Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 29, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE Walter Srhivfirs Bangladesh troubled by smell of death War goes on...and on Peace Uilks in 1'nvis resumed but the war in Vietnam and looks like il could (or a lony lime vol. Only Hie thrci.l of de- feat of President Nixon in Hie I'.-S. election over the issue of ending the war seems likely lo change the pic- ture. Unfnir as it may seem lo some to pvil the onus of responsibility on the Americans for endln" Ihe (lie fact is Unit tins is the way it has to be. The Xoilh Vietnamese cannot be expected to sue for peace when the Americans have indicated a de- sire to out of the war. Continuing the bombing isn't going to help end Ihe war. Bombing has been going on for years without any effect except that of destroying an increasingly large part of Indo- china South Vietnam included. When ttie full impact of the sense- lessly massive bombing that has been going on steadily for years is realized the revulsion may make Americans want lo erase the mem- ory of Iheir leaders, the Christian Science Monitor re- oenllv said the war is being fouuhl alter Ihe original reasons for gelting into it had declined, disap- peared, and even been forgotten. In- itially the L'.S. on the surface at least' got involved Irving to heir, prevent communism from sweeping through Asia. Hut now with the anti- Communist fervor "really abated, at- tempts are being made lo find some kind of accommodation will) the ma- jor Communist countries, China and the U.S.S.Il. There is not much sense, then, in the uncompromising posi- tion being taken in Vielnam. Programmed withdrawn! of Amer- ican troops is really not accomplish- anylhing as far ;is ending Inc. war is'concerned. The war will drag on until the U.K. is willing to end the support of (lie South Vietnamese gov- ernment by stopping the r-ombmg and talking terms for settlement. smell of dealh lias Iriini Ihu Precis of Dacca and, outward- ly at least. Bangladesh is s'.iig- gerinn towards iccovevy. Shops are open, except these liclonii- ing lo ahsent West Pakistanis. all dressed in iden- tical "Mnjib" over their while in trihutc lo their lender, work round the. clock. There me tho usual for- mr.lities at Ihe airport but wilh an informal touch added by a hastily-chalked list of c'ciiiimomvoallli countries on Ihc hare lichind Ihe immi- gration official. Now dial Bangladesh has joined, nil Cnnimimwcallli cilizcus c a n come without a visa. "Baugla- dcsli" has hecn stamped over "P a k i s t a n" on tourist bro- chures and officials' wall maps. Bui (or anyone who saw the bodies of Bengali intellectuals floalin" in the piis behind Mo- haniiiicdpur just after the war, Hie death smell still lingers, four months afler. II lingers in the minds ot Uanrjladeshis, too. T li e y arc preparing lo hold a war crimes tribunal, indicting hundreds of Pakistani officers (now in captivity in India) and Iheir mm -Bengali collaborators nl home. The Irial will hamper the prospects for successful peace lall.s between India and Paki- stan iui'l later, between Pakistan and Bangladesh. It will jeopardize Ihe chances for the exchange of populations which Bangladesh badly needs (100.MO Bengalis, including most of the senior Bengali Army officers, are locked up in Pakistani. But Micro is neither a political nor a human alter- native lo holding the trial. Prosecutors have been named and a huge dossier on massa- cre, torture and rape is being compiled. "You can travel up and down the country quite safely foreigners say wilh relief. Yet law ami order is precarious still. The i-eli-ealing Pakistani soldiers let every single pris- oner out of jail nnd row have been recaptured. Tliey also re- moved all the policemen's ra- dio sets and most police sta- tions were ray.cd clmiiii! Hie righting. Five thousand police- men a sixlh of Hie force-- were killed or disabled m the war. Armed robberies, known here by the quaint old name of occur daily ill every region. Bui here, loo. Ihe infant government is making it- self fell. The main police posts, if not all Ihe regional ones, aie again manned, and thousands ol new recruils have been taken on. The food situation is at last under control. "In March t though! w-c