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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 29, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Apil If, 1t70 THI ItlHMIDGI HIWUB _ f Shaun Herron The Master Speaking To The Men ways gnawed. But with broad- casters, not dancers. The dan- cers after Fred Web- ber. To understand about Fred Webber you have to understand about CBC afnUates. Fred runs a TV station on top of British Columbia. In addition to his station he has lour liMs boxes, so-long and so-wide and so- deep, and these be has on the tope of other mountains aad on Charles Foley communities in northern B.C. where the CBC does not go. Now the obligation laid upon the CBC is to reach all Cana- dians wherever we may be. with the kind of stuff they put on the ilr. But it would cost too much to do this, so every now and again somebody bor- rows money at the bank and starts a station in a place where the CBC won't in spite Here the CBC steps in. It has had no money for a station of its own in this remote place (but it hat; bad money for things like camera crews run- ning down to New York to Greenvrieh Village at the mini- mum cost of to film a hippie sing-in that was not cov- ered by any American network) it wasn't worth their time, so it tees the little local station basic and supplementary affil- iates. The base take all noop- Uoo CBC programs and get paid for the advertising. The supplementary affiliates are not so fortunate. They are in places that don't always interest the advertiser. There are soma programs they have to take and some they need and can't get. They are, if you like, a CBC public convenience. T OS ANGELES The ceo- lj tury old controversy over the theory of evolution and the Biblical version of creation is alive and well in California. Conservative members of the State's Board of Education re- cently complained that "evolu- tion appears to be stated as a fact" in guidelines for science teaching in elemenlary schools. Equal time, they said, should be given to other theories of man's origins meaning the account given in the Book of Genesis in teaching science. Ignoring the ghost of the 1925 "monkey California's Public Instruction Superinten-. dent, Mai Rafleriy, lent his support to the fundamentalist's view: But educators, reported the Los Angeles Times, were left "speechless." Wefl, not quite. A University, of California biologist, Dr. Ralph Gerard, who helped U> formulate the state's new sci- ence curriculum, asked: "II both views of man's origin are to be presented, and the chil- dren allowed to decide for themselves, should we not also mention the' stork theory In science courses on reproduc- This sort of remark was poor- Jy taken by such Board men> ben as Dr. Thomas Harward, a physician who affirmed his belief in the Biblical version and added: "You people should Darwin's Theory Under Fire pledge itself to seek court ac- In faajtltmff isl try to find out more of a scientific background of crea- tion. Dr. Gerard, who is also a world-famous physiologist, then told the board: "I know of no responsible person who has ex- amined the evidence who ques- tions that species arose by a series of changes from ances- tral ones." For weeks the battle raged. College professors said that times had changed since the day 44 years ago when John Scopes, a biology teacher, was fined for violating a Ten- nessee law that barred the teaching of Darwin's theory, first published in 1859. They pointed out that last year the U.S. Supreme Court had thrown out a similar. 40- year-old Arkansas law, and that Tennessee itself had repealed its anti-Darwin legislation in 1967. In California, the attor- ney-general's office declared in 1963 that evolution could be. taught in schools, as long as the young were rot "indoctrin- ated" with the idea. There was nothing intrinsical- ly atheistic In teaching the theory of evolution, said educa- tors; Darwin Hmself was a firm believer in the Christian faith. And the concept express- ed in Genesis was taught else- where in the school curriculum. One local school board, at Palo Alto, went so far as to lion "to prevent "the teaching of: religious beliefs or their presen- tation on an equal basis with scientific knowledge." The conservatives struck back at this "misleading and in- temperate" proposal. And, since they dominate the Board of Ed- ucation, a new statement was issued saying that scientists re- lied on "speculation and con- jicture" about the origin of the universe, matter and man, for "no-one was there to record thete events." The statement added that the board diet not Want to 'downgrade anyone's theories, but to "expan the hor- izons of scientific inquiry." But support for the funda- mentalist viewpoint in some Californian schools runs deep. Mrs. OUie -Cotterell direct evangelical Protestant. classes attended by some children in Los Angeles. If someone raises the question of evolution, she says: "Boys and girls some- times act like monkeys, but I can prove from the Bible that we didn't start as monkeys." strongly against evolution. The Roman Catholic Church, the Methodists and other main bod- ies generally find it easier to reconcile Darwin's theory with Genesis. Interestingly, it is the most determinedly a n t i Darwin churches, such