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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 29, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta IHI 1ITHMUXJE M, WO- Joseph Kraft IJUIOIIIAIS The Price Of Settlement In Vietnam Red Star In The Sky A Red Chinese satellite is now orbitting the earth. The revolutionary music it is beaming back to earth can be ignored but the implications of the successful launching of the satellite cannot. Because of the great upheaval cf the cultural revolution there had been a tendency outside China to assume that scientific progress had been re- tarded. It comes as something of a surprise, then, to be confronted with the evidence that Chinese technology was not seriously affected by the disruption of the cultural revolution. Since China has already success- fully produced a hydrogen explosion, the launching of the satellite indic- ates that it has the capability of delivering nuclear weapons. Undoubt- edly it was only a matter of time before this situation would become a reality but now that time has arrived. Both the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. will want to give consideration to possible ways of broadening talks on the limitation of strategic arms. One the best ways of interesting China in such talks would be to reach a speedy agrwrrwnt in Vienna on limits by the two .powers now engaged in the talks. The Red Star in the sky cannot really be said'to be more ominous than any of the others in the arti- ficial galaxy that man has shot into space. They are all reminders of the possibility that the blues and greens characteristic of the earth could be changed to red in a nuclear holocaust. This latest development is a prod to seek global strategy in the race to preserve life on earth.' Surely one obvious step in that direction would be to admit China to the United Nations and cease pretending that the People's Republic of China does not exist or will somehow evaporate through continued exclusion. A S H D5GTON "A polit- n ical settlement is the heart of the President Nixon said in his latest nation- wide address on Vietnam. And that belated recocnoJcn marks an advance in the public rhetoric. But not neirlr'enough of an advance to justify the enthusi- astic reception. For Better Mr. Nixon nor his chief adviser, lOsanger, tat yet faced up to the logic of a, political settlement. They are condemn- ed to do jast what they have been doing aD along .because they have net acted to promote in Saigon the change required to engage the other side. The rhetorical gate thouU not be minmiwd. The presi- dent cast decisively away the favorite horror stories of his predecusort. There was not a word of dominoes falling from Japan through Indonesia. Not a whisper about a billion Chinese armed with nukes. Still lea about between as and the Communist world. Binhhrng the spectre of sam- pans fruimphantly under the Golden Gate Bridge made it possible to localize, the issue. Mr. Nixon took a new step toward legitimizing the local South Vietnamese insurgents, or Viet Cong, by the first time, I think-that they were present at the Paris Ufts "as one of the parties to the negotiations." He strongly implied teat the big question-, "what the fighting in Indochina has been about over the past M years" was simply ruled on the indeed the trouble. The Safeon regime of President Nguyen Van Thien is i'narrow militaristic regime, determined to out the insurgents and U repress the legitimate intern- al opposition. As long as.Saigon U ruicu ly iiili gi'vup, the othef side is going to keep on right- ing in South Vietnam if it can and In Cambodia and Laos if necessary. Weapons will be downed, fighting eased only if there a some sign of evolution away from the Thieu regime. For, as anybody who talks U them senses intmedialciy, the leaden of the other side have come to entertain the deepest suspicions of American pur- pose. In the marrow of their bones they believe this country talks peace in order to disarm them while waging a war to a puppet regime in Crisis Over Cambodia When U.S. President Richard Nixon spoke recently on the Vietnam war he gave the impression that he was confident a just peace was final- ly in sight. Such confidence only a few days later appears to have been premature because of the worsening situation in Cambodia. There are grave fears that the United States may be sucked deeper into the widening war in Indochina. Cambodia has appealed for military assistance. The Pentagon is pressing for approval of sending arms but there is strong Congressional opposi- tion. Critics of U.S. military involve- ment in Southeast Asia warn that arguments .used by the Pentagon now are similar to those which led President Lyndon Johnson astray. A major difference exists today in presidential considerations. The offic- ial doctrine governing American for- eign policy during the Johnson admin- istration was still the Truman Doc- trine which called for the countering of communism wherever it appeared to be expanding by military means. But now the official guiding policy is