should get our throats cut by starving mobs." said a United Nations food ex- pert here. "We needed a million- and-a-half tons of wheat and rice. But now most of has ci- ther arrived or is on Ihe high teas and will be here in lime." Distribution of the food has been an even bigger problem. Local politicians were hijack- ing consignments and selling them lo the well-olf or re-ex- porting Ilicm lo India, where prices are higher. And Ihe war had destroyed almost every bridge in a country criss-cross- ed by rivers, But Sheikh Mujib has tried to crack down on the profileers. "Politicians are beginning lo realize that Ihcy need said Ihe relic! co-ordiualor on his staff. And the combined ef- forts of the Indian Army, which gratuitously put down scores of temporary bridges before with- drawing, Ihe UN and voluntary relief agencies, are getting the food to Ihe villages. The UN has brought in river steamers, and the Americans are bring- ing in foo d-dropping aircraft from Laos lo help during the June monsoon. "The b i g problem for Mujib is that the people expect to get something out of his and (hey have got arms and learned how lo use said the editor o( an Independent newspaper, who is not impress- ed Ihe government's [irst slops' So far only the narrow circle ot National Awaml League politicians have gained -often by seizing for them- selves Ihe property of luckless non-Bengalis. But that is a problem for Iho future "There is not a house- hold in Bangladesh that does not have a supporter of Sheikh Mujih lold me. and for a moment he is probably right. He is a non-intellectual -more of a victorious slill scoring points off his rivals, than the father ol a nation. His slrcnglh is in his nice- ness and sincerity. Patriotism, socialism, democracy, secular- ism he is sincere in wanting all those thincs as Iho basis of Bangladesh, bill for Ihe pres- ent his greatest good fortune is thai llierc is na convincing challenger. (IVriltcn fur Tlie Ilcralil anil Tlic Observer in London) Pork to Japan it Is just a guess, it should be safe to assume that Harry Har- grave, Alberta's trade commissioner, had much lo do wilh (lie Alberta gov- ernment underwriting a pilot project to export pork lo Japan in an attempt to open up new markets. Being a livestockmnn of long stand- ing, Mr. Ilargrave feels, no doubt, that something has to lie done to get Alberta producers to produce more hogs on a consistent basis. An Edmonton meat packing firm, the Alberta Hog Producers Market- ing Board and n giant Japanese trad- ing company have signed a confract whereby the Japanese will be guaranteed a constant and stable supply pork for several months starting .May 1. The prediction is that the knowledge of marketing gained from t h e experiment will enable producers to increase their output two to three times. There can lie no question that Al- berta docs have the basic ingredients to produce more quality pork and at a constant rate. It has the land, an abundance of relatively cheap feed and the know-how to produce quality pork. Japan lias a growing, affluent pop- ulation. It is involved in numerous oilier trading activities with Canada. The venture is similar to the Lamb Promotion Co-ordination Committee comprising United Stales, New Zen- land and Australia. While the com- mittee doesn't have as much Ameri- can government involvement as the proposal for hogs in Alberta, all seg- ments of imluslry and government are represented. After more than one year of opera- tion, the committee reports progress being made with the orderly flow more lamb to the American mar- kets. H is difficult to believe that Alberta Initiative and enterprise could bo misplaced. Footnote to history The first Chinese foreign minister, no kidding, vas an American. Until the Opium War and subse- quent humiliation by colonial powers, China was content on he ing the Mid- dle Kingdom. There was no foreign ministry ami foreigners came under the department dealing with Outer Barbarians. Anson Burlinjjamc, a former U.S. congressman from Massachusetts, was named by Abraham Lincoln to he minister to China. He served in the post wilh such distinction that when he retired in 1R67, the emperor made him the Chinese foreign mini- ster. It was mandarin Burlingamc who