as the Southern Baptists arid the' Mormons, which show the fastest rale ol growth in membership. A re- cent survey of all denomina- tions, conducted by the Los Angeles Times, indicates that around believers in this state are "creationists." As a movement, they are well-organized and often have representation at education board meetings. One such group is the Creation Research Society. Members are scien- tists who believe in the crea- tionist idea. They claim that their influence was at work when the state of Texas re- cently "pulled out evolutionary books in schools and replaced them with less evolutionary ones." The society's voting She then tells them the crea- members range from the aera- tion story as it is in the Bible, space industry to the life with no further reference to reference evolution. "Children in elemen- tary Mrs. Cotterell ex- plains, "simply accept what we teach." It is usually the Protestant evangelical'or funda- -mentalist, that come out .most sciences. Their efforts pub- licized over some 40 radio sta- tions in daily and weekly pro- grams put out by the Bible Science Association. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) ONTHES37 MENU MAKERS Prices effective Fri.r Sot., April 30, May 1, 2 Sirloin Red or Blue Brand STEAKS RoastsHiporRump Turkey; Ib. 1 .29 Red or Blue Brand Utility Grade 6-16 Ib. average Ib. LUNCHEON MEATS 99c Beef Stew 89c Lamb in a Basket ,b 38c Breakfast Sausage 69c HAMS 67 Bologna Wieners Side Bacon Spareribs" By piece. Ib. Seven Seven Mb. cello Mb. pkg. 49c 63c 95c 79c Summer Safer Sausage Pork Butt Roosts ii 2-lb. ,1.69 59c Kingrford Charcoal 20 Puritan Soup.-q W fer WW Ib. bag Seven Briquettes Powdered Milk Potato Chips 4 BANANAS GRAPEFRUIT TEXAS ,69 DILLS Banquet........ SPAGHETTI Molkin fn Temcrto Sauct Plain or wH and vinegar Trt-pack box 1 3 1" QQfi CHEESE SLICES 85' tint COFFEE TEAM Nabob .430 2 690 GOIDEN YEUOW 6 8 r I 90 1.00 89c I Sport on Canada fey. Apple Cantaloupe Ib9 49c 3 89c Cauliflower Calif, largt heads. Canada No. 1 GRAHAM'S FOOD MARKET 701 3rd Avenue South PHONE AND SAVE FREE DEUVERY GROCERIES 327-5431 MEATS 327-1112 WIN THURSDAY Till f.M. Fred Webber cf B.C. wns like that. He wanted, when went before the Canadian and Television Conimis- speak for himself arxi four other supplementary sta- tions, to have the CBC mate their stations basic, instead of supplementary affiliates. Eir.ce the CBC could not do its job without these stations and wouW have to spend millions of dollars building and in its wasteful way maintaining them, if Fred Webber's land of sta- tion did not exist, Fred's case sounded reasonable to me. The change would mean for him a little more income to meet con- stantly rising costs. The CBC sent a high power- ed battery of officials to CRTC hearings here to put Fred down. It was the best Ca- nadian content programming I have seen. "It should be understood I don't know whether it is thor- oughly understood These supplementary stations are ef no use to the advertiser It was a wonderful, pearshaped, pompous and outwardly as- sured example of the master speaking to the men. The tone of voice was controlled, lofty, immensely informed "in terms of1 cliches, insider jargon, and everything that exists in heav- en and on earth exists "in terms of "Advertising viability in terms of for ex- ample, means simply "they don't have enough viewers in the area to get national adver- tisers." The CBC's national sen-ant, speaking for us all and our tax dollar, said: "The real com- modity roust always be pro- gram This is the dedicated broadcaster speaking, but the question he WES answering was about something else, and the "nyah" in his voice was part of the high moral evasive ac- tion he was taking. "The corporation makes ade- quate provision for its affiliates The public benefactor says, with the Voice of God. "The advertisers wouldn't be interested in buying service thej- can't use But the man had just explained that the advertiser in question, a brew- er buying time for baseball, al- ready bought western outlets though on some of them he couldn't advertise his beer. So why cou'.dn't ho buy more out- lets that couldn't carry his ad- vertisements four more, at commission screwed it out of the Voice cf God reluc- tantly ?58 a station, on top of an expenditure for the air time of Would a brewer real- ly miss that? And what does it mean when the CBC announces that that program is bought by the brewer and by the CBC? It means in fact that the brew- er is rot buying stations he can't advertise on the CBC is putting up the rest of the money. But not another for the miners of Northern B.C. to sec a baseball game? It was an excellent example cf condescending drivel. It was an excellent example of Wind- ing by verbiage. One of the commission members having quietly insisted on knowing how much money actually was in- volved and the verbiage that shielded the figure for a while was worth 538 dropped it into the room lite the echo cf a landmine, so consequently it was: "I am becoming Increasingly [he member of the commission remarked sadly, "or this morning I am parti- cularly dense The CBC had done its best to demon- strate lhat it regarded the com- mission as both. "1 can well saW (he CBC loft- ily as if they agreed, and I am sure