In or- der to serve Ihe congregation it had built Sunday Schools throughout the city which now have become independent and in some cases very strong churches. Tills has re- sulted in the depletion of the membership of tbc mother church which slill evidently remained very wealthy. The new building has been most luxuriously appointed in its lounges and furniture. The halls have grand pianos and the pulpit steps are marble. One marvels that a comparatively small group of people could afford such extravagance. Some of the officials of the presbytery and synod are by no means happy about the situation. They would like to see the church more involved in com- munity enterprise. They persuaded the re- luctant congregation lo permit them to cs- lablish a counselling service on an floor. Some members of Ihe church hoard had fears that there would be "a lot of lunatics" running around and a primary objective is to protect their pecious edi- fice. Quite nearby a church of another deno- mination has also built a new sanctuary with balls and a chapel and appears, to be more active although Die activity is meagre for such a magnificent building. For exam- ple it proudly related that (hey were spon- soring a student from abroad through his university studies. In West Germany my wife ?.nd I vi.siled one church afler another which has been built by state taxation. In Lubcck a splen- did caihedral is restored which min- islers to a liny group of people. I pointed out that there were three oilier churches within a block or two and asked why tins cathedral was being restored at such great expense. Hie clergyman replied indignant- ly, "To the glory of Just how God was glorified i' was difficult to see and one felt great sympathy wilh the youth who Can- objected to stale taxation going inlo projects. In the United States and ada, at any rate, the church Is supported by free-will offerings and people do havo a right to do what they wish wish their owrn money. Nevertheless in (he midst ol poverty and need of every kind it does seem a frightful and even wasteful extravagance. Surely the church has a responsibility for ils total parish and yet the record of most inner citv churches has been reac'iionary and in- effective, obviously doomed to death as the older members fall away. The command- ment for a church as for an individual is that it take up its Cross and follow Chirst and al Judgment Day will be asked the same question that Jesus said would be put lo individuals. Diti you feed the hun- gry, minister to the sick, visil Ihe impri- soned, clolhe the naked, and receive strangers? One large cily church known to me laid down the requirement that the Minister should confine his attention lo members of his own congregation and Hint charitable funds might only be used for those members. Noting the eccentric in which some clergy break with Iradiunn it is easy to understand the icluclancc of a congregation to depart from the old ways of cioing things and innovate ones. Nevertheless if one is to p in the spirit of Jesus there must be an oix'iiiicss to new methods in order lo meel social change and also a profound desire lo meet human need. Yet it would appear that the dominant desire of many churches is the acquisition of money. When hislorians look back on (lie church of the tv.enlk'tb ccnfury il mny well Ije that they will fee its caniina! .-in to lie that of covctousness. Ceit.'iinly a pri- mary challenge to the church is the re- covery of mission which involves a com- passion for people. Programs and cru- sades are not going lo accomplish much. They have their place but it is a minor place. The new cre.'ilion conn's from t'ie Holy Spirit working in human tnvu. ncr- ship, prayer, Bible study and genuine i oni- milmcnt.