won from Washington the commit- ment to Chinese territorial integrity. Of course, time is changing. Hie- hard Nixon is not Lincoln and Henry Kissinger is not Buurlingamc. Weekend Meditation A sense of indebtedness [N HIS FORWARD to Catiiona written from Vailima, II. L. Stevenson wrote, "The sights ami Ihouflhts of my yrnilh pur- sue me and I see like a vision the youth of my father and of his father, and the stream of lives flowing down there far in the norili, lo cast me out in the end on these ultimate islands. And I ad- mire and bow my head hefore the romance of destiny." Stevenson had a great sense of obligation imd tie speaks of il many limes, His family came from an engineer- Ing family who built lighthouses along coast of Scotland and Stevenson felt that, he must do something worthy loo. "This hast Ihon done, ar.d I, can I be base? I must arise, oh father, find to port some lost, despairing seaman home.'1 Such gratitude is the mark c.f a very great soul. Moan people do not have it. A man who had achieved a very promi- nent, position was to make a dona- tion toward a public in.slHuliun and he re- plied, "Nobody ever gave me anything and T don't intend to give anybody else any- thing." He had been given many things but he was too churlish to recognize the (act. Tie c.ime from central F.uropc and he had found in Canada a security and prosperity that he could scarcely have dreamed of. Every single of this country has received an inheritance won through hlrxxl sweat and tears thai i.s ab- solutely priccsluss i'.r.d if he not recog- nize Ihe fact, 1m stands In lose the whole tiling. men do mil value thoy nro certain U> Jose. On n Thanksgiving Day Arnold Toynbcc took D good look at his life and then traced the things for which ho was grates tul right back through gr.'.'iH thinkers to the Greeks and (he Hebrew saints and scholars, Si, IJaul said ore lime ho v.-as a debtor both lo the Greeks and the JJarbari.ms. All men arc debtors. They owe more than they ran over pay. As Jesus said, "Other men you have entered into To the great .soul thai (or this recollec- tion will be an inspiration and not a rest- ing-place, Like Stevenson it is n sion to do something worthy and to at- tempt to complete their achievements. Surely tins must, be true when one looks at United Nations Cor example. Countless men through the centuries have sacrificed lhat an international organization tor peace might be established. Or one Jooks nt history of law and sees the long struggle toward justice. The day surely come every one in every country has an opportunity for just treatment and also when there Mill an international code of law governing all nations. Only by the achievement of an international code of Jaw can peace be achieved and freedom maintained. Or one can survey the long history of International organizations for the relief of sufferers from disease and famine. Tho time must come when poverty is abolished from the earth and all mankind have food and clothing. Such a Clop i a only bo realized by men and women who are grateful for what has Iwen done for them. Ungrateful people have no future. This is what Chesterton must bnve had in mind when he made his plea for tradition and he said, "Tradition is dcmotracry extended through time. Tradition means giving Iho vote to that most obscure of nil classes, our ancestors." It may also bo what is meant by Iho writer of the llth chapter o( the book of Hebrews where he give.s the roll call n( men of faith and says that, ihc.se men and women cannot achieve perfection without u.s. dreamed and planned nnd work- ed, hut all is fulilc if succeeding genera- tions do not carry on the wnrk. Yet in a study of the public some while ago it was discovered thnt Ihe vast majority havo no idea what Magna Carla is or means. How can such n people have any of gratilmlc or appreciation of what has been done for them? This is why peoplo wbo do not know their history do not havo any future. PUAVER: Open my eyes to Thy Good- ness, O God, thai 1 may live with a sense of gratitude and therefore Rladncss ami confidence. F.S.M. 20 MILLION BC MILLION BC AO? Maurice Western Economic Review both historical and financial OTTAWA Tlic Economic Review, which created a mild flurry when il