the members of the board It was like a seminar in heaven, the archangel in Inp chair. "We are really talking about the same Ur'jij? but ap- proaching it from different the CBC said, explaining to the commission what the commission did not understand about what the commission "There is e.n important prin- ciple The CBC toM the commission, and it seemed to be lhat the edvertisex, if he is big enough and hard enough to get and to keep, can dictate to the CBC about what is essen- tially a matter of national pol- icy: and all for J53. The commission pointed out, gently but it seemed to me with an underrating of irritation at the manner and the mores ol the CBC presentation, that na- tional policy is more important than tire brewers or the ofli- cial divinities of the CBC. It miphl have asked Ihcm. wliilc Ihcy were Mlial it cost the CBC to send three top exe- cutives to Ottawa from Toronto to put down Fred Webber and his missing More than it would cost the CBC to bring stations into full network with- out which they would have to build stations to dp what Ihc law says they exist to do: Bring their wilderness to all Ca- nadians, even in llic wilderness, Dramatic Change In Profile fnm The Financial Post PUT perspecthe on such prssent troubles as inflation and slow growth in jobs, bike a took at the dramatic changes in Canada's Income profile over recent years. The classic income the smallest proportions at the tnp with high incomes and the largest groups at the bottom with low incomes has vanished inlo Canada's economic history. Consider these special Financial Post cal- culations which compare 1951 income groups with those of 1967, the latest available in- come figures from the Department of. Na- tional Revenue: 1. More Iran 47 per cent of non- fann families had annual incomes of or less in 1951. By the late 1960s, there were only 13 per cent in this group. 2. Equally impressive is the shift in the upper income range. In 1951, barely 2 per cer.t of laxpaying families earned a year or more. By 1967, this group was up to more than 22 per cent of the total. 3. The income triangle has changed inlo a rectangle with large numbers of families moving into the middle income ranges. Tnose earning a year have ris- en between 1951 aid 1967 from 12 per cent ef families to 22 per cent while the rise in Ihc range has been from 3.2 per cent to almost 26 per cent. Facts such as these mean that by late 1900s there were almost as many fam- ilies earning more than a year u there had been earning less than in 1531. These gains cannot of course be equated with increases in real purchasing power be- cause of higher prices and costs. Inflation between 1931 and 1907 reduced the purchas- ing power of Ihc dollar by 24 per cent. Nevertheless, some measure of tlie real gains that have been achieved can be seen in the fact that even in real purchasing porer terms the proportion of families earn- ing or more rose from 7 per cent to 26.5 per cent between 1S51 and 1967. By the same constant dollar yardstick families earning or less have declined in that, period from 48 per cent to 27 per cent of the total. One other comparison of special Impor- tance: The decline in purchasing power in the 16 years 1951-1967 was 21 per cent; in the three years 1963-1970 the drop was 12 per cent. This suggests that inflation is cutting sharply into the gains in living standards to which Canadians have become accus- tomed. It is, moreover, solid justification for the introduction and maintenance of policies that lean firmly (wards restraint. More Talking Less Fighting From The London Free Press Tfffi assertion of Canadian authority in the Arctic has been made. It is sound- ly based on concern for the preservation of the unique and fragile far northern envir- onment. The anticipaied opposition from Washington has been noted and the Cana- dian position is unchanged. These are fails accomplis. There is noth- ing to be gained by UK Canadian govern- ment in fuelling the potentially explosive issue with Insufficient arguments like those contained in the diplomatic note based on environmental threats posed by U.S. nu- clear testing. Ottawa cites them as an ex- ample of Washington's propensity for uni- lateral action and an excuse for Canada's. To paraphrase an adage, two unilateral actions don't make an international accord. Canada and the United States are joint tenants of a rich and roomy land. Theirs is a partnership in which the obligations of good ecological husbandry and the benefits are to be shared through mutual under; standing, reasonable discussion, and quiet negotiation. If Washington is genuinely concerned with the massive task of salvaging an al- ready seriously damaged environment, its concern mist exceed its own geographical boundaries acd must not be diminished by. action to protect ecology in bordering states. If it is concerned solely with the Implica- tions of the Canadian action in the Arctic" for North American defence, there are pre- cedents galore in continental defence co-op- eration which should set the administra- tion's mind at rest. If it is worried about an upsurge of aott. American feeling in Canada, its fears art unfounded. Realistic Canadians are well able to balance their nationalistic pride.and their determination to pursue