the Guam Doctrine which was enunciated by President Nixon him- self. While it permits the giving of military assistance, essentially it holds that the United States should be an offshore presence in Asia. Unfortunately it is not going to be easy for Mr, Nixon to abide by his own doctrine. Already, as the New York Times has reported, the U.S has flown automatic rifles into Cam- bodia. This may not be considered significant military help as such assistance goes but it apparently has been taken by the U.S.S.R. as a sign that the crucial decision has been made by the U.S. to .support Cam- bodia militarily. The situation in Southeast Asia is deteriorating rapidly. President Nixon is being forced to a decision that will either .be the repudiation of his doctrine, resulting in political suicide, or abiding by his policy and having Indochina almost certain- ly fall to the Communists.'.Getting out gracefully seems to be an impos- sibility unless new initiatives for a peace conference soon bear fruit Human Safety Much concern has recently been expressed over the safety of diplo- mats. The killing of Karl von Spreti, West German Ambassador to Guate- mala, was outrageous. It was fol- lowed in a week by the wounding of Curtis C. Cutter, U.S Consul in Bra- zil, as he was fleeing from kidnap- pers. As a consequence of these and. other incidents there have been pro- posals for the development of appro- priate machinery of world law to deal with the insecurity of diplomats. This is good but it is ironical, as Norman Cousins, editor of Saturday Review has noted. It is ironical that governments should want to appeal to world law when injured but seem unwilling to accept any limitations on freedom of action when the basic rights of the human species as a whole are involv- ed. How can there be such a thing as world law, argues Mr. Cousins, when the major powers insist on hav- ing a veto in the United Nations Sec- urity Council? National sovereignty has created a situation of helplessness in the face of violence all over the world. It has also impeded actions necessary to save the pre- carious environment which knows no boundaries. Mr. Cousins' persistent advocacy of world government does not invali- date his argument. Appeals to the need for world law to protect diplo- mats only add pertinency to it. Diplo- mats are human beings whose safety is neither more nor less impor- tant than that of the countless other inhabitants of the planet Ore Tour In Japan By Beta GUHi, Herald Staff Writer If YOTO Wilh about throe indies of mow in the mountains, it was difficult to fet much idea of how Japan's rice pad- are farmed. Tbey seem to be in the moot inaccessible places. An average farm consists of 2.9 acres and no landlord may own more than seven acne. For Canadian fanners with a wheat surpha (and who the Japanese have a rice surplus and are being given a subsidy not to grow it. We were shown a "typical" farm home, but I am we would probably introduce our uimpgom Master Farm Families to foreign visitors if we were arranging such a tour. Chickens were in cages on the back porch, along with a spin dry washer and an old wooden plow on the rafters of the porch, which was probably an antique. A cattlemen's tour was arranged which proved a disappointment to the men who joined it They were supposed to see the Kobe cattle, which are given a bottle of beer a day and massaged to make beef lender. They came back reporting it a com- plete fizzle. They had seen 18 Holslein dairy cows and not all in one place. Later it was found that these animals are raised for show purposes or the farmer's own use, with each farmer having one or possibly two animals. Kobe beef is not raised on t commercial basis. Kyoto is I beautiful city and seems to reflect more of old Japan than any other visited. No visit to Japan would be complete with- out t crubo on tbc Sea o[ Sclo, which Is A Saigon. They truly think, as North Vietnamese Parly Secre- tary Le puan said in Moscow on the Ijenin anniversary, that "Nhon's group stil! stubbornly carries on an aggressive war against South Vietnam trying to deceive American and World opinion with phrase; about peace." Engaging the other fe serious negotiation a demonstration that political settlement is subject to a wider influence than that of the Thiea regime. There is a need to show that fighting is not the only way to achieve change in Saigon. One means to that cod it to broaden the government itself through Edition of representative figures. An- other, suggested by Professor Roger Fisher of the Harvard Law School, is to invite a group of representative South Viet- namese to come forward as risers to the American peace delegation in Paris where they could quickly get together with the other side in an aU-Viet- namese clambake. But plainly these changes can only be made if UK United States is willing to put pressure on the Saigon regime. That pressure is not going to be applied while Ambassador Ells- worth Bunker continues to serve ir Saigon. For be believes in the present regime with all the fervoi1 of a puritan soul Nor is the pressure going to be applied if the president stretches out the troop with- drawal, as. be seems to have done! With a sure guarantee that all American ground forces will not be withdrawn until at least 1971, President Tbieu does not have any great incentive to make concessions to those .who could cut themselves a deal with the other1 side. The fad is that Mr. Nixon has only talked about political settlement. He has not moved to rae.