was tallied on Tuesday by John Tumor, is not closely comparable lo Iho Budget Papeia of other years nccordin.qly, casts litlle if any light on the eovei-nmcmL's immediate plans for Parlia- ment. Marcel Lambert, read-mi- suspiciously to Mr. Turner's move, v, as quick to discern a change in Ihe traditional melhod ot picscnlinfi n budget to Ihe House of Commons. To t h e Conservative budgetary critic, il appeared al lirsl glance lhat Ihe review was being smuggled in as a substi- tute for the financial accounlini! on which the Opposition has been insisting (when not de- manding an immediate test at Ihe What has happened is differ- ent. According lo Mr. Turner's cxplanalion the review, as an outgrowth of Ihe old Economic White Paper, has been made in- dependent of Iho financial slalc- mcnt by Ihe minister. The pa- pers themselves, allhough lliey have always been appended lo the Budget speech in Hansard, liave been primarily historical, have hcen made nvailable ear- lier and have teen of interest rhiefly because of Ihe inclusion of a table indicating the annual deficit or (very the sur- plus. Henceforth, similar mate- rial in Uic form of a review will appear as an annual report un- related lo the timing of tha Budget prcsonlalion. The formal deficit for 1971-72 ivas 5585 millions. According to Iho minister of finance, this change was de- cided upon many months ago. The nalure of (he review inp- this. It is even more his- torical lhan Ihe old Parl One of Ibc budget papers, being con- cerned primarily with calendar 1971 rather than with the fiscal year. V.lial lias hcen arldcrl in a brief chapter entitled Economic ProspecLs for 1172 reads much like a New Year's forecast; il consists solely of expcclations unrcvised by anything which may have happened in the (irst quarter. In general, tl.c review ap- pears rather morn literary and detached Ibati its predecessor and conslrainrd by tradi- tional Ecjr example, an appendix offers selected tables revealing o number of facts nboul unemployed persons in the years 10G3 and 1871. A num- ber of conclusions are drawn. The increase in unemploy- ment lias relatively con- centrated among young men and women in the age groups 17-21. Hut in Ihe case of men, the change is considerably larger, both alisolulcly and as a share In increased unemployment, in age group 23-3-1 lhan in the 17-19 group. H may also be more se- rious for men 4.5 to 54 lhan for the younger group; while Iheir share in increased uncmploy- menl has gone up a hit less, they form a much larger pro- porlion of Ihe. lalwr forcu. All provinces, except New Brunswick, had increased un- employment. It is notable, how- ever, that the increase in rela- tion to labor force was greatest in the two "have" provinces of Ontario and British Columbia (followed by Presumably, this experience re- flects the much higher relative investment lhat the government has been making in Iho "have not" provinces. Tlic number of unemployed Letters to the editor Trapping method abhorred Tl Is good news (or the haby seals thai Ihe department of fisheries suggests 'phasing oul' the seal hunt by J974. Hu- mane, or not, il was a sordid affair, and didn'l look very nice on TV. Neither did it im- prove the Canadian image. No wonder Ihe minister thought Ihurc was a better way of mak. Ing a living. The fur bearers of Ihe for- est arc not ns fortunate as the seals. They have no TV coverage. For them the mini- sterial milk-oMiuman-kindness has dried up, and they conlimio lo endure the agony of n slow death in a steel (rap. are told they cat each other; they certainly do. Thai's naltirc's way of maintaining a balance between the species. Bill there Is Ibis difference: However an animal may lie mauled by a predator, il can always crawl away and die. It is not lied lo the end of a chain lo await Ihe coming of Iho trapper to club it to death, or a scavenger bird to pick ila eyes out. The federal minister is res- ponsible for trapping in the na- tional parks, the leg hold t'ap is used with his consent. Hu- mane sociclies everywhere would be interested lo know why, when Ihe riphl lo use this trap was being discussed, a member of Ilic fisheries de- partment talked the matter out lo prevent il coming lo a vote. A. C. PADl.KY I.elhbridge. youllis (persons in age categor- ies 1-1 lo and 20 lo 24) re- mained highest in Quebec al- though (he increase in relation to the labor force was largely concentrated in Ontario. Mar- ried men fared relatively better lhan single men and the same applied in the case of women. Of those seeking work, the overwhelming majority were in n.uesl of full-lime jobs. About CO per cent of the increase in un- employment was among per- sons who had been in search of work for four months or more. The proportion of heads of fami- lies unemployed was roughly Ihe same in 1971 as in about one in it considerably lower than in Ibc early COs. Quebec had more unemployed heads of families than any other region although Ontario again had the largest percentage increase in the pe- riod. The review draws no particu- lar conclusions from this dala. In a section on the highlights of 1371, Iwo reasons arc given for the bleak unemployment record in a year of generally strong growth The first, often noted, i.s the rapid expansion of the labor force. The second is the fact lhat produclinly increases more quickly in Ihe early stages of an economic advance be- cause, it is usually possible to draw more output from Ihfi ex- isting compliment of labor ami capital. On Ihe prospects for inflation the review is no more cheerful lhan was the Economic White Paper last year. It observes: "On Ihe cosl side, thcro was only a slight improvement dur- ing 1971. Industrial wage settle- ments outside of the construc- tion industry averaged nbout a half percentage point lower than in the preceding year. Average increases amounted to 7.8 per cent, a figure which is not con- sisUnt wilh longer Icrm pro- ductivity trends ol under threa per cent and a continuation of ID71 rales of price increase o( aboul per cent." This may be an additional reason (other lhan Ihe strength of domestic demand I for Ihc ex- pectation, expressed in Ihc re- view, imports will continue (o grow faster than exports so dial we will not derive any net stimulus in ID72 from the for- eign sector. I Herald OKawii Riirr.nn) Looking backward Semester shortcomings Although the, semester sys- lem lias born quite satiplaclory in ;i let of cases, tlicrc nit; many subjects which arc insufficient riLlenlion In Ilic three ycin.s lluit lliis system lias been operating many prob- lems havi! orison. The social studies course for example, required us Lo cover Kussin, Sou tli America, tho Slates of America, and Kurope which as you can see i.s impossible to cover com- pletely in nnc semester. By domp ninlheriuilics in one semcslcr it i.s an impossible lask to complete the course let alone remember it. It has a disastrous sffi-ct on what one learns next year. For Ihc.sc and other reasons, I feel thai if we continue with the scmcMcr system Ihc school boards .slum Id shorten rruir.ses such as these to fit in wilh Ihe new system. .IMXNIK BASSETT So They Say I think Tvhal des- perately needs is a fow nclmin- islr.ilor.i (o make (UM-ision.s on their own responsibility. -Don- Bid Barr, Dallon School head- master. Through The Herald 1022 The new armisemoi! tax passed at the recent ses- sion of Ihe legislature goes into cflecl Monday. UJH2 The premises occu- pied by Maries Chocolate Shop in the McFarland liuililing have rcccnlly undergone ex- tensive alterations and cn- larficmcnt and Ihe manacemenl is now prepared to KIVC full service to the ever increasing number of patrons, 1312 More lhan four Ions of macaroni is heing produced daily in the loi'al plant of C'nl- elli Food I'r'clucks Us. U.i2 weeks of hard work on the pint of community spirited men Ihe Diamond City school auditorium completely renovated inside and out opened its doois for the spring concert. Vandalism in T-cth- is coMim! so many thou- sand dollars now thai Polico nclion and prosecution nppcar In he the only answer. The Lctlibridge Herald KM 7lh St. S., Lclhhrklge, Alberta LETHRRIDGft HERAM> LTD., Propriclors and Puhliahors Publisticd 1905 1234, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Mall Hcglitra Marnier of The Press and ll-o ('obllshpfs' Aisoeiafion and Ihp Aurtii CLEO MOVERS, sr.d Puhn THOW.AS H. AOA.VS, Gc-npral DON PILLiriG I ROY F WILES Wanagcr "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"