a wholly Ca- nadian identity with a deep respect for American people, culture and technology. There are Canadian voices raised in shrin comment about American domlnstlon of Canada economic, cultural, military. These too are necessary in maintaining Canadian perspective. But Ihey should riot be taken as expressions of majority opinion in Canada. Senator Mike Gravel's call for more talking and less fighting between two- traditionally friendly neighbors should be heeded in both Washington and Ottawa. IVo Place For Women? From The Great Falls Tribune IT'S OFTEN been acknowledged that one of the most tragic wastes in the nation is that of the brainpower of women. Apparently, the Legislative Council sub- committee assigned to study pesticides doesn't have much respect for women. The subcommittee agreed recently that a nine member stale pesticide policy board should have six members representing groups favoring or using pesticides but un- gallanlly declared that a woman has no place on the board. Well, the subcommittee may have a point it wants an ineffective bill lhat won't rock the boat on pesticide use in Montana. A woman might consider the welfare of the public, the health of children, the pro- lection of birds, wildlife and fish. A woman might point out that there is mounting evidence that uncontrolled use of pesticides presents a deadly threat to over-all quality of the environment. A woman might call Montana's attention to the numerous studies that have made about the dangers of unwise use of pespcide. She might [ell the public lhat Hungary and Sweden have outlawed that Canada has imposed restrictions on its use, that Britain is preparing to do so and that a growing number of stales have banned or imposed controls on pesticides. Yes, a woman might rot be a wise selec- tion on a pesticide policy board. She might not be prejudiced in favor of continued and cnconlrolled use of pesticides. She might not think a "mild" bill is adequate if Moo- tana's best interests are considered. The Lesson Of Laos From The Washington Post (Herald Special Strrtce) AT ONE point last fall in the Symington subcommittee's hearings on Laos, Sen. Fulbright said, almost plaintively, "I have never seen a country (the United States) ergagc in so many devious undertakings as this." The administration censored tran- script of Ihc hearings published the other day fully bears out his lament. Until Pres- ident Kixm, under the Symington spur, last month revealed selected aspects of the Am- erican presence in Jaos, the American peo- ple knew only journalistic bits and propa- ganda pieces of a rote that cost them-a couple of hundred lives and some billions of dollars over the last six years. Despite the which at times make the transcript read Uke a drunk with hiccups, (he Symington hearings fill in important parts of the record. They contribute sub- stantially to the public's knowledge'both of the military in Laos the bureaucracy in Washington. The rationale of successive administra- tions for deceiving Americans about their government's violations of the 1962 Geneva agreements which neutralized Laos was put by William 11. Sullivan. A deputy assistant secretary of slate, Mr. Sullivan liclped wile Ihc 1962 agreements and then served as am- bassador to Laos. He said Uiat North riam violated the 1962 accord from the starl. In "proportionate response" the Uni- ted States followed suit. To have admitted its violations while the Communists denied theirs would have put the Russians, who for their own reasons favored the continued neutrality of Laos, on the spot. A "senior Soviet official" had said lhat Moscow could wink at unofficial itinvts of American vio- UUooi but would to Lake of oflicial admissions. In thai event, the Geneva agreements would have been de-, rnollshcd. Laos would have been "polar- ized." The Laotian government might then have invoked American aid under SEATO (sic) and (hereby generated "a greater ob- ligation and a greater immersion of Amer- ican presence and pressure to go inlo Laos." We note with some incredulity lhat the senators interrogating Mr. Sullivan did not see fit to challenge Ihc substance of the policy he was elaborating, as complicated and contorted as it is. They did, challenge the secrecy In which lhat policy was fashioned and implemented. Sen. Sym- ington tellingly noted the irony of an open' society running a closed policy. Subcommil- tee counsel Roland Paul went a step fur-' Ihcr and asked if "the benefit to be gained by not acknowledging our presence In this crea k, perhaps, outweighed by the cred- ibility gap that is generated from the fact that our operations are so large and they are so widely reported by unofficial sources, which administration either denies or Precisely here, 1n our view, lies tlie heart of Ihc Laotian matter: Policy was woven oul of slriclly diplomatic considerations. Since Iho Congress and (he people were not informed, they could not raise the ques- tions and doubts that might well have'exer- clsed restraining influence on single-mind- ed policymakers, At the least, the exposure of American policy might have gained for it a more substantial measure of public support. It is a pity that Sen. Symington did not start probing Ihc Laotian years earlier, when it could have a ;