-t the other side's min- imal conditions for a settle- ment He thinks be can fora acceptance of his terms. And so be is still hooked on the policy of Vietnaminizatkm a perilous policy that casts the United Slates in the image of a gambler who quits a losing game by backing out, pistols drawn, while threatening, to plug the first hombrt that makes a false move. (Field Inc.) Carl T. Rowan Russia Making A Deal On Southeast Asia? week alter President Nixon's latest pronouncement on Viet- nam, one paragraph of his speech remains far more in- triguing than his announce- ment of the planned with- drawal of another GIs by the end of next spring. "The decision I have, an- nounced tonight means that we finally have in sight the just peace we are he said'! "We can say with confidence that the South Vietnamese can develop the capability for their own defence. We can say with confidence that all American combat forces can and nffl be withdrawn." Could that multiple expres- sion of confidence mean what it seems to say? Surely the president is not Letters To The Editor unaware that part of Ihe Am- "the major part of the t'.S. erican disenchantment with the military task can be completed by the end of 1965." Then there was presidential Walt Rosfow who, struggle in Southeast Asia arose because top officials kept feeding (he people huge doses of over-optimism. There was Admiral Harry D. Felt, commander-in-chief of U.S.. forces in the Pacific, de- claring seven years ago that "the South Vietnamese should achieve victory in three years." And there was Genera] Paul D. Marions, our Vietnam com- raander, telling Stars and Stripes in 1963 that "victory... is just months away." That was the same year that Defence Secretary Robert McNamara and General. Maxwell D. Tay- lor, then chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, came out of Vietnam wiUi a prediction that assistant even in the gloomiest hours, could see "light at the end of the tunnel." Would a politician as shrewd as Richard M. Nixon utter a paragraph of triple confidence and run the risk of falling into the same "false optimism" trap if he did not know more than be told us? Four-and-a-half years in the diplomatic trenches make me want to read between the lines of that Nixon' paragraph. It is the land of paragraph that often is tucked into speeches as much to nail down a diplomatic approach as to impress Ameri- can voters. Salary Increases For MPs perfect setting for seeing the real Japan. The entire voyage is approximately 300 miles long and at its widest point the water- way measures 40 miles, at its narrowest, 4.5 miles. This whole area is designated as the Inland Sea National Park. After dinner, 15- year-old Wesley Sorgaard of Iron Springs, who was travelling with his parents, pvl on a magic show for the marry students who were travelling second-class. W'es had spent much o( the day down below and Ihe sounds of singing, both in Japanese and English, could bo beard most of the afternoon. There leemed to bo no problems with communi- cation here. Our group appeared to be good sailors, although a few did succumb to "rial de including one of the guides who ap- peared as we docked at Beppu, looking a beautiful avocado green. Beppu, from the 9th floor of our hotel next morning was a startling sight. It ap- peared that just about everyone had a pri- vate mineral spring hi his backyard as steam was rising from the ground every- where. The afternoon tour took us to Tatosaki- yama to see tire monkeys. It was a long climb. One of Uic group who didn't try it visited an aquarium, where one section was set aside for the blind. All sizes of fish were mounted and the blind had an oppor- tunity to feel the fish and listen to the sounds of the sea. One advantage of not knowing Ihe language and wearing dark glasses she felt, was that you gel into the strangest places. Just recently it has been an- nounced that the committee which is studying the question of an increase in salaries of Members of Parliament is in- viting the public to write to them and give their opinions on the subject. If most people feel as strong- ly as I dp about this matter the committee will get many 'thousands of letters, and none of them in favor of any in- crease. I will list a tew of Ihe reas- ons why I think no increase should be given. 1. Most members are already for what they do. The per year of which Is tax free is equal to about Free transportation by train or air mounts to thous- ands more. There Is also a very generous pension plan for members alter only six years service. 2, Why raise ttic pay of mem- bers for work they don't do? No other business would. In spite of Canada's generosity to her MPs, the record of absen- teeism from their dirties at Ot- tawa !s a scandal and a dis- grace. Outside of a faithful mi- nority (mainly of the minor parties) the attendance at Ot- tawa Is r.o belter than It was in Uio days when an MP re- ceived and one expense paid trip to Ottawa per 3. This Is no Unto to raise tin cost of ParSameit, On every hand all classes 'of 'citizens are urged to "exercise "fight inflation" etc. I am amazed that the government would even consider an in- crease at this lime. Why don't they practice what they preach? i. No increase is necessary At every election there are lots of candidates for the job of MP. The argument that higher pay brings out a belter quality of 'Crazy Capers' members has never proved out in practice. On the average we 'have no better members in Parliament today than when the pay was 5. Ai imcrease BOW be a The pres- ent Parliament was elected on the present rates. 1 The mem- bers willingly took the job at those rates.' Any increase should not lake effect until after another election. 6. Any increase In salaries will the Senate, Already we millions each year on this undemocratic and near useless vestige of bygone age. The trouble is that with Nixon it is hard to tell wheth- er be is motivated by diplo- macy or Dale Carnegie. "We can now say with con- fidence'1 could be just another "Now I'Want to make this per- fectly new bit of that rhetoric the and repeats in an effort to con- vince that he sits on top rf every critics] sit- uation, guiding things with bold assurance. We can hope Mr. Nixon's ef- fusive confidence was based on something solid, such as diplo- matic approaches that have woo from the Soviet Union an agreement to recomwe a Ge- neva conference which might deal with the conflicts now rag- ing in all of Indochina. It is hard to believe that the Sc- viet Union's Deputy Foreign Minister Jakor A. Malik was taking .through his hairpiece when he spoke recently of the need for such'a conference. A few hawkuh membns of Mr. Nixon's party say private- ly that the president intended nothing more man to say words that would give a little stronger stomach and stiffer spine U> the American pubtic in the hope that they will prove that "we are not a weak peo- ple" by seeing the Vietnam struggle through. But Mr. Nixon must kuow that no speeches, however elo- quent or pregnant with hope of conquest, are going to produce much American support tor long-term military: efforts to achieve "victory" in Southeast Asia.' Millions of Americans iriew the president's speech as re- treat cloaked hi the rhetoric of victory. And many are happy to have it that way. Tbey just want out of the There is little hope that the president can do better than another Geneva conference which will provide a face-sav- diplomatic mask for U.S. retreat. Lei us' hope that the presi- dent's confidence was based on knowledge that such a confer- ence ii-close at hand that X will be convened before the. U.S. becomes more deeply in- volved in Laos and Cambodia. (FicM Enterprises, he.) LOOKING BACKWARD be a scandal at any time, and especially so at a time of so- called "Restraint." 7. Parliament has a peer Im- age with the public, Many peo- ple regard their members as a bunch of selfish grabbers whose' main interest is lining their own pockets. In conclusion I would urge all who agree with me to write to the committee and state their views. Address letters to "Advisory Committee on Par- liamentary No. 2 Ri- dsau St., Ottawa, Letters must reach the committee not later than May 15th. .This is our chance to head off an Increase. Be sure and act now, HENRY YOUNG, Millet THROUGH THE HERALD Tests are to be made by the federal government on gas to be used to combat the grasshopper plague in the west. Gas of one-fifth the strength of that used In the trenches would have little effect on it was stated. 1WI Some acres is being sown with sugar beets this year. About one-third already planted are above ground. 1MO The management of an English east coast hotel is offering a reduction of one-third to guests on their bills day that a bomb falls on or near the town or a nine ex- plodes near the promenade or pier." MM Southern Manitoba's flood crisis has worsened aa the Red River spring crest shitt- ed toward Winnipeg. The river has poured: water over thous- ands of acres of farm land north of Emerson, at the later- national boundary, A key congressional committee recommended elim- ination of all Bomarc-B reissue production, wilh the exception at a small development pro- gram and suggested some of the funds be used to supersonic F-106 fighters. The lethbrtdge Herald 504 Vlh St. S., LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO, LTD., Pioprielors and Publisher! Published 1905 1054, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN am MM IwiMritln .Sinbtr TIM Cacidiaa Daitv liir Aaniian mt U Cunuuov CLIO W. HOWE1U, UIM at PaKrttc TIVMAS I. ADAXS, Gtoril JOE BAU.A WTLLIAX HAT MiEifinl EdKof AMOdile UtM nor r. mLu oouoLAi K t MM Hmtim EMffW Pwt THE HERAID